Muses (ancient Greek: ?????

?, Mo?sai) are the inspiring goddesses of literature, science and art in Greek mythology. Muses were the Greek goddesses of poetic inspiration, the revered deities of song, dance and memory, on whose grace the creativity, wisdom and insight of all artists and thinkers depended. DIE MOUSAI (Muses) were the goddesses of music, song and dance and the source of inspiration for poets. These Nine Muses were Greek goddesses who ruled the arts and sciences and provided inspiration in these subjects. Nine Muses of Greek mythology protected the arts in ancient Greece.

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Muses (ancient Greek: ??????, Mo?sai) are the inspiring gods of literary, scientific and art in ancient Greece. It was the fount of information contained in poesy, lyrical song and myth, which were verbally related in these old civilizations for hundreds of years. Most of the early known recordings of the Nine Muses come from Boeotia, the home of Hesiod.

As Diodorus says (Book I.18), Osiris first enlisted the nine muses along with the satyrs as he traveled through Ethiopia before traveling all over Asia and Europe and taught the art of civilization wherever he went. In Hesiod's description (ca. 600 BC), usually followed by the authors of ancient times, the Nine Muses were the nine girls of Zeus and Mnemosyne (i.e. "memory" personified), who were regarded as personsifications of art and science, especially of letters, dancing and a musician.

But the classic understandings of the Muses trebled their threefold and founded a series of nine gods, embodying the art and inspiring nature with their grace through reminiscent and improvisational songs and pantomimes, writings, folk songs and danc. CALIOPE ("epic poetry"), CLIO ("history"), UUTERPE ("flutes and poetry"), THALIA ("comedy and shepherdry"), MELPOMENE ("tragedy"), TERPICHORE ("dance"), ErATO ("love poetry"), POLYHEMNIA ("holy poetry"), Urania ("astronomy").

After Pausanias in the later second AD century[10], there were initially three Muses venerated on Mount Helicon in Boeotia: Together, these three make up the overall image of the prerequisites of poetical arts in cultic praxis. Three Muses were also venerated in Delphi, but with different names: N?t?, Més? and Hýpat?, which are given as the name of the three strings of the old piece of music instruments, the lyres.

They were later named K?phis?, Apoll?nís and Borysthenís, all of which characterise them as Apollo' s children. Four muses were recognised in a later tradition: Thelxinó?, Aoid? Arch?, and Melét?, as subsidiaries of Zeus and Plusia or Ouranos. After Hesiod's theogony (7th c. BC) they were sons of Zeus, the kingdom of the deities, and Mnemosyne, the titanic goddess of remembrance.

It was worshiped in Delphi since pre-historic ages long before the site of Apollo was consecrated again, possibly suggesting a transition to it after that age. The Muses are sometimes described as naive to the sources of Helicon and Pieris.

Pegasus, the horse that was flying, was said to have hit his hoof to the floor on Helicon, breaking out four holy fountains from which the Muses were aroused. Athena later domesticated the equine and introduced it to the Muses (see the Roman-inspiring nymph of the sources, the Camenae, the Völva of Nordic legend and also the apsars in the classic Indian mythology).

In a legend, the Muses assessed a competition between Apollo and Marsyas. Pausania has a long history of two generation of Muses; the first are the girls of Ouranos and Gaia, the second of Zeus and Mnemosyne. Another, more rare geneticogy is that they are subsidiaries of Harmonia (the daughs of Aphrodite and Ares), which is contrary to the legend in which they danced at the marriage of Harmonia and Cadmus.

During Renaissance and Neoclassicism, the spread of emblems such as Cesare Ripas Ikonologia (1593 and many other editions) contributed to standardizing the representation of the Muses in statues and paintings, so that they could be differentiated by certain requisites. Calliope (epic poetry) also has a blackboard; Clio (story) has a roll and a book; Euterpe (song and melodic poetry) has a pipe, the aulose; Erato (poetry) is often seen with a lyra and a rose crest; Melpomene (tragedy) is often seen with a poem face;

The polyhymnia (holy poetry) is often seen with a thoughtful phrase; terpsichore (choral and singing ) is often seen dancin' and with a lyric; Thalia (comedy) is often seen with a funny faceplate; and Urania (astronomy) wears a compass couple and the orb. Therefore, the Muses were both embodiment and promoter of the played metric speech: the word musike (hence the British word "music") was only "one of the muses' arts".

17 ] The stories of Herodotus, whose main media was published and recited in the open, were subdivided by the Alexandria publishers into nine volumes called after the nine Muses. To Solon [18], the poets and "legislators", the Muses were "the keys to a good life", for they provided wealth and fellowship. He tried to continue his policy reform by introducing recitals of his poems - with invitations to his practically thinking muses - by Athenians youngsters at every year's festival.

The Muses would help inspired them to do their best. Old writers and their copycats conjure up muses when they write poems, anthems or stories. He asks for help or encouragement from the Muses or just asks the Muse to just chant directly from the singer. Pythagoras first advised the Crotoniates when he reached Croton to construct a cabinet for the Muses in the centre of the town in order to foster bourgeois unity and study.

Musical cult has often been associated with wells. Sometimes the Muses themselves were named Aganippides because they were connected to a well named Aganippe. The other wells, Hippocrene and Pirene, were also important places in connection with the Muses. The Muses were sometimes named "Corycides" (or "Corycian nymphs") after a cavern on the mountain Parnassos, named Cororycian caves.

The Muses were called "Ardalides" or "Ardaliotides" by Pausania because they had a shrine in Troezen that was said to have been erected by the mythic one. Muses were especially revered in Boeotia, in the Valley of the Muses near Helicon and in Delphi and Parnassus, where Apollo became known as Mousagetes ("Musenführer") after the places were dedicated to his faith.

The veneration of the Muses was often associated with the heroic cult of the poets: in the graves of Archilochus on Thasos and of Hesiod and Thamyris in Boeotia there were celebrations during which poetical recitation accompanies the victims for the Muses. "Muses Museum" or the Muses Shrine) near the grave of Alexander the Great.

In the eighteenth century, many Enlighteners tried to restore a "cult of the Muses". One of the best-known Freemason lodges in pre-revolutionary Paris was Les Neuf Soeurs ("The Nine Sisters", the Nine Muses); Voltaire, Benjamin Franklin, Danton and other important personalities of the enlightenment took part in it. A side-effect of this move was that the term "museum" (originally "cult site of the Muses") became a place of presentation of science to the world.

Muses are specifically used in contemporary English to relate to an art form of inspirational art, as when one quotes one's own art form, and also implicitly in words and idioms such as "amuse", "museum" (Latin for a place where the muses were venerated), "music" and "musing on". In addition to the Greek gods, five muses (Thalia, Clio, Calliope, Melpomene and Terpsicore) performed in the Walt Disney animation Hercules ( "based on Hercules"), where they tell the movie through gospel-inspired singing and dancing.

This version of the muses is based on the Afro-American gospel singer. The nine muses all appear in the 1980 movie Xanadu, with Olivia Newton-John as Terpsicore. The nine Muses were published in several works in the 72-part Dante's Inferno by Dino Di Durante series, which is published in a book entitled Inferno:

An Ancient Religion, Vol. I, S. 104, Cambridge University Press. The Wikimedia Commons has a relationship to Muses.

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