Major Cities in MyanmarBig cities in Myanmar
Largest cities in Myanmar (Burma)
About one in nine people in Burma lives in the Yangon metro, an area that generates almost a quarter of the country's gross domestic product. Burma is a south-east Asia bordering India, Laos, China, Bangladesh and Thailand. About one third or 33% of the population lives in city areas.
The following paper looks at the most populous cities in the state. Yangon, formerly known as Rangoon, is the country's most populous town. Around 5,998,000 inhabitants call this town their home. In the 1850s, when the British had power over the land, they turned it into a business and politics centre, and built streets, clinics and university.
As Myanmar gained its sovereignty in 1948, the new leadership set out to rename cities and roads into words that sounded like Burma, Yangon. During 2006, the authorities agreed to relocate the country's administration capitol to Naypyidaw, which led a significant number of Yangon civil servants.
Most of the other inhabitants are of Bamar ancestry, although there are large Indian, South East Asiatic Myanmar and Mandarin ethnic groups. With 1,225,133 inhabitants, Mandalay is the second largest town in Myanmar. A large part of this increase is attributable to China's immigrant populations, which now account for between 40% and 50% of the total populations.
However, Burmese remains the primary foreign tongue. The most important business centre for the southern part of the mainland, Mandalay serves as a trading centre between N ortheast and the centre of myanmar and as a starting point for export to China and India. This is where high-ranking residents from the higher regions of the state come to visit the universities and to attract the hospital's interest.
Naypyidaw has 1,158,367 inhabitants, followed by Mawlamyine (491,139), Taunggyi (380,665), Monywa (371,963), Meiktila (309,465), Bago (288,120), Pathein (286,684) and Mergui (284,037). Yangon's fast pace of expansion, as in the other cities named, has caused a major problem of overpopulation. Because of the circumstances of livelihood deprivation in the countryside, there has been an increase in country to city migrations as individuals find business opportunity in a burgeoning population.
That drives them to the outskirts of the town. For example, almost 30% of the Yangonese live in remote slum areas lacking essential amenities such as power, flowing waters and sanitation. Much more than the pledge of better business opportunities, these are moving out of their countryside. Pollution of aquifers is spreading diseases such as typhus and canker.
Myanmar's administration is conscious of the city' s predicted economic expansion. By acting now, it can develop a viable town planning scheme that provides accessible, secure and clean homes for its prospective population.