sspan class="mw-headline" id="History">History
Lerwick, Shetland's only city, had about 7000 inhabitants in 2010. It is also the third biggest Scottish insular settlement, and is the northernmost city in the United Kingdom and the easternmost city in Scotland. Other large communities are located further north in Shetland, especially the Brae area.
There is one of the British coast meteorological resorts in the area. The name Lerwick has its origins in Old Norse and its native offspring Norn, who was pronounced in Shetland until the middle of the 19th cent. Lerwick " means sound booth. Cities with similar surnames can be found in the southwest of Norway (Leirvik, Lervik) and on the Faroe Islands (Leirvík).
Traces of man's occupation of the Lerwick area date back 3,000 years, with an emphasis on the Broch of Clickimin, built in the first half of the 20th Century BC. Known as Lerwick, the first village was established in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries as a port for herrings and whitefish for trading with the Netherlands fishery fleets.
Situated on the main land side (west) of the Bressay Sound, a naturally occurring port with southern and northern entries between the Shetland land and the Bressay Isle. It was burnt down twice: once in the seventeenth centuries by the inhabitants of Scalloway on the westside of the continent, then the capitol of Shetland, who rejected the unethical and drinkable activity of the gathered fishers and seamen, and again in 1702 by the British navy.
Charlotte Castle was constructed in the middle of the seventeenth centuries on the Lerwick promenade, and there began to be standing brick structures around the castle and along the shore line. In 1708 Lerwick became the capitol of the Shetland Islands and took over the role of Scalloway. In 1701 the municipality of Lerwick was formed from a small part of the municipality of Tingwall, to which the scallop still today belonged.
As Lerwick flourished in the nineteenth centuries through maritime commerce and the fisheries industries, the municipality of Lerwick grew in 1891 westward from Hillhead to include the former civilian communities of Gulberwick and Quarff and the island community of Burra. The Lerwick City Hall was constructed during this phase of growth.
Next phase of significant growth was during the 1970' Northern Sea booming, when large residential complexes were constructed just off Staney Hill (based in Lerwick) to the north and Nederdale and Sandveien to the south. The Lerwick has an Atlantic Oceanic ( "Cfb") temperate zone that borders tightly on the sub-polar Atlantic ("Cfc") temperate zone with low to low temperature throughout the year.
It is particularly marked because Lerwick is on a small insulated islet, so even extremes of altitude are dampened; the highest is only 23. It is also a very overcast city with an average of only 1,110 sunny days per year. At 82 metres above ground, the meteorological base is located, so that the city harbour will probably be somewhat cooler at sea-level.
The Lerwick is a bustling fishery and harbour town. Lerwick in Gremista is the primary electricity source. Important Lerwick landmarks are Fort Charlotte, Lerwick Town Hall, the Böd of Gremista, the Shetland Museum and Archives and Clickimin Broch. The Lerwick is serviced by Tingwall Airport, which is a few mile away, and Sumburgh Airport, further down the road to the southern tip, which serves some Scottish cities all year round.
The Northlink Ferries operates a day to day night Lerwick to Aberdeen night services, which runs regular services to Kirkwall on the Orkney Islands. In Lerwick there are three schools: Bell's Brae Primary School, Sound Primary School and Anderson High School. The Shetland College, a founding affiliate of the Universities of the Highlands and Islands, is also located in the city and offers an academic training (the nearest college is the U of Aberdeen, a 12-hour cruise away) to local people who find it difficult to travel further away to school.
Gilbert Bain offers primary healthcare throughout Shetland. Lerwick Medical Centre is located opposite the southern street of the Lerwick Clinic. Montfield is an older than Gilbert Bain but it has evolved over the years into a primary healthcare facility for Lerwick residents.
There are four clubs in the city: Lerwick Spurs, Lerwick Thistle, Lerwick Celtic and Lerwick Rangers. The BBC Radio Shetland, a BBC Radio Scotland regionally opt-out, has its studio in Pitt Lane. Shetland Times, a monthly daily paper, is based in Gremista on the suburbs of Lerwick.
The Millgaet Group, a multimedia manufacturing firm including Shetland Television, is headquartered in the North Ness Business Park. The Lerwick Group has close relations with the Nordic states, especially Norway (Lerwick has a friendly arrangement with Måløy in Norway), which is mirrored in Lerwick's road name ( e.g. King Harald St, King Haakon St).
Fredrikstad, Norway - Lervik - a small town in the community of Fredrikstad, Norway. Commons Wikimedia has created Lerwick related news items. Vikivoyage has a guidebook for Lerwick.