World War II

Officially Kyoto Kyoto City is the capital of Kyoto Prefecture, which is located in the Kansai region of Japan. Discover the Kyoto holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. For over a millennium Kyoto (??) was the capital of Japan and is considered the most beautiful city.

The KYOTO Japanese Steak House & Sushi Bar is a great place to enjoy lunch or dinner. At least once in your life you should see Kyoto.

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Tokyo (??, Ky?to, ;[4]Japanese: Kyoto Officially Kyoto Town ( ???, Ky?to-shi, Japanese: Kyoto prefecture and is situated in the Kansai area of Japan. One of the best-known cities in Japan's historical heritage, it has been the former Reich capitol of Japan for more than a thousand years and a large part of the greater Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe area.

Kyoto used to be known as Ky? (?), Miyako (?) or Ky? no Miyako (???) in Japan. It was in the eleventh millennium that the name of the town was changed to Kyoto ("capital"), from China's calligraphy, Jaingdu (??). After Edo was re-named Tokyo in 1868 (??, which means "East Capital") and the Emperor's headquarters were relocated there, Kyoto was briefly known at Saiky? (??, which means "Western Capital").

Sometimes Kyoto is referred to as the thousand year old capitol (????). Miaco's 18th-century Europe citymap Sufficient archeological proof indicates that habitation in Kyoto began in the Palaeolithic[8], but not much remains of unpublished materials on man's activities in the pre-6th-century region where the Shimogamo shrine is said to have been erected.

In 794, the new Halan -ky? town ( "Rest and Friedenskapital "), a scale reproduction of the then Tang capitol Chang'an,[10] became the headquarters of the Japan Emperor's Courtyard and began the Halan era of Japan's past. Even though warlords settled their government either in Kyoto (Muromachi Shogunate) or in other towns such as Camakura (Kamakura Shogunate) and Edo (Tokugawa Shogunate), Kyoto stayed the capitol of Japan at the times of the emperor's restoration until the relocation of the royal courts to Tokyo in 1869.

During the war of 1467-1477 at ?nin, the village experienced considerable damage and did not really recuperate until the middle of the 16th centrury. The aristocratic houses were turned into fortifications, low ditches were excavated throughout the town for defence and as fire breaks, and a number of houses burnt down. Since then, the town hasn' been so badly destroyed.

At the end of the sixteenth millennium, Toyotomi Hideyoshi rebuilt the town, constructing new roads to duplicate the number of north-south roads in the centre of Kyoto and rectangular block buildings to replace the old quadratic one. His Hideyoshi also constructed earth wall structures named ontoi ( ??? ) which surround the city. The Teramachi Street in the center of Kyoto is a Buddhist sanctuary district where Hideyoshi collected monuments in the town.

During the Edo era, the city's business boomed as one of three large Japanese towns, the others being Osaka and Edo. The United States had some thoughts about using a nuclear weapon to target Kyoto at the end of the Second World War, because as the brainchild of Japan, it had a sufficiently large populace to possibly get the Kaiser to capitulate.

At the urging of Henry L. Stimson, war minister of the Roosevelt and Truman governments, the town was finally struck off the target register and substituted for Nagasaki. Even from customary bomb attacks the town remained largely untouched, although small aerial attacks led to losses.

Consequently, the Imperial City (Emeritus) of Kyoto is one of the few towns in Japan that still has a wealth of pre-war monuments, such as the old town houses known as Makiya. The modernisation, however, is continuously abandoning the Kyoto tradition in favour of a newer architectural style such as the Ky?to station ensemble.

On 1 September 1956 Kyoto was declared a municipality by decree of the state. Kyoto organised the 1997 Kyoto Summit, at which the Kyoto Protocol on GHG was adopted. Kyoto-Kyoto is situated in a small part of the Yamashiro (or Kyoto) basin, in the east of the mountain range known as the Tamba uplands.

Kyotoku town center occupies 17. 9 percent of the country in the county with an area of 827. Originally, the town was designed according to the principles of Feng Shaui, a tradition of the old Chang'anan. Emperor's Palace faces southwards, so Uky? (the right side of the capital) is to the western side and Saky? (the right side) is to the eastern side.

