La Coruna

The Coruna

This is the second largest city in the Autonomous Community and the seventeenth largest in the country. Discover the holidays in Coruña and discover the best times and places to visit. s name=" Nom">Nom[edit] Top: ...

2.: tram (left), town hall (right). There is a Koruña Marine Control Tower (left) San Antón Paseo shore area (right). Panoramic view of the center of A? ña and the beach of Orzán. It is a Galician language (Galician: A Corunha; Spanish: La coruña; English: Corunna) and is a small town and commune of Galicia, Spain. This is the second largest town in the Dominican Republic and the 17th largest in the whole state.

It is the capitol of the provinces of the same name, which also functioned as the country's main economic center from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century, as the government center of the Kingdom of Galicia[1][2] and as a local government center between 1833 and 1982, before being superseded by Santiago de Compostela. Coruña is a bustling harbour on a headland in the Golfo Ártabro, a large Atlantic bay.

The use of either Catalan or Catalan shapes now dominates in American. Corunna, the original British shape, can, however, be retained, especially in relation to the Battle of Corunna (1809) in the Peninsula War. Archaic English-speaking people knew the town as " The Groyne ", probably from the French La Corogne. Today in Spain the only formal version of the name is Galician:

"Coruña". However, the use of the La Coruña style is still widely used and is the name traditionally used in Spain and endorsed by the Española Royal Academy for text in English. Certain groups of people have spoken out in favour of making the re-integrationist notation " Corunha " the formal state, of drawing attention to the 1978 Constitution and of asserting that it is illegal to prescribe the use of the notation " Royal Academia Gallega ", but they were not effective until 2018.

Of course, as is common in Galician-Portuguese (and also in Castilian Spanish), the ni clusters developed into sound[?], spelled n, nn or nh in ancient Galilean dictionaries, nn in Spanish (later shortened to ñ, like the initial Roman clusters "nn"), and nh in Portugese and alternate Galilean spellings. "A is the English version of the Galilean item; see the Castilian Spanish la ("das").

Another city called Coruña exists in the province of Burgos. Coruña mistakenly deduces a popular ethnology from the old column or the Tower of Hercules. Coruña lies on a semi-island, and its narrow land was sometimes made up of only a small stripe of sands. Coruña and Christchurch, New Zealand, are one of only seventeen couples of towns in the globe that are almost exactly antipodean.

One Coruña has five churches or "parrots": Coruña has a warm-summer Mediteranean temperate zone (Csb) in the Köppen climatic class, which is strongly influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. Coruña extended from the half island on which the Tower of Hercules is standing to the continent. Its oldest part, known in Galician vernacular as Cidade Vella (Old Town), Cidade Alta (High Town) or the Cidade (City), is constructed on an old Castro.

Romans came to the area in the 2. cent. BC, and the colonizers took advantage of the town' s strategical location, and soon the town became very important for sea-trading. Julius Caesar came to the town ( then known as Brigantium) in 62 B.C. to conduct trading in metals and to establish trading with today's France, England and Portugal.

It began to grow, especially in the first and second millennia (when the Farum Brigantium Tower of Hercules was built), but after the fourth millenium and especially with the Norman invasions that compelled the inhabitants to escape inside the mouth of the river Burgo. A Coruña still had a trading harbour after the Roman Empire fell, which was linked to the rest of the world, but contact with the Mediterranean was gradually superseded by a more Atlantic orientation.

A Coruña was also affected by the de-urbanisation processes that followed the collapse of the Roman Empire. The town was no more than a small town of workers and seamen between the seventh and eighth century. Chronica IRENSE of the eleventh c. calls Faro do Burgo (old name of A Coruña) one of the bishoprics given by Miro Caesar to the episcopacy of Iria Flavia in 572: "Mirus Rex Sedi SUEI Hiriensi contulit bishoprics, Izilicet Morratium, Salinensem, (...)".

Muslims invading the Ibérican Penninsula did not leave any archeological proof in the north-west, so it is impossible to say whether the Muslims invaded the town or not. In Galicia, since in the early eighth centuries there was little more than a short-lived dominion over the isolated and fissured territory supported by some troops, and since the town was no more than a small hamlet in the midst of ancient remains, the intruders showed the same general interest in the destroyed town as they did in the area.

