Jawi:???? or Bandar Maharani is a historic city and the capital of the Muar District, Johor, Malaysia.

Munar is the second largest city and district of the state of Johor in southern Malaysia. Availability and budget hotels and hostels in Muar, Malaysia.

class="mw-headline" id="Etymologie">Etymologie[edit]

Jawi:???? or Bandar Maharani is a historic Muar Municipality and the capitol of the Muar County, Johor, Malaysia. Sultan Ibrahim Sultan Iskandar declares it the king of Johor and it is the 4th busiest of Johor (after Johor Bahru, Batu Pahat and Kluang). This is the principal and major center of the larger Unity Territory or Muar area, subdivided into the Muar County and the new Ledang County, which was previously developed into a full-fledged Tangkak Subdistrict area.

The Muar County is the only county encompassing the entire area, formerly bordering Malacca in the north. Following the revaluation of the Ledang County, the Muar County now comprises only the area just southern of Sungai Muar, while the north area behind the Rio in the Ledang County. Yet both subdivided counties are still collective and lovingly described by their inhabitants and outside as the Muar area as a whole.

Currently, the new municipality of Muar is situated in the area of Bakri. The name Muar, also known as Bandar Maharani, is said to have had other previous reputations, and the name Muar itself is said to have its origin in its geographic position at the Muar River delta or delta as the following different versions of theories:

The name Teluk Dalam:Muar was formerly known as Teluk Dalam and means "deep bay" due to its position at the Muar River delta, which is widely open and low; predicated on a phrase in a part of Hikayat Malim Deman; as in : Moar Belum Berama Moore, Moore Berama Teluk Dalame.

The name Muara:Muar name is supposed to be the synopsis for this old Malaysian term Muara, which means "the open mouth". The term Muak means "bored" or "tired" when kayaking the boats on the rivers, which are big and winding for the locals in the first years. Humans began to name the stream and name the place Muar, which comes from the Muak name, after a long while.

There is also a mound not far from Muar at Parit Jawa in the southern Padang area of Mor and Bukit Mor, which may be the source of the name Muar. The Bandar Maharani:Modern Muar Town was officially opened and received the name Bandar Maharani Maharani by Maharaja Abu Bakar, which translates as the Empress's Municipality, the cousin of Maharani Fatimah, who also celebrated the great opening of the new Municipality on August 12, 1887 to symbolise and acknowledge the prominent position of Muar as the second most important and largest municipality of the State of Johor after Johor Bahru, the then capitol.

Legend has been circulating around the Muar area for some time, including Hikayat Malim Deman (Epic of Malim Deman), Legenda Awang' s Spear Return to Dayang Legend, and Legenda Puteri Gunung Ledang (Mount Ledang Princess' Legend). The Muar is steeped in tradition, as evidenced by many ancient notes and archeological works.

It is assumed that the story of Muar began much sooner than the Sultanate of Malacca. Muar's early past has been widely reported. 1361 it was alleged that Muar was part of the Majapahite Kingdom. In another report it is also said that Parameswara after his Temasik expulsion, before founding Melaka, had founded a colony near Kota Buruk, Pagoh, Ulu Muar, Muar and Muar, which experienced the beginning of the Malacca Sultanate kingdom.

Muar was also the historical place to which the settled legacy of the Malacca Sultanate fled in 1511 after the Goa River was invaded by the Portugese. Muar took part in the fight against the Portugese occupying Malacca during the 1511 intervention and assault by the Portugese on the Afonso de Alguquerque; the Kubu Bentayan Fortress was built by the last Sultan of Malacca, Sultan Mahmud, to ward off sea attacks before he was conquered and retreated to Pagoh, this case at the downfall of the Malacca Sultan's kingdom.

It was during the period of Portugese domination that the Portugueses constructed a fort called Fortaleza de Muar to protect the settlement against the Dutch and Aceh attacks, instead in the same Bentayan area. On the Muar River near Bentayan, the British colonials did almost the same thing to protect themselves against the advancement of the Japanese imperial army in the Battle of Muar in World War II.

