The city is known for its secluded mountains and cultural heritage. From a historical perspective, the area encompassed the Baltistan Valley (Baltiyul), the whole High Indus Valley, the secluded Zanskar, Lahaul and Spiti in the southern part, much of Ngari and the Rudok and Guge regions in the eastern part, Aksai Chin in the northeastern part (as far as the Kun Lun Mountains) and the Nubra Valley in the northern part via Khardong La in the Ladakh Range.
Today's Ladakh is bordered to the left by Tibet, to the right by the Lahaul and Spiti region, to the right by the Kashmir, Jammu and Baltiyul valley, and to the right by the south-western part of Xinjiang over the Karakoram Pass. Ladakh's past importance has increased due to its strategically placed position at the intersection of important trading routes, but since the closure of the border with Tibet and Central Asia by the China government in the 60s, global commerce has declined to include the tourist sector.
The government of India has been successfully promoting Ladakh's tourist industry since 1974. As Ladakh is part of strategic Jammu and Kashmir, the India Army has a powerful regional representation. From a geographical point of view, the land was certainly open to India, both via Nepal and Kashmir and Ladakh.
" The Ladakh Chronicles, put together in the seventeenth c. under the name of La David's Ryal Raj, i.e. the King's Chronicles of the Magi of Ladakh report that this border was known and tradition. The Ladakhi Chronicles in Vol. 2 describe the division of his empire by King Skyid-lde-ngima-gon between his three children, and then the Chronicles describe the size of the land seized by this one.
Looking through this work, it is clear that Rudok was an integrated part of Ladakh's work. Rudok remained part of Ladakh even after the division of the two families. The name Maryul means lowland and was given to a part of Ladakh. Already then, in the tenth c., Rudok was an integrated part of Ladakh and Lde-mchog-dkar-po, i.e. Demchok was an integrated part of Ladakh.
In view of the lslamic invasion of South Asia in the thirteenth centuary, Ladakh decided to take advice on spiritual issues from Tibet. Ladakh was invaded and invaded by neighboring countries for almost two hundred years until about 1600. Several Ladakhis at that time were converting to Islam.
Bhagan united and fortified Ladakh and established the Nagyal family ( "victorious" in several Tibeto languages), which still exists today. Despite a loss of Ladakh by the Mughal people who had already captured Kashmir and Baltistan, it maintained its autonomy. Later in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries Ladakh took Bhutan's side in his conflict with Tibet, which led, among other things, to his incursion by the central government of Tibet.
27 ] Kashmiri scholars claim that the Emperor in exchange for the Mughal Empire's help turned to Islam, but Ladakhi's accounts do not cite this. Tibetans were successful and signed a contract with Ladakh, then withdrew to Lhasa in December 1684. Tingmosgang's 1684 agreement ended the conflict between Tibet and Ladakh, but greatly limited Ladakh's autonomy.
The Dogra Zorawar Singh, a general of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, came in in 1834 and captured Ladakh from the Sikh Empire. Following the Sikhs' failure in the Second Anglo-Sikh War, the Jammu and Kashmir provinces were moved to Gulab Singh to rule as a sovereign state.
In 1842 a Ladakhi revolt was suppressed and Ladakh was integrated into the Dogra state of Jammu and Kashmir. In the 1850s, Ladakh's role in Europe began and grew. Geoologists, athletes and visitors began to explore Ladakh. During the Dogra reign Ladakh was managed as Vazarat, with a gubernator named Wazir-e-wazarat.
In 1934, when the Praja Sabha Legislature was founded, Ladakh received two nominees for membership. The Siachen glacier area in the most northern part of Ladakh became the scene of an ongoing battle between India and Pakistan on the world's highest battlefield in 1984.
In 1979 the Ladakh area was divided into the Kargil and Leh quarters. After the demand for independence from the Kashmiri-dominated state administration, the Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council was founded in the 90s. Ladakh has a high elevation. The Ladakh is the highest plain in the state of Jammu & Kashmir with over 3,000mt.
From a historical perspective, the area encompassed the Baltistan Valley (Baltiyul), the whole High Indus Valley, the secluded Zanskar, Lahaul and Spiti in the southern part, much of Ngari and the Rudok and Guge regions in the eastern part, Aksai Chin in the northeastern part and the Nubra Valley in the northern part via Khardong La in the Ladakh Range.
