sspan class="mw-headline" id="History">History
The Lamu or Lamu City is a small city on Lamu Island, which in turn is part of the Lamu Archipelago in Kenya. 341 km north east of Mombasa, ending at Mokowe Jetty, from where the canal must be traversed to get to Lamu Island.
This is the head office of Lamu County and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It contains the Lamu Fort on the coast, constructed under Fumo Madi ibn Abi Bakr, the godfather's eldest son, and finished after his demise in the early 1820s. There are also 23 Lamu memorials, among them the Riyadha mosque dating from 1900 and a mule reserve.
It was first confirmed in written form by an Arabian traveler Abu-al-Mahasini, who in 1441 encountered a Lamu magistrate who visited Mecca. By 1505 the Portugese were invading Lamu and forced the city' s monarch to quickly admit that he was giving them cover. Portugal had long had a sovereign right to sail along the East Africa coastline and introduced tax on exports to already established trade canals.
Lamu rebelled against the Portugese in the 1580', triggered by attacks from Turkey. 1652 supported Oman Lamu in the fight against Portugese controls. The Lamu was reigned as a state under a counsellor of elderly people known as the Yumbe, who reigned from a city palace; little remains of the building except a dilapidated area.
Lamu became a hub for literature, political activity, craft and commerce. Most of the city's monuments were built in this era in a pronounced classicist manner. In addition to the flourishing handicrafts, Lamu became a literature and school city. Women authors such as the writer Mwana Kupona - known for her advice on the duty of women - had a higher standing in Lamu than the then Kenyan Covenant.
In Shela they ended up with the intent of conquering Lamu and finishing the fortress that had started to be built but was forcefully oppressed by the natives in their ships on the shore as they tried to escape. Fearing further attack, Lamu urged Omanis to set up a Busaidi military force for the new fortress and to defend the area from Masrui insurgents on the Kenyan coastline.
Lamu came under the control of the Zanzibar Sabbath in the second half of the nineteenth cent. Germans thought Lamu was strategically important and an excellent location. There was a mail service in Lamu from 22 November 1888 to 3 March 1891 to make it easier to communicate within the protection of the protection of the German state.
This was the first postal station on the eastern seaboard to which a Lamu Jewish heritage site is now dedicated: the German Postal Service Modernism. In 1890 Lamu and Kenya came under English domination under the Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty. In 1963 Kenya achieved full sovereignty, although the impact of Kenya's federal administration has been limited and Lamu still enjoys a certain amount of regional sovereignty.
Further traditonal export goods were ivories, mangroves, tortoise shell and rhino, which were transported across the Indian Ocean to the Middle East and India. Mwalimu has a main supermarket, the Baraka Gallery and Shumi's Designs Boutique as well as the Mwalimu Books House. Petley's Inn, the oldest hostel in the city, is on the water.
Further hotel facilities are the American renovated Amuouse, the 20-room Bahari Hotel, Doda Villas, the Swedish Jannat Hotel, the 3-storey 23-room Lamu Palace Hotel, Petley's Inn, the 13-room Stone Cottage Hotel rebuilt from an eighteenth centuries building, and the 18-room Sunsail Hotel, a former merchant residence on the water front with high ceiling.
Lamu District Hospital in the southern part of the principal center, which is run by the Ministry of Health, serves the area. Established in the fourteenth and seventeenth centuries, the site contains many beautiful Swahili architectural sites. Swahili' s Old Quarter is on the World Heritage List as'the oldest and best conserved Swahili village in East Africa'.
Formerly a centre of the slavery business, the Lamu region is populated by a wide range of ethnic groups. The Lamu was located on the most important Arab commercial roads, so that the majority of the people are Muslims. In order to show mutual esteem for the Muslims, the city' s tourist is supposed to be wearing more than just short or bikini clothes. A number of museum are located here, among them the Lamu Museum, where the Zeremonielle Horn der Insel (siwa) is exhibited; other museum are devoted to the Swahili civilization and the post office.
Among the remarkable edifices in the city of Lamu belong: The Lamu fort is a fortress in the city. Abi Bakr, the godfather's guardian, began building the forts on the coast to defend the members of his infamous state. In 1809 he passed away before the first floor of the fortress was finished.
It was finished at the beginning of the 1820s. A Sharif with familial ties to Hadramaut in Yemen, Habib Salih set up shop on Lamu in the early eighteenth century and became a much admired religion schoolteacher. In 1935, after his passing, his son carried on the madrasah, which became one of the most renowned centers of Islam in East Africa.
There are no motorized cars on the islands, so transport and other hard work is done by ass. There' about 3000 asses on the isle. Dr Elisabeth Svendsen of the Donkey Sanctuary in England first paid a visit to Lamu in 1985. In Lamu there is the Maulidi Festival, which takes place in January or February and commemorates the birthday of Mohammed.
Lamu Cultural Festival, a colorful festival of carnivals, usually takes place in the last August of the year, when since 2000 there has been a festival of folk dances, handicrafts involving cofiastry, and showdowns. Female folk songs are also important in the city and they play the khakacha, a marriage dancer. The old city of Lamu was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001 according to 3 criteria:
Lamu's architectural and architectural features, as well as its urbane fabric, illustrate the diverse cultures that have come together for hundreds of years from Europe, Arabia and India, using indigenous Swahili technologies to create their own cultures. Development and decay of the ports on the Eastern seaboard and the interactions between Bantu, Arabs, Persians, Indians and Europeans represent an important period in the historical, social and economical development of the Lamu area, which finds its most prominent manifestation in the old town of Lamu.
Lamu " by Michael W. Smith, a male vocalist, is a tune taken from the Isle. Smith points in the tune to Lamu as "a hiding place on the island...the place where we will soon be a reincarnation after the end of life...where the earth is still". Bamu is the scene of Anthony Doerrs's shorthist "The Shell Collector" from his eponymous tale series.
Hop up to: a and c This is Kenya. Hop up "Lamu. Deutsche Post Historical - Background". Kenya National Museums. Skip up ^ "GHF". Skip up ^ "Security alert and travel warning (April 4, 2012) | United States Embassy". Hop up, Akwiri, Joseph.
World Weather Information Service - Lamu. Hop up ^ Trans-African Journal of History. Ostafrikanischer Verlag. Skip up ^ "THE SAD CASE OF MOKOWE LAMU DISTRICT HOSPITAL". Hop up "Future Kenya Port Could Mar Pristine Land". Spring up ^ "Artist, Christian, worship leader - community, news, tour dates, cruise and more".
Lamu, with an annex on archaeological finds from the Lamu area by H. Neville Chittick. Nairobi: Kenya National Museums. Kenya and Tanzania. Highlights of Kenya. Protectorate for East Africa. The African dynamic in a multipolar world. Eastern Africa. Lamu: This is a survey of the city of Swahili. Nairobi: East African Literature Bureau, 1975.
The Lonely Planet Kenya. Kenya. Sail from Lamu: Maritime culture in Islamic East Africa. Kenyan folk music. Kenya. Vikivoyage has a guidebook for Lamu. ikimedia Commons has medias that refer to Lamu.