Muhar is also home to the only grave of the seventh Malacca Sultanate, Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah I (1477-1488). When the Bugis migration from Sulawesi Indonesia and their impact in the Johor Sultanate began, the five Bugis pioneering princes, Naval Brethren and Sulawesi Pontiffs from Sulawesi, Indonesia; Daeng Marewah, Daeng Parani, Daeng Celak, Daeng Manambun and Daeng Kemasi said they had come to Liang Batu, Lenga, Muar before they and their offspring became the powerful Temenggungs and later even emperors.

Muar, the Bandar Maharani, was incorporated by several Historians, Scientists and Writers and in many important historic material such as ancient cards, verses, epics, scripts and books: João de Barros ("Decades of Asia"), (1553):João de Barros, who in 1553 composed his second Décadas da Ásia ("Decades of Asia"), a story of the Portuguese in India and Asia.

Parameswara (Paramicura), expelled by Temasik after killing Temagi, the king of Siam, had exiled and ceased in Muar, building a Muar country named Pagoh. However, he and his descendants, together with his supporters, had sought refuge in Pagoh, Muar, and had opened two areas on the bank of the Muar River; the Biawak Busuk and another fortress named Kota Buruk, before moving to Melaka and opening Melaka.

1488 The event of Malakkos Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah I. (1477-1488), who passed away and was interred in Pagoh, Ulu Muar, during a visiting event, named "Sultan Mangkat Di Muar". However, for fear of the vengeance of the King of Ayutthaya, he escaped to Pagoh, Muar with his 1,000 supporters and spent 6 years there when the Seletar people occupied Malacca before moving to Malacca and opening it later.

Ancient Map Ortelius (1584) (Old Maps): Ancient Map Ortelius A.D. 1584 shows Muar as a town in the southern part of Malacca. January Huyghen van Linschoten (1595) (Old Maps) :Map Linschoten A.D. 1595 shows Muar as a town near the state of Malacca. Raja Temenggung of Muar[5] (also known as Temenggong Paduka Tuan of Muar)[6] and his chiefs of villages agreed to a fusion of Muar with Johor after the inheritance quarrel between the two children of Sultan Ali.

Questioning the legality of the chiefs' desires, Tengku Alam Shah, who placed his inheritance claim on Muar, began initiating the Yementah Civil War in 1879 and beginning to recapture Muar, but was quickly conquered by the Maharaja Abu Bakar armed force, and Muar was eventually annexed and returned as part of Johor State on December 30, 1879.

In the 1880s, the Johor Temenggong Ibrahim Temenggong Ibrahim Johor ruler and his heir Sultan Abu Bakar Kangchu system was established by the independent sovereigns and Sultan Abu Bakar, and China's leadership was active in encouraging new Gambian and African peppers farms to be established, and China's immigrant farmers to become farmers and laborers to open and work these farms in Muar.

10 ] A contract in west direction (in Malay Surat Sungai, literal "River Documents") to the Capitan Cina (Chinese leaders), who planted the orchards along the bank of the Johor Canal. Authoritarian writings (Surat Kuasa) were exhibited when the first Tibetan chiefs settled in Johor in the early eighteenth century. 11 ] The influx of these colonists, who were mainly of Teochev origins and were generally first or second generations indigenous Chineses, who to this day have been an important part of the lives and populations of Muar and who shaped the community's demographics and welfare work.

There' even a place named Bukit Gambir, which means hill of Gambier in Muar. Muar's wealth and fast growth made it the only city in Malaysia to have its own railroad system in the early years. Muar State Railway MSR, operating from 1889-1925, connects Jalan Sulaiman in Bandar Maharani and Sungai Pulai on a 22.5 km stretch.