Today's Ladakh is bordered to the left by Tibet, to the right by the Lahaul and Spiti region, to the right by the Kashmir, Jammu and Baltiyul valley, and to the right by the south-western part of Xinjiang over the Karakoram Pass. Historically, but imprecisely, the gulf between Ladakh and the Tibetan plateau begins in the complex labyrinth of mountain ranges eastwards of Rudok, which includes Aling Kangri and Mavang Kangri, and extends southeast to northwest Nepal.
Prior to the division, Baltistan, now under Pakistani oversight, was a county in Ladakh. ?kardo was the Ladakh city in the cold season, while Leh was the summers city. f ] The tops of the Ladakh Range are located at mid-height near the Zoji-la (5,000-5,500 meters or 16,000-18,050 feet) and are increasing to the south-east, which culminates in the two tops of Nun-Kun (7,000 meters or 23,000 feet).
Suru and Zanskar dales are a large basin surrounded by the Himalayas and the Zanskar chain. Kargil, the only city in the Suru River is the second most important city in Ladakh. It is snow-covered and the Pensi-la is only open between June and mid-October. The Dras and Mushkoh Vale make up the west end of Ladakh.
Indus is Ladakh's spine. Following the Indo-Pakistan War of 1947, the part of the Indus that runs through Ladakh became the only part of this flow that is highly revered in Hindus religions and cultures that still runs through India. Siachen Glacier lies in the Karakorum Mountains in the Himalaya Mountains along the controversial Indian-Pakistani-Greek.
Karakoram Range is a large water divide that divides China from the sub-continent of India and is sometimes referred to as the "Third Pole". "From the Saltoro Ridge in the western part of the country to the Karakoram Range in the eastern part. The Saser Kangri is the highest summit in the Saser Muztagh, the most eastern part of the Karakoram Range in India, Saser Kangri I with an elevation of 7,672 meters (25,171 feet).
Ladakh Range has no large summits; its mean altitude is just under 6,000 metres (20,000 feet), and few of its mountain pass is less than 5,000 metres (16,000 feet). Pangong Range stretches along the Ladakh Range about 100 km north west of Chushul on the south bank of Pangong Lake.
Karakorum chain in Ladakh is not as powerful as in Baltistan. There is a threefold border between Leh and East Central Asia - the Ladakh Range, Karakoram Range and Kunlun. Ladakh's flora is very scarce, except along streams and wetland, on high hillsides and watered areas. Some 1250 plants, among them useful plants, have been recorded from Ladakh.
44 ] The up to 6150 metre high Ladakiella climesii was first described here and renamed after this region. Races in Ladakh. It' the statesman of Jammu and Kashmir. It was in October 1993 that the State of Ladakh and the governments of India signed an agreement to confer Autonomous Council of Mountains designation on each area.
It was enacted by the Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Councillor Act, 1995. It was created with the organisation of the Leh District election on 28 August 1995. Kargil, later, passed the Hillcil in July 2003, when the Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Counsel - Kargil was founded.
The Jammu and Kashmir authorities are responsible for the rule of Law and Order, the judiciary, communication and higher learning in the area. The time is documented in Arthur Neves The Tourist's Guide to Kashmir, Ladakh and Skardo, first released in 1911. 62 ] Today about 100,000 visitors per year come to Ladakh.
Ladakh has about 1,800 km of tarmac road, 800 km of which are paved. 66 ] Most streets in Ladakh are managed by the Border Road Organization. Ladakh's main tongue is Ladakhi, a Caribbean one. As a rule, Ladakhis are proficient in Hindi, Urdu and often also English.
There are a number of different languages within Ladakh, so the Chang-pa people's languages are very different from those of Purig-pa in Kargil or Zangskaris, but they are all understandable to each other. Ladakhi had no other writing tradition than classic Ladakhi, but a number of Ladakhi authors have begun to use it in order to produce the slanganguage.
Ladakhi Buddhist monk festivities, such as those of Tibet, often include sacred songs in Tai-tib. Masquerades are an important part of Ladakh's culture. The Hemis Convent, a prominent center of the Buddhist-drukkas, like all the great Ladakhi convents, organizes an annually masquerade school.
80 ] Weave is an important part of Ladakh's tradition of living in the East. Ladakh's most favourite sports are indoor and outdoor skating, usually from mid-December to mid-February. One characteristic of Ladakhi culture that sets it apart from the state is the high level of female stature and comparative empowerment in comparison to other parts of India's countryside.
Brotherly polyandrism and primogenital heredity were customary in Ladakh until the early 1940', when they were banned by the Jammu and Kashmir Gov. 89 ] An effort is being made to maintain the spiritual ownership right of the medicines of the Amchi for the Ladakh population. There are many celebrations in Ladakh. The celebration is held in June to remember the birthday of Guru Padmasambhava.
