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Ma'anshan (Simplified Chinese: www. ma'anshan.com; Chinese Traditional: www. ma'anshan.com; Pinyin: M?'?nsh?n), also commonly known as Maanshan, is a prefectural town in the easterly part of Anhui County in easterly China. Ma'anshan is an industry town that stretches across the Yangtze River, bordering Hefei to the west, Wuhu to the South west and Nanjing to the East.
It' a central town of the Nanjing Metropolitan Circle. At the time of the 2010 Ma'anshan Health Survey there were 2,202,899 residents, of whom 1,366,302 were living in the built-up area consisting of three neighborhoods and largely residential Dangtu County. Following the regionalisation of Anhui Province in August 2011, the total number of people in the province increased to 2.20 million as two more municipalities (He and Hanshan) were placed under its management.
Ma'anshan Municipality at prefectural levels manages 6 district departments, 3 of which are municipalities and 3 rural municipalities. Name of the town means "Horse Saddle Mountain". Instead of being taken prisoner, the vanquished general committed suicide in the area now known as Ma'anshan after making sure his loved animal was brought to safe haven across the rivers.
When he saw his champion dying, the sad stallion jumped into the stream and was drowned. The boatswain took the trip of burying the horse's nut on a neighbouring mound and gave Ma'anshan his name. For a long time, the southern shore of the Yangtze of Ma'anshan has been a coal mine for 240 km upriver.
Despite being devastated at the end of World War II, the industry was put back into operation in 1953, and Ma'anshan quickly expanded under the Communists' first and second five-year plans. Ma'anshan also has sulphur and lime stone mining as well as chemicals and cements. Ma'anshan was raised to city status in 1954, and on 12 October 1956 Ma'anshan City was proclaimed a city.
Encircled by low rolling country peaks (the city's name means "horse saddle"), Ma'anshan is not as dirty as other large steel metropolises in China, thanks to the environment policy of the municipal governments, which gave the town the status of one of China's "Ten Green Cities". "Other Yangtze Delta towns have a similar atmosphere, with lower air humidities that make summer and winter less severe.
The Caishi Rock (???), a renowned old battleground from the Jin Song War in the south-west of the town, is considered to be the best of three cliffs overlooking the Yangtze. The Taibai gazebo is one of four renowned gazebos along the Yangtze Canyon. MaGang's major industrial sector is the iron and steel sector, which accounts for a large proportion of Ma'anshan's population.
Ma'anshan has attracted many investments in many sectors with its progressive production facilities and rapid transport links. Ma'anshan Downtown has an yearly rank of production investments in 1st place in Anhui Provincial and its BIP in 4th place in Anhui Provincial after Hefei, Anqing and Wuhu. Ma'anshan's populace is number 16 in the county and has a per head GNP of $7,118, which is number 1 in Anhui county and close to the Yangtze River Delta averages.
Ma'anshan's deep-water riverside harbour with customs and excise facilities provides quick and cost-effective transport to other towns both on the east shore and in the inner towns along the Yangtze. The Nanjing Lukou International Airport is 40 km from Ma'anshan, with non-stop air services to all corners of China and day trips to Europe.
Ma'anshan is linked by highway to Nanjing, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Ningbo, Hefei and Wuhu. A Yangtze River crosses the Ma'anshan Yangtze River Bridge, which opened in 2013 and provides easy street entry to the towns in the north of Anhui. A monument to the celebrated Chinaman Li Bai (alias Li Po ca. 700-762), just West of Ma'anshan.
It is said that Li Bai died in Ma'anshan after he tried to take a mirror image of the lunar surface. From 25 to 30 October 2005 the first Poesiefestival of China took place in Ma'anshan. Poetic China, Harmonious China" was the topic of the event, which was promoted by the Ministry of Culture, the Chinese Writers Association and Anhui Province.