Today the central shopping quarter is situated just South of the old imperial palace, while the less inhabited North area retains a much more green appearance. Neighbouring areas do not have the same raster as the centre of the town, although the roads throughout Kyoto differ in that they have name.

The Kyoto River lies on a large groundwater level that provides the town with abundant fresh wells. Kyoto was Japan's biggest historical town, later exceeded by Osaka and Edo (Tokyo) towards the end of the sixteenth cenury. Kyoto was trading with Kobe and Nagoya in the pre-war years, which ranked fourth and fifth among the biggest cities.

The Kyoto region has a wet semi-tropical environment (Köppen Cfa) with strong variations in temperatures and rainfall. The rainy seasons in Kyoto begin around mid-June and last until the end of July, leading to a warm and warm second half of summers. Kyoto, along with most of the Pacific coastline and Japan's main areas, is susceptible to typhoons in September and October.

Daisaku Kadokawa, an impartial party backed by the Democratic Party of Japan, the Liberal Democratic Party, the New Komeito Party, your party and the Social Democratic Party, is the directly-elected executive prime minister in Kyoto from 2013[update]. There are 69 members voted in by the municipal legislature. There are eleven stations in Kyoto (?, ku). Together they form the town of Kyoto.

Kyoto, like other Japanese towns, has a unique major and alderman. It is one of Japan's best-preserved towns with 2,000 places of worship - 1,600 Buddha and 400 Shinto relics, as well as buildings, parks and architectural heritage. Some of the most popular Japanese monuments include Kiyomizu-dera, a splendid wood monastery carried by columns on the slopes of a hill; Kinkaku-ji, the monastery of the Golden Pavilion; Ginkaku-ji, the monastery of the Silver Pavilion; and Ry?an-ji, renowned for its rockery.

Heian Jing? is a Shinto sanctuary made in 1895 to celebrate the Emperor's birth and to commemorate the first and last Emperor to live in Kyoto. There are three places with links to the Emperor's family: the area of Kyoto Gyoen with the Emperor's Palace of Kyoto and the Emperor's Palace Sent?, where the Imperors of Japan have lived for many hundreds of years; the Emperor's Villa of Katsura, one of the nation's most beautiful architectonic gems; and the Emperor's Villa of Shugaku-in, one of Japan's best garden complexes.

The other places in Kyoto are Arashiyama, the Gion and Pontoch? spiritual quarter, the Philosopher's Walks and the channels that line some of the older avenues. UNESCO has declared the "Historical Monuments of Ancient Kyoto" a World Heritage Site. Also other locations outside the town are on the shortlist.

It is known for its richness of tasty dishes and dishes from Japan. Kyoto's particular status as a secluded seaside town and home to many buddhist temples led to the emergence of a multitude of vegetable species specific to the Kyoto area (???, ky?-yasai). Japan's TV and movie industries are based in Kyoto.

Eigamura shows reproductions of old houses from Japan used for Yidaigeki as a backdrop and thematic in one. Kyoto is known as Ky?-kotoba or Ky?to-ben, a constitutive Kansaidialect dialect. At the time when Kyoto was the capitol of Japan, the Kyoto dialect was the de facto de facto norm for Japan and affected the evolution of the Tokyo dialect, Japan's contemporary one.

Well-known Kyoto terms are a courteous Kopula dosu, an honorable verb ending with -haru, a welcome okoshi-yasu obverse, etc. Ky?to Toshiken Jichitai Network and blue representing Kyoto MEA. Kyoto's core industrial sector is information technologies and electronics: the municipality houses the head office of Nintendo, Intelligent Systems, SCREEN Holdings,[21]Tose, Hatena, Omron,[22]Kyocera, Shimadzu Corp.

Handicrafts in Japan are also an important industrial activity in Kyoto, and most of them are carried out by craftsmen in their factories. The Kyoto kimonowebereien are particularly well-known, and the Kyoto remain the most important centre of them all. Saint brewery is the Kyoto tradition industrial site. Both Gekkeikan and Takara Holdings are large breweries of sake based in Kyoto.

