Cissbury Ring neolitic flintmines
The quarrying of limestone took place on Cissbury in the New Stone Age, long before the building of the fortress. We know from Vectorian archeologists that there are still numerous subterranean tunnels and arteries. During the 1970s, carbon radioactivity mines on materials from all British quarries showed that the Sussex mine was the oldest in the state.
What was the reason for removing Silex? The mine gave easy entry to thicker flintstones that had been embedded in strata within the cretaceous layer below. What kind of work was done on the landmines? A first well was excavated to the height of the seams, then a series of horizonal tunnels were excavated to get the masonry. The overburden was returned to depleted tunnels to minimize the amount of materials that had to be removed to the top.
Mines are of three types: small round mines, large individual wells and large coupled wells connected by a slagheap. They were both found during excavation work in Cissbury. After removing the fire stone from the wells, it was worked on the top to eliminate undesirable materials. A lot of Flintstone has been found inside the Cissbury Ring.
So where were the landmines in Cissbury? The majority of the mine wells are inside the castle at the south end, with a group stretching down the south crest outside the city walls. Cavities were created where the shaft filling materials sank and the hills show where dug-out cretaceous and broken chalky deposits from the first treatment of the materials were stored.
Most of the implements found in Cissbury were axles. As a result, archeologists have suggested that landmines may have played a specialized or ritual part in the UK, as the amount of fire stone quarried throughout the land was only a small percentage of the fire stone actually used.
Forests were cleared in the early years of the Neoolithic, as well as farming and potteries and the beginnings of a large community of people. They probably mined in a seperate glade in the immediate vicinity of the arable area. Maybe they worked seasonally and returned to their neighboring communities when they were not in a mine.