Martaban Gulf (Burma)
Martaban Bay lies between Baragua Point and the coastline north of Kalegauk Island, about 140 nautical mile to the river El Sittang. The Sittang River meets the top of the bay about 75 inland. Rangoon River and Moulmein River flow into the ocean on the NW and El side of the canal.
There is a flat surface of the bay and mooring can be done anywhere with a proper draught, but before mooring the tide should be observed and very little string should be turned until the ship can contain it. A hazardous shipwreck in 1981 was registered at 15°20'20 "N, 96°36'12 "E, about 60 mile SSE from Rangoon River Western Channel Entrance.
Up to 100 leagues off the coast in the Gulf of Martaban, large amounts of methane were detected in 1985.
Of the many types of china ceramic that have been export is a wide range of non-refined earthenware containers. The egg-shaped glasses are sometimes referred to as "martaban" goods after Marta's harbour of passage in Burma was banned, a frequent stopover in the trading routes of the vessels transporting these ceramic goods. Rugged glasses are decorated under various glaze, mainly olivgreen, goldblue, amber or almost dark, strong, carved or in emboss.
"Martaban " glasses can be quite large and sometimes up to three ft high. It is generally accepted that these glasses come from different furnaces in South China and a spring is in Qishicun, near Foshan, in the province of Guangdong. The hardest thing is to date them: some agencies believe that the "Martaban" goods were already made during the Tang Empire; other scholars believe that they were made during the Song Cycle.
Two of the at least remains found in the Qishicun furnaces bore the signs of the Northern Song Emperor. The Martaban glasses were already referred to by travellers in the 14th c.. The indigenous people of the Philippines appreciated these goods; and in Borneo the Djaks and other nations sometimes named jugs and even ascribed them the power of expression and motion.
In the Middle East, the word "Martaban" is used for large yuan and ming celadone glasses and tableware, and not for the large glassware traditionally known under this name.