It was Ferdinand Magellan ( or ;Portuguese:[fer?nando ðe ma?a??anes]; about 1480 - 27 April 1521), a Portugese researcher who organized the Catalan exploration to East India from 1519 to 1522, which led to the first orbit around the world, which was concluded by Juan Sebastián Elcano. Magellan, a member of a nobility of Portugal since 1480, was finally chosen by King Charles I of Spain to seek a western itinerary to the Maluku Islands (the "Spice Islands").
He sailed southwards through the Atlantic to Patagonia, through the Strait of Magellan into what he called the "peaceful sea" (the present-day Pacific) with a navy of five ships. In spite of a succession of storm and mutiny, the Spice Islands were invaded by the Spice Islands in 1521 and the Indian Ocean, where they came back home to take the world's first tour.
He did not end the whole journey because he was murdered during the Battle of Mactan in the Philippines in 1521. Magellan was put out of favor after an unauthorized vacation. After a dispute with King Manuel I, who rejected his stubborn claims to go on an Expedition to the Condiments from the Orient (i.e., while he sailed west to prevent the need to circumnavigate the tip of Africa), he went to Spain.
He was married and married and died in Seville around 1521. Meanwhile, Magellan studied the latest maps and, in collaboration with Rui Faleiro, explored a gate from the Atlantic to the South Pacific and the potential for the Moluccas to be Hispanic, as defined in the Treaty of Tordesillas.
In 1513, the Spaniard Vasco Núñez de Balboa arrived in the Pacific after he had crossed the isthmus of Panama, and Juan Díaz de Solís passed away in the Río de la Plata in 1516, while he explored South America in the name of Spain. Most of the financing for the mission came from the Crown of Spain, which travelled by ship for two years.
During the preparations for the journey, several issues occurred, among them a shortage of funds, the Kings of Portugal trying to stop them, Magellan and other Portugueses suspected by the Spaniards, and the arduous character of Faleiro. 18 ] Thanks to Magellan's persistence, the mission was at last prepared. There were five vessels in the navy provided by Charles V: sections through the south tip of South America linking the Atlantic and the Pacific.
The four vessels began a strenuous journey through the 600 km long section that Magellan dubbed the Estrecho (Canal) de Todos Los Santos ("Canal of All Saints") because the navy passed through it on 1 November or All Saints' Day. It is now known as the Straits of Magellan. Concepcion and San Antonio were first commissioned to survey the straits, but the latter, under the command of Gómez, left the city and returned to Spain on 20 November.
Three of the vessels remained in the South Pacific on 28 November. The water was called Mar Pacifico (Pacific Ocean) because of its seeming silence. 26 ] Magellan and his team were the first Europeans to arrive at Tierra del Fuego just off the Pacific side of the straits. The Magellan people depended on Enrique, his Malaysian valet and translator, to talk to the indigenous people.
In 1511, after the colonisation of Malacca of Magellan, he had been engaged and followed him through later ventures. The Pigafetta and Ginés de Mafra provided writing documentation of the incidents that culminated in Magellan's death: Magellan - Elcano trip. Victoria, one of the five vessels that originally circled the world, ended 16 month after Magellan's deaths.
Altogether about 232 seamen of different nations were killed during the global cruise with Magellan. It overlooks the Straits of Magellan. Magellan' s exploration was the first to circle the planet and the first to cross the Straits of South America that connected the Atlantic to the Pacific.
Magellan' s name for the Pacific was adopted by other Europeans. Magellan Order was founded in 1902 to honor those who sail around the world and make other contribution to the world. The two nearest clouds, the Magellanic clouds in the south of the globe, were eventually called after Magellan in 1800.
Magellan, which mapping the Venus planets from 1990 to 1994, was called after Magellan. Ferdinand Magellan (also known as U.S. Code No. 1) is a former Pullman Company observatory vehicle that was converted for use by the U.S. government from 1943 to 1958.
The name Magellan was given to three crater, two on the moon and one on Mars, using the notation " Magelhaens ". They were adopted by the International Astronomical Union in 1935 (Magelhaens on the Moon), 1976 (Magelhaens on Mars) and 2006 (Magelhaens A on the Moon). 6 ] The 1985 discovery of 4055 Magellan and the Magellan spacecraft to Venus (1989-1994) were also renamed after him.
Magellan" in the Collins English Dictionary. Magellan" item in Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. From the Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature, managed by the USGS in collaboration with the IAU: Magelhaens on Moon, Magelhaens A on Moon and Magelhaens on Mars.
High ^ "Fernão de Magalhães, 1478". High heels ^ "Beatriz Barbosa, 1495". High jumping ^ Normonha 1921. Ralph E. Ehrenberg, 2002, Website, Notable Maps of Florida, 1507-1846: Oceania unique facts: For more information, see "Ferdinand Magellan". www.sheppardsoftware.com. Nancy Smiler Levinson (17 September 2001), Magellan and the First Voyage Around the World, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, p. 39, ISBN 978-0-395-98773-5, accessed on 31 July 2010, staff documents are inaccurate.
Hop up ^ Laurence Bergreen. Jumping up ^ Drake 1628. Jumping up ^ Cliffe 1885. Skip up to: a d "The Death of Magellan, 1521". Leap up ^ Manchester, William (1993). Jumping up ^ STEFFOFF 1990, p. 127. Re-interrogations by the Spaniards after the 18 who survived the trip to Seville in 1522 reported that de Judicibus was reborn in Savona, Italy.
Round-the-world trip of the V Centenary logo filed on January 25, 2016 at the Wayback Machine..... The Journey of Magellan (1519-1522). "Magellan." Hakluyt, Richard, ed. "The journey of M. John Winter to the South Seas through the Strait of Magellan, accompanied by M. Francis Drake, began in 1577".