Further well-known companies based in Kyoto are Aiful, Ishida, MK,[31]Nissen Holdings, Oh-sho, Sagawa Express, Volks and Wacoal. Kyoto, with 40 universities, is one of the leading centres of academia in Japan. The Times Higher Bildung Top-Ranking Universität says that Kyoto is Japan's second-largest higher educational institution after the Tokyo universities and will be number 25 worldwide in 2010[update].

The Kyoto Institute of Technology is also one of Japan's most renowned colleges and is regarded as one of the country's best architectural and engineering colleges. Favourite privately owned colleges such as Doshisha University and Ritsumeikan University are also in town. The Osaka Airport bus connects Itami Airport and Kyoto Station Hachijo Gate in 50 min and costs 1,310 Japanese yen (from 2017) for a one-way ticket.

Kyoto's urban public transport system is vast. There are also privately-owned forwarding agents in the town. Kyoto busses have greetings in British and stop plates with stop numbers marked in the Roman script. The majority of citybuses have a regular ticket price. They are especially useful to visit many different places of interest within Kyoto. Directly in front of the main railway depot, the information centre processes your ticket and passport.

You can also get this at the information centre in front of the central railway yard. Busses departing on lines within the town, county and country stop at Kyoto Railway Station. There is a shuttle service to the Kyoto railway stations at the junctions Shij? Kawaramachi and Sanj? Keihan. At the crossroads of Karasuma Kita?ji just North of downtown there is a large coach depot that serves those who take the Karasuma line under Karasuma Strait, the most important north-south strait in Kyoto.

Bicycling is a very important way of getting around the town. It is such a large geographical and urban area that it can be explored by bike. In the centre of Kyoto there are five bike hire centres and 21 EcoStations. The one-way system is widespread within the old streets of Kyoto and is necessary to preserve its nature.

It is linked to other parts of Japan by the Meishin Expressway, which has two junctions in the city: The Kyoto Higashi (Kyoto East) in Yamashina-ku and the Kyoto Minami (Kyoto South) in Fushimi-ku. Kyoto-Jukan Expressway links the town with the northerly areas of Kyoto Prefecture. In Kyoto there are nine main roads:

Like other large Japanese metropolises, Kyoto is well supplied with railway transport infrastructure run by several different businesses and organisations. Kyoto Station, one of the country's most beloved railway yards, links the Shinkansen Bull Line T?kaid? (see below) with five JR West routes, a Kintetsu line and an urban Underground.

Keihan, Hankyu and other railway systems also provide regular connections within the town and to other towns and villages in the Kinki area. In Kyoto, there is a Railway Heritage Site where the JR Museum (formerly Umekoji Steam Locomotive Museum, located around the roundhouse) offers the visitor the variety of Japan's railway system.

Kyoto Municipal Transportation Bureau runs the Kyoto Municipal Subway, which consists of two lines: the Karasuma Line and the T?zai Line. You can also join the Kyoto Station and the Kyoto Hankyu-Kyoto line, which runs through the city at Shij? Street at the junction of Shij? Karasuma, the Kyoto's main shopping area.

Under Shij? Karasuma, the underground stop is Shij?, while Hankyus is Karasuma. Kintetsu and the transport office together provide transport via a service to Kintetsu Kyoto Line to Kintetsu Nara Base in Nara. Karasuma line and Kintetsu-Kyoto line join in Kyoto and Takeda.

You will find all the stops in the actual town. The line starts from the southeast of the town, then from eastern to western (e.g. in Japanese t?zai) through Kyoto inner centre, where train services run under the three east-west roads: Uji terminals at Uji; Ishida and Daigo terminals at Fushimi-ku; Ono, Nagitsuji, Higashino, Yamashina and Misasagi terminals at Yamashina-ku; Keage, Higashiyama and Sanj? Keihan terminals at Higashiyama-ku; Kyoto Shiyakusho-mae, Karasuma Oike, Nij?j?-mae, Nij? and Nishi?ji Oike terminals at Nakagy?-ku; and Uzumasa Tenjingawa terminals at Uky?-ku.

