Mogok, where most invaluable gemstones are quarried, is located in a wonderful alpine valle. Northeast of Mandalay 128 and 60 leagues eastwards of the city. Mogok, where most invaluable gemstones are quarried, is located in a wonderful alpine valle. Northeast of Mandalay 128 and 60 leagues eastwards of the city.
In the center of the city lies the Great Lake of Mogok, which lies like a swimming lake in the backyard, the mountains of Mogok are part of the Great Shan Plain, but the city itself is located in Mandalay Division. Gemstones such as Ruby and Sapphire were found in Mogok for hundreds of years abundant and very light - so simple that they were taken out of the clumps of the hilly vegetable garden's undergrowth.
The gemstones produced in this way are nowadays called "grass roots stones". At those times the cost of common rubies was almost nothing. Among the gemstones, ruby is number 1. The Mogok and surroundings - Momeik. The area of Thabeikkyin and Waphyudaung together is 1916 square mile. Ruby and sapphire are found in most refills and have the highest rates.
We also produce a wide range of lower grade gemstones such as - Alexandriite, Amithyst, Avatite, Acquamarine, Black Turmaline, John Blacks, Danburites, Garnet, Emerald Turmaline, Red Lazarus, Lunar Stone, Peridots, Quarz, Rose Quarz, Spinels, Topaz, Silver Sapphires, Zircon. Mogok, then as now, is a town of gemstones, the center of the gemstone area and the center of the gemstone business.
Several years in the past, all of them privately owned and even Myanmar citizens had no opportunity to see how the famed landmines worked during a trip to Mogok.
The Mogok Expedition Series, Part 1: The Valley of Rubies
It had been almost out of the question for expatriates to visit Mogok in the last ten years, but the Myanmar administration recently relaxed limitations, and Vincent came to visit them in the second half of 2013. He had been to Myanmar three time, but never to Mogok, as it was always forbidden.
Writers departed Bangkok on December 28 and arrived in Mogok the same time. High-grade Myanmar ruby is the benchmark by which global output is assessed. An all-time ruby sales mark was fixed at Christie's in St. Moritz on February 15, 2009, when an 8. 62 carats pillow-shaped ruby reached $425,000 per ct.
It is a record-breaking gem and has been described as the coveted "Pigeon Blood" used for the coveted Myanmar ruby. There are 135 national groups recognised by the regime, with the Myanmar people in the minority. Mogok is bordering Shan State, which was populated about 1500 years ago. In addition to the Myanmar and Shan, the Lissu and Gurkha, who are of Nepali origin, are other important tribes in Mogok.
During this journey we stayed in Mogok most of the year and concentrated on gems. In the beginning of our journey the writers flown to Mandalay, Myanmar's second biggest town, the economical centre of Upper Burma and the last kingly capitol of the state. Coming from Mandalay we took the bus to Mogok.
Known as the Fai Dee Red Magic, this stunning chain is made of unprocessed ruby from Mogok and Monghsu, Myanmar. Mogok is much simpler today than it used to be. Two cobbled streets lead to Mogok. First one was built in the early 90s and will take you from Mandalay to Mogok in about six-hour time.
It is located about 200 km north east of Mandalay. This is part of the Kathe area of Mandalay, an area often known as Upper Burma. Mogok Stone Tract, the renowned gemstone production area, consists of several dales and their cities. Its most important are Mogok and Kyatpyin, but also in the valley around the Bernardymo, Chaung Gyi and Kyauk Pya That communities precious stones can be found; they are also made in the Kabaing and Kin valley.
The population of Mogok is about 300,000 and that of Kyatpyin about 250,000. In addition to ruby, the villagers also extract sapphires and spinels as well as commercially available amounts of other gemstones, among them avatite, skapolite, moonstone, cubic Zircon, garnets, iolite as well as isethyst. It is also home to rarer rocks such as Painit, Hibbonit and Poudretteit, which can only be found in Mogok and some other gemstone locations.
Explore this galery and see the Mogok Valley's beauties and secrets. G.F. Kunz wrote a story about the origin of the ruby in Mogok in 1915. There were the king of Bagan with the first one, an emperor of China with the second, and from the third the jewels found in the ruby of Mogok.