All over Ladakh the school is well spread, but 75% of them offer only elementary schooling. A bi-weekly English language paper, the only printed medium issued by and for Ladakhis is the Ladakh Bulletin. A Kashmiri paper that covers Ladakh in English and Urdu. The SECMOL Ladags Melong was released in English and Ladakhi from 1992 to 2005.
A number of papers covering Jammu and Kashmir as a whole report on Ladakh. Leap up ^ Without Aksai Chin (37,555 km2), under China management. He twice mentioned a nation named Dadikai, first together with the Gandarioi, and again in the catalog of Xerxes' armies marching into Greece.
Plinius repeated in the 1. cent. that the Dards were great goldproducers. Jumping up ^ See Petech, Luciano. Ladakh around 950-1842 AD, Istituto Italiano per il medias ed Estremo Oriente, 1977. As Xuanzang described a trip from Ch'u-lu-to (Kuluta, Kullu) to Lo-hu-lo (Lahul), he continued that "from there to the northeast, for over 2000 li, the street is very hard, with cool winds and heavy snow"; this leads to the realm of Mo-lo-so, or Mar-sa, tantamount to Mar-yul, a joint name for Ladakh.
Jumping upwards ^ "MHA.nic.in". Archives from the orginal on December 8, 2008. Accessed June 21, 2012. High jumping Wiley, AS (2001). "of low levels of organic fecundity in Ladakh". The Gazetteer of Kashmir and Ladák publié en 1890 Compilé sous la Direction du Quarter Master General en Inde dans la Intelligence Branch, en fait unmißverständlich déclare aux pages 520 et 364 que Khotán est "une provinces de l'Empire chinois située au nord de la chaîne de Kuenlun (Kun Lun),
Ladák border" and "The East mountain constitutes the south border of Khotán and is traversed by two passports, the Yangi or Elchi Díwan, which were traversed by Johnson and the Hindútak Díwan in 1865 and by Robert Schlagentweit in 1857". Highjump ^ Jina, Prem Singh (1996).
Ladakh: High ^ "In the Depths - the Kashmiri Future". Accessed April 16, 2013. Skip high on the ^ "Fantasy Borders". February 8, 2012. Released September 24, 2014. Leap to the top of the world of ^ "India-China border dispute". High jumping Rizvi, Janet (2001). Himalayan Trans-Caravans - merchant princes and peasant traders in Ladakh. Leap upwards ^ Osada et al. (2000), p. 298.
Skip up to: a d e f Rizvi, Janet (1996). Crossing of High Asia. Skip up ^ "Kargil Council For Greater Ladakh". A statesman, August 9, 2003. Accessed August 22, 2006. Skip up to: a bar cd e f Loram, Charlie (2004).
Hiking in Ladakh (2nd edition). Jeopardy Ladakh, the Iranian translation of the La dvag, is justified by the use of the term in several parts of Tibet. Skip up to: a bar Ray, John (2005). The Ladakhi Stories - Local and regional perspectives. Leap up ^ Petech, Luciano (1977).
Ladakh Kingdom around 950-1842 A.D. Istituto Italiano per il medium ed Estremo Oriente. Skip up to: a d Current research on Ladakh 6. Skip up to: a w e Current research on Ladakh 4 & 5. High up ^ "Buddhist Western Himalaya: Accessed December 19, 2016 - via Google Books.
Skip up ^ "Ladakh through the ages, on the way to a new identity". High up ^ "Ladakh". Leap up ^ "Current research on Ladakh 4 & 5". High up ^ "Ladakh". Skip up ^ "Ladakh's rediscovery". Leap up ^ "The Great Kingdom of Maqpon". Leap up ^ "Current research on Ladakh 4 & 5".
Jeopardy ^ Siehe folgende Studien (1) Halkias, T. Georgios(2009) "Until the Feathers of the Winged Black Raven Turn White : Leap to the top ^ "India-China border dispute". Skip up ^ "Ladakh's rediscovery". Leap to the top ^ Johan Elverskog (June 6, 2011). Jumping up ^ Gray Tuttle; Kurtis R. Schaeffer (March 12, 2013).
Highjump ^ Menon, P.M & Proudfoot, C.L., The Madras Sappers, 1947-1980, 1989, Thomson Press, Faridabad, Indien. Leap to the top ^ "The German authorities may clear any meteorological tunnels to Leh today". July 16, 2012. Leap up ^ Bammi, Y.M., Kargil 1999 - the unconquerable conqueror. Hip up ^ "Bharat-rakshak.com". August 21, 1983.
Archiveed from the orginal on June 14, 2012. Accessed June 21, 2012. The Indians have been able to keep the height's strategic edge. The Siachen glacier is situated along the Saltoro Range to the south. Accessed February 20, 2009. Leap up ^ Kulkarni, Pranav (September 26, 2014).
Released December 12, 2014. The Gazetteer of Kashmir and Ladák publié en 1890 Compilé sous la Direction du Quarter Master General en Inde dans la Intelligence Branch, en fait unmißverständlich déclare aux pages 520 et 364 que Khotán est "une provinces de l'Empire chinois située au nord de la chaîne de Kuenlun (Kun Lun),
Ladák border" and "The East mountain constitutes the south border of Khotán and is traversed by two passports, the Yangi or Elchi Díwan, which were traversed by Johnson and the Hindútak Díwan in 1865 and by Robert Schlagentweit in 1857". Jumping up ^ "Multi-Danger Map of India" (PDF).
Archive from the orginal (PDF) on October 31, 2014. Accessed October 31, 2014. Leap up ^ Strzepek, Kenneth M.; Joel B. Smith (1995). Skip up ^ "Edugreen.teri.res.in". Accessed June 21, 2012. Jumping up ^ "Climate in Ladakh". Accessed March 3, 2008. Leap up ^ Dvorský, Miroslav (2018). One of Ladakh's foremen.
Skip upwards ^ German, Dmitry A.; Al-Shehbaz, Ihsan A. (2010-12-01). Highjump ^amgail, T.; Fox, J.L.; Bhatnagar, Y.V. (2004). High Jumping Series ^amgail, T (2006). "Ibex and Blue Sheep in Ladakh, Nordindien" (PDF). High jumping up ^amgail, T. (2006). Highjump ^amgail, T.; Fox, J.L.; Bhatnagar, Y.V. (2007).
Highjump ^amgail, T.; Bagchi, S.; Mishra, C.; Bhatnagar, Y.V. (2008). Highjump ^ Bhatnagar, Y. V.; Wangchuk, R.; Prins, H. H.; van Wieren, S. E.; Mishra, C. (2006). "The perceptual conflict between parochialism and the preservation of Kabang Equus Kabang in the Ladakh Trans-Himalaya". High Jumping ^ Samgail, T (2004).
"Egyptian Lamb in Ladakh". Highjump ^amgail, T.; Foxtrot, J.L.; Bhatnagar, Y.V. (2007). Highjump ^amgail, T.; Bagchi, S.; Bhatnagar, Y.V.; Wangchuk, R. (2005). "Occurrences of the sandfox in Ladakh, Tibet: Volpes Ferrrilata Hodgson: Highjump ^ Bagchi, S.; Samgail, T.; Ritchie, M.E. (2006). Heave up ^ Vishwas S. Kale.
Hop up ^ Dr. Satish K. Sharma. Leap up ^ "Official website of the Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council, Kargil". Archives from the 6 December 2006 org. Accessed August 21, 2006. Leap up ^ "India". Accessed August 21, 2006. Skip up ^ "Fifteenth Lok Sabha Member List". Archives from the orginal on 13 May 2013.
Accessed June 21, 2012. Leap up ^ "Parliamentarians, Indian MPs 2014, Sixteenth Lok Sabha Members". www.elections.in. Released September 28, 2016. Skip up to: a weare, Garry (2002). Leap to the top ^ "Utilization of the huge hydropower potentials of the Indus, Jhelum and Chenab in India". Released November 30, 2017.
Leap up ^ "Distribution of rocks and minerals in the J&K state". Released November 30, 2017. It is the biggest sunscope on earth to be installed in Ladakh. January 6, 2012. Jumping to the top ^ "State Development Report-Jammu and Kashmir, Section 3A" Accessed August 21, 2006. Platform ^ Aircraft successfully land at the Chinese frontier (November 4, 2008).
Archiveed from the orginal on September 5, 2012. Accessed June 21, 2012. Leap up ^ "Kargil's aerial courier service goes into operation". news.outlookindia.com. Archives from the orginal on May 17, 2014. Accessed June 6, 2013. Climb onto ^ "IAF to take the flight to Kargil in summer from December 6th".
Accessed June 6, 2013. High Jumping ^ Ahmed Ali Fayyaz (January 7, 2013). Accessed June 6, 2013. Dive up ^ GreaterKashmir. Archives from the orginal on June 4, 2013. Accessed June 6, 2013. Leap rogramme de Sprung nach oben ^ "Kargil District Population Census 2011, Jammu and Kashmir litreacy six rapports de masculinité et densité". Leap rogramme de Sprung nach oben ^ "Leh District Population Census 2011, Jammu and Kashmir litreacy six rapports de masculinité et densité".
Skip up ^ Anth-SI-01-02-Bhasin-V. p. 65 Filed on the Wayback Machine on July 1, 2007. Skip to: a d "State Development Report-Jammu and Kashmir, Kapitel 2 - Demographics" (PDF). Accessed August 21, 2006. Leap up ^ "Rural population". Accessed August 21, 2006. High up ^ "Ladakh Festival - a cultural spectacle".
Archiveed from the orginal on May 2, 2012. Accessed August 28, 2006. High jumping ^ Norberg-Hodge, Helena (2000). Learn from Ladakh. Jumping up ^ "Masks: Accessed August 21, 2006. Skip up ^ "Living Fabric: Weave among the nomads of the Ladakh Himalaya". Accessed August 21, 2006. Hop up ^ Sherlip, Adam.
Leap up ^ "Ladakh culture". Yammu and Kashmir Tourism. Archiveed from the orginal on July 12, 2006. Accessed August 21, 2006. High Jumping ^ GreaterKashmir.com (Greater Service) (July 10, 2011). Archives from the orginal on 30 July 2013. Accessed June 6, 2013. Highjump ^ Khagta, Himanshu (July 18, 2011).
"Traditional polo in Drass, Ladakh Himanshu Khagta - travel photographer in India." Accessed June 6, 2013. High Jumping ^ "Manipur raises Lalit Suri Polo Cup". June 12, 2012. Archives from the orginal on May 17, 2014. Accessed June 6, 2013. Leap to the top ^ "Business Hotels in India - Events in India - The Lalit Hotels".
Archives from the orginal on 14 March 2013. High Jumping ^ Gielen, Uwe (1998). Skip ar : a to " Skip ar : a to " Plant-life Skip ar : a to " Skip ar : a to " Plant-life. org on medical Skip ar : a to " Skip ar : a to " Plant-life Skip ar : a to " Skip ar : a to " Plant-life. org on medical s Archiveed from the orginal on June 17, 2009. Accessed June 21, 2012. Jeopardy Rigpa ^ "A Indian Goverment Emergency Medical Assistance Project".
Accessed June 21, 2012. Leap up ^ "District Literati and Literacy Rates". Accessed August 21, 2006. Highjump ^ Justin Shilad (2009). Archives from the orginal on November 11, 2013. Accessed February 17, 2008. Skip up ^ "Education in Ladakh". Come and see Ladakh Travel. Archiveed from the orginal on September 28, 2007.
Accessed August 22, 2006. Skip up ^ "AIR Leh". Accessed August 2, 2013. Platform up ^ Schedule of Doordarshan Studio's archives on January 20, 2011 at Wayback Machine. Skip up ^ "Thaindia News". Accessed June 21, 2012. Skip up ^ Deptt, information. Accessed June 21, 2012. Skip up ^ "The Daily Excelsior".
Accessed June 21, 2012. Skip up ^ "The website of the epilogue". Accessed June 21, 2012. Skip up ^ "The Kashmir Times". Kashmir Times. Accessed June 21, 2012. Well-known western exporters to Ladakh. Ladak: Northern Barrier of India: a favourite representation of the Jammoo and Kashmir territories with illustrations. Publishing House, Jammu.
An aspiring traveller in Ladakh, North India. Buy your souvenir in Ladakh, North India. Journey to Ladakh. Ladakh, Living & Cultures. Zrinagar, Kashmir, India: Center for Centro-Asian Studies, Kashmir University. Kashmir, Western Tibet, Gilgit and the neighbouring states. Journeys to the Himalayan provinces of Hindustan and Panjab; in Ladakh and Kashmir, in Peshawar, Kabul, Kunduz and Bokhara... from 1819 to 1825, Volume II.
Learn from Ladakh. Ladakh, crossing of High Asia. Ladakh: The Wikimedia Commons has a connection to Ladakh. Wiki voyage has a guidebook for Ladakh. "The Ladakh District." "Photogalleries of Ladakh". Attractions and places of interest in Ladakh. Accessed January 7, 2007. Ladakh Project. Archiveed from the orginal on July 8, 2012. Accessed February 25, 2007.
"Autonomous Hill Development Council, Leh". Accessed June 6, 2006.