Situated in Monza [?montsa] list (help-info) (Lombard: Múnscia; Latin: Modoetia) is a town and community on the river Lambro, a river confluence of the Po in Lombardy, about 15 kilometers NE of Milan. It' the provincial capitol of Monza and Brianza. The Autodromo Nazionale Monza, the venue of the Formula 1 Grand Prix of Italy, is known for its Grand Prix track.
Monza was named capitol of the new provinces of Monza and Brianza on June 11, 2004. Monza was previously a municipality in the Milan area. It is the third biggest Lombardy town and the main commercial, manufacturing and administration center of the Brianza region, which supports a textiles industrie and a publisher.
It also houses a department of the University of Milan Bicocca, a court of justice and several local government departments. The Monza Park is one of the biggest city park in Europe. Situated on the plateau of Lombardy, between Brianza and Milan, Monza is 162 m high.
The town of Monza is about 40 km from Lecco and Como. The city of Monza is located in the same subway area as Milan and is a large part of the new city. The Lambro is crossing Monza from west to west. It flows from the northeast into Monza, between Via Aliprandi and Via Zanzi.
It is an man-made forks, used for defence in the early fourteenth and early eighteenth centuries. It is known as the Lambretto and reconnects with the Lambro's corridor when it leaves Monza to the southward direction through the now torn down old ring of fortifications.
The Canale Villoresi, built at the end of the nineteenth cent. It has a typically sub-Mediterranean Po plain with cold, brief winter and hot summer; the temperature is very similar to that of the surrounding Milan, with an average of 2°C (36°F) in January, the colder months, to about 23°C (73°F) in July, the warmer.
Most rainfall occurs in the fall, least in winters and summers; nevertheless there is no dryness in the town and its surroundings at any time of the year. in the house Decumani. Burial fountains found in the later nineteenth centuries show that man was in the area at least in the Bronze Age, when man was living in pile-dwelling villages above streams and swamps.
Monza was known as Modicia during the Roman Empire. In the third millennium BC, the Romans subjugated the Insubres, a Gallic strain that had traversed the Alps and established itself around Mediolanum (now Milan). Monza, Garibald I's daugther of Bavaria and husband of the Lombard Emperor Authari (and later of Agilulf ), selected Theodelinda as his holiday home.
The name Monza, "Modoetia", is taken from this word. Headquartered in Monza, Berengar I of Italy (850-924). During Berengar's rule, Monza had a certain independence: it had its own system of weight and size and could also confiscate properties and sign the documents.
He was very magnanimous by donating many works to the Cathedral of Monza, among them the renowned X, and by the great benefit to his 32 canonists and other cathedrals. Monza housed Emperor Otto II in the walls of the town in 980. Monza Glossary, one of the oldest expressions of the development of the ltalian tongue, probably originates in the early tenth c...
It was in 1000 that Otto III became the patron saint of Monza and its possessions: 1018 Aribert (970-1045), Lord of Monza, was ordained Archbishop of Milan, which led to the loss of the city's autonomy from its Rivalen. At the time of the Emperor's death, he made important contributions to the Monza Cathedral. The town of Monza had an estimated 7,000 residents in the twelfth c...
Conrad III of Hohenstaufen was coronated King of Italy in 1128 in the San Michele in Monza. 1136 Kaiser Lothar III granted the independency of the Monza monastery of Milan. As a result, Monza gained back its own independent status, which was not restricted to the ruling feudality of land and property; the arch priest of Monza was given power over the ecclesiastical hierarchy of his own congregation (year 1150).
It was never an absolutely autonomous institution, since the Monza Catholic Superior was unable to fully undo its links with the Milanese Archbishop. Friedrich I. Barbarossa paid two visits to Monza (1158 and 1163). During this time the town gained its independency from Milan, a capital enemy town. Friedrich explained that Monza was his own and gave Curraria (the right to impose duties on the roads), a right normally reserved only for kingly people.
Monza was above all an administration center for Barbarossa during the fight against Milan and other Lombard League towns. It was not until 1185, when Barbarossa ended the Lombard League dispute with the Treaty of Constance, that Monzan became independent. It permitted the town of Milan to regain control of its citizens while taking over the treasury of the cathedral.
Henry VI, Barbarossa's father, was coronated in 1185 on the occassion of his wedding to Queen Constanza of Sicily, heiress of the Norman kingdom, as Monza's royal family. Monza was already a walled town in the twelfth and twelfth centuries, although the free city's economic position changed.
