v??ku?zn? ] (listen)) is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany on the east shore of the Rhine. In the south Leverkusen is bordered by the town of Cologne and in the north by the state capitol Düsseldorf. Leverkusen is one of the smaller towns in the country with around 161,000 people.
Well-known for the pharmaceuticals manufacturer Bayers and the affiliated sport association Bayers 04 Leverkusen. At the core of today's Leverkusen was a small town named Wiesdorf from the twelfth cen. centr. Leverkusen was devastated by the Cologne Wars from 1583 to 1588. It was at the beginning of the 20th millennium, when industrial activity stimulated the emergence of the town of Leverkusen and one of the most important centers of the Nazi state.
In 1860, the chemical scientist Carl Leverkus, who was looking for a place to construct a dyeworks, decided on Wiesdorf. In 1861 he constructed a plant on Kahlberg in Wiesdorf to produce synthetic ultra marine blues and named the developing estate "Leverkusen" after his parents' house in Lennep. In 1891 the plant was taken over by Bayer; in 1912 Bayer relocated its head office to Wiesdorf.
Leverkusen itself was established in 1930 through the merger of Wiesdorf, Schlebusch, Steinbüchel and Rheindorf and renamed after Carl Leverkus. 1975 Opladen (since 1930 also Quettingen and Lützenkirchen), Hitdorf and Bergisch Neukirchen came to Leverkusen. Today's town consists of several towns, initially Wiesdorf, Opladen, Schlebusch, Manfort, Bürrig, Hitdorf, Quettingen, Lützenkirchen, Steinbüchel, Rheindorf and Bergisch-Neukirchen.
The BayArena is the home of Bayer Leverkusen with a seating facility for more than 30,000 spectators. It is home to the Bayer Giants Leverkusen squad, Germany's leading player in the league's top league championship. EVerkusen is a twin city: The Wikimedia Commons has a link to Leverkusen. The Wikimedia Commons has a link to Leverkusen.