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Rudolfsee | Lake, East Africa
Rudolfsee, also known as Turkana Lake, the 4th biggest of the Eastafricans. Situated mainly in the north of Kenya, its north end reaches as far as Ethiopia. Situated in the east branch of the East Africa Rift Valley. Situated at 375 metres above sealevel, it extends over an area of 6,405 sqkm.
Lake Rudolf, together with Lake Baringo (south), once constituted a bigger lake derived from the Sobat River into the Nile. However, geological activity during the Pleistocene period (about 2,600,000 to 11,700 years ago) produced a smaller lake with self-sufficient internal canalisation. Vulcanic eruptions lead to cliffy banks to the west and north, while the west and north banks of the lake are lower and are made up of sandy slopes, sandpits and tidal flats.
The Rudolfsee is 154 nautical mile (.248 km) long, only 10-20 nautical mile (.16-32 km) broad and relatively flat, its greatest mapped deep is 240ft. Abrupt winds are common and make shipping on the lake tricky. The Rudolfsee is a wealthy fishing area. Earl Samuel Teleki and Lieutenant Ludwig von Höhnel came to the lake in 1888 and called it after the Austrian King.
It' named Lake Turkana in Kenya.
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Short Turkana (), formerly known as Lake Rudolf, is a lake in the Kenyan Rift Valley, in the north of Kenya, with its far north end leading to Ethiopia. It is the biggest continuous deserts lake in the whole wide globe and the biggest alcaline lake in the whole wide area. It is the 4th biggest saline lake in the whole wide area after the Caspian Sea, Issyk-Kul and Van Lake (past the dwindling South Aral Sea), and is ranked number 24 among all these.
Turkana Lake is now under threat from the Gilgel Gibe III dam in Ethiopia, as the Omo Lake provides most of the lake hydro. Most of the cliffs in the area are vulcanic. On the eastern and southern shore of the lake there are cliffs and cliffs, while in the western and northern parts there are lower altitudes of sand and sandstone sandstone.
The lake remains ferocious due to temperatures, drought and geographical accessibility. Rocks ides are home to Scorpio and Rugs. The Lake Turkana National Parks are now on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The Sibiloi National Park is located on the east bank of the lake, while the Central Island National Park and the South Island National Park are located in the lake.
Numerous human colonies have been found around Lake Turkana. On 6 March 1888 Count Sámuel Teleki de Szék and his deputy Ludwig Ritter von Höhnel, a Hungarian and Austrian, appointed the lake Rudolfsee.
They were the first Europeans to visit the lake after a long expedition through East Africa. Native people living on Lake Turkana are Turkana, Rendille, Gabbra, Daasanach, Hamar Koke, Karo, Nyagatom, Mursi, Surma and Molo. Please see the situation of many of these tribes on the regional language card in the following articles.
J. W. Gregory wrote in The Geographical Journal of 1894 that it was "Basso Narok", which means "Black Lake" in the Samburu-tongue. Also in Samburu the near Lake Chew Bahir is "Basso Naibor", which means "White Lake". Samburu were among the dominating strains in Lake Turkana when the discoverers arrived.
It kept its name during the British East African colonisation. In 1975, after Kenya's liberation, the country's name was changed by the Kenyan leader, Mzee Jomo Kenyatta, to the Turkana people. In an unfamiliar age, the lake was given a different name than the Jade Sea, as its blue-green color approached from afar.
Turkana call the lake Anam Ka'alakol, which means "the ocean of many fish". The name Ka'alakol is derived from Kalokol, a city on the west bank of Lake Turkana, just west of Lodwar. Anam a Cheper was the former local Turkana name for Lake Turkana.
It is also an imagined border of Rendille and Borana and Oromo to Turkana country. Satelite picture of Lake Turkana, recognizable by its colour of jump. Its most important habitats are the lake itself, which is an acquatic biom ass, and the neighbouring area, which is considered a wasteland and bushland.
Chalbi Desert lies eastwards of the lake. Close to the lake there are palm trees. You can find both zoo plankton and more. In comparison to other large capsiculated freshwater waters in Africa, Turkey has relatively few types of game. It is home to about 50 endemic types of sea life, among them 12: the Haplochromis maconneli, H. ruodolfianus, H. turkanae and Hemichromis exsul cichlides, the barbel Enteromius torkanae, the pike wels Chry Sichthys torkana, the predator by the name of Tiger biscinus fertiliox and B.
minusus, the Rudolf long-spinis, the lampyes Lacustricola Jeanneli and Micropanchax Rudolf and the Cyprinide Neobola Star. Non-endemic endemic breeds such as Nile Titapia, Bichire, the elephant fry Mormyrus kannume, Africa alwana, Africa knife fishy, Nile bass, Nile bass and many others. 6 ] During the early Holocene the lake's waters were higher and flowed into the Nile, giving way to freshwater fishing and alligators.
The East African fissure system also acts as a trajectory for migratory species, delivering several hundred more. Most of the support for the bird is provided by a mass of plantkton in the lake, which also feeds the catch. A few of the more abundant Turkana species are the little smelt, the little sandpipers and the ordinary sandpipers.
On the shores of the central island, the scum is nesting (Rhyncops flavirostris). Like many other waterfowl, the white-breasted coral (Phalacrocorax lucidus) stretches across the lake. Heuglin' s Trappe (Neotis heuglinii) is located in the eastern part of the lake area. Turkana Lake is an Eastern Africa based raft facility. 12 ] A crack is a fracture in the earth's surface due to the division of two tectonical slabs, often together with a trench or caisson in which seawater can accumulate.
It began when Eastern Africa, driven by the tides in the mantle, began to separate from the remaining Africa and moved to the NE. At present the ditch in the northern part of the lake is 320 km broad, in the southern part 170 km. Turkana Lake is a singular characteristic of the Eastern Africa countryside.
Lake Turkana's catchment area mainly derives its water from the Kenyan highlands and the Ethiopian highlands. Tectonical characteristics of the area are the results of extended extrusion of bergamot over the Turkana Omo Pool in the 4.18-3 area. These last two basals are considered to be the outcrop formed by the rocks and wasteland around the lake.
The Mursi Formation on the western side of the Omo, the Nkalabong on the Omo and the Usno and Shungura eastwards of the Omo is located in the Omo part of the Basalt Mursi area. The most famous of the groups are the Koobi Fora on the eastern side of Turkana and the Nachukui in the western side.
Temporary variations of the lake levels in connection with periodical spitting of vulcanic ashtrays over the area have led to a random stratification of the soil above the basalt rock. Since this area is said to have been an evolved hominid colony nucleus, the data is important to produce a diachronous series of females, both hominoids and non-hominoids, both monkeys (including hominids) and non-monkeys.
In the Turkana Basin, some of the early humans' ancestors' hominine fossils have been found. Initially it was considered a gay habilizer, but the academic name of gay habilizer, deriving from the old name of this lake (Rudolf), was suggested by V. P. Alexeev in 1986. The Turkana Boy, an almost entire frame of a young gay man, was found by Kamoya Kimeu in 1984.
Meave Leakey recently found there a 3.5 million year old head called Kenyanthropus plyops ("the shallow man of Kenya"). There are many linguistic groups in the Turkana Lake area, which speaks in favour of the migration of many different peoples over millennia. There are at least three distinct subsets of the Nilotic (Nilo-Sahara) and Kushite (Afro-Asian) linguistic groups, which are now divided into more than 12 different lakeside communities.
In the early Holocene (during the Holocene climate optimum) the lake was high, and fisheries and foraging were the main subsistence farms. 5000 years ago, when the lake was in a time of fast fluctuations, this was replaced by livestock farming. 24 ] During the later Holocene, people reacted to the climate changes with, among other things, intense fisheries at high sea gauges and a shifting to livestock farming at falling water gauges.
24 ] Megalithic tombs are widespread along the lake shore and seem to date back to the time when domesticized creatures were imported into the area about 5000 years ago, while the deceased were later laid to rest in small gravestones. 26 ] Today, those living in the area generally have a combined livelihood and alternate between husbandry, fisheries and hunt, depending on what is possible in a given year.
However, the building of infrastructures such as mission aryas, power generation (wind, oil) and NGO support facilities have linked the area more closely to external sources and made it dependant on them. Gibe III is already being built by Ethiopia along its Omo Lake, and it is generally accepted that it will lead to a significant decline in the stream upstream and a significant decline in the influx into Lake Turkana in Kenya, which draws 90 percent of its water from theiver.
The ARWG reports that these changes will devastate the lives of at least 200,000 pastoral workers, flood-dependent farmers and fishermen along the Omo River. 300,000 local church and fishermen on the banks of Lake Turkana are throwing the region's communities into a transboundary violence that extends far into Southern Sudan, where they are all faced with hunger.
It provides a disastrous view of a profoundly erroneous evolutionary processes driven by the specific interests of the financial world and Africa's leaders. Important missed or otherwise minimised hazards are identified, not least an estimate of the U.S. Geological Survey, which estimates a high level of vulnerability to a 7 or 8 gauge seismic event in the Gibe III area.
The border between Ethiopia and Kenya was a controversial rationale. For a brief look at the subject, see the State Department paper, Ethiopia - Kenya Boundary Archived 18 March 2009 at the Wayback Maschine. Historical lake mirrors are displayed in the World Lakes Database Archived on January 18, 2006 at the Wayback Maschine.....
You can find a compendium of the discoveries of Europe as well as the Teleki and some of the Turkana legend in an archive of the University of Trieste on 6 December 2007 at the Wayback machine. Articles on the Physical Geography of British East Africa" Geographical Journal, 4 (1894), pp. 289-315.
Archived at the Wayback Machine on January 18, 2006 Contains the reference to the sea plank clay, some of which are the cause of its turbid color. There are a number of pages on the lake containing scientists' reports, dates and photos of the lake's birds:
Sibiloi National Park Archives on October 29, 2006 at Wayback Machine, the Kenya Birds Site, the African Bird Image Database Archives on December 22, 2010 at Wayback Machine. A good introductory guide can be found in the regions of Kenya, filed on May 13, 2007 on the Wayback Machine. site.
For the cloak flows, or "feathers", see the summary of Tertiary Mafic Lavas of Turkana ...., Journal of Petrology Volume 47, Number 6 Pp. See mineral chemicals of Turkana basalt and effects on pool formation, Karla Knudson, Louise Miltich, Nick Swanson-Hysell. See the summary of Precise ..... geschochronology for the upper Koobi Fora Formation....., Journal of the Geological Society; January 2006; v. 163; No. 1; p. 205-220.
"The story of moisture levels in Lake Turkana, Kenya over the last 15,000 years and a varying change from the humid Africa to the Holocene drought". "Isotope Reconstitution of the Damp Period in Africa and Congo Air Border Migrations at Lake Tana, Ethiopia". "Late-quarter behaviour of the Eastern Africa Monsun and the importance of the Congo Air Boundary".
"Impact of sunlight on the Congo air border migrations and the level of Lake Suguta, Northern Kenya Rift, during the wet season in Africa (15-5 ka BP)". "Cross-group force among early Holocene hunters and collectors from West Turkana, Kenya." A new archaeological documentary proof from north-western Kenya". This is the Journal of Africa Histor.
East and South Africa in World History 1000 B.C. to 400 A.D. Socio-cultural answers to changes in water levels in Lake Turkana, Kenya". The African Archaeological Review. "Early Mahalithic Early East African Architectural Context: the Turkana Basin around 5000-4000 BP". Archeological research in Africa. Collapse of traditional institutions to tackle the drought in the Pastoral Turkana of Kenya".
Socioeconomic dynamics of the Dadaab and Kakuma camps in Northern Kenya". Ecyclopædia Britannica unter "Rudolf, Lake" Chambers World Gazetteer, Hrsg. From the ISBN 978-1-85296-200-5 unter Turkana, Lake. Descriptive of the various voyages of exploration to Lake Turkana in the nineteenth c...