Keihan Keishin Line has been incorporated into this line, and so Keihan offers via Hama?tsu in the neighboring town of ?tsu, the Shiga Prefecture Principality. With the exception of Rokujiz?, all stops are in Kyoto. JR Central's Shinkansen T?kaid? offers high-speed trains connecting Kyoto with Nagoya, Yokohama and Tokyo eastwards from Kyoto and Osaka, and westbound on San'y? Shinkansen such as Kobe, Okayama, Hiroshima, Kitakyushu and Fukuoka.

Nozomi will take you from Hakata in Fukuoka to Kyoto in just over three and a half hour. Every train, Nozomi included, stops at Kyoto Station and serves as a gate to Kyoto Prefecture and the North East of Osaka, South Shiga and North Nara. Japan's traditional trading and transportation took place on inland shipping routes, which had only a minor impact on the local economy, even the motorway system constructed by the Shogunates.

Kyoto has a number of streams, channels and other navigation routes. Seta and Uji flows into (Yodo River), Kamogawa and Katsura Streams through Kyoto. Approximately 20% of Japan's national treasures and 14% of its important cultural assets are located in the actual town. UNESCO World Heritage Site Historical Monuments of Old Kyoto (Kyoto, Uji and Otsu Cities) comprises 17 sites in Kyoto, Uji in Kyoto Prefecture and ?tsu in Shiga Prefecture.

Well-known for its tradition of celebrating over 1000 years, Kyoto is an important tourism city. The Gion Matsuri, two month later (1-31 July), is known as one of Japan's three big festival venues, which culminates in a huge July 17 show.

The Bon Festival is marked by Kyoto's Gozan no Okuribi, which lights a fire on the mountain to bring the ghosts home (August 16). On 22 October, Jidai Matsuri, the Festival of the Ages, will celebrate the famous past of Kyoto. Kyoto is played in soccer by Kyoto Sanga FC, who won the Emperor's Cup in 2002 and was promoted to Division 1 of the J. League in 2005.

The Kyoto Sanga has a long tradition as an non-business non-profit organization, although it was only with the emergence of professionalism that it was able to enter the top class of Japan. Non-profit foosball teams such as F.C. Kyoto BAMB 1993 and Kyoto Shiko club (both renegade fractions of the Kyoto Shiko originally converted to Kyoto Sanga) as well as independent AS Laranja Kyoto and Amitie SC Kyoto are competing in the Kansai local foosball League.

From 1951 to 1952, Central League Shochiku Robins performed their franchise matches at Kinugasa Ballpark (yes:????, Kinugasa Kyujo) in Kita-ku. During 2010, the Nishikyogoku Stadium in Ukyo-ku became home to a recently founded girl basketball pro-game, the Kyoto Asto Dreams. In addition, the high schools' Kyoto base ball squads are powerful, with Heian and Toba performing particularly well at the recent Koshien Stadium Nishinomiya near Osaka.

The Kyoto Racecourse in Fushimi-ku is one of ten racetracks run by the Japan Racing Association. Kyoto, the Japanese capitol of education and cultural life, has long had links with other major metropolises around the globe. In the course of the ages, many scientists, international painters and authors have remained in Kyoto.

Skip to ^ Communications, Statistical Office, Interior Ministry and. Skip up ^ ??????????????. Skip to ^ Communications, Statistical Office, Interior Ministry and. Hop up "Kyoto or Kyoto". Hop up ^ Lowe, John. The old Kyoto: Brief social history, p. x. Skip up ^ Nakagaawa, Kazuya (November 2006).

????????[Kyoto in the Palaeolithic] (PDF). ?????????? (in Japanese). Skip up ^ Ebrey, Walthall & Palais 2006, p. 103. Hop up ^ Stephen, Morillo (1995). Comparative study on Europe and Japan*" (PDF). Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1931). Kyoto; its histories and vicissitudes since its foundation in 792 to 1868. p. 241.

Skip up to: a by ???????????? (XLSX). Kyoto town. