class="mw-headline" id="Etymology_and_naming">Etymology and naming
elk (North America) or elk (Eurasia), Alces Alces Alkes is a member of the New World's stag subparagraph and is the biggest and most severe surviving type in the stag population.... Elks are characterized by the wide, hand-shaped horns of the male; other members of the stag-family have horns with a dendritischen ("zweigartigen"), Configuration.
Elks live typical in the northern hemisphere in moderate to sub-arctic climate zones in bordeaux woods and moderate deciduous and coniferous woods. The hunt and other man-made activity have led to a decline in the moose's reach over the years. Elks were resettled in some of their former habits. Currently most moose can be found in Canada, Alaska, New England (with Maine having most of the lower 48 states), Fennoskandia, the Baltics and Russia.
Among the most frequent moose carnivores are the grey carnivore as well as bear and people. In contrast to most other stag-types, elks are loners and don't build a herd. Though generally sluggish and sitting, moose can become aggresive and move quickly when angry or frightened. Alkes alces is referred to in American English as "moose", in English in Britain as "moose"; his academic name comes from his name in Latin.
Also known as "elk" in American English, the term relates to a very different type of stag, the Cervus Canadianis, also known as whip. Ripe masculine moose are known as bulls, ripe females as cows and unripe moose of either gender as calves. This form of the term "moose" almost always relates to the alkes alcoes in mainland Europe.
Earlier discoverers in North America, especially in Virginia, where there was no moose, named the Canadian moose "moose" because of its large dimensions and similarity to known stags such as the stag. The moose was similar to the "German moose" (the moose of continent Europe), which was less known to the English population.
Long times both kinds carried an offical name, but were designated as different things. Finally, the elks became known in North America as moose, while the moose kept its Anglicised Indian name. Following expansion for most of the twentieth centruy, the moose populations in North America have declined sharply since the nineties.
Colonies grew strongly, with enhanced habitats and shelter, but for unfamiliar causes the moose population is declining quickly. In North America, the moose family covers almost all of Canada (except the Artic and Vancouver Islands), most of Alaska, North New England and the New York hinterland, the Rocky Mountains, North Minnesota, North Wisconsin, the Michigan Peninsula and the Isle Royale in Lake Superior.
There are four of the six species of species in this vast area, which includes various living spaces. Moose population in the western region extends as far as Canada (British Columbia and Alberta) to the far northern hemisphere, and more remote groups have been found as far as the Utah and Colorado hills and as far as Lake Wenatchee in the western Washington Cascades area.
Elks have expanded their reach south in the Rocky Mountains in the west, with first observations in Yellowstone National Park in 1868 and then in the first half of the 20th centuries on the Uinta Mountains north face in Utah. This is the most southern natural elk populations in the United States.
In 1978, some brood couples were resettled in Colorado, and the moose populations of the state today are more than 1,000. Elk flesh was often a basic food in the Indians' diets that goes back hundreds of years, and it is a strain that inhabited today's Rhode Island, which gave this stag its unmistakable name in American English.
Indians often used elk skins for leathers and their meats as an additive in a kind of dry beef called punmican, which was used as a food resource in winters or on long trips. 22 ] The East trunks also treasured elk skin as a spring for mocassins and other objects. Elks were successfully imported to Newfoundland in 1878 and 1904, where they are now the dominating hoofed animal, and somewhat less successfully on the island of Anticosti in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence.
Elks are currently found in large numbers in Europe throughout Norway, Sweden, Finland, Latvia, Estonia, Poland, while they are rather humble in the Czech Republic, Belarus and North Ukraine. Since the end of the last ice age, the moose had been indigenous to most moderate areas with appropriate habitats on the mainland and even in Scotland, as Europe had a mixture of moderate, bordeaux and broadleaf forests.
Even in the classic period the specie certainly flourished in Gaul as well as in the Magna Germania, as it occurs in former army and hunt account. But when the Romans were fading into the Middle Ages, the animal gradually disappeared: shortly after the rule of Charlemagne, the moose vanished from France, where it stretched from Normandy in the northern part to the Pyrenees in the southern part.
Elk moose are mainly found in Russia, with much smaller moose in Mongolia and Northeast China. The moose population in Siberia is relatively steady and growing on the Kamchatka peninsula. Mongolia and China, where hunting has heavily burdened the elk and almost exterminated it, have preserved it, but political implementation is poor and the need for conventional drugs from stag parts is high.
