sspan class="mw-headline" id="History">History
The town of Mostar (Croatian pronunciation: [m?sta?r]) is the administration centre of the Canton Herzegovina-Neretva of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, a unit of Bosnia and Herzegovina. With 105,797 inhabitants, it is the most important town in Herzegovina and serves as the country's major centre of culture and economy. From 1991 to 1996 the town was also the capitol of the non international recognized Croat Republic Herzeg-Bosnia.
Austro-Hungary took over Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1878 and governed the nation until after the First World War in 1918, when it became part of the state of Slovenia, Croats and Serbs and then Yugoslavia. It was during this time that Mostar was recognised as the informal capitol of Herzegovina. Mostar' s first Serbian Orthodox temple was constructed in 1834 during the Ottoman Empire.
It became the headquarters of the Catholic Diocese of Mostar-Duvno in 1881 and became part of the Banovina of Croatia in 1939. Mostar was also an important centre of the fascistic independent state of Croatia during the Second World War. In the aftermath of the Second World War Mostar started producing plastic, tabacco, bauxite, wines, airplanes and aluminum wares.
A number of embankments (Grabovica, Salakovac, Mostar) were constructed in the Neretva area in order to use the hydropower of the Neretva. It was an important centre of industry and tourism and flourished during the period of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Bosnia and Herzegovina, after declaring Yugoslavia's sovereignty in April 1992, was sieged by the Yugoslavian People's Army (JNA), although confrontations between the JNA and the Croatian armed services had already begun.
Croats were organised in the Croatian Defence Council (HVO) and were supplemented by a considerable number of Bosniaks. The Croatian Army (HV) started an aggressive Codename Operation Jackal on 7 June with the aim of exonerating Mostar and ending the JNA besiege of Dubrovnik. HVO, which assaulted the army of Republika Srpska (VRS) near Mostar, backed the attack.
Until 12 June the HVO protected the west part of the town and until 21 June the VRS was entirely displaced from the east part. When the VRS was expelled from the town, the Serbian Orthodox monastery ?itomisli? and the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity were torn down. At the end of 1992, the tension between Croats and Bosniaks in Mostar grew.
At the beginning of 1993 the Croatian-Bosniak War flared up and by mid-April 1993 Mostar had become a split town, with the HVO ruling powers dominating the west and the ARBiH army largely concentrating in the east. Battles erupted in May, when both sides of the town were under heavy fire.
Ethnically, the guerrilla town was split, and both troops soon established themselves. About 2,000 persons were killed in Mostar during the warmonger. In Mostar there are architectural remarkable constructions in different style directions. At the time of the Austro-Hungarian domination (1878-1918), the Municipal Councillor of Mostar worked with the Austro-Hungarians to carry out comprehensive municipal reform: large alleys and an extensive network of towns were forced onto the west shore of the Neretva, and significant investment was made in infrastructures, communication and living.
Municipalities such as Mustafa Mujaga Komadina were key actors in these changes, which fostered economic development and connected the east and west shores of the town. Remarkable example of Austro-Hungarian architectural style are the municipal buildings built by the Sarajevo based Josip Vancas, the Rondo and Gimnazija Mostar housing estates from 1902 according to the design of Franti?ek Bla?ek.
Professionals, men and woman, joined the world of work, and the town' s socio-economic and population profile was expanded drastically; between 1945 and 1980, the majority of Mostar's inhabitants increased from 18,000 to 100,000. Cejvan Cehaj is the oldest of Mostar' s mosques. It was founded in 1552. Kujundziluk, the Old Bazaar, is called after the jewellers who produced and marketed their goods along this traditional road, and still sell genuine painting and engravings of Stari Most, pomegranate (the traditional Herzegovina symbol) or pomegranate (medieval tombstones).
Today, mainly products are sold straight from Herzegovina, and when the seasons begin, pomegranate and fig are very well known. Native honeys are also an important speciality made throughout Herzegovina. In June 2003 the old bridge will be rebuilt. In 1999, a major rebuilding of the Old Bridge, demolished in the Bosnian War, according to the initial plan and to re-establish the neighbouring structure and historical quarters, was launched and largely concluded by spring 2004.
The Aga Khan Trust for Culture and the World Monuments Fund, which was financed by the World Bank, carried out five years of renovation and rehabilitative work in Mostar in conjunction with the renovation of the Old bridge. Recognising at an early stage that the rebuilding of the Old bridge would be out of place and meaningless without a thorough overhaul of the neighbouring historical quarters, they designed the program to provide a frame for municipal monument protection systems and custom renovation plans that would contribute to the regeneration of the main areas of the historical Mostar and in particular the city fabric around the Old Bridge.
It also led to the creation of the Stari Grad Agency, which plays an important part in monitoring the on-going execution of the maintenance scheme, operates and maintains a number of renovated historical premises (including the Old Bridge complex) and promotes Mostar as a culture and tourism area.
Among the institution of the Mostar kind belong: The Croatian lodge "Herceg Stjepan Kosaca" Mostar kitchen is balance between west and east influence. The traditional cooking of Mostar is strongly connected with Turkey, the Near East and other Mediterranean kitchen. Mepas Mall " Mostar, the biggest retail centre in Bosnia and Herzegovina, is highly dependent on the aluminium and metals industries, bank and telecommunications service providers.
The town is home to some of the biggest businesses in the state. Given that there are three embankments on the town of Mostar, the town has a sound basis for further developing it. 31 ] Aluminij is one of the most powerful enterprises in the town, the surrounding area, but also in the state.
The Mostar region alone earns an average of 40 million euros a year from Aluminij. The town also houses the yearly International Economic Fair Mostar ("Me?unarodni pajam jospodarstva Mostar"), which took place for the first time in 1997. % p.a. Today Mostar is the town with a 105,797 inhabitants according to the results of the 2013 Metropolitan Survey.
Mostar has the biggest Croatian populace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Like many other towns, its demographic trajectory changed significantly after the Bosnian War; in the case of Mostar, most Serbs moved from the towns. Racial structure of the village Mostar: The commune of Mostar consists of the village itself and 56 towns and hamlets.
Following the Bosnian War, after the Dayton Agreement, the towns of Kamena, Kokorina and Zijemlje were divided from Mostar and formed the new community Isto?ni Mostar (East Mostar), in the Republika Srpska. Mostar and the Herzegovina region in general enjoys a changed Mediterranean weather with cold, humid winters as well as warm, dry summers.
The Mostar region has a relatively arid period from June to September. Mostar is the most sunny town in the county with an annual sunshine of 2291 sunshine per year. Mostar has the statute of a town. Municipal administration is headed by the mayor. Ljubo Be?li? (HDZ) is the present mayor of Mostar.
There are 35 members of the municipal government representing the following main party parties: Coalition of Croatia 13: In October 2008 municipal councillors were elected. Municipal councillors held 16 unsuccessful meetings. Meanwhile, in 2011, the Constitution Tribunal ruled that the present Statute was illegal because the number of MPs from the neighbourhoods did not correspond to the number of electors in each area.
As the city waits for the creation of the new statute, many believe that such a thing must be supported by the OHR. It is the second biggest Hungarian school and the only one in Bosnia and Herzegovina to have a degree in English. In 1977 it was established as the D?emal Bijedi? in Mostar, but in 1992 it was renamed.
Its origins go back to the Franciscan Theological College of Herzegovina, established in 1895 and shut down in 1945, which was the first in Mostar. 54 ] The present Universitätssiegel shows the Franciscan monastery buildings. Until the 2015 academic year [update], Mostar was the biggest campus in the town with 10,712 faculty members in eleven departments.
Soccer is one of the most favourite sport in Mostar. The Zrinjski is the most succesful Premier Liga of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the current champions. Brijeg Zrinjski Stadion (Bijeli Brijeg Stadium) is the capital of the town. The Vele? Stadion is not in town. She is competing in the Bosnia and Herzegovina domestic divisions and in the Adria Sevens Adriatic Division.
A further favourite sports in Mostar is swim.
Mainar Airport operates the airport and the train and coach terminals connecting it with a number of domestic and foreign locations. The old part of Mostar is an important touristic place and the Stari Most is the most famous one. Returned on June 7, 2013. The Razvitak i posstanak grada Mostara.
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Resurrection of the historic city centre of Mostar". Archives from the orginal on 06.12.2006. "Mustar Liska." "Mainarsko proljece". "The Bradt Travel Guide", pp. 93-97. Darra J. Goldstein, Kathrin Merkle Council of Europe. Withdrawn 2013-03-26. Archives from the orginal on 30.03.2013. Withdrawn 2013-03-26.
Filed on April 30, 2007, on the Wayback Machine. Mainsajam.com. Withdrawn 2013-03-26. Withdrawn 2013-03-26. Filed copy. Archives from the orginal on 24.09.2005. Historical weather for 2012 in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina". Meteorological observations for Mostar substation in the 1961-1990 period". The Meteorological Institute of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Archives from the originals, May 7, 2018.
Mostar: " The Meteorological Institute of Bosnia and Herzegovina. "Vijesti.net". Withdrawn 2013-03-26. Grada Mostara Statute". Archives from the originals on 01.04.2013. Withdrawn 2013-03-26.
Archives from the originals on 01.04.2013. Withdrawn 2013-03-26. 2 ] Posted on September 9, 2009, on the Wayback Machine. "Zrednje ?kole / Op?e informmacije / Mostar / INFO" (in Croatian). Moststarinfo. Archives from the originals on 28.07.2013. Withdrawn 2013-03-26. UNICEF Bosnia and Herzegovina - Information Centre - Pedijeljene Zkole BiH". www.unicef.org.
Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Higher Schooling in Bosnia and Herzegovina: History, Current Status and Needs Analysis. Archives from the orginal (pdf) on 20.01.2005. Posted in the Wayback Machine on September 28, 2011. The old bridge area of the Old Town of Mostar Archives 2015-02-14 at the Wayback Machine.
Visit Mostar Archived 2011-08-17 at the Wayback Machine. This is Cambridge University Press. Combridge University Press. pp. 258-285. Religions and genocide in Bosnia. The University of California Press. Yale University Press. osnia Remade: This is Oxford University Press. "in Bosnia and Herzegovina: University Press. pp. 175-216. Reconstruction of Mostar: The Liverpool University Press. "Mostar."