LoikawKauai river dolphin
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The Burmese city of Loikaw (Burmese: ????????????????; MLCTS: loudly pronounced[lwàik?? mjo?]) is the major city of the state of Kayah in Myanmar. Situated in the Karen Hills area, near the north tip of the state, just above an inlet on the Pilu River The main population is Kayah (Karenni). Myanmar's biggest hydroelectric power station (built by the Japanese as a wartime repair ) is about 20 km eastwards of Loikaw at Lawpita Falls.
In 1922, during Britain's reign in Burma, Loikaw was the head office of the Political Officer of the Karenni States, part of the Princely States of Britain-Burma. It was situated in the only shallow part of the Karenni area. He was an agent of the UK administration in charge of the Karenni rulers and was overseen by the Superintendent in Taunggyi The American Baptist Mission HQ in Hill Karens was also in Loikaw.
Loikaw landscape in 1922. Loykawa is connected to Yangon and Mandalay by plane. It is connected by the new railway line Aungban-Pinlong-Loikaw. Expressbusses from Loikaw to Yangon, Mandalay and other cities. It is home to Loikaw University, Technological University, Loikaw, Computer University, Loikaw. Wiki voyage has a guidebook for Loikaw.
Information from Loikaw and Kayah State
Kayah's secluded and overslept capitol, Myanmar's smallest - and one of the least frequented - states, ). Journey to this part of Myanmar and explore the gorgeous Kayah Hills and a large number of unmistakable indigenous civilizations, the most renowned of which are the Kayan, whose "long-necked" women's people have a long history of sporty twists around their throat.
Occasionally known as Padaung (although this is a Kayan term and is regarded as derogatory by the Kayans), their long necks traditions are slowly disappearing; generally only older females in some countryside areas are wearing the bands (more information below under "Tribal Communities and Kyet Cave"). In Kayah State (sometimes also known as Karenni State) there are ten indigenous ethnical groups, in excess of those from the neighboring parts of Myanmar, who also reside here.
Most of the state' s people are Christian, with animistic convictions interwoven in their tradition, while the vast majority of Loikaw' s inhabitants are Buddhist. At the heart of Loikaw is the Taung Kwe Pagoda, a series of golden and whitewashed buildings that sit on calcareous rocks that rise out of the neighbouring hills.
They' re interesting and entertaining and offer a different kind of adventure than other Myanmar marquees - as well as panorama vistas of the far away plateaus, rolling countryside and mountain ranges. Watch our YouTube movie from the Taung Kwe Pagoda over Loikaw and the Kayah Hill. Other similar but smaller rock formations exist around Loikaw; most of them have a pagoda on them and form a singular area.
There' s also a large lying Buddha in the city, which is definitely deserving a look, if you haven't already seen too many lying-Buddha! In Loikaw itself there is not much more to do; most interest is in the surroundings. Kayah State Cultural Museum gives some details about the Kayah State people and their different types of clothing and weapons; perhaps its most interesting characteristic is the main post, which is also a key characteristic of many Kayah communities, an animistic precedent of Buddhism or Christianity.
An enjoyable place for a drinks or supper in Loikaw is the river shore brewery (no signposting in English), which is next to a swimming pools and offers a good selection of regional food. A number of cash machines are in the city, including a KBZ bench near the beerstation.
You have several possibilities to see a number of local communities around Loikaw, such as Hta Nee La Le (Tanilale), a basic peasant town with traditional Kayah dead piles and a Kaetoebu house where the local village shaman makes outlooks. You can also find some beautiful ponds in the southern part of the town.
The Kayan town of Pan Pet, higher up in the mountains, provides the opportunity for walks and encounters with the locals, even with the long-necked sisters. When you make your first acquaintances, you'll love it, and there are country shops where you can buy indigenous crafts, complete with wristbands and colorful mufflers.
Watch our YouTube movie from the walk near Pan Pet village. Situated 15 km eastwards of Loikaw on the Shadaw highway, Kyet Cape (sometimes also known as Kyut and Yarsu Ku) is an interesting excursion. For a larger choice of pictures from Loikaw and Kayah State, see our Flickr picture gallery.
Kayah, like many parts of Myanmar, has been severely affected by the conflict between Burma's ethnical militia and military forces over the past fifty years, and the recent cease-fire treaties mean that the country is only now beginning to open up to newcomers. Here you can see the Kayah Tours choices, which include the ability to build your own route, and you can contact one of our consultants by completing this contact sheet.