In 1255 the Ghibellines looted the town and in 1259 Ezzelino III da Romano tried to conquer the Monza fortress, but was fought off; the hamlet was burned down. Following the Visconti's crucial triumph in the Battle of Desio in 1277, Monza was invaded by Archbishop Ottone Visconti and the Marquis of Montferrat, William VII (1278).
In the following year, the city was proclaimed Milanese property. Monza became a member of the Ghibelline Group in 1312. One of Monza's families, member Aliprandi joins the Torriani Group, with many troops under his leadership. In 1322 he was appointed Lord of Monza by the local population.
In the same year, Luchino Visconti and Francesco Garbagnate destroyed the Monza Wall to avoid defence against Milanese attack. Galeazzo I. Visconti, who captured the town after a long conquest, began building new defensive structures in 1325. Some of the plans included the branching of the Lambro River (the branches "Lambretto") and the building of a fortress, the third in Monza.
Later, the castle of Monza was extended to such an extent that the St. Maria von Ingino was torn down because of the need for new building work. Pinalla Aliprandi Monza won back from the Emperor's forces in April 1329. From 1334 to 1336 Martino Aliprandi was Monza's podium, supervising the building of the ramparts and the ramparts of the citadel.
Innocent VI declared in 1354 the uncontested right to introduce the crown of Italy, the Iron Crown, in the Cathedral of Monza. Gian Galeazzo Visconti gave the chateau to his spouse Catherine in 1380, who passed away there after being imprisoned by her husband Giovanni Maria (1404). Estorre Visconti was appointed Lord of Monza in 1407 and began to mint Monza's own coins.
In 1527 the town was plundered by António de Leyva, the Supreme Court of Milan and commanding officer of the Emperor's forces. That same year, a mine that partially destroyed the castle of Monza blew up. In 1529 De Leyva became lord of Monza, devoted himself to the state regulations of church matters, controlled their taxation and levies and closed the gates of those who did not make payments.
Alessandro Manzoni's relatives Marianna de Leyva was the source of his nun of Monza's work. In 1576 and 1630, the pestilence that plagued Monza triggered a deep democratic and economical crises. Monza and its land became the possession of the Durini dynasty in Milan in 1648. Until the beginning of the eighteenth centuary, the Duchy of Milan and Monza continued to be ruled by the throne of Spain.
The Duchy of Milan was annexed to the House of Habsburg of Austria at the end of the War of the Spanish Succession (1713). It is a historic time of the revival of the town, with a significant evolution of farming and handicraft. The Empress Maria Theresa constructed the Royal Villa of Monza for her second Ferdinand, Governor of Milan (1777-1780).
Monza was chosen not only because of the beautiful countryside, but also because of its location and the fact that it was linked to Vienna, as well as its closeness to Milan. After Napoleon Bonaparte's Napoleonic expedition (1796), the Duchy of Milan was first purchased by the French Republic and then incorporated into the Cisalpine Republic (which became the Republic of Italy in 1802).
Regarded by the French as a symbolic of the aristocracy's might, the Royal Villa was to be demolished. Nearly two-thirds of the Monza Cathedral's riches in riches in gold as well as bronze were supplied to the Milan mints, which converted them into medals used for war. For the time being, the Iron Crown was kept in Monza.
The Italian Republic became the Kingdom of Italy with the capitol Milan in 1805. The Iron Crown was in Milan on 26 May 1805 for the crowning of Napoleon Bonaparte, who put it on his crown and said the celebrated sentence: "God gave it to me, bless everyone who touched it.
" It was Napoleon who founded the Order of the Iron Crown. The city of Monza was named imperial city. Eugene de Beauharnais, the viceroy of Italy, was named in August 1805 and moved to the villa of Monza. The fortress was torn down in 1807. During the First Empire (1815) Austria joined the Kingdom of Lombardy-Veneto to the Kingdom of Italy, Monza being part of the Milan area.
The town regained ownership of the Treasury and the Chapter Library in 1816. However, the crown of Agilulf had molten in Paris. Ferdinand I of Austria, the next Austrian imperial king, was coronated in Milan with the Iron Crown (September 6, 1838) as King of Lombardy and Veneto.
