Muslim Percentage in MyanmarA Muslim share in Myanmar
Muslim terrorist groups can take full advantage of
Muslim marginalisation in Myanmar has attracted the interest of Islamic state-inspired activists and raised concerns that the countrys potential as a fruitful soil for trans-national terrorist groups. Myanmar's Buddhaist elite has been colliding for years with the Rohingya, an ethnical group that is predominantly Muslim. Recently, the war has intensified with increasing coverage of violence against Rohingya communities in Rakhine state by members of the Rakhine police and Buddha civilian population, resulting in a number of 35,000 Muslim Rohingya escapees to neighbouring Bangladesh last weekend, according to the United Nations.
The Rohingya Muslims fleeing the current army operation in Myanmar's state of Rakhine will be fleeing by ship to Bangladesh on September 12, 2017. The rebels of the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army last months started co-ordinated assaults on 30 ruling objectives in Rakhine, which led to an unrest. However, non-governmental commentators say that Yangon's answer was too cumbersome, as the UN Commission on Human Rights recently described the state handling of Rohingya as a "textbook example of ethical cleansing".
It may destabilise Myanmar's position as one of Asia's most hot front line Asian states. In the first four moths of the 2017-2018 financial year, the economy picked up more than $3 billion in FDI, while the World Bank forecasts annual FDI to grow by an annual rate of 7.1 cents. Whilst the deteriorating state of affairs, the Rohingya emergency can be taken advantage of by terrorist groups in Southeast Asia and beyond.
"Rohingya oppression by a mighty regime, largely composed of religious rulers of another faith, is a possible trans-national focal point for jihadis salafi organizations," said Center for Strategic and International Studies analyst in a recent statement that referred to an ultra-conservative cult of Islam. Previously, warriors from abroad fought in the inner battles of Southeast Asia.
ISIS members are also looking for new mission outside Syria and Iraq, so the possibilities of defending Muslims are unavoidably attractive. Rakhine was proclaimed a landmark area for the Java Jad by the Islamic head of state Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi in 2014. Rohingya Muslims who live in an atmosphere of systematic and discriminatory behaviour are also goals of radical religiousization.
"Rakhine is ready for the impact of extremism, which includes the penetration of Islamic state ideologies that could exacerbate the state of Myanmar," said a researcher at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore in a review. It is an excellent opportunity for ISIS and partners to work with local groups, they added.
The de facto leader, Nobel Peace Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi, is now under attack internationally for failing to end supposed Rohingya incursions. Rakhine has also become a call for root-and-branch Muslims in Southeast Asia. Hard-liners in Indonesia, home of the world's biggest Muslim people, are currently using the Myanmar economic downturn to get into a situation of worship tension, Peter Mumford, director of Eurasia Group policy advice, recently stated in a statement.
These same Muslim groups that organised massive protests against the former Jakarta Mayor, Basuki Tyahaja Purnama, at the beginning of the year are now holding Pro-Rohingya protests, with a protests on 7 September urging Myanmar's Buddhists to take up jihadi. Concern is raised that the Rakhine affair will "attract more extremist Islamists from other parts of Southeast Asia and beyond to back their cause," Mumford said.