Map of Myanmar and BangladeshMaps of Myanmar and Bangladesh
Map of conflicts between Myanmar and the Rohingya - Conflict Analysis Research Centre (CARC)
But in 1785 Buddhist Burmese entered Arakan, also known as Myanmar's west state of Rakhine, and the Muslim community of Rohingya in Bengal, then located in the British Raj in India, was either put to death or expelled. Because of this story, many Rakhine deny the assertion that Rohingya have a pronounced ethnical legacy and a historical connection to the Rakhine state, because the Rakhine regard the Rohingya as "Bengali" and therefore have no religion, culture or society links to Myanmar and the state of Arakan (6).
Burma has been ravaged by catastrophic conflicts and conflicts since regaining sovereignity in 1948 (7). But after the UK came to dominate and governed the states, this move is said to have raised Burma's racial consciousness (9). Between 1962 and 2011, the army reigned over the land and eliminated the democracy.
Political discrimination and tough opposition by the country's political and governmental authorities were an attempt to inform a homogeneous people. From then on, groups of rebels fighting for freedom and liberties in the hopes of transforming the Myanmar people. The year 2011 saw the end of reign of the army and the regime went through a significant transition.
There was a referendum in March 2016 in which the government was transferred to a "civilian government". In Myanmar, uneven division of powers, mostly by former army commanders, harassment, violence on the ground and racial segregation are still the norm. Although Myanmar is becoming more democratically and wants to see domestic reconstruction, it is still full of racial conflicts (13).
The root of this dispute is the basic inconsistency of the identity of the various communities in Myanmar. Rohingya's ethnical group is only one of the pieces in the ethno-political dispute in Myanmar. Arakan State is inhabited by both Rakhine Buddhists and Rohingya. The Rakhine and Rohingya have a long tradition of suspicion and are still in a dispute over matters of property law that has led to continuing outrages.
Rohingya tribe, which has no Myanmar or Bangladesh citizens' right, is being prosecuted by the Myanmar administration and is in armed struggle with the Rakhine (5). Many Rohingya escaped because they were robbed of their civic, economical, political as well as social privileges. Usually they are protected by law and law, but since the Rohingya are oppressed by the authorities, this does not apply (15).
The Rohingya Salvation Army is struggling against the Tatmadaw to oppose the Rohingya abuse and to obtain nationality. Moreover, since 2011 the prosecution of the Rohingya minorities has intensified. The Rohingya people are in clash with both the Tatmadaw and Rhakhin Buddhist populations (13).
By persecuting the Rohingya, they are susceptible to trafficking in people and drugs. But with its commitment in Myanmar, the multinational fellowship also condemns verbally. They have also increased pressures on the administration and increased public opinion for the Stateless Rohingya people. The Myanmar authorities have removed many of the penalties and are trying to boost the country's economic strength and export its share of the global marketplace.
It is a mature point in the story of conflicts. Myanmar's administration and communities are prepared for changes and know that there is no end to the fighting and that it must be treated and communicated (23). Weir P. Settlement of conflicts. Yasmin K. Rohingya s and 1951 International Refugee Convention?: