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A mausoleum of Moulay Ismail, Royal Stables, nicknames: The Meknes ( Arabic: ?????, translated. English: Meknès) is one of the four Moroccan empire towns situated in the centre of north Morocco and is the 6th biggest town in the empire. Established in the eleventh centuries by the Almoravids as a strategic defence base, Meknes became the Moroccan capitol under the rule of Sultan Moulay Ismaïl (1672-1727), father of the founding father of the Alaouite family.
Meknes was transformed by Moulay Ismaïl into an imposing Spanish-Moorish town, encircled by high ramparts with large doorways, where the harmonic fusion of Muslim and Maghreb Europe seventeenth centuries is still visible today. 7 ] The number of inhabitants in the 2014 Morroccan nation was 632,079.
The name Meknes is derived from a Berber clan known in mediaeval Northern Africa as Miknasa (native Berber name: Imeknasen). The Berber Miknasa family, originating from the southern Tunisia, came here in the ninth centuries. Almoravids built a fort in Meknes in the eleventh centuries.
At the beginning of the fourteenth centuries it was given further madrassas, casbahs and memorials under the merinids and flourished further under the Wattasid family. Mecnes experienced its golden era as the empire capitol of Moulay Ismail after joining the Sultanate of Morocco (1672-1727). Strategically situated in the centre of Morocco, Meknes is surrounded by the Mediterranean Atlas with its wealth of Mediterranean forest, Mediterranean Sea cedars and Azrou in the southern part and the Tafilalt oasis in the southern part.
Morocco's two biggest conurbations are located in the west: Morocco's northern part is made up of mountains and the towns of Tangier and Tétouan. To the east of Meknes there are a large number of towns, including Oujda and Fes. The Meknes has a Mediterranean atmosphere with continuous influence. In Meknes it seldom snow.
Below is a sketch of some of the ancient medina memorials and an overall overview of the old and new part of Meknes. The Bab Berdaine gate from the seventeenth cent. The Bab El Khemis Gate, constructed in 1673, near the Riyadh and Mellah districts. The Volubilis site is one of the most popular in Meknes.
Situated on a hillside where tourist can see the vast landscape and parts of the once high and splendid ancient Rome mansion. Several artefacts from this site can also be found in the Rabat Archaeological Museum, but the grounds of the mansions still retain their origin.
Much of the artwork comes from the Moroccan area and there is a room that is as decorative as it would have been in the nineteenth cenury. Our Muzeum is situated on El Hedem Square. Ismail Moulay finished it 5 years after his decease in 1732. Once the texture was complete, Moulay Ismail examined the goal and asked El-Mansur if he could do better.
El- Mansur felt ready to respond with Yes, which made the Sabbath so angry that he had him beheaded. Nevertheless, according to historic notes, the door was completed after the passing of Moulay Ismail. It is the principal gateway between the medina and the imperial city of Meknes. The Koubat Al Khayatin ("Ambassador's Hall"): a gazebo in which the Moulay Ismaïl Emperor welcomed overseas embassadors.
Khemis: a large, decorative door from the seventeenth cenury. Báb Berdaïne: a magnificent door made by Moulay Ismaïl in the seventeenth cenury. El Beida, a 19 st centuries building erected by Mohammed ben Abdallah. The Agdal Dam, constructed by Moulay Ismail. Several of the historical monuments in Meknes comprise mosques:
Almoravids Néjjarine was the first building of the Néjarine Mall in the eleventh centuries and is situated in the old town (médina). This Great mosque was built on an area of more than 2,700 m² and was established by the Almoravids in the eleventh cenury. It is a very ancient masjid erected during the rule of Sultan Moulay Ismaïl in the seventeenth cenury.
Bou Inania Medresa in Meknes. In the interior of the Medresa Bou Inania in Meknes. Sultan Moulay Ismaïl erected this spire in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries as part of the Ismaeli fortifications. Constructed in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. In the interior of the Ceramic Musuem in the Borj Belkari Turm, Meknes. There is a continuous library of prehistoric, ancient and Muslim ceramics, as well as ceramics from various geographic areas of Morocco.
The Meknes is an economic centre in Morocco with various different types of product from the three economic areas (agriculture, industrial and services), making the country commercially viable and investment-friendly. In a December 2015 World Bank World Bank study, Meknes was ranked as one of Africa's three most highly competetive towns. Two of these three highly competetive towns come from Morocco:
The Meknes and the Tangiers. The picture shows the geographic topography of the Saïss plains around the Meknes region in Morocco. Since April 2006, the Municipality of Meknes has organised the International Agricultural Exhibition in Morocco (French: Salon International de l'Agriculture au Maroc). 17 ] The estates around the Meknes are known to be fruitful and prolific.
At Meknes, there are large dairy and dairy plants that meet most of the needs of the area. A further Moroccan farm produce known for its excellent qualities and flavour is the olives and olives from Meknes, and Roman Volubilis has been an important historical prolific grower of olives.
Meknes is a lightweight town, the largest part of which concerns foodstuffs production, especially in the municipality of Mejjat, and the chemicals and paratemic sectors in other areas of the country, such as the Agropolis area and the agricultural area. In addition, there is textiles and metalworking, which is an old branch of the town' s economy.
2016 marked a new industrial age in Meknes, including electric cables, embedding technology and manufacturing of automobile parts. Agropolis zone is 12 km away from Meknes and 2 km away. Meknes' geographic position makes it one of the most important traffic junctions in Morocco.
Access to the town is via the motorway A 2 with two exit points, one to the eastern part of the town and one to the western part. There are two railway stops in the new part of the town ( "Ville Nouvelle" in French) of Meknes, with hourly services to the eastern, western and northern parts of Morocco.
The following ONCF operating chart shows places that can be reached from Meknes station (round trips): Like already stated, the town of Meknes has two railways, and their name are: Meknes: The Meknes station (French: L'Gare de Meknès) and the Meknes Amir Abdul Qadir station (French: L'Gare de Meknès Amir Abdelkader). In Meknes, local transportation is administered by the municipality and is composed of
There are two kinds of taxi in the city: small 3 seat Max cabs that work with the tariff system; and larger 6 seat Max cabs that have a pre-determined tray theory and set-price. Moulay Ismail University is home to Meknes University, which currently has the following departments, colleges and institutes spread across three urban campuses:
In Meknes: In Errachidia: In Khenifra: Besides Moulay Ismail University there are a number of privately run universities in Meknes. And Meknes is a partner: Councilman of Meknes. Meknes Climate Normal 1961-1990. D^ "Description of Dar El Makhzen" ^ "Presentation of the Ceramics Museum", Moroccan guide, Web restored on 20 February 2017.
SIAM, International Agricultural Exhibition in Morocco, web: The " Tourist Information Office of Meknes" ^ " Ville jumelle: Meknes". Town of Nîmes. Meknes town. Meknes town. ikimedia Commons has medias that refer to Meknes.