53 ][unreliable source?] In 1978 the Regional Hunting Authority carried 45 young moose to the centre of Kamchatka. The moose were taken from Chukotka, home of the biggest moose in the word. Now Kamchatka is in charge of the biggest elk of the trophies, which is fired every year all over the year. Because it is a fruitful area for moose, with a mild weather, less snows and plenty of nourishment, moose quickly breed and colonize the Kamchatka River basin and many neighbouring area.
In the last 20 years the total animal populations have increased to over 2,900 people. In North America: In the United States : This is the most frequent moose in Asia. The region includes the Chukotka and Amur moose to the west and northern Mongolia. Similarly large as the west moose in Canada.
Biggest moose in Europe and Asia. Corresponds to the Alaska moose (A. a. a. gigas), as the biggest of the breeds and thus the biggest living stag racing. People are growing. 81 ] Smallest organism in North America with a artifact of active 230 to 344 kg (507 to 758 lb) at age.
The area would have encompassed Iran, Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Turkey and is coated with a smooth, fuzzy coating known as " Samt". 82 ] In North America, moose (A. a. americanus) horns are mostly ample than Euroasian moose and have two rags on either side, like a Butterfly. Moose eagle horns from Eurasia look like a shell, with a sole rag on each side.
82 ] In the Northern Siberian moose (A. a. Bedfordiae) the rear pitch of the front forks is divided into three prongs, with no clear level. Usually in the ordinary moose (A. a. alces), this twig extends into a wide palm, with a large prong at the bottom and a series of smaller hooks at the free boundary.
However, there is a Nordic elk race, with which the horns is easier and reminds of the East-Siberian Tiere. Palm formation seems to be more pronounced in the case of moose from Northern America than in the case of moose from Scandinavia. Usually an elk is 1.4-2 years old. 96 ] Cases of even bigger moose have been recorded, one of which was a cop allegedly weighing 1,180 kg (2,601 lb), but none is authentified and some cannot be regarded as trustworthy.
96 ] The moose is the second biggest terrestrial creature in North America and Europe behind only the two types of bison. Elk also feed on many marine life specimens, among them sea-lily and pondweed. Moose are great floaters and are known for wading into the sea to feed on seaweed. It is a second function in that it cools the moose on hot summers and frees it from flying blacks.
Elks are therefore drawn to swamps and rivershores in warm weather conditions, as both offer appropriate food and wetting waters. Elk are known to submerge under sea to get to the bottom of the pond, and the intricate nose can help the moose with this kind of feed.
Elks are the only stags that are able to feed under water. The area is part of a long-term research programme to investigate the impact of moose capture on crop diversity. Elks are mostly day active. Though moose are seldom grouped, several can be in the immediate vicinity during the breeding period.
Remarkable petroglyphs and speleological works show that moose have been chased since the Stone Age. The excavation in Alby, Sweden, bordering the Stora Alvaret, has revealed elk horns in wood cabin ruins from 6000 BC, suggesting one of the first elk hunts in North Europe. North Scandinavia still has remnants of fishing holes used for moose fishing.
You would have boarded sheer sides so that it was not possible for the moose to get away once it had fallen in. Usually the mines are located in large groups that cross the elks' trails and extend over several kilometres. Catching moose in mines is a very efficient way of hunt and as early as the sixteenth centuries the government of Norway tried to limit their use.
However, the oldest record of the moose is in Julius Caesar's Commentarii de Bello Gallico, where it is described as such: The long leg allows moose to walk lightly through shallow waters or powder. Books 8, 16 of the natural story of Pliny the Elder, 77 A.D., describe the moose and an beast named ahlis, which is presumably the same beast, with the following descriptions and amusing name.
Dr. Valerius Geist, who immigrated to Canada from the Soviet Union, writes in his 1999 publication Moose: There is no autumn meal in Sweden without a delicious moose meal. Swedes are fencing in their motorways to cut the number of moose victims and develop moss-proof vehicles. It is less than half the size of the British Columbia of Canada, but the moose intake in Sweden - starting at 150,000 - is twice as large as the entire moose crop in North America, Alaska, where elk trees and brushes are cut along high moose crossings so that moose can be seen as they near the street.