When the town began to recuperate in the Middle Ages, the major problems for the residents were the Norman invasions and the ubiquitous danger of Al-Andalus incursions to the southern hemisphere. In the course of the ninth millennium there were several Vikings who attacked the town, which were then known as Faro or Faro Bregancio.

In order to compensate for this, he transferred control of the town to the Santiago Archbishop. Santiago's episcopate became the most important public office in Galicia and continued to be so until the fifteenth centuary. 1208 Alphonso IX re-founded the town of Crunia. A number of exemptions, such as leaving the ship and the sale of untaxed salts, were given to the town and it experienced a great increase in fisheries and trade.

And the town expanded and expanded through the narrowness. A Coruña was given the status of "City" by John II of Castile in 1446. Catholic Monarchs founded the Royal Audience of the Kingdom of Galicia in the town, replacing Santiago. Coruña also became the captain general's headquarter.

Later in 1522, Charles V granted the town of A Coruña the licence to build the Spice House, which was the harbour that Jofre Garcia de Loysa chose for his Moluccan conquest expedition. Recently, the town was a harbour and center for the production of textile products.

1520 Charles I of Spain gathered at the court of A Coruña and boarded from his port to be chosen Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (as Charles V). Between 1522 and 1529 he permitted the Galician kingdom authorities to spread spices throughout Europe. San Antón Castle was constructed to defend the town and its port.

In 1554 Philip II departed from the harbour of Ferrol in the province of A Coruña to wed Mary Tudor, and much later, in 1588, from the same harbour, the Spanish Armada sailed to the Spanish Netherlands and England. The following year, during the Anglo-Spanish war, Francis Drake sieged A Coruña, but was fended off by beginning the story of María Pita, a women who took her deceased husband's javelin, murdered the banner boy of the English Armed Services, and gathered help to repudiate a break in the Berlin walls for the foes.

Sixteenth and seventeenth century battles in the Spain led to a sharp rise in taxation and the beginning of draft. Coruña was the scene of the Battle of Corunna during the Peninsular War of 16 January 1809, in which English forces were fighting against the French to secure the entry of English forces after their withdrawal.

Sinforiano López was the leader of the Spaniards' opposition during the Peninsula War, and A Coruña was the only town in Galicia to succeed against the forces of France. At the end of May 1809 Galicia was abandoned by France. It was the center of an antimonarchist atmosphere in the nineteenth centuary. Juan Díaz Porlier declared Porlier against Fernando VII to defend the 1812 Constitution of Spain on 19 August 1815.

A Coruña backed the liberals in all the revolts of the nineteenth centuary. Coruña also plays an important part in the Rexurdimento, where the Royal Academy of Galicia was established in 1906 and the Fraternities of the Galician Language in 1916. As far as the economic sector is concerned, the National Cigarette Factory was established in 1804, where the city's labour market was born.

In the course of the nineteenth and eighteenth centuries, other companies (glass, casthouses, textile, gas, matchsticks, etc.) were gradually set up, but it was sea trading and migration that drew Catalan, Belgium, France and England investment. Bank of A Coruña was created in 1857. A Coruña had about 45,000 residents at the beginning of the 20 th centuries.

Global depression and the civil war in Spain seriously affected the economies from the early 30s to the mid 1950s. There was a drastic bounce in the economies in the 1960s and early 70s, which was part of the broader Spain wonder. At the 1931 parliamentary election in Spain, all party politicians knew that the election results had important implications.

In A Coruña, the Unión Monárquica initiative was very important and promoted by El Ideal Gallego. Republikans and Sozialists formed a bloc composed of ORGA, independents Republikanern, the Socialist Workers Party of Spain (PSOE) and the Radical Socialist Republican Party. Between 1983 and 2006 the PSOE (Mayor of the City) Francisco Vázquez Vázquez was the PSOE, and the PSOE was dedicated to service, but he was also criticized for being open to GALIC patriotism and its urban policy.

Vázquez was appointed Vatican Town Ambassador on 20 January 2006 and was later succeeded by Francisco Javier Losada de Azpiazu. At the 2007 municipal elections, the municipal administration was a local governing coalition of the Galician Socialist and the Galician Bloc left-nationalist parties. In 2008, the twentieth century was commemorated.

At the 2011 municipal elections, the right-wing Carlos Negreira (PP) won a parliamentary vote, the first for the People's Party in the country since the introduction of democratic rule. Xulio Ferreiro (Marea Atlántica), who was chosen in 2015 for an anti-corruption mission, is the present major. Its task is to enhance urban development rather than expose it to the grace of a dirty, non-regulated marketing policy that has negatively affected many parts of the community.

It has broad regional backing against an arrangement to divest the city's harbour (a bequest of former major Carlos Negreira) to privately owned investors wishing to build high-rise, enclosed multi-family houses for which there is no genuine commercial need in a town of less than 250,000 people.

One of the three royal shipyards, the biggest harbour of the north of Spain, together with Cartagena and Cádiz, almost became a "dead" city during the rule of Ferdinand VII. Until 1833 the civil inhabitants of the city and the naval base Ferrol sank to 13,000. During the management of the Marquise of Molina, Minister of Naval Affaires in the mid 19th centuries, new activity arose, but Ferrol never quite reverted to its former splendour.

During these years, most Latin American Spain has managed to break away from its former city. A Coruña's inhabitants in 1900 were 43,971, while the remainder of the provincial territory, which included the town and naval station of Ferrol and Santiago de Compostela, had 653,556 inhabitants.

12 ] The wondrous post-war development of a Coruña occurred at a similar pace to other large towns in Galicia, but it was only after the deaths of Francisco Franco that the town of A Coruña (and Vigo) abandoned all other towns in Galicia. A Coruña's rapid rise in populations in the years following the civil war in Spain in the mid-20th centuries was followed by the demise of the provincial towns and districts in the wake of industrialisation.

A Coruña has 244,810 residents and a densitiy of about 6,700 residents per km2. There were 12,344 aliens residing in the town in 2010, which represents 5% of the overall populace. According to linguistic, according to the 2008 figures, 7. 75% of the populations always speaking Galician, 36% always speaking Spanish and the remainder used both interchangeable.

It is also known for its typical glass windows, the so-called gaalerías. These fashions began in the eighteenth centuries in Ferrol, when some of the engineers who worked for the Royal Dockyards had the inspiration to use the back of a battleship in a contemporary edifice.

Ciudad Vieja in Spanish, Cidade Vella in Galician) is the name of the oldest part of A Coruña. King Alfonso IX re-founded the town in 1208 on the present site of the old town and placed it under his own supervision, free from loyalty to the clerics or vassals.

During the 14th centuries, the barely preserved old town ramparts and three ports were built: the Parrot and San Miguel. A Coruña's old town has roads and plazas that bring the city's past back to life, as well as fine villas and residential buildings such as Rosalia de Castro's home on Prince Street.

Noteworthy are the Royal Galilean Academy, the institute devoted to the studies of Galilean civilization and in particular the Galilean idiom, the Romanesque church of Santiago and Saint Mary, the monastery of As Bárbaras (Romanesque and Baroque) and the main operational logistic centre of the Hispanic army. A medieval festival is held in the old town in July.

There are several archaeological museum in the town, such as the Archaeological Museum of San Antón Castle, the Museum of Fine Arts, the Unión Fenosa Museum of Contemporary Art (MACUF) and the Science Museum Collection Museum Collection (Casa dei Ciencias, which also houses a planetary, Dorus, Arata Isozaki and Aquarium Finisterrae). The National Museum of Science and Technology (MUNCYT) opened a subsidiary in the town in 2012.

Los Jardines (The Gardens), a garden at the beginning of the Rúa Real and the Los Cantones Village Shopping Centre are another favourite destinations for mostly young visitors. The María Pita Place, the most important place of the town. Remarkable sights are the town hall and the sculpture of the locals' matador Maria Pita.

The Mount of San Pedro Park, a former army area overlooking the town and the riveria. During the summer, the Orzán and Riazor sandy areas are very attractive places to visit, directly opposite the harbour in the centre of the town. There are other smaller sandy areas in the town, smaller than Orzan and Riazor, Las Lapas below Hercules Tower, El Matadero next to Orzan, San Amaro and Oza.

