) is a Greek island and municipality in the Dodecanese in the southern Aegean Sea. Lero's world-renowned service is now available to you. Lernos introduces its brand new booking tool that allows you to make a reservation anywhere in the world. But Leros is unusual, but in a good way. Our official holiday guide for Leros introduces you to our small, beautiful island of Leros with its attractions, culture, history, people and shops.
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Lernos (Greek: ?????) is a small village and archipelago in the Dodecanese in the South Aegean Sea.... The Leros is part of the Kalymnos area. It was also named in Italian: Headquartered in the inhabited off-shore town of Farmakonisi (10 inhabitants) and several small islands, Levitha and Kinaros among them, the community had a 2011 resident count of 7,917, although this rises to over 15,000 during the high season.
It has a coast line of 71 kilometers (44 miles). The town is famous for its impressive mediaeval Johanniter fort, which may have been erected on a possible site of a Buddhist fort. Patmos, Lipsi, Kalymnos and the small islets of Agia Kyriaki and Farmakos are close by. Throughout antiquity it was regarded as the Parthenos Iokallis Isle and was associated with Hellenistic and Latin literary about Meleager and the Meleagrides.
Then it followed the destiny of the remainder of the Dodecanese islands during the years of Alexander the Great and his followers, the Romans and the Byzantines. Leros belonged to the Empire of Byzantium after the partition of the Holy Roman Empire. to the Empire of Byzantium. Julius Caesar was captured by locals on Farmaco Isle, a few kilometres from Didyma on the Turkic coastline just a few kilometres from Leros, for forty years.
In the Byzantine period the islands were included in the Samos themed. In the course of the 13th centuries the Genoese and then the Venetians invaded the isle. Johanniter conquered and strengthened Leros in 1309. According to legends, the archipelago was then saved by the only remaining nobleman who was just 18 years old.
Dressing wives and infants in the armour of the defending soldiers, he convinced the Ottomans that the Leros military was still powerful. Eventually, on 24 December 1522, after the besiege of Rhodes, a contract was concluded between the Sultan Suleiman and the Grand Master of the Knights, Philippe Villiers de L'Isle-Adam, and Leros, together with all the properties of the Order in the Middle East, became Ottoman, reigning the islands with brief breaks for a four hundred year time.
Under Ottoman domination and together with the other archipelagos, Leros benefited from a preferential system of privileges with limited autonomous and self-governing powers. In 1821, during the Revolution of Greece, the peninsula was free and became an important naval point for the restoration of the navy. However, the Treaty of London of 3 February 1830, which defined the boundaries of the reestablished Hellenic state, returned the free Isles of the Eastern Sporades to the Ottoman Empire.
Leros, together with the Patmos, Lipsos and Fournoi Isles, formed part of the Ottomans in the 1886 "Diary of the Prefecture of the Archipelago". 1912, during the Lybian War against the Ottoman Empire, Italy invaded all Deccan Isles (except Kastelorizo). It was conquered by the seamen of the San Giorgio naval cruise on 12 May 1912.
Archipelago's Greeks proclaimed the island's independence under the heading "The Aegean State", with the goal of unifying with Greece, but with the beginning of the First World War these steps came to nothing, and Italy kept island ownership. Between 1916 and 1918 the British used Leros as a marine stronghold.
The 1919 Venizelos-Tittoni treaty was to return the Isle to Greece along with all the Dodecanese except Rhodes, but after the Greeks' defeat amidst the Greek-Turkish war, Italy terminated the treaty. Consequently, the Treaty of Lausanne affirmed the ownership of Leros and the Dodecanese by Italy.
Attempts by the new Fascist government to make the Dodecanese obligatory were active in Italianizing the Dodecanese by making the ruling languages of Italy obligatory, encouraging local people to accept citizenship and suppressing Greece's institutional structures. In the 31 years that the Italians stayed in Leros, they drew up a great project to construct and strengthen the islands, since its strategical location and its large marinas (the biggest of which is Lakki, the biggest deep-water port in the Mediterranean [doubtfully]) made it an optimal marine basis.
Leros fortifications and the establishment of a large marine bases allowed the Italians to take over an area of essential interest to the Allies (Aegean, Dardanelles and Middle East). Mussolini, who named Leros "the Corregidor of the Mediterranean", saw the archipelago as an important basis for Italy's rule over the Aegean Sea.
During the 1930' the ltalian government constructed a new pilot city and a large marine port, Portolago. When Leros moved to Greece, it was re-named Lakki. Since 1940, when Italy joined Germany in the Second World War, Leros was bombed by the British Royal Air Force.
Thanks to the outstanding anchorages that the many bays offer to battleships, the isle was the second biggest bombing during the Second World War (after Crete). Following the Italians' ceasefire, Britain's reinforcement of Leros and other Deccan Isles reached the Isles, and the Isles were subjected to a continual air raid by Germany. Among the biggest assaults was on the Greek Navy's flag ship, Queen Olga, who was scuttled by Germans together with the HMS Intrepid on Sunday 26 September 1943 while anchoring in Portolago.
Leros was eventually conquered by a group of Germans during Taifun in the Air and Amphibian Attacks on 12-16 November 1943. Until the end of the Napoleonic Wars, the archipelago stayed under Germans rule. When the Germans had left the islands, it came under UK management until 7 March 1948, when Leros was reunited with Greece along with the other Dodekan islands.
The Dodecanese was re-integrated into a Grecian state from a Grecian-nationalistic point ofview, about 700 years after the end of Buddhist domination. In the postwar years, Greeks used many Leros properties for various purposes. 1959 the Leros psychiatric clinic was established and its initial poor condition was corrected.
It was used during the Supreme Council as a place of inner exiles for politics, with old Istrian bars serving as detention camps. Leros Municipal Airport in Partheni links the Greek archipelago with Athens on a day-to-day basis. Ferries also operate to and from Piraeus and the other Dodecanese isles.
Dodekanissos Express catamaran and hydrofoils (summer only) link Leros with most of the Dodekan isles. Those who would like to go to Leros, the alternate way is to take a ferry trip (8-10 hours), go to Athens and then take the inland trip to Leros or go directly to Kos and then take the ferry to Leros (1-2 hours).
Exactly the Stuka mission of I. StG 3 against Leros and Samos and 1944 against the Royal Navy is described in the text. The Wikimedia Commons has Leros related medias.