Lampi Island MyanmarMyanmar Lampi Island
Lanpi - Marine Nationalpark
The Lampi is the only ocean sanctuary in Myanmar, an important bird sanctuary and a cultural heritage of ASEAN, but still unfamiliar to the tourist. What is the best way to get to Lampi? Which visas and permissions are necessary for accessing Lampi? Which is the best time of year to see Lampi? Which accommodation is available in Lampi?
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Lanpi - Marine Nationalpark
The Lampi Marine National Park was proclaimed ASEAN Heritage Park in 2003. The park provides protection for periwinkle and mangroves woods, sandy and dune areas, seaweed, coral cliffs and a wealth of marine life with over 1,000 registered endemic birdlife. The Lampi Marine National Park includes a group of Myeik Archipelago in the Tanintharyi archipelago in the south of Myanmar.
Myeik Archipelago is made up of more than 800 archipelagoes along a 600 km long coast in the Andaman seas. Lanpi Island is the largest island in the reserve and the heart of the Maritime Nature Reserve. With a length of 48 km and hills (150-270 meters above sealevel ), Lampi Island has a cliffy coast and wonderful sand and coves.
Lamppi is shrouded in periwinkle green lowlands forests. Its luxuriant flora is characterized by a high plant variety and small communities of rarer trees such as Dipterocarpus, Shorea, Vatica and Hopea. With 31 family members, the park's 63 mangrove varieties are also home to many varieties of molluscs, crustaceans and schools of crayfish.
Myeik Archipelago is full of seaweed, algae and reef. Many of these are not only of ecological importance, but also of economic importance as locally and exporting sources of nutrition. Eelgrass grasslands around Lampi are important feed for endangered fish such as the Mediterranean tortoise and the common buzzard, as well as for a large number of birdlife.
Lampi Island also has two large, multiannual creeks and many small, seasonsal brooks that serve as plentiful fresh watersources. It is a biodiverse park: It provides around 3,000 inhabitants in five communities with nutrition, irrigation and energy: Macyone Galet, Sitta Galet, Kho Phawt, War Kyun and Nyaung Wee.
There are several hundred Moken lake-gazies living in the reserve. Makyone Galet is the head town. Situated on Bo Cho Island, this bustling fishermen's town lies on a wonderful cove with a view of the south tip of Lampi Island. Macaroon Galet has many teahouses and a restaurant and a coupe with panorama view of the town.
Stilt buildings encircle the beach and are populated by the Moken. The Moken - as they call themselves, or Salone, as they are called in Myanmar - have lived in the Myeik archipelago for many hundreds of years and roamed the ocean from island to island to collect and trade objects from the ocean.
In the wet seasons, these seigypsies settled on small island areas which provided good protection and whose woods provided nourishment when the ocean was too harsh for shipping. Most of the Moken stay in these cabins during the drought, except when they go on long outings. The Myeik Archive is still believed to contain 3,000 Moken.
Almost 100 Moken homes - about 400 people - are living in Lampi Marine National Park in the towns of Makyone Galet, Nyaung Wee and Ko Phawt. Another of the reasons why the Moken are still alive these few era is the decline in the number of their kabang, their large ships, in the Moken Islands.
Today, Moken use smaller dugout barges and rowing near the coast in quest of seafood, or they have a large vessel towing many boats to and from the bottom. Mokens do not have a tradition of conserving a particular area or a particular resourc. You have never felt the ressources are finite.
With such low demographic pressures and impacts, the resource would be regenerated during the Moken's movement from island to island or during the wet seasons. But the Moken believe that nobody should be eager - just take from the ocean and the woods what is necessary for a living. Mokens are known for being good scuba diver.
The Moken' s existence once relied on the gathering of a large number of mussels and other sea life, along with spearfishing and gamekeeping. However, in and around the reserve, recent times have seen a shortage of natural resource and the Moken cannot rival better resourced fishers from other areas.