Mahabodhi Temple ComplexThe Mahabodhi Temple Complex
The Mahabodhi Temple in Bodh Gaya
Mahabodhi Temple Complex is one of the four sacred places connected with the Buddha's way of living and especially with the achievement of enlightenment. Its first temple was constructed by Emperor Asoka in the third millennium BC, and today's temple is from the fifth or sixth cent.
One of the oldest Buddha temple, entirely made of bricks and still in India today, from the Gupta Age. The Mahabodhi Temple Complex is one of the four sacred places connected with the life of Buddha and especially with his awakening. The first temple was erected by Emperor Asoka in the 3rd century BC, while today's temple dates from the 5th or 6th century BC.
It is one of the oldest preserved Buddhist Temple in India and one of the few late Pompeian temple built entirely of brick. Emperor Asoka built a first temple here in the 3rd century BC, one of the oldest Buddhist brick churches and one of the few preserved ones of the late Gupta Empire.
The first temple was built by Emperor Azoka in the 3rd century BC and the present temple dates from the 5th or 6th century BC. The Mahabodhi temple complex dates from the Gupta period and is named after the Bodhi tree under which the Buddha sat when he received the highest and most perfect insight.
Mahabodhi Temple Complex, Bodh Gaya, is located 115 km southwards of the Bihar capitol, Patna and 16 km from the county headquarter in Gaya, in eastern India. This is one of the four sacred places connected with the Buddha's existence and especially with the achievement of enlightenment.
This estate contains the largest remnants of the 5th to 6th cent urys A.D. on the subcontinent of India from this time of the Ancient World. Mahabodhi Temple Complex is the first temple constructed by Emperor Asoka in the third millennium BC, and today's temple is from the 5th to 6th mill. One of the oldest Buddha temple, entirely made of bricks and still in existence today, from the Gupta era, it is believed to have had a significant impact on the evolution of tile building over the ages.
Today's Mahabodhi temple complex in Bodh Gaya includes the 50-metre high temple, the Vajrasana, the holy Bodhi tree and another six holy places of Buddha's illumination, encircled by many old votiv stupa, which are well preserved and sheltered by inner, central and external circle border. The temple area as well as the lotus pond are encircled by corridors on two or three floors and the area of the complex is 5 metres below the surface of the area.
The first temple, banisters and commemorative pillar were erected by Emperor Asoka in the 16th and 18th c., and the development of the old town was documented by the construction of shrines and convents by monarchs from abroad over the years.
Its main temple walls have an median of 11 metres in altitude and are constructed in the classic India temple design. On top of it are a number of alcoves with pictures of the Buddha. Higher up are slats and caitya recesses, and then the curved temple spire or temple spire, dominated by amalgam and kala (architectural characteristics in the traditions of India's temples).
Four Buddha sculptures are placed in small cabinet rooms at the four edges of the temple rail. Above each of these castles stands a small spire. This temple faces eastward and has a small square to the west with recesses on both sides containing Buddha-studios.
An entrance opens into a small room behind which there is the sanctuary, which contains a gold-plated Buddha sculpture (over 5 feet high) bearing testimony to his attained illumination. Over the sanctuary is the central vestibule with a sanctuary with a Buddha sculpture in which older friars meet to contemplate.
A staircase leading down a long middle way from the eastern side to the temple and the area. One of the most important of the holy places is the huge Bodhi tree, just westwards of the temple, an alleged descendent of the Bodhi tree under which Buddha had his first week and enlightenment.
The Animeshlochan Chaitya (Prayer Hall), where Buddha is said to have lived for the second week, is located on an elevated site just off the Avenue. The Buddha spends the third week taking eighteen steps back and forth in an area known as the Ratnachakrama (the jewel ambulatory) near the northern face of the temple's mantle.
Directly after the stairs of the eastern entry on the middle way there is a column which mark the place of the Ajapala Nigrodh Arbor under which Buddha was meditating during his Fifth Week and answered the questions of the Brahmans. The sixth week was near the lotus pond in the southern part of the preserve, and the seventh week was under the rayatana trees, southeast of the temple, which is currently labeled by a forest.
