Situated on the Segura River, in the southeast of the Iberian Peninsula, it is known for its warm summer weather, warm winter and relatively low rainfall. In 825 Murcia was established by the Emperor of Cordoba Abd ar-Rahman II under the name Mursiyah (Arabic: ?????). Today it is above all a service centre and a college campus.
Attractions for the visitor are the Cathedral of Murcia and a series of magnificent Barcelona style houses, the celebrated gastronomy of the area, the works of Easter Week by the celebrated Mercanian artist Francisco Salzillo and the Fiestas de Primavera (Spring Festival). It is the capitol of the Huerta de Murcia region and is known as Europe's Orbital Garden for its long farming traditions, its cultivation of fruits, vegetables, flowers and export.
The town of Murcia is close to the centre of a low plateau known as the Murcia hill farm orchard. Segura river and its right side, the Guadalentín, run through the area. It has a height of 43 meters above sealevel and its commune comprises about 882 km22.
Besides the orchards and the towns, the vast territory of the municipality is made up of various landscapes: wasteland, Carrasco pinewoods in the pre-castal mountains and a semi-steppe area in the southern part. The Parque Regional de Cárascoy y el Valle, a large nature reserve, is located in the southern part of the town.
The name Murcia is generally thought to be deriving from the words Myrtea or Murtea in latin, which means country of myrtle (the plants are known to be growing in the general area), although it can also be a derivative of the name Murtia, which would mean Murtius village (Murtius was a popular ancient name).
In the end, the Roman name was replaced by the Arabic Mursiya and then by Murcia. In 825 A.D., the current site of the village was named Madinat Mursiyah (Murcia) by Abd ar-Rahman II, who was then Emperor of Córdoba. Reverayyad designers used the Segura course to create a sophisticated system of waterways that made the city's farming livelihood successful.
It was in the twelfth centuries that the traveller and author Muhammad al-Idrisi described the town of Murcia as densely populated and strongly entrenched. In 1031, after the downfall of the Caliphate of Córdoba, Murcia was subject to the succession of power rule, which was different in Almería and Toledo, but eventually became the capitol of its own empire with Ibn Tahir.
When the Almoravid realm fell, Muhammad Ibn Mardanis made Murcia the capitol of a new sovereign state. Murcia was at that period a very wealthy town, renowned for its pottery, which was sold to cities in Italy, and for its pulp and paper industry, the first in Europe. Murcia's imprinting was regarded as a paradigm all over the world.
Ibn Arabi (1165-1240), the mysterious Ibn Arabi (1165-1240) and Ibn al-Jinan (died 1214), the famous writer, were two of the people of Murcia dynasty. Murcia was captured in 1172 by the Almohads of Northern Africa, the last Moslem kingdom to govern the south of Spain, and when the Christian Reconquista won the ascendancy, Murcia was the capitol of a small Moslem republic from 1223 to 1243.
In 1243, through the Alcaraz contract, the Roman Catholic Emperor Ferdinand III of Castile made Murcia a patronage and gave it Mediterranean waters, while Murcia was shielded from Granada and Aragon. Most of the city's Christians became Christians, with immigration from almost all parts of the Iberian Peninsula.
In 1264 these actions resulted in the Islamic People' s Revolution, which was suppressed in 1266 by James I of Aragon, conquered Murcia and brought with it Aragonese and Catalan migrants. Murcia was then, during the rule of Alfonso X of Castile, one of his capital cities with Toledo and Seville.
It'?s the murderous duality: The Catalan inhabitants in a Castilian region introduced the following capture of the town by James II of Aragon in 1296. Murcia was annexed to Castile in 1304 by the Treaty of Torrellas. Murcia's wealth fell when the Mediterranean Sea began to lose commerce to the sea lanes and the battles between Christians and the Ottoman Empire.
Murcia's old wealth became a crisis in the fourteenth and eighteenth centuries because of its position on the borders with the neighboring Moslem Empire of Granada, but prospered after its capture in 1492 and again in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, profiting strongly from a booming silver mill. Murcia played an important part in the Bourbon triumph in the War of the Spanish Succession in this last hundred years, thanks to Cardinal Belluga.
Murcia was plundered by Napoleon's forces in 1810 and in 1829 was hit by a severe quake. In 1651, 1879 and 1907, the village and its surroundings were severely affected by the flooding, although the building of a dike contributed to averting the recurrent flooding of the Segura. Since 1833, Murcia has been the main centre of the Murcia region, and since its foundation by the General Council in 1982, it has been the main centre of the Municipality of Murcia (which comprises only the municipality and the province).
It has since become the 7th largest community in Spain and a flourishing service town. On 11 May 2011, the 5.1 Mw Lorca type quake struck the Murcia region with a Mercalli peak of VII (very strong). Segura Valley is encircled by two mountains, the hill of Guadalupe, Espinardo, Cabezo de Torres, Esparragal and Monteagudo in the northern part and the Cordillera Sur in the southern part.
86 Square kilometers (4. 97 squared mile) the most important part of the town. Murcia's historical centre is about 3 km2 from the urbanised district of Murcia. It has a warm semi-arid temperate zone (Köppen climatic classification: BSh). Murcia sometimes experiences strong rainfall, with rainfall throughout the year falling over a few consecutive rainy nights.
