At 569,130 inhabitants in 2015, it is the second biggest town in Andalusia and the 6th biggest in Spain. It is the most southern metropolis in Europe and is located on the Costa del Sol (sunny coast) of the Mediterranean Sea, about 100 kilometers eastern of the Strait of Gibraltar and about 130 kilometers northern of Africa.
Archeological ruins and memorials from the Phoenician, Roman, Arab and Roman periods make the historical centre of the town an " open space " that shows its almost 3,000 year old story. Málaga' s important culture base and patrimony have led it to be nominated as a European Capital of Culture for 2016.
Pablo Picasso, artist and sculptress, the Hebrew writer and Jew Salomon Ibn Gabirol and the famous actress Antonio Banderas were native to Málaga. Malagueña ", the great oeuvre of the composer Ernesto Lecuona from Cuba, is based on the Spanish regional repertoire. Phoenicians from Tyre established the town around 770 BC as Malaka.
The town ( Malaca, which has a latin name) showed a noteworthy evolution in its ancient part. Converted into an allied town, it was under a particular statute, the Lex Flavia Malacitana. During the Muslim-Arab domination of Spain in the eighth millennium, the town became an important commercial centre. Malaga was first owned by the Caliphate of Córdoba.
It was during this period that the name of the town was M?laqah (in Arabian ?????). It was the capitol of the autonomic Taifa of Málaga from 1025 until its capture by the Emirate of Granada in 1239. Malaga was one of the longest lasting Muslim towns in the country because it was part of the Emirate of Granada.
Whereas most other parts of the coastline had already been recovered during the reconquest, the Moors still occupy Malaga. Malaga was reconquered by the Christians on 18 August 1487, The Muslims opposed attacks and bombing by ordnance before famine compelled them to capitulate, practically the whole populace was enslaved or given as a "gift" to other Christians, five years before the downfall of Granada.
The undecided fight at Málaga took place on 24 August 1704 in the ocean just South of Malaga, the biggest maritime fight in the War of the Spanish Succession. Following the July 1936 putsch, the Second Spanish Republic took power over Malaga. She was bombed by battleships of Italy participating in the break -up of the blocking of the Republika Marine against the nationalist-led Spanish Morocco and the participation in the Marine Attack of the Republika Marine Málaga.
After the Battle of Málaga and the French take-over in February 1937, more than seven thousand men were murdered. 9 ] The municipality was advanced also bombed by Spain's serviceman Navy unit. Arthur Koestler, a well-known English reporter and author, was taken prisoner by the Nazi authorities when he moved to Málaga, which was the source of his own work, Spanisch Testament.
In the first chapter of the will, there is an eyewitness report about the downfall of Malaga in 1937 to the army of Francisco Franco during the civil conflict. In Torremolinos and the Costa del Sol after the Great Patriotic War, Málaga and Koestler recorded the highest rate of tourist expansion in Spain.
Malaga is situated in the south of Spain, on the Costa del Sol (sunny coast) on the Mediterranean Sea's northerly side. Situated at the foot of the Montes de Málaga, about 100 kilometers south of the Strait of Gibraltar and about 130 kilometers south of Tarifa (the most southerly point in mainland Europe) and about 130 kilometers south of Africa.
Málaga consists of Málaga itself and the following neighbouring cities and municipalities: Malaga is an area of other communes situated mainly in mountainous areas along the northern coastline and partly along the coast: Cadama, Pizarra, Coín, Monda, Ojén, Alhaurín el Grande and Estepona in the western part; Casabermeja in the northern part; Totalán, Algarrobo, Torrox and Vélez-Málaga in the eastern part of Málaga.
The communes of the Greater Malaga Region are linked to the Municipality and the Town of Malaga by the roads (including motorways) (the Municipality can be easily accessed by the most distant means of transportation in 20 min. and the Town of Malaga in 45 min.). The agglomeration may, in some cases, include other agglomerations covered by Malaga's local and regional networks, at least since the creation of the Consorcio de Transporte Metropolitano del Área de Málaga (Consortium of Transportation of Malaga metropolitan area).
In total, about 1.3 million (max. 1.6 million) inhabitants are living in the greater Málaga area, and the number is growing every year as all the communities and towns in the region are experiencing average demographic growth. Malaga is experiencing the hottest winter of all Europe's towns with over 500,000 inhabitants.
The Málaga Mountains (Montes de Málaga) obstruct the cool northern climate in spring. In general, the summers last about eight moths, from April to November, although sometimes above 24°C (75°F) for the four other moths. During the hottest August the daytime temp. reaches 26 to 34 C (79 to 93 F), at nights over 20 C (68 F) and the mean ocean temp. is 26 C (79 F).
Mean air moisture per year is 65%, from 58% in June to 72% in December. Malaga is one of the few European towns that are "green" all year round. Málaga and its surrounding area have a very similar climatic and landscape to the Los Angeles of California. Málaga' s old historical center arrives at the port in the west.
Its northern part is encircled by mountain ranges, the Montes de Málaga (part of the Baptist Cordillera), situated at the foot of the Axarquía hill to the south, and two streams, the Guadalmedina - the historical centre on the banks of the river to the east - and the Guadalhorce, which runs into the Mediterranean Sea just westwards from the town, in the Churriana area.
Some of the oldest architectonic remnants of the town are the ancient wall of the city, which can be seen in the basement of the Museo Picasso Málaga. Alcazaba is located on a mound inside the town. Initially it protected the town from the raids of a pirate. 22 ] The Alcazaba, which occupies the east slope that climbs out of the ocean and towers over the town, was encircled by palm groves and pines.
As with many of the martial forts erected in Islamic Spain, the Alcazaba of Málaga had a square layout. The Iglesia del Sagrario also dates from this time, and it was erected on the site of the old masjid immediately after the fall of the town to the hands of Christians. There is a lavishly decorated doorway in the Isabeline-Gothic Gothic design, which is the only one of its kind in the town.
Roman, Greek, Phoenician, Greek, Arabic and Catalan remnants of the city's defences. Malaga harbour. The Malagueta Plaza Bullfight. At the beginning of the twenty-first millennium, the town of Málaga was investing a lot (more than 100 million euro in 10 years) in art to attract visitors and become a major tourist attraction in Andalusia with 28 cities and 28 artisans.
Malaga Museo (Museum of Fine Arts and Archaeology) in the Palacio de la Aduana. Pompidou Malaga Exhibition Complex, opened in 2015, a Paris office of the Georges Pompidou Exhibition Complex, based in El Cubo, a rectangular glazed construction in the harbour of Malaga. The Colección del Museo Ruso (Collection of the Russian Museum) Saint Petersburg/Málaga, opened in 2015, is situated in the Tabacalera one kilometer western of the downtown....
Malaga Contemporary Art Centre (CAC Málaga), opened in 2003, free entrance, directly behind the Alameda railway terminal in an area called Soho de Málaga. By 2013 there were 568,479 inhabitants living in Málaga. Easter, the August Malaga Fair (Feria de Málaga) and the Malaga Film Festival are the three most important in town.
Malaga has been celebrating Holy Week for five hundred years. The Feria de Málaga celebrations in August transform the roads into ancient landmarks of Spain's cultural and historical heritage, with sweets, cocktails and lively Fleming shows. Daytime activities include dance, lively bands (such as flame or verdiales, Malaga's tradition music) and bullfighting in La Malagueta, while the nighttime festival is held in the Recinto Ferial, which is made up of a restaurant, club and a fairground with amusement park attractions and amusements.
Málaga Film Festival (Festival de Málaga Cine Español (FMCE)), devoted solely to Spanish productions, is one of the country's most important events. This takes place every year for one whole weekend in March or April. There are three big pro sport team in Málaga. Malaga CF - soccer team playing in the Segunda División.
There are four large sport complexes in the city: Segunda División (for Málaga CF) and the 1982 FIFA World Cup. Here are located CB Málaga and the Spanish Cup 2001, 2007, 2014; Spanish Super Cup 2004, 2006, 2015; NBA Europe Live Tour 2007; Estadio de Atletismo Ciudad de Málaga - athletic ground with a total of 7,500 people.
Venue where the 2006 European Championship was held; 2006 Vuelta a España; Spanish Athletics Championships 2005 and 2011; Centro Acuático de Málaga (Málaga Aquatic Centre) - 17,000 person aquatic area. The town and its surroundings offer many different kinds of sports: e.g. sailing, windboarding, kite boarding, scuba dancing, parachuting, paragliding, jogging, biking, rowing, playing tennis and playing football.
It is an important travel resort, known as "the Costa del Sol capital". Approximately 6 million visitors come to the site every year. 35 ] As a rule, visitors go to the place of birth of Pablo Picasso and the Museo Picasso Málaga, the Carmen Thyssen Museum, the old quarter or the beach.
Malaga is also the second most important cruising harbor on the Iberian Peninsula. Walking up the hillside to Gibralfaro Fortress ( a Parador) with stunning view over the town. Situated next to the Alcazaba, the old Moslem building, the château is located next to downtown Málaga.
Walking along the Paseo del Parque (a boardwalk that goes along a large garden with lots of palms and statues) to the port is a favourite and ends in Calle Larios, the city's major shopping area. Dancing, theatre, music, fine art and handicraft also have a place in Malaga's educational system.
Malaga University ( UMA ) has its own private UMA university in the west of the Teatino. Málaga Costa Del Sol is one of the first airports in Spain and the oldest one still in use. 12,813,472 passengers were checked in 2008, making it the 4th largest in Spain. Linked to the Costa del Sol, the Costa del Sol International Airports has a direct connection to twenty Spanish towns and more than a hundred European towns (mainly in Great Britain, Central Europe and the Scandinavian lands, but also in the major Eastern European towns):
Moscow, St. Petersburg, Budapest, Sofia, Warsaw or Bucharest), North Africa, the Middle East (Riyadh, Jeddah and Kuwait) and North America (New York City, Toronto and Montreal). ý in Málaga-Maria Zambrano stop. Málaga María Zambrano trainstation is served by the AVE high-speed train system and operates by Renfe, the former government agency in Spain.
The Empresa Malagueña de Transportes busses are the most important means of transportation in the town. 52 ] Málaga's central railway terminal is linked to the Malaga region by line 4, although it is only a ten-minute stroll to Alameda. Busses of the Málaga Metropolitan Transport Consortium are the most important means of transportation in the Malaga metropolitan area and the towns of the region.
Archives from the Genuine (PDF) on April 18, 2016. Returned on July 6, 2016. Posted on June 23, 2016 in the Wayback Machine. Archives from the orginal from June 20, 2012. Discussed 7 April 2008. Returned on April 8, 2011. and the great nations of the 20th centuary. Archives from the orginal on 6 September 2010.
Málaga City - Local Travel Information and City Guide". Malaga.com. Returned on April 8, 2011. Malaga Aeropuerto: Malaga Airport - Absolute extremes - Selector - Agencia Estatal de Meteorología - AEMET. Bounced 2017-06-23. Returned on June 20, 2012. Malaga / Aeropuerto". Málaga climate, temperature, average weather history, precipitation, sunshine". climatetemp.info.
Archives from the originals on 16 July 2011. Returned on April 8, 2011. Malaga Aeropuerto". Returned on July 1, 2014. Malaga Aeropuerto". Returned on January 20, 2018. Malaga, Spain Climate Information. Returned on March 14, 2017. Archives from the orginal from 23. June 2015. Returned 2015-04-12. Museum City: Malaga is committed to attracting visitors and talents through culture". theguardian.com.
Returned on June 19, 2016. Malaga City Museums andalucia.com. Returned on June 19, 2016. Most visited places in Malaga (PDF). marbesol.com. Returned on August 14, 2018. Malaga Population Information. Malaga.com. Returned on April 8, 2011. Ayuntamiento de Málaga ed. Archives from the originals, 2 April 2015.
Returned on December 31, 2011. Returned on August 7, 2018. Malaga is calling at the door of the Anglo-Saxon commercial community. Returned on April 8, 2011. Malaga competes with Dallas and Shanghai for a genetic research laboratory" (in Spanish). Brought back on October 18, 2016. Archives from the originals on 22 February 2009.
Returned on June 23, 2017. World Transplant Games Federation 2017 Summer WTG Malaga. Archives from the orginal on 21.08.2006. Bounced 2017-04-04-04. Málaga City Information. Malaga.com. Returned on April 8, 2011. Málaga Festivals. Malaga.com. Returned on April 8, 2011. Four new schools will join the network of bilingual schools in Malaga". europapress.es.
Returned on August 12, 2018. Seven schools and five institutes join the network of bilingual centres in Malaga". diariosur.es. Returned on August 12, 2018. Returned on August 12, 2018. Returned on August 12, 2018. Conservatorio Profesional de Danza de Málaga. cpdmalaga.com. Returned on August 12, 2018. Conservatorio Superior de Música de Málaga. conservatoriosuperiormalaga.com.
Returned on August 12, 2018. ESAEM Escuela Superior de Artes Escénicas de Málaga. esaem.com. Returned on August 12, 2018. Returned on August 12, 2018. Returned on August 12, 2018. Archives from the originals on 1 April 2015. Bounced back on June 1, 2015. Arrival from Malaga Airport AGP". Returned on June 15, 2013. Travel from Malaga Airport to the city centre.
Returned on December 17, 2017. EMT Málaga. Brought back on 26 March 2013. Malaga Area Metropolitan Transport Consortium. Bounced 2017-06-23. "Malaga's better off than never, opening a new metro." Bounced 2017-04-04-04. Malaga Public Transport Statistics. Returned on June 19, 2017. Malaga, Spain: The Ayuntamiento of Malaga. Archives from the originals on 4 February 2015.
Bounced February 4, 2015. Bounced 2013-07-20. Town of Manila. Archives from the orginal from 11. June 2016. Returned on November 24, 2016. Archives from the source (PDF) on 20 June 2010. Brought back on September 24, 2010. Bounced 2017-06-23. Andalusia, Anaya Touring Club, April 2001.