sspan class="mw-headline" id="History">History
The name is derived from its greatness and stands in contrast to the near Mallorca. Minorca has about 91,170 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2017).
With the end of the Punic War, there was an increased level of illegal activity in the west Mediterranean. The Balearic Islands' strategical position was used by a pirate to invade trade in Rome, using both Menorca and Mallorca as base points. The Romans responded by invading Menorca. Around 123 BC both isles were completely under Romans rule and were later integrated into the Spanish of Citerior.
It had a Jew populace. Vandals took the peninsula lightly in the fifth cub. After the Muslim invasion of the Spanish peninsula in 903, Menorca was incorporated into the Caliphate of Córdoba and was given the Arabised name of Manûrqa, with many Muslims migrating to the area. Menorca decided in 1231, after the reconquest of Mallorca by Christians, to become an independant Muslim state, albeit a affluent of King James I of Aragon.
It was first governed by Abû'Uthmân Sa'îd Hakam al Qurashi (1234-1282), and after his decease by his Son Abû'Umar ibn Sa'îd (1282-1287). Alfonso III conducted an incursion into Aragon on 17 January 1287, the jubilee of which is now known as the Menorca holiday. Several of the Moslem residents of the islands were slaves and traded at the Ibiza, Valencia and Barcelona slavery fairs, while others became Christians.
Up until 1344 the isle belonged to the Kingdom of Mallorca, a minion state of the Crown of Aragon. Mahon and the then capitol Ciutadella were devastated by Ottoman invasions in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, before Ottoman settlements took place on some islands. Various King of Spain, among them Philip III and Philip IV, called themselves the "King of Menorca".
Menorca, attacked by the Royal Navy during the War of Spanish Succession in 1708, was transferred transiently to the ownership of the Britons. At that time, under the direction of General Richard Kane, the main city of the archipelago relocated to Port Mahon and a marine port was built. During the Seven Years' War in 1756, France conquered the Isle after the siege of Fort St. Philip and a failure of Britain's aid efforts.
In 1763 the British Treaty of Paris brought them back to the Isles after the Great Britain's triumph in the Seven Years' War. During the American War of Independence in 1781, the British were beaten for the second consecutive year, in this case by a mixture of France and Spain, and on 5 January 1782, after a long besiege of St Philip's Castle in Port Mahon, the Spaniards took back possession of the Isle.
At the Apparition Festival, as an act of rejoicing, King Charles III of Spain ordered the viceroy, general skippers, sovereigns and armies commander to gather the troops and send his greetings to the armies commander of the so-called Pascua Militar. Next year the British returned the Isle to Spain in the Treaty of Versailles.
Minorca was conquered again by the British in 1798, during the French Revolutionary Wars, but it was eventually and durably recaptured by Spain through the Treaty of Amiens in 1802. Menorca, like the other Balearic Islands, was not conquered by the French during the Peninsula War because it was successfully defended by the Royal Navy, this allies with Spain.
Menorca remained faithful to the government of the Republic of Spain during the Civil War, while the Balearic Islands continued to support the Nationalists. There was no land fighting, but the isle was the object of bomb attacks by the pro-nationalist Italians of the Corpo troops Volontarie Air Force. Several Minorcans were also murdered when they participated in a failing siege of Mallorca.
Some Mallorcans and a preacher were also killed on Menorca during the Pedro Marqués Barber period (July-December 1936). Following the 1939 Battle of Menorca in February, the British Navy helped to bring about a change of government on Menorca and the expulsion of some politically motivated fugitives aboard the HMS Devonshire.
Menorca was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in October 1993. July 2005 saw the approval of the island's proposal to become the twenty-fifth member of the International Iceland Games Association. Menorca has a temperate maritime temperate zone (Köppen: Csa) with warm summer and winter temperatures.
Menorca's position in the heart of the Mediterranean has been a meeting place for different civilizations since prehistory. The Balearic Islands has a mixture of cold and communal architectural styles. Fiestas take place throughout the entire summers in various cities on the islands and have their origin in the early fourteenth centuries.
One of the most important festivals on the islands is the Mahon Internacional Opéra Weeks, the Mahon Internacional Orgánica Festivals, the Spring Musical Festivals and the Capella Davidica Concertos in Ciutadella. Menorca is particularly famous for its annual festivals, which attract many people. Sant Joan celebrations are celebrated every year from 23 to 25 June in Ciutadella de Menorca.
Being a small archipelago, it is very rare for Menorca to have the opportunity to watch sports events at the highest levels. Menorca Bàsquet performed in Basel between 2005-2009 and 2010-2011 in the ACB Liga, the first Spanish men's competitive team. Catalan and Spanish are the two language versions.
The locals on the islands are speaking the diversity of Catalan Menorquí, and they are fluent in Spanish as a second tongue; many inhabitants coming from the continent are native Spanish speakers. Catalan pronounced in Menorca is a type of wine known as Menorquí. Menorquí and the Catalan standards, as with most Ballerearic dialects, the most striking distinction is the other term for the item "das", where Menorquí uses "es" for male and "sa" for female.
Minorquí therefore divides the origin of his essay with many species of Sardinia ( mass. ch. su, female ch. sa), and not with the Catalan standards "el" and "la", similar to other Romance language (e.g. Él, la, la, il, la), which corresponds to a shape that has been used traditionally along the Costa Brava of Catalonia, from which it is assumed that the island was populated again after the conquest by the Moors.
The continuing UK presence is reflected in the Menorcan preference for gingerbread, which is blended with soda (or bitterness lemon) to make a gold fluid known as pomada at menorcan festivals in honour of city patrons. Menorcan Minorcan gingerbread is not made from cereal spirit, but from vinous spirit (eau de vie deli vin), which is more like spirits.
The best known is probably Xoriguer wine, the name of which comes from the traditional Minorcan mill from which the first is made. This is one of the main reason why it is also known as Menorca or Mahón cuisine. The Mahón cheeses, a characteristic local product, are also well known.
Confectionery, known as flacons, is one of Menorca's traditional culinary wares. Minorca is abundant in wildflowers with over 900 types of blooming herbs. There are many Mediterranean, but some are indigenous. On Menorca, 30 butterfly varieties have been registered, most of them from March to the end of September.
Although there are not many large humid areas on Menorca, there are many vials. One of the lizards that can be seen all over the archipelago is the Podarcis siculus, although the Scelaris perspicillata can also be found. Lilford (Podarcis lilfordi), the Balearic coastal sand lizard, can be found on many of the off-shore islets.
There are two types of geckos on Menorca, the Moorish (Tarentola mauritanica) and the Turkic (Hemidactylus turcicus), also known as Mediterranean cuckoos. Hermann's turtle (Testudo hermanni) is widespread and can be found all over the isle. Menorca's bird life is very well known. Minorca is a well-guarded archipelago on the migratory trail of many different kinds, and in the springs a large number of people pass through.
Summers are full of bee-eaters and Menorca has large populations of Cory's and Balearic heroner. Minorca has no large indigenous marine animals. Port Mahon and Ciutadella de Menorca are the most important cities. From an administrative point of view, the islands are subdivided into eight communities (from western to eastern): Çiutadella de Menorca (or only Ciutadella local) - the old Menorcan capitol until 1722.
In 1722, Port Mahon (officially Maó in Catalan, Mahón in Spanish) became the capitol during Britain's reign due to its strategically located port. Areas and population groups of the communes (according to the Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Spain): Bays of Menorca. The Severus of Menorca: Menorca, the Illusory Prize:
This is a story of the English occupation of Menorca between 1708 and 1802. White-slavery in the Mediterranean, on the Barbary Coast and in Italy, 1500-1800". Menorca / Aeropuerto". Menorca / Aeropuerto". Menorca Sea Temperature. Seatemperature.org. Menorca, Spain - Climatic data". Menorca Geography - Information, climatic and meteorological conditions in Menorca". www.minorca.com.
Island games: Minorca is withdrawing from the 2019 edition. Art. 4, Statute of Autonomy of the Balearic Islands, 2007: "Catalan, the Balearic Catalan idiom, is officially considered along with Spanish. "Menorcan words in England. Commons Wikimedia has related medias to Menorca.