1841 saw the inauguration of the first railroad between Milan and Monza. During the Five Days of Milan (March 22-23, 1848) Monza took part and drove out the Austro-Garrisons. However, the Austrians brought the treasures and the Iron Crown to Vienna and only brought them back to Monza after the end of the Third Italian War of Independence (December 1866).
As of December 31, 1895, Monza had about 37,500 people. Monza was the site of the murder of King Umberto I by the French king Gaetano Bresci in 1900. In 1911, Monza was one of the eight most industrialized centers in Italy. Autodromo (1922) and a course (1925) were constructed in the area.
World War II between 1940 and 1945 resulted in several bomb attacks on Monza with civil victims; after the Italian armistice in September 1943, the area was invaded by the Germans. During the second half of the 20th centrury, the town saw a significant growth in inhabitants and ensuing construction. As the various activity develops, there will be transport issues and connections with the surrounding cities, especially Milan.
Monza Tunnel, finished in 2013. By the beginning of the 20th c., Monza had about 120,000 people. On June 11, 2004, the town became the capitol of the province of Monza and Brianza. Monza has survived thirty-two strongholds throughout its existence, but the Porta d'Agrate is all that is left of its ancient ramparts and ramparts.
In the vicinity is the convent where the nun of Monza was imprisoned in Manzoni's I Promessi Sposi. It is famous for its Romanesque-Gothic St. John's Church (Cathedral). Matteo da Campione built the arcade facade in the middle of the 14th cent. It is surrounded by the central Greek crucifixion oracle ("Prayer Chapel") of Theodelinda, built around 595.
Painted with frescoes, the church contains the iron corona of Lombardy, which is said to contain one of the pins of Jesus' crucifixion. It also contains the treasure chamber, the coronet, the fans and the gilded crest of Theodelinda, as well as Gothic Cross and relics, a gilded chicken and seven hens that represent Lombardy and its seven states.
Although the interior has changed, there is a beautiful reliefs of Matteo da Campione, a Lombard crowning regal, and some frescos from the fifteenth cent. with relics from the lives of Theodelinda. Villa: Villa from the time of Austria in the Duchy of Milan. The Monza Park and the Palace of the King are among the biggest in Europe, surrounded by stone wall.
It covers an area of about 685 hectares and is situated in the north of the town, between the cities of Lesmo, Villasanta, Vedano al Lambro and Biassono. Further mansions are Mirabello, Mirabellino, Durini, Crivelli Mesmer, Prata, Villa Archinto Pennati, Calloni and Villa Carminati-Ferrario. Monza cooking is characteristic of Insubria and Brianza.
The Bicocca University of Milan has two departments: the Medical and Surgery Department and the Sociology Department. In the Cathedral Museum you will find early mediaeval artefacts from the period of Queen Theodelinda, among them the gilded silvery "Chicken with Chickens", the Cross of Agilulf and the Iron Crown, but also items from the later Middle Age, the New Age and the present.
Theatres in the town are the Teatro Manzoni, the Teatro Villoresi, the Teatro Binario 7, the Sala San Carlo, the AreaOdeon, the Cinema Capitol, the Cinema Metropol and the Cinema Teodolinda.
It is also known for the "Villa Reale", a Habsburg palace erected in 1777. A. C. Monza Brianza 1912 will be playing at the Stadio Brianteo, from 2017[update] in Lega Pro.
At the moment the pro volley ball association Volley Monza plays in the A1 series at the PalaIper. 2006 the World Cyber Games Turnier took place in Monza. The Monza train is the main rail hub in the Brianza region. Como/Chiasso ( "Lecco"), Como/Chiasso (CH) and Bergamo/Brescia suburban rail services run between Monza and Milan (line S9).
There are also some Monza stops for a number of Euros City services. At the beginning of 2008, work began on the extension of the MM1 metro line from Milan/Sexten San Giovanni to Monza Bettola. The Monza train stop is on Enrico-Arosio Street. You can reach Monza via the following motorways: A 4-E64 (Turin-Milan-Venice), A 52 (Northern ring road of Milan), A51 (Eastern ring road of Milan).
The main SS36 highway (Nuova Valassina) links the town with Lecco and Sondrio. An additional 2 km long channel has been added to alleviate the town' s transport difficulties. St. Mark's in Milan. Milan, 1998. The Duomo of Monza, 1300-2000, VII century of the founding.
The Wikimedia Commons has a relationship with Monza. Wiki voyage has a tourist guidebook for Monza.