Evidence of Ruby and Burma was found in the Shan Dynasty in the 6th c... Ruby Mining in Mogok was taken over by the Burmese monarch in 1597. Everything from a certain height and a certain mass had to be given to the royal.
There is a story that a collier called Nga Mauk found an astonishing Rubin. Rather than give the whole rock to the queen, he split it in half and gave half to the queen, for which he was abundantly rewards. Later on, a PRINCESS, asking for shelter from the Kings, presented the jewels as a present to his lords.
In the investigation, the emperor felt that something seemed known. Comparing the new ruby with the miner's, he saw that they were a perfect match and recognized that he had been beaten. He burnt the coal worker and his whole household to death. According to mythology, Daw Nan Kyi had a similar opinion when she saw her wife and daughter burnt to death.
Nga Mauk Rubin's history does not end here. During the 1870' s, during the rule of Mindon (1853-1878), the English and Jesuits built up a colony in Asia. An exponent of the people of France came to see the Burma leader and asked him how much he would charge to have some France firms dismantled in Mogok.
He then showed the Frenchman the Nga Mauk Rubin and asked him how much he would value it. Burma's Heir to the throne answered: So if you can't give me an appraisal for this rock, how am I supposed to give you an appraisal for the mine that made it?
Later the British learnt of the interest of France in Mogok and Upper Burma and were afraid that the France would take over the area and would take hold of it. Supported by a syndicate of London gemstone traders, they were planning an incursion into Burma, with one of their primary goals being to take full command of Mogok and its ruby landmines.
One of Mogok's paintings shows King Mindon presenting the Nga Mauk Rubin to a Frenchman around 1870. The British managed to take over Upper Burma in 1886. Until 1889 they founded Burma Ruby Mines Ltd. Encouraged by the interest in the company's shares, the firm was awarded a number of lease agreements and was generally lucrative until the First World War.
It has done much to support Burma's ruby production in Europe and around the globe. The launch of the man-made ruby also created a great deal of anxiety and a fall in market price. In 1931 these difficulties eventually resulted in the abandonment of the mine. During the 1950' the famous author and traveller Joseph Kessel paid a visit to the mine and was influenced by the novel Mogok, the Valley of Roubin.
That made Mogok the home of the best ruby in the whole wide underworld. When Burma Ruby Maches Ltd. left the area, there was a return of former small-scale coal production. In 1969, when the federal administration took over the mine, trafficking grew. In the course of the authors' visit to the mine areas, we found a number of collaborative projects between privately owned enterprises and the state, but also individual privately owned enterprises and international investments in collieries.
On the Mogok Stonertract the geology is a real show. They can be seen throughout the entire stony area and can be of very different sizes. Visit this galery to find out more about the importance of the rocks for Mogok's territory and the ruby Mine. Much of Mogok is also affected by this decomposition phenomenon.
Being a complex part of many ruby and spinel formations and its matrix, the gemstones are crumbled and shipped together with the marmor. Gemstones are then pebbles that the people of Burma call Byo. However, the effects on the observer of these impressing exposures in Mogok can hardly be surpassed.
Rubies and spinels are mainly produced by methamorphic occurrences - the circumstances that make up mountains - with rock that is changed by provincial and provincial temperatures and pressures. Its immense power came from the Himalayas and the geologic features that enabled the creation of many gems, such as ruby, saphire, and spinel. As a result of this crash, the Himalayan Mountains were the first to be used.
The ruby jewelry chain, which is due to be auctioned at the Hong Kong Sotheby's Show on April 7, 2014, is estimated to earn $8.7 million. The ruby and spinell are often found in marmor. Crystallisation of the combination took place as spindle when the presence of magnesia was present; otherwise the hollow saturation created a ruby due to the dissolving of the salts from the evaporitic mines.
It is a very complicated but simple creation but, to put it bluntly, the jewels associated with marble-like sediments along the Himalaya range come from the remnants of some of the first creatures that inhabited the planet centuries ago. There is a good chance that a ruby or other gem will be formed, depending on the cool down period and enough room and quality for the crystals to actually produce unusual combination.
Jordan, a very good mate who was our chauffeur, leader and interpreter; Jean Yves Branchard of Ananda Travels in Yangon, Myanmar, who assisted us with permissions and logistic; and of course the locals of Mogok, who greeted us and sharing their wisdom and friendliness with us.