sspan class="mw-headline" id="Géographie">Géographie
It is a Spain that is the most northerly and eastern of the Atlantic Ocean's independent Canary Isles. Lanzarote is with 94 sq km the 4th biggest of the archipelagic isles. After Tenerife and Gran Canaria, it is the third biggest Canary Island with 141,939 people.
The Timanfaya National Park, one of the major tourist destinations, is located in the midwest of the isle. Frequently referred to as the "island of eternal spring", Lanzarote has a semi-tropical dessert environment after the Köppenlimatization. Between December and February the islands receive an annual rainfall of about 16 rainy nights. 4 ] Sometimes the Siroko breeze dominates, providing arid and dusting winds all over the isle.
Arrecife Park has an Arrecife Global Arrival and Arrecife Arrival and Arrecife Arrival airports, through which 5,438,178 people traveled in 2008. Las Lanzarote belongs to the Las Palmas region and is subdivided into seven municipalities: . Five hundred different types of plant exist on the islands, 17 of which are indigenous. Among these are the date tree of the Canary Islands (Phoenix canariensis), which can be found in wetlands of the northern hemisphere, the Canary Scots pinewood (Pinus canariensis), fern and savage olives (Olea europaea).
Lanzarote DO, the vineyard of La Gería, is a natural area. 180 different types of lichen-forming mushrooms exist. Except for the indigenous bat and the mammal that escorted man to the islands (including the agricultural bromedary, which is now a major tourism attraction), Lanzarote has few vertebrates.
One of two endangered species of the endangered Canadian Egyptian Griffon also lives on the isle. It is considered to be the first Canary Islands to be populated. Pliny the Pole, a famous writer from the dictionary Naturalis Historia, made the first known mention during an excursion to the Canary Islands.
13 ] The name of the island (then Insulae Fortunatae or the "Happy Islands") was registered as Junonia (Fuerteventura), Canaria (Gran Canaria), Ninguaria (Tenerife), Junonia Major (La Palma), Pluvialia (El Hierro) and Capraria (La Gomera). The two eastern Canary Isles, Lanzarote and Fuerteventura, were only referred to as the island of the "purple islands".
The Canary Islands were ignored after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire until 999, when the Arabs came to the islands and called them al-Djezir al-Khalida (under a different name). 1336 a vessel came from Lisbon under the direction of the sailor Lancelotto Malocello from Genoa, who bore the code name "Lanzarote da Framqua".
In 1385 and 1393, Spanish slavery missions in Castile confiscated several hundred Guanche and began selling them in Spain, thus starting the slavery business on the isles. First Bethencourt went to the southern part of Lanzarote at Playas de Papagayo, and the French flew over the archipelago within a few month. There were no hills and ravines on the isle to shelter the rest of the Guanche people, and so many were taken away as servants that only 300 Guanche men were said to be left.
In 1402, at the south end of the Yaiza commune, the first Canadian settlements were built in the area of El Rubicón in the Canary Isles, where the archipelago was inaugurated. Fuerteventura and El Hierro were later captured as well. 1477 a resolution of the Castile King's Court confirms the granting of Lanzarote and Fuerteventura with the smaller Ferro and Gomera Isles to the noble families of Castile, Herrera, who kept their feud until the end of the eighteenth cenury.
In 1585 the Ottomandmiral Murat Reis took Lanzarote temporary. A pirate invaded the isle in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, bringing 1,000 residents to slave in Cueva de los Verdes. Between 1730 and 1736, the islands were afflicted by a succession of vulcanic outbursts that produced 32 new 18 -kilometer (11-mile) long vulcanoes.
1768 the cleared isle hit the aridity, and winters did not rain. A large part of the populace was compelled to migrate to Cuba and America, among them a group that in 1731 in San Antonio de Bexar was an important complement to the Spaniards settling in Texas. Mancha Blanca, the most famous annual celebration on the islands, is celebrated on September 15th in the town of Mancha Blanca in honor of the Virgen de los Dolores (Virgin of the Dolores), also known as the "Virgin of the Volcanoes" (the patron saint of Lanzarote).
The pilgrims come from all over the archipelago, mostly wearing costume and dress. Lanzarote weather and climate. spain-lanzarote.com. Returned 2017-11-22. Archive from the orginal from 18 November 2012. Guide to Lanzarote. Returned on August 1, 2017. Juridical populations of Lanzarote by commune, group of ages and gender (2008)".
Lanzarote Cabildo. Returned 2017-11-22. Lanzarote Lawful Inhabitants by Community, Ages and Gender (2006)". Lanzarote Cabildo (in Spanish). Returned 2017-11-22. Find out more about the Lanzarote Beach - Marzo 2006 (PDF). Returned on August 6, 2018.
Brought back on November 24, 2009. "The Fortunate Islands." Returned on November 18, 2016. Trade with the Roman Archipelago". Brought back on November 24, 2009. Archipelago of the Canaries: its history, capture and surviving. "Expavacions in the Canaries". www.personales.ulpgc.es. Returned on November 18, 2016. "The Lanzarote island is about to lose its eco-status."
Returned on November 12, 2010. "What's the matter? Is there a protest from the Isles in the Financial Times?" Returned on November 12, 2010. Natural and cultural landscapes (Canary Islands. Natural and cultural landscapes). Lanzarote: A guide through the land, flora and fauna of an extraordinary volcanic island. Life On Lava:
Iceland Zero. Self-published. p. 294. a fictional suspense story playing entirely on the Isle.