Indeed, Murcia is near the highest values of South Europe since the beginning of dependable weather recordings in 1950. Murcia's officially set a 47 all-time high. The temperature measured at a railway depot near the urban center on the same date is 7 °C (114. 3 °F) and is only lower than 47 °C (114. 3 °F).
With 433,850 residents (INE 2008), Murcia is the 7th biggest community in Spain by area. Alcantarilla, Alguazas, Beniel, Molina de Segura, Santomera and Las Torres de Cotillas have 564,036 residents, making them the 12th highest urban region in Spain. However, the large area of Murcia means that the highest level of Spain's urban sprawl (472 square kilometres, 760 square metres) does not make it one of the most densely populated areas in the country.
Murcia Cathedral was constructed between 1394 and 1465 in the Castilian-Gothic period. Further remarkable edifices on the Plaza Cardinal Belluga, divided by the Cathedral, are the colourful Bishop's Palace (18th century) and a disputed expansion of the Municipal Palace by Rafael Moneo (built in 1999). Glorieta, on the bank of the Segura River, was the traditional centre of the city.
This is a beautiful, scenic urban plaza built in the eighteenth cenury. On this place there is the Murcia Municipal Council. Most of the old part of the old part of the municipality is covered by footpaths, which extend around the Platería and Trapería streets. From the Cathedral, Trapería leads to Plaza de Santo Domingo, once a lively plaza.
In Trapería there is the Casino, a 1847 built in 1847 Sozialclub with a magnificent inside, including a Muslim terrace influenced by the imperial rooms of the Alhambra near Granada. Plateria's name derives from the word pleata (silver), because this road was the historic centre for the trade of precious metal by the Murcias Jews.
A number of different style viaducts cross the Segura from Puente de los Peligros, an eighteenth-century stone viaduct with a Marian hermitage on one of its sides, to contemporary viaducts built by Santiago Calatrava or Javier Manterola, to others such as Puente Nuevo, an early twentieth-century steel viaduct.
There are other remarkable places around Murcia: The Santa Clara convent, a Gothic and Baroque memorial, is housed in a modern building that contains the ruins of the Muslim castle from the thirteenth centuries, known as Alcázar Seguir. Inside there are pillars from Tuscany, and since 1985 it has housed the town archive and, as a rule, exhibits.
Ecclesiastical Museo San Juan de Dios, Baroque and Rococo round churches with the remnants of the Muslim Palastmosque from the twelfth centuries in the lower floor, known as Alcázar Nasir. One of the most popular in Spain is the Holy Week Parade organised by the town. Large, beautifully detailled statues by Francisco Salzillo (1707-1783) are taken out of their collections and transported through the streets in graceful parades amidst flower and evening lights, stopping at stops to relive the last moment before the crucifixion of Jesus.
Murcia's most colourful celebration can take place a week after Holy week when the local people wear themselves dressed in typical La Huerta clothes to mark the Bando de la Huerta (orchard parade) on Tuesday and fill the roads for the burial of the sardine in Murcia. The following Saturday's funeral party. From an economic point of view, Murcia is mainly a center for farming and tourist activities.
Murcia's tomatoes and salads, especially citrons and orange, are commonly found in hypermarkets throughout Europe. It is a wine producing area of about 40,000 ha (100,000 ha) dedicated to the vineyard. The majority of the vineyard is in Ricote and Jumilla. In Murcia there is a certain amount of industrial activity, with overseas corporations using it as a site for plants such as Henry Milward & Sons (manufacturers of surgery and needle knitting) and US corporations such as General Electric and Paramount Park Studios.
In the 2000' the regional economies turned to'residential tourism', where residents from Nordic backgrounds have a second home in the area. Americans and Europeans can study in the city centre colleges. Murcia's business is backed by trade shows and conferences, museum, theatre, cinemas, concerts, aquariums, bullfights, restaurant, hotels, camp sites, sport, international student and tourist facilities.
The Murcia-San Javier International Airports (MJV) are situated on the outskirts of the Mar Menor near the San Javier Municipality, 45 kilometers south east of Murcia. It also has an international flight terminal in the neighbouring village of Alicante, 70 km (43 miles) from Murcia. In addition, a new aerodrome is under construction in Corvera, 23 kilometers away.
Municipal transport is provided by a new company, TM(Transportes de Murcia), a UTE (joint venture) set up by Ruiz, Marín & Fernanbús. In 2011, a line began linking the Plaza Circular with the university campus and the football stadium. There is a train stop in Murcia del Carmen, which is situated in the neighbourhood of the same name.
There are several long-distance routes connecting the town with Madrid, via Albacete, Valencia and Catalonia to Montpellier in France. It is also the centre of a regional community in Murcia. Line C-1 links the town with Alicante and line C-2 links Murcia with Alcantarilla, Lorca and Águilas. Murcian Hospital and other health care centres are owned by Murcian Medical Service.
Murcia has two universities: a Murcia Municipal University: the Murcia Municipal Hospital, established in 1272; a Saint Anthony Catholic University: a privately run institution, established in 1996. The Murcia is a partnership with: "The Murcia." This is Cambridge Press, p. 33. ikimedia Commons has medias related to Murcia.