Today, A Coruña is the most prosperous part of Galicia and its driving force. In the last few centuries there have been various changes in the urban fabric - today it divides some administration tasks with the neighbouring town of Ferrol. A Coruña is the most prosperous of the Galician urban areas and has seen its growth in terms of finances, communications, design, distribution, production and engineering service.

It itself discharges large quantities of freshwater and with the growth of other harbour activity such as crudes and dry cargo, which account for 75% of Galicia's harbour trade. Zara, a garment manufacturer established by Amancio Ortega Gaona, opened its first market in the world in 1975 and has since developed into a domestic and foreign garment line.

Coruña concentrated 30% of Galicia's GNP and between 1999 and 2001 increased by 35%, outperforming Vigo, which was historically stronger. Further important enterprises of the town are Banco Pastor (owned by Banco Popular Español), Banco Etcheverría (oldest in Spain), Hijos de Rivera Brewery, Abanca, R Cable Operator, the Repsol Raffinerie, Gaz Natural Combined Cut Heat Plants, General Dynamics Works, Alpha aluminum works and La Voz de Galicia, the most important Galician paper.

Coruña is also an important trade centre. Spain's most important supermarket group, El Corte Inglés, has two centres in the town, one of them in the new Marineda Business Quarter, which opened in April 2011, the largest mall in Spain, which features IKEA and Decathlon shops, cinema, an skating ring, a petanque and a karting track.

The other supermarkets represented in the town are Carrefour (two centres), Hipercor and Auchan (known in Spain as Alcampo). This has confirmed the town' s status as a center for management, sale, port operations, cultural events and touristism. It also has a local aerodrome used by 1,025 people. A Coruña's tourist industry has grown in recent years to include 62 cruiseships per year.

A major public day is the San Juan / San Xoán night,[17] commemorated with a huge firework display, carnival party, campfires and old campfires on all the city's shores until dusk. For the first the number of visitors in 2006 and for the first year ever has practically increased to 500,000, who have chosen the town as their travel resort.

It has an extended hospitality system with more than 3,000 available rooms. PALEXCO is a congress and exhibition center with space for more than 2,500 persons; EXPOCORUÑA is a new fairground where shows, fairs and festivities such as Sónar take place.

It is also situated on the English Way, a road of the Camino de Santiago. The higher educational system is supported by the Coruña Universities, a publicly funded institution founded in 1989, the United Nations Educational and Scientific Organization (UNED), and CESUGA, a privately owned academic center in collaboration with Dublin College, which provides Bachelor of Commerce and Bachelor of Architecture degree programs.

Arquivo do Reino de Galicia in Galicia is an archive of the Kingdom of Galicia situated in the old town. The Escuela Oficial de Idiomas (Spanish Schools ) has a centre that provides courses in English, French, Catalan, Hungarian, Italian, French, Dutch, German, Portugese, Arabian, Russian, Simplified Mandarin, Simplified Mandarin, Simplified Mandarin, Simplified Mandarin, Simplified Mandarin, Traditional Mandarin, Traditional Mandarin, Traditional Mandarin, Traditional Mandarin, Traditional Mandarin, and Traditional Mandarin.

Coruña is also the starting point for the Orquesta Sinfónica de Galicia. There are two major theatres in the town, the Teatro Colón and the Teatro Rosalía, with regularly scheduled shows, musical recitals and other shows. Noroeste Pop Rock (free Riazor beaches concerts), free shows throughout the town, the Old Town Mediaeval Market, the International Folklore Festivals, a bookshow, the Viñetas dede o Atlántico International Folklore Show, a cartoon show and, for the first in 2011, a replica of the celebrated Oktoberfest in Germany.

Johannistag is another very favourite celebration, held on 23 June with campfires under the stars on the beach and in districts throughout the town. Coruña is the target of one of the Madrid N-VI highways. The AP-9 highway, which connects Ferrol to the Portugese frontier and crosses the most important towns of Galicia, is another important street that crosses the town.

The AG-55 highway connects the town with the Costa da Morte, although it currently only goes as far as Carballo. Coruña Airport, formerly known as Alvedro Airport, is situated in the town of Culleredo, about 7 km from the center of the town. Its main destination is Spain, although there are frequent connections to London and Lisbon as well as Amsterdam and Paris in the peak seasons.

