Spanish: M?itc, ?????) is a Spain based independent town on the northern African coastline, bordering Morocco and covering an area of 12.3 square km (4.7 sqm). Mélilla is one of two constantly populated towns in Spain on the African continent, the other is Ceuta.
Melilla, like Ceuta, was a free harbour before Spain became a member of the European Union. The two most widely acclaimed tongues are Spanisch and Riffian-Berber, with Spanisch being the only officially recognized one. Melilla's actual Berber name is M?i? or Melilt, which means "white name". The town of Melilla was an old Berber settlement and a Phoenician and later Phoenician trading settlement under the name Rusadir (Rusaddir for the Romans and Russadeisen (ancient Greek: ???????????) for the Greeks).
In 1859, 1860, 1861 and 1894, the present borders of the Spain around the fort were established by agreements with Morocco. With the expansion of Spain's power in the nineteenth centuries, Melilla became the only trading place on the Rif between Tetuan and the border with Algeria. The Rif Berbers started the First Melillan War in 1893 and 25,000 Spaniards had to be deployed against them.
It was also called the Margallo War, after which the governor of Melilla and the Spanish general Juan García y Margallo, who died in the fight, died. By 1908, two enterprises under the auspices of Bou Hmara, a then chief of the Rif area, began to mine about 20 kilometres from Melilla for the production of tin ande.
Fierce battles between the Spaniards and the members of the tribe followed during the Second Melillan War. The Berbers, under the command of Abd el Crimea in 1921, suffered a heavy setback against the Spaniards (see Battle of the Yearbook) and were conquered only in 1926, when the Spanish protectorate succeeded in regaining the territory under its rule.
Francisco Franco used the town as one of his venues for his 1936 Nazi revolt that triggered the Civil War in Spain. It was the first visit to Melilla by a Spaniard in 80 years. Situated in the north-west of the Africa region, Melilla is adjacent to the Alboran region and opposite the Spanish-speaking regions of Granada and Almería.
Melilla's town plan is divided into a broad semi-circle around the Melilla coast and port, on the east side of the Cape Tres Forcas, at the base of the Gurugú and the estuary of the Río de Oro, 1 metre above see height.
Melilla la Vieja was the original citadel situated on a 30 metre high peninsula hill. The Melilla is divided into eight district (distritos), which are further divided into quarters (barrios): Mélilla has a Mediterranean temperate weather, affected by its closeness to the ocean, which results in much colder summer temperatures and more rainfall than the interior, which is more deeply embedded in Africa.
Transnational trade (legal or smuggled) as well as subsidies and salaries from Spain and Europe are other revenue streams. The island of Melilla is linked on a regular basis by maritime and aviation transport to the Ibérico mainland and also to Morocco from an economic point of view: most of the fruits and vegetable are exported across the board. Melilla harbour has several day trips to Almeria and Málaga.
The Melilla International Airports offer regular services to Almería, Málaga and Madrid. Air Europa, the Spaniard carrier, and Iberia, the Spaniard carrier, operate from Melilla International Airports. Melilla's Capilla de Santiago or James's Chapel at the ramparts is the only genuine gothic building in Africa. During the first part of the twentieth millennium, Melilla became a flourishing harbour, benefiting from the recently founded protectorate of Morocco in the neighbouring Rif.
Often called the Catalan Jugendstil variant, this type was highly appreciated in Spain at the beginning of the twentieth cenury. Mélilla has been lauded as an example of multi-culturalism because it is a small town with four great religious traditions. Air Nostrum serves Melilla Airport with flights to the following destinations in Spain: Málaga, Madrid, Barcelona, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Palma de Mallorca, Granada, Badajoz, Seville and Almería.
Melilla Airlines, which flew from the town to Málaga, was established by a company in April 2013. There are three routes connecting Melilla and Morocco, but they involve check-in at frontier points. And Melilla's a surf town. UD Melilla, the municipal soccer team, plays in the third division of Spain's soccer, Segunda División B. The Segunda was established in 1943 and has been playing in the 12,000-seater Estadio Municipal Álvarez Claro since 1945.
UD Melilla continued to play against AD Ceuta in the Ceuta Déby until the dissolution of the other team in 2012. Associations traveled to each other across the continent to prevent entry into Morocco. The Melilla Soccer Association administers the soccer in the enclave. In 1913 Luis Prendes (Melilla, 1913 - Madrid, 1998) was a Spaniard movie star.
Mustafa Arruf (born 1958 in Melilla) is a sculptress from Spain. El Moro Elmilio ( 1924 in Melilla - 1987) was a Spaniard guitar player, vocalist and cabaret artist. Since 2000, Juan José Imbroda Ortiz (born 1944 in Melilla) has been chairman of the board of mayors of the island of Melilla. Farid Bang (*1986 in Melilla) is a greek male with a maroccan origin.
Pérez Ramón Martínez (1929 in Melilla - 2017), also known as Ramoní, was a Spaniard football player. Al-al Mohamed Amar (born 1957 in Melilla), known as Álex, is a retirement Spaniard soccer player who has acted as a defense. Aloisio Mohamed Hamed Al-lal (*1979 in Melilla) is a former Spaniard soccer player who has acted as centre-back.
Mohand Mohamedi Munir (*1989 in Melilla) is a pro football player from Morocco who is a keeper for the Numancia CD. "Melilla". Skip to top ^ "Decision Spain >> Ressources >> Communities without testimonies >> Ceuta + Melilla". old.e-decision.org. Leap to the top ^ "Morocco restores its standards to Ceuta and Melilla". Skip up ^ "Gibraltar in reverse direction".
Leap up ^ "Election results in Melilla: Municipal elections 2011 in EL PAÍS". Skip to the Spring nach oben ^ * François Papet-Périn, "La mer d'Alboran ou Le contentsieux territorial hispano-marocain sur les deux geborenes européennes de Ceuta et Melilla". Leap up ^ Govan, Fiona (August 10, 2013). "Ceuta, the African Gibraltar of Spain".
Keuta. Skip up ^ "Valores climbológicos normal (1981-2010). Melilla". Skip to top ^ "Melilla: Where Catalan modernism encounters North Africa". Hop up ^ "BBC News - Hundreds Break the Boundary of Spain's Enclave". Spring high ^ "African immigrants rush into the Spaniard enslave of Melilla". Leap up ^ "A new airline communicates Melilla with Málaga after the departure of Helitt - Transports air - Noticias, última hora, videos and photos of transports air in lainformacion.com".
Skip up to Melilla Weather Stations. Skip to the top^ Hawkey, Ian (2009). Chameleons Legs: the history of soccer in Africa. Leap upstairs ^ Beevor, Antony (1983). It'?s the Civil War in Spain. Leap upstairs ^ Logoluso, Alfredo (2010). CR.32 Fiat Aces of the Civil War of Spain. Leap upstairs ^ Shore, Christopher (1983).
Leap up ^ López-Colón, José Ignacio; Baena, Manuel (2005). Consejería de Cultura. p. 196. Skip to top ^ Goble, Alan (01.01.1999). Leap up to ^ Ramos, Toñy; Cué E., Carlos (July 6, 1999). "Coalition for Melilla, a party with Muslim majority and moderate demands."
The País (in Spanish). Melilla: Edicíones El País. Leap up ^ Ramos, Toñy (July 4, 1999). "A Muslim will govern the autonomous city of Melilla with socialist and GIL support." The País (in Spanish). Melilla: Edicíones El País. ikimedia Commons has Melilla related medias. Wikivoyage has a guidebook for Melilla.