In 1916, a 1916 project to lengthen the route to Batu Bahat was abandoned, and the route was completely abandoned in 1925 due to budgetary and geographic restrictions and its lesser importance following the building of Jalan Abdul Rahman, who connected Muar City with Parit Jawa. This is a memento and only part of the Muar story, as only the MSR vapour engine reliquary is exhibited in Tanjung Emas Park.

Muar Ferry Crossing, in the Battle of Muar, where the Indian Brigade of 45 was arranged along the 24-mile riverbank with four foot soldiers along the northern bank of the Muar and the rest along the southern bank to protect the Muar coastal highway against the Imperial Guards Division's advancement.

During World War II, the battle of Muar, January 14-22, 1942, battled for the territory of Gemencheh, Muar River and Bukit Bakri in Muar was the last great campaign of the Malaysian campaign of the Malaya Struggle, which was led by British allies and the Japanese armed Forces from 8 December 1941 to 31 January 1942 in British Malaya.

On 17 January 1942, the battles of Bakri or the siege of Bakri were a violent struggle of the struggling armies in Bukit Bakri. As a result of the slaughter, the Indian infantry brigade of 45, with severe losses for their two affiliated Australian 2/19th and 2/29th infantry battalions[14] and the final case of Muar to the Royal Japanes Armed Forces was nearly destroyed.

Muar remained an important administrative city during the 1942-45 Malaya Dynasty Japan Empire occupied by the occupied Chinese armies, with many natives participating in most of the anti-Japanese opposition groups such as the Malayan People's Anti-Japanese Military (MPAJA) and Force 136. The Bukit Kepong policestation was raided and violently assaulted by members of the Malayan National Liberation Air Force (MNLA), the Communist Party of Malaysia's armed forces, on 23 February 1950 during the Malaysian emergency, in the Bukit Kepong incident, and 26 officers and members of their families were killed.

Muhar has also chronicled the story of opposition to communicationist attack and the UK occupations by Panglima Kiyai Salleh, a Banjar and Java Indian religion and art instructor who established the Tentera Selempang Merah group. Muar's group of Seven or Orang Tujuh, consisting of Tun Dr. Awang Hassan (former Governor of Penang), the Tun Dr. Ismail Dato Abdul Rahman Mohd Yasin (Tun Dr. Ismail's former Deputy Prime Minister), his elder sister Datuk Sulaiman Abdul Rahman, Tan Sri Datuk Hassan (former Menteri Besar) and Dato Hj Kosai Mohd Salleh, shall actively fight against the foundation of the Malay Union and shall fight against the foundation of the Malay Union and shall actively fight against the foundation of the Malay Union.

The Muar region formerly comprises 2346. Muar lies at the estuary of the Muar River. During the first few years of Muar's existence, the shallow nature of the geographic soil and areas of Muar has made it possible to use bicycles and tricycles as the principal means of transport.

That is the major cause that Muar was once the city with the most bikes and the only city that required a current municipal licence to own and use a bike in the countryside. The Muar District was formerly subdivided into the community of Muar (Bandar Maharani) and the community of Ledang (Tangkak).

Following the upgrading of Tangkak Subdistrict to a full Ledang County, Bandar Maharani of Muar is now managed by the Muar Municipal Committee (formerly South Muar Town Council, later Muar Town Council) under the Muar Municipal Office, while Tangkak of Ledang is managed by the Tangkak Municipal Committee (formerly North Muar Town Council) under the Ledang Municipal Office.

There are plans for a new administrative and traffic junction with an integral coach station and store named Maharani Sentral to be constructed at the site near the Muar bypass between Jalan Haji Kosai and Jalan Temenggung. In addition to major highways such as the Muar Motorway, which passes through downtown Muar, Muar is also reachable via the PLUS Expressway via the Tangkak (EXIT 235), Pagoh (EXIT 238), Bukit Gambir (EXIT 233) and Yong Peng (EXIT 241) junctions.

