Myan VideoMyanic Video
They' re butchering us: Muslims of Rohingya fleeing Myanmar
Over 18,000 Rohingya Muslims, many ill and hurt, are fleeing the most violent force in years to conquer the North West of Myanmar, while another thousand are trapped on the Bangladesh frontier or on their way there. The Rohingya Muslims crawl on to Bangladesh hurt and traumatized. Fortunate people have made it across the frontier, but tens of millions have run aground in no man's country because the Bangladesh government refuses to let them through.
Over 18,000 men, wives and kids have escaped the Myanmar lawlessness in North Rakhine, where the military is severely affecting the Islamic minorities after a series of insurgency strikes last weekend. "Burn homes and shoot men, they killed my husband," said Noor Symon, a Rohingya Moslem.
The far-away fumes from the frontier area are a permanent memory of the violent events in the Rohingya area. On Wednesday (30 August), in the trading capitol of Yangon, several hundred individuals - among them Buddhist friars - assembled to demonstrate against the insurgency that called on the army to take over Rakhine and defend the crosshairs of Buddhists.
More than 100 men, fighters, soldiers as well as civil men were murdered in the recent fighting, according to the Myanmar state.
Teachings about the Rohingya crisis in Myanmar with the New York Times
What are the reasons why several hundred thousand Rohingya migrants flee Myanmar? What are the Rohingya and why are they being pursued? How much accountability does the rest of the globe have to end what the United Nations calls "ethnic cleansing" and what many call "genocide"? First of all, in this unit, the pupils get to know the Myanmar crises by covering Times, video, podcast and film.
We then propose a series of deepening actions, such as resolving general issues of nationhood and minorities' sovereignty, taking into account the responsibilities of the international communities and invading the dirty migration camp that stretches across the Bangladesh-Band. And we propose how the pupils can act and hear their voice.
An overview video: New York Times Southeast Asia Office Director Hannah Beech tells the five-minute video'Endless Stream' of Rohingya Flee Military Offensive' that depicts the war. Make sure you see this video in previews before showing it to your pupils, as it contains pictures of graphical force. Let the pupils view the video and record at least three facts or particulars that they take down with at least one of the questions they have.
Then let a few pupils split what they have seen with the group. Short wallpaper article: Next, see the explanations of the underlying causes of the conflict in the report "The Rohingya in Myanmar: How Years of Conflict Were in Depression. The Rohingya tribe has been displaced from their Myanmar houses by armed action against them. Scores of thousand men, woman and child displaced from their houses.
Once you have read either the full story or the abstract, you can let the student work in small groups to respond to the quiz they have previously written. Only in case the pupils had difficulties asking enough quizzes, here are extra quizzes that you can use to sow the quizzes if necessary:
- Who are the Rohingya? - Where is Myanmar? - What horrors are Myanmar's troops being charged with? - Where are the Rohingya migrants going? - What is the rest of the worid doing about the economic downturn? Maybe keep a "parking space" if there are still unanswered question. Different times resources for obtaining additional background:
When you have more research on what is going on, or when your pupils do their own research, we recommend the following Times resource. In the following, we propose a wide range of ressources and educational activity to help pupils reflect on the causes of this human rights problem, establish links between Myanmar and other places and times, and balance the responsibilities that the global community has to prevent entire communities from being targetted solely for their people.
Reasons for ethnical purification and genocide: In The Interpreter, "Myanmar Follows Global Pattern in How Éthnic Cleaning Begins", Amanda Taub's essays address the intrinsic risks of rampant naturalism to minorities' liberties, whether in Nazi Germany, former Yugoslavia, or Myanmar, for Holocaust or other earlier cases of genocidal or ethnically-clearing.
Myanmar's Rohingya Missile Disaster, which the United Nations High Commissioner for International and Security Affairs has described as a "prime example of the clean-up of peoples ", reveals a dilemma that the global community has not yet solved - and which, in extreme cases, can help to bring about the most horrific outrages. And, in a time of radical change, when the nation's identities are coming under great strain and different groups are competing for self-determination, such a definition can trigger massive acts of force and even acts of genocide against those who are considered outcasts.
Invite pupils to study the paper one by one or in couples, and then look at the issues it poses through correspondence and discussion: What is the problem with ethnical or worship definition of a "nation"? - Why have many of the world's most serious disputes occurred when there is no match between the two?
- Why are the Rohingya being expelled from Myanmar, whether through refusal of nationality, violent actions or eviction? The student can then transfer the ideas analysed in the paper to other scenarios. - How does the United States of America determine its own nationhood? Does it base itself on ethnical or worship definition or on nationality and common policy view?
- Which groups in US or global histories have been marginalised or expelled within nations because their ethnical or religions identities differ from those of the group? - Where else in the worid are battles for a country's nationhood taking place? In order to deepen these issues even further, the student can also continue reading Max Fischer's essays "Myanmar, Once a Hope for Democracy, Is Now a Study in How It Fails".
After the Second and Holocaust, the entire post-war period, the entire global body promised "never again", but past experience has shown time and again that there are still genocidal offences in the contemporary age. How responsible is the current role of the global public, the United States included, in the protection of the Rohingya?
The Myanmar crises that many have seen come have raised many awkward questions: After Rwanda and Bosnia, then Sudan and Syria "never again" it seems that the rest of the earth has done so little to prevent Myanmar's army from carrying out a purge of ethnicity. What can be done now to counter the pressing human catastrophe that has been triggered by the flight of more than half of Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar in just a fewweek?
Let the pupils study the whole paper and then suggest an approach, either for the United States, the United Nations or another national. The student can argue in favour of this approach. Or they can support it by sending a letter to the editor, as this universal historian has done.
Alternatively, the group can simulate the Rohingya crises in the UN Security Council, with the pupils from different nationalities. Empower the student to adopt a common policies. The Myanmar authorities should be told by the embassies of these countries that they deny that the Rohingya are an ethnical group in Myanmar and blame them for the massive atrocities.
How should they communicate a clear signal to Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, Nobel Peace Prize winner and de facto Myanmar official, who has refused to address allegations of the Rohingya being burned, murdered and raped by the army? See the three-minute video above showing the challenge of the fugitives in these refugee camp.
Once you have watched the video or read more about the camp terms in this paper, you can select one or more of the organisations that are reacting to the Rohingya Chastity of Refugees outlined in this guidebook to provide fundraising assistance. In two Rohingya villages outside Myanmar and Bangladesh: TIMES has written about Rohingya societies outside Myanmar, one in Karachi, Pakistan, and another in Chicago.
Encourage the student to check the position of these two expatriates. What is similar to Rohingya and how is Rohingya in Pakistan and the United States different? The Times office manager for South Asia, Hannah Beech and Jeffrey Gettleman, both report on the Myanmar conflict. Its coverage, along with the work of tens of other reporters, is informing the rest of the worid community about the humanitarian disaster that is taking place as the Myanmar administration contests that it is underway.