In the Soviet Union, the study of moose domestication was conducted before the Second World War. Initial experimentation was ambiguous, but with the establishment of a moose ranch in the Pechora-Ilych nature reserve in 1949, a small moose house keeping programme was launched, providing for trials of animal selectivity based on behavior.
The programme has resumed at Kostroma Elchfarm since 1963, which had a flock of 33 domestic elk in 2003. Even though it is not considered at this point that the holding is a profitable business, it generates some revenue from the sales of elk milks and visits to groups of tourists.
However, its principal value lies in the possibilities it provides for research into the moose's physical and behavioural characteristics and the knowledge it provides about the general tenets of herding. Elks are an old family. Just like their cousins Odocoileus and Capreolus, only very few varieties of the genera alces developed, which existed over long years.
A few researchers, such as Adrian Lister, grouped all specimens into one generic, while others, such as Augusto Azzaroli, used alcohol for the live specimens and classified the fossils into the generic categories known as cervals and libraries. Libraries continued to exist until the late Pleiistocene and were soon followed by a kind of library named by the name of Cosvalces cornutorum.
Loyal Order of Moose is a brotherly organisation established in 1888 with nearly 1 million men in around 2,400 lodges in the United States and Canada. J. Moose Bullwinkle is a fictitious figure that first appeared in 1959-1964 in ABC's Rocky and His Friends TV animation show.
Quinn Ojinnaka, a former two-time great master of ringing, is the pro wrestle artist who appears under the ring name Moose. Talking Moose is an Apple Macintosh computer animation application with a moose that appears regularly and makes a laugh or comments on users' activities or system incidents.
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"Story of moose management in Utah" (PDF). Alcohols. Hop up^ Nancy Cappelloni (November 2002). Skip up to: a by David W. Wattles (2011). status, movement and habitative use of mosses in massachusetts (pdf) (m.s. dissertation). Skip up to ^ "The poll says Maine has 76,000 moose". Hop up Wattles, David (2011).
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"What is the devastation of the New England moose feral populations? Hop up ^ Brockman, Christopher J., William and Collins, Jeffery M. Welker, Donald E. Spalinger and Bruce W. Dale. Cusick, Daniel (2012-05-18). "Fast-changing climates are turning the northern forest into a moose cemetery." Hop up ^ McCann, N.P.; Moen, R.A.; Harris, T.R. (October 30, 2013).
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Archives from the originals on 19 January 2012. Hop up to " Usurian Moose." Hop up "This Ain't No Bullwinkle... Look at this "Chukotka Kamchatka Moose". Hop up ^ Caroline King, ed. Hop up ^ "Deer and stag breeding - introducing and effect of deer". Hop up ^ "Hair moving NZ moose from the kingdom of Nessie".
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Archives from the orginal on 21 June 2007. Spring high ^ spirit, Valerius (1998) stag of the world: Hop up ^ Keller, Anna, Marcus Clauss, Evelyne Muggli and Karl Nuss. Hop up, landmark, Caroline. Moose morphology and behavioural adaptation to climatic, snows and feed conditions. Hop up Telfer, Edmund S. and John P. Kelsall.
"Adjustment of some large mammals of North America for surviving in the snows. Hop up "Big Game Hunt in Newfoundland." Hop up Moose Facts from Maine. Hop up "Moose". Archives from the originals on 2 January 2008. Hop up ^ Franzmann, A. W. (1981). Alkes alces. Skip up to: a by Nancy Long; Kurt Savikko (2009-08-07).
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"Impact of tree destruction on black bear preference in elk calves" (PDF). Hop up "Hinterland Who's Who - Cougar". Filmed from the orginal on 26.09.2010. Skip up ^ "Gulo glulo - The American Society of Mammalogists" (PDF). smith.edu. Archives from the orginal (PDF) on 17.06.2012. Hop up ^ Robert W. Baird; Robin W. Baird (August 31, 2006).
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Spring up ^ (in Swedish) Många villolyckor - intget goers - Mellerud. www.ttela. Returned on 09.01.2011. Björklöf, Sune. "Filed on 14.07.2011 on the Wayback Machine. Hop up, you' re in the " Civil Latin Natural History Museum." Alcohols: Dedicated to the biological and managerial aspects of elks (Alces alces), a research center for the northern forest ecosystem.
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