Shortly before 1600 portugese merchants abandoned Solor and set up in Larantuka. Dealers were in dispute with the Dominicans in Solor because they were more interested in commerce than in Christianisation. The Dutch Solor and the Dominicans also came to Larantuka in 1613. It was a hub for Timorese commerce in sandal wood and became the centre of commerce in south-east Indonesia.
This was also a sanctuary for the Dutch East India Company (VOC) deserter. When the Dutch invaded Malacca in 1641, many Portugueses went to Larantuka. When the Dutch invaded Makassar in 1660, most of the Portugese also came to Larantuka from there. Portugueses took in tribal women, but they always recorded Portugal's descent.
5 ] This new group of the local people was named Topasses, but they named themselves Larantuqueiros (inhabitants of Larantuka). They were also known by the Dutch as Zwarte Portugeesen ("black Portuguese"). Larantuqueiros developed into a loosely but powerful force in the area, going far beyond the area. Its nucleus was the Larantuka, Wureh and Konga federations.
You had no portugese government and you didn't have any tax. Larantuqueiros formed "alliances" with the native peoples of Flores and Timor. Thereupon he had to take an Oath of Faith to the Kings of Portugal and received the honorary degree of Cathedral. Larantuqueiros were the sovereigns and set Portugese as the main foreign tongue to keep their distances from the locals.
Larantuqueiros established themselves in Lifau on Timor in 1640 to take command of the Timor sandal. Coming from Lifau, they extended into the back country of the archipelago, where they grew sand-wood. Larantuqueiros have taken over most of the supply of muskets in sandal wood and have been able to keep a check on the prices.
Commerce flourished when the "white Portuguese" influenced Timor on behalf of the Portuguese Emperor. Larantuqueiros laid siege to them and abandoned them empty-handed in 1769. The Portuguese in 1854 offer the Dutch the sovereignties. After the decline of the trading in sandals, Larantuka had little prospect.
Larantuqueiros attacked agriculture. There was not much of the formerly lucrative external economic activity remaining. From a formal point of view, the Larantuqueiros were Catholics, but the lay organizations were given faith in a new area. Larantuka's most influential organization was A Confraria da Rainha do Rosário, the Fraternity of the Lady Rossary that still is.
Under the treaty between the Portugueses and the Netherlands, there was respect for the right to worship. So, Netherlandish Chalvinism has no roots. However, the Jesuits of the Netherlands were involved in missions. Beginning in Larantuka with the construction of the first parsonage and reintroduction of the Catholicism. The invention of colonialism (en allemand). The invention of colonialism (en allemand).
The invention of colonialism (en allemand). The invention of colonialism (en allemand). The Wikimedia Commons has got coverage on Larantuka.