Mandalay points of interestSights Mandalay
Temples & Pagodas
Mandalay, Burma's second biggest town with over 1 million people, is Burma's centre of culture and Buddhism. Situated on the bank of the Irrawaddy Riviera in central Burma, about 700 kilometres north of Yangon and about 180 kilometres northeast of Bagan. Established in 1857, Mandalay is a relatively new town; the old capital cities of Sagaing, Inwa, and Amarapura around Mandalay are much older.
Mandullay was the Burmese capitol during the Konbaung period from 1859 to 1885, when Mandalay was overthrown. The Mandalay and its surroundings are famous for the many hundred marshes and cloisters. The Buddha once came to Mandalay and predicted that in the 2400s, the year of Buddhism, a great Buddha town would be built at the foot of the high.
At the top of Mandalay there is a large Buddha, known as the Buddha who prophesies, pointing to the place where the town was to be built. Mindon Min, a pious Buddha, fulfills the prophesy when he founds Mandalay in 1857 (Buddhist year 2400). The new Royal Palace was built in its centre.
A part of it came from the old palace of the former capitol Amarapura, which was taken down and moved to the new one. Though Mandalay is not one of the oldest Burmese settlements, it and the older settlements around it are home to a host of important memorials. Mandalay and its surroundings have tens of shrines and palagodas.
The Mahamuni Buddha in Mandalay is one of Burma's most important places of worship. The Mahamuni Buddha picture, which according to tradition was created during Buddha's lifetime and poured in his own way, is preserved in this church. The Kuthodaw is another important Buddhist site, a wonderful golden coated pit near Mandalay Hill.
Atumashi Monastery and Kyauktawgyi Pagoda are among the many other sights. Mandalay Palace is a replica of the royal palace originally constructed entirely of timber in 1857. Shvenandaw Kyaung or Golden Palace Monastery is a very elaborately designed edifice made of tea tree, which was laid outside the palace area. It is the only preserved main edifice of the palace.
The Mandalay hills are littered with palagodas and Buddhistic shrines. At the top of the mound you have a magnificent view of Mandalay and the Irrawaddy rivier. Near the top is a large Buddha pointing to Mandalay. Near Mandalay are the old towns of Mingun, Amarapura, Innwa and Sagaing, which were all capitals except Mingun.
These include several hundred shrines, couples and other memorials such as the Mingun Pagoda, the Hsinbyume Pagoda and the Kaungmudaw Pagoda. You can reach Mandalay by plane, coach, rail, boat as well as road. The Mandalay is a little over 40 kilometres south of the city. Asia offers non-stop services from Bangkok to Mandalay from the old Don Muang airfield, another airfield where most foreign visitors come.
There are several national carriers flying from Yangon to Mandalay, among them Air Bagan and Yangon Airways. If you take a taxicab from the Aiport to the center of the center it costs about US$ 20. Highway Bus Station is situated between 60 and 62 Streets north of the town.
There are a number of locations served by this base, such as Bagan, Inle Lake, Monywa and Yangon. The Mandalay main railway is situated in the north of the town, between 78 and 79 streets, south of the Royal Palace. Among others Mandalay is associated with Yangon, Bagan, Thazi, Maymyo, Lashio, Myitkyina, Hopin, Myingyan, Taungoo and Monywa.
From Mandalay there are several ferry lines to Bagan. There are ferry services from Mandalay to Mingun, Sagaing and Inwa.