Segamat, the nearest train terminal to Muar, can be reached via the motorway. The Sultan Ismail Bridges, the first bridges across the Muar River, is the symbol of the city, which was constructed in 1960 and finished in 1962 to substitute old crossings in the 1960'. New Muar Second Bridge, linking Parit Bunga to the North and Sabak Awor to the Sout, is part of the 13 km Muar Bypass, finished in 2005.

It is the newest emblem of the city. Motorway that runs through the suburbs makes the trip easier by redirecting transport from Muar city centre. It was Muar, with its important commercial and administration position in the state of Johor both for the English Colonials and for the old Johor Sultanate in the early years, that helped to shape the area.

KTMB does not operate Muar and its surroundings, but the nearest rail terminal is in Segamat. Trains to the state capitol Johor Bahru as well as to Kuala Lumpur, Ipoh, Seremban or Tumpat in Kelantan are possible. Short-distance buses are also available to all of Malaysia's main tourist destinations, like Kuala Lumpur, Johor Bahru, Melaka City, Kuantan, Ipoh, George Town etc. as well as Singapore and Hat Yai (southern Thailand).

Muar has two stops: Hentian Maharani and Bentayan Express terminals (formerly Pagoh terminals). It is the only county (next to the state capitol Johor Bahru) in Johor that has its own customs post and a check-point at its own dock. Senai Airport (IATA: JHB) is a greater distant and nearer to Johor Bahru than Muar.

The easy trip to the city can be made on foot or by taking the trip by car, train, bus shuttle or cab. Both Muar and Tangkak get the callsign prefix +6-06 (which follows Malacca and Negeri Sembilan) instead of +6-07, which is used in the remainder of Johor. Received signals are widely covered throughout the Muar area by all large cellular operators.

Municipality No.84xxx includes Muar, Tangkak, Pagoh and area. The Muar is known as the centre of the Malaysian furnishing world. The Muar County includes Tanjung Agas, Bukit Bakri, Jorak, Parit Bakar, Pagoh and Tangkak industries. This city is resilient to commercial and trade activity, with many old China based businesses selling a wide range of goods at competitive and competitive rates.

The Muar agricultural economy consists mainly of the main cultures of gum and olive palms, along with some coconuts, cacao, berries (durian, butane, ducu, muar, mangosteen, Banana, red pepper, pine apple, kite etc.), vegetable and animal life, fowl and pisciculture. Many cafés are open in Muar around the Bakri area to draw visitors and enjoy the delicious cuisine.

The Muar High School (??????) began as Government English School and was first accommodated in an attack (the finished sheets of Nupa Fruticans) which was known as "Balai Kuning" and was used by the Sultan of Johore as a lobby every time Muar went there. In mid-September 2011, the first stage of the Pagoh Education Hub was started.

Even today, the city center is dominated by a series of well-preserved pre-war business premises. Many old shops and old China craft and association stores with singular and nice features in their structures and architectures are still there. Higher up in the city along the banks of the Danube, where the government's principal administration area is Jalan Petrie, Jalan Othman, Jalan Junid and Tanjung Emas, many splendid governance palaces influenced by the UK era are clearly perceptible.

Sultan Ibrahim Jamek Mosque, Sultan Abu Bakar House, High Court House, Police Traffic Department House, Muar High School House, Old Telecom House, Jabatan Kerja Raya(JKR) House, 2nd Battalion Rejimen 501 AW's Military District Warehouse House, Custom Department House and District Officer Royal residence and other formal residences are the many old historical homes still in the area.

Sultan Ibrahim Jamek Mosque with the British Victorian architectural design and its Masjid Jamek 2 Sultan Ismail Masjid on the other side of the stream offers a magnificent sight. Considering the magnificence of these invaluable historic monuments, accompanied by the wonderful colonial-influenced landscape design with large shaded tree lines on the riverbank of Tanjung Emas Parks, one would now recall the past history of colonialism and the past splendor of the city.

MUAR, the king town of Johor, has an officially regal mansion with a helicopter landing pad on the banks of the MUAR in Jalan Petrie near Tanjung Emas. The Bukit Kepong Policestation - This Bukit Kepong policestation with a historic landmark building is known for the violent assault by infamous Chinese terrorist groups on 23 February 1950 during the Bukit Kepong incident during the Malaysian emergency.

The last stronghold of the last Malacca Sultanate Sultan Mahmud Shah, in retreat before it fell during the Portuguese invasion in the fifteenth centuries, at the estuary of the Sungai Bentayan, today's Bentayan Express bus station (formerly Pagoh Bus Stand). Fortaleza de Muar, another fort that was later constructed by the Portuguese, was probably also in the same area.

Lidah Hitam Mausoleum, Parit Sakai - The tomb of a legend Panglima Lidah Hitam (the African Warrior) or Baginda Zahiruddin from Padang Pariaman, Minangkabau, Sumatera, Indonesia; the creator Silat Lintau, whose tongue was dark when he passed away and was laid to rest in Parit Sakai Laut, Jalan Junid, Muar.

Sejarah Kota Buruk Tapak, Jorak - The historic site of the Kota Buruk fort is in Tanjung Selabu, Jorak, Bukit Pasir, Pagoh, Muar is the place where the Malakka Sultanate founded Parameswara, remained on his Temasik abode for more than 10 years before moving to the opening of Malakka. Malaysian dishes like Muar bandage, rock, satay sauce and foot pedal are the typical dishes of Muar.

Muar is the only place where Muar offers Muar snacks, a typical meal of the area. Another locale dish is Joor Luke. Grocery centers are located at Muar Bus Station (Malay), Tanjung Emas (mixed), Jalan Bentayans Bentayan Hawker Centre (Chinese) and Jalan Haji Abu (Chinese), also known as "T'am Cjia Kuay" (???) literaly "the Glutton insatiable eating Street " for breakfasts.

Muar also has Muar's own version of Sri Lanka's Song of the Roses (rose sirup with dairy with optional sodium carbonate and cincau), which is usually eaten during Malaysian weddings, but is also readily available at most Malaysian meal stands and restaurants. Basic breakfasts include a mug of Muar coffe, the Red Macar (bread toast) rich in nuts and kayas, and a half-boiled eggs.

Kuda Kepang', a Indonesian tradition horsedance and barongan dancing, is probably best represented by the Muar Malays of Java origins, especially the Sg. Commonly recognized, the Malaian vernacular used here (and throughout the state of Johor) is the Johor-Riau vernacular, the joint and standardized formal form of the Malaian vernacular used throughout the state.

Two state-run clinics and a number of secondary healthcare centers provide care for Muar and Tangkak. Former Muar District hospital, recently converted into a special clinic and re-named. Menteri Besar by Johor (1967-1982), Othman Saat. Hasan Yunus, former Menteri Besar of Johor (1959-1967). Former UMNO Former Umno Chairperson, former Johor State Representative to Parit Jawa (1959-1964).

Former member of the parliament of Muar, former governor of the state of Penang, sire of Yahya Awang. Singapore native Sellapan Ramanathan, or SR Nathan, President of Singapore, was originally from Singapore, but raised in Muar and lived his infancy with his three older brothers and sister and parents in Muar. fm/XFM Radiosender, former college graduate and finisher of the Akademi Fantasia AF1 Realty Show.

Spring up ^ "Muar wins Asean Clean Tourist City Award". Spring hoch ^ "L'histoire portugaise Malacca 1511-1641 ^ : Histoire de la Malaisie coloniale". Skip up ^ "The Battle of Muar" (PDF). Skip Up ^ Muar District Office Official Website/Muar Flag Archived on February 17, 2010 at the Wayback Machine.

Muhyiddin starts Stage One of the Pagoher Educational Center Archives on December 29, 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Wikivoyage has a guidebook for Muar.

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