Ministries in Myanmar 2016Myanmar Ministries 2016
Twenty-nine Myanmar Provincial Minister for National Ethics nominated - Xinhua
Nai Pyi Taw, 31 March (Xinhua) -- Myanmar's new administration has nominated 29 local secretaries of state for 13 areas or states, according to an order issued by the presidential office on Thursday. Local ministries for ethnical issues are Bamar, Shan, Lisu, Rawang, Mon, Pa-O, Chin, Kayin, Rakhine, Lahu, Akha, Intha, Kaya or Padaung citizens.
There are 13 territories or states including Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Sagaing, Tanintharyi, Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Mon, Rakhine, Yangon, Shan and Ayeyawaddy. A new Union Ministry for Ethnic Affairs under the leadership of Naing Thet Lwin was established in the new state.
Myanmar's President-designate makes suggestion to loosen up ministries
Myanmar's President-designate Htin Kyaw presented a suggestion to Myanmar's House on Thursday to cut the number of ministries from 36 to 21 and establish a new Department of Humanitarian Affairs, in line with Aung San Suu Kyi's promise to make the administration slimmer and more integrated. The six ministries would be brought together under the presidential office under the agenda that legislators will debate on Friday, while other ministries would be removed or amalgamated.
It is the voice of the present administration under Thein Seine' s military-backed Union Solidarity and Development Party. New ministries will be set up after the swearing in of Htin Kyaw, NLD vice-president Aung San Suu Kyi, on 30 March. NLD has said that no employees will be made redundant during the restructuring of the department, although it pointed out last weeks that some officials will have to complete vocational school.
Aung San Suu Kyi's only new department will be in charge of ethnical issues and was established to implement her plans for peacemaking and reconciling nations by uniting different ethnical minorities and ending the struggles between some of the militarized ethnical groups and the ruling armies. Leading members of various nationalities welcomed the move.
"It is very good to have the Department of Religious Affairs because we need to work on nationwide conciliation and ethnical unity," said Tu Ja, chair of the Kachin State Democracy Party. The Mon New State Party leader Naing Han Thar said the department would be forging better relationships between nationalities.
"It is good to have this Ministry of Education that can develop confidence among all races," he said. All of Myanmar's 14 states and territories already have a Secretary of State for Humanitarian Affair. However, the most appropriate of them, who is not a member of the predominant Bamar group, is the secretary of domestic ethnical politics, said Saw Than Myint, leader of the Federal Union Party, which is a former member of 16 ethnical politics factions and is powerful in Shan State North Burma.
In recent month, the ruling armies have collided with civilian populations in Shan, the north of Kachin and the west of Rakhine, and forced hundreds of millions of civilians to escape. There have also been animosities between different ethnical militia in certain parts of the state. In October last year, the present administration concluded a nation-wide ceasefire deal with eight civilian groups, but several other groups have either declined to join the covenant or have been expelled because of their conflicts with the Mexican military.
As the NLD takes over the reins on 1 April, 18 will be appointed, while the Army Commander-in-Chief, General Aung Hlaing, will appoint the other three for the defense, interior and borders ministries under Myanmar's constitutional terms, drawn up in 2008, when a young army ruler ruled the state.
Minister-name announcements will be made after March 20, NLD spokesperson Zaw Myint Maung said. For a long time, Aung San Suu Kyi has been at variance with the army, which rejected changes to the country's constitutional system that would have diminished her parliamentary powers and enabled her to become President.
Since the NLD won the NLD referendum last November, it has held three talks with Min Aung Alaing to debate the handover of powers to the new administration under the leadership of its political group, although experts have been speculating that the talks are ineffective. Nevertheless, some commentators believe that Htin Kyaw and other NLD legislators will not resist Min Aung Hlaing's nominees.
"I think that there are fewer opportunities for the Union presidency and the European Union parliaments to deny the name of these gentlemen that the head of the armed forces will name because Daw Aung San Suu Kyi has now made confidence in the army a priority," said Myo Thein.