In the years to come, the town will be linked to Madrid and Vigo by high-speed train services. Local train services link the town to Vigo via Santiago de Compostela and Pontevedra, Lugo and Monforte de Lemos. There are also train services to Madrid, Barcelona and the Basque Country and many other important towns in the north of Spain.

There' s a goods depot serving the docks. Coruña is well linked to its metro region and other municipalities in Galicia. There are also connections to Madrid, Barcelona, Andalusia and the Basque Country as well as to major international destinations such as Geneva, Paris and Munich. A Coruña is served by the Compañía de Tranvías de La Coruña.

Taxis are also provided on a frequent basis in taxitanks throughout the town. Coruña has an extended net of sport infrastructure. Riazor Sport Complex is the most important one, which comprises the Estadio Riazor (seat of the Deportivo de La Coruña), the Sport Palace (seat of the HC Liceo La Coruña), two outdoor circuits, a plaza del Puña and an outdoor area.

It also has five urban soccer pitches, 11 sport centres and several marine clubs (Real Náutico Golf Course, Marina Coruña, etc.). There is a top class soccer team in the town, the Real Deportivo de La Coruña. The Deportivo was established in 1906 and today plays in the Segunda División, the second stage of the Portuguese Liga system.

Ever since the foundation of the Spaniard Leagues System in 1928, it has been in the first two ranks except for two season. It has also twice won the trophy (1995 and 2002) and three supercups. It has a roll ice team, the HC Liceo La Coruña, one of Spain's biggest prizewinners, and plays in the OK Liga.

CB Koruña, a baseball club from Koruña, is playing in the LEB Oro Liga, the double German Bundesliga. The OAR Ciudad 1952 (es) hand ball squad is currently playing in the top flight in Spain. Towers is currently playing in the LGFA, the local GALIC club for soccer. In 2010 and 2011, two Greek sports clubs were created, A coruña Fillos de Breogán (with men's and women's teams) and Ártabros de Oleiros (also from A coruña).

You will take part in the Iberian Championship and the Galician League. The Casas Novas Equestrian Centre, on the edge of the town, organises many domestic and foreign competitions. A Coruña will host the annual[19] Teresa Herrera de Bowling event, which took place this year (2016) from 24 to 28 August at the Pleno Centre in Marineda Street, attracting Spanishers.

Rafael Domingos Merino Mexuto was the first PSG civil governor under the 1978 Constitution of Spain (he is now with BNG) and now works in the Galician Ombudsman's Offices (Valedor). PSOE Francisco Vázquez Vázquez was Lord Mayor since 1983, but after becoming Vatican Messenger of Spain, he was succeeded by Javier Losada on February 10, 2006.

Xulio Ferreiro of Marea Atlántica, who was chosen in 2015 for an anti-corruption term, is the present major. Its task is to enhance urban development rather than expose it to the grace of a dirty, non-regulated marketing policy that has negatively affected many parts of the community.

It has broad regional backing against an arrangement to divest the city's harbour (a bequest of former major Carlos Negreira) to privately owned investors wishing to build high-rise, enclosed multi-family houses for which there is no genuine commercial need in a town of less than 250,000 people.

Pérez Lucas (born 1988), footballer at Arsenal F.C. A Coruña is a partner: A Coruña, capital militar y administrativa del Reino... de Artaza, Manuel María (1998). King, Kingdom and Representation: the General Assembly of the Kingdom of Galicia (1599-1834). Corunna, Armory, Capitol and Head of the Kingdom of Galicia..."

"Captain General Pedro Martín Cermeño and the Kingdom of Galicia". A Coruña High. World Weather Information Service - A Coruna". Coruña, A: Portugal and Sex. "Coruña Region - Coat of Arms and Flag of Coruña - Support for the Tower as a UNESCO World Heritage Site!

Tramways in La Coruna - La Coruna Forum - TripAdvisor". "A Coruña, Spain, Riazor Beach." "Corunna". Wikivoyage has a guidebook for A Coruña. Commons Wikimedia has related to A Coruña medium.

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