Beside the bodhi tree is a plateau built on the central temple of burnished stone, known as Vajrasana (the diamond throne), which Emperor Asoka initially set up to indicate the place where Buddha was sitting and meditating. There is a balustrading of stone sandstones that once surrounded this place under the Bodhi tree, but only a few of the columns of the balustrades are still in place; they contain woodcarvings of carved man's faces, animal and ornamental ornament.
Higher up on the southern side of the centre walkway to the temple is a small sanctuary with a Buddha in the background and the footsteps (padas) of Buddha on dark rock, which date from the third millennium B.C., when Emperor Asoka proclaimed Buddhism the state' formal faith and set up a thousand such footsteps throughout his entire empire.
Initially the gate to the temple, which is located on the centre way, was also constructed by this emperor, but later reconstructed. On the way to the temple there is a monument with several Buddha and Bodhisattvas there. Southwards of the road there is a collection of votiv stupa constructed by monarchs, nobles and laymen.
The Mahabodhi Temple Complex is of great importance in the philosophic and culturally historical background, as it is the most important thing in the lives of Lord Buddha, the time when Prince Siddhartha was enlightened and became Buddha, an experience that marked man's thinking and faith. Mahabodhi Temple, one of the few preserved specimens of early brickwork in India, has significantly influenced the evolution of Indian architectural design over the course of the ages.
This Mahabodhi Temple site offers extraordinary accounts of the Buddha's live and adoration since Emperor Asoka constructed the first temple, the balustrade and the mausoleum. Today's temple is one of the oldest and most impressive buildings of the Gupta Age.
Mahabodhi Temple Complex in Bodh Gaya has a close connection with the Buddha's world and is the place where He has obtained the highest and highest attainment. Historic testimonies and writings show that the parts of today's temple complex date from different eras. Vajrasana, the temple of Buddha's illumination, was kept by Emperor Asoka and the Bodhi tree, under which Buddha gained illumination over the centuries, the fame, decay and resurrection of the place since the mid-nineteenth cent.
Most of the temple dates from the fifth to sixth centuries AD, but it has been repaired and renovated several times since then. It was comprehensively renovated in the 2nd half of the 2nd A. D. However, the temple is the oldest and best-preserved example of Indian brickwork from that time.
Buddha's faith in having achieved enlightenment in this special place has been affirmed by the traditions and is now known as Bodh Gaya, which is of the highest value to the earth. The first temple was erected by Emperor Asoka in 260 BC when he came to this place to venerate the Bodhi tree, which is still a testimony of the events, together with the estate's characteristics (the Vajrasana, etc.).
The use, functioning, position and adjustment of the complex/property is confirmed. Most of the temple's architectural style has not changed and follows its initial shape and layout. Mahabodhi temple complex is constantly visited by travellers from all over the globe to say prayer, conduct worship rites and practice meditation. Mahabodhi Temple Complex is owned by the Government of Bihar.
Under the Bodh Gaya Temple Act of 1949, the State Government is accountable for the administration and conservation of ownership by the Bodhgaya Temple Committee (BTMC) and the Advisory Council. It has 85 permanent members of the committee and over 45 occasional employees who serve as clerical employees, safety people, horticulturists and sweeping machines.
Option, such as expanding the site to cover related places, must be researched to preserve the environment and countryside of the site in connection with the Buddha's lives and migrations. Any development activity within the World Heritage Site and Bodhgaya is governed by the Site Management Plan developed by the Government of Bihar.
The Archaeological Survey of India is responsible for all preservation and restorations of the temple complex. Devotees' contribution is the primary financing instrument for the real estate. Sustainable use of the system enables the temple complex to be well cared for and the stream of people to be well-controlled.
Bodhgaya Temple Management Committee also strives for a sustained attitude towards the preservation of the building, e.g. the use of photovoltaic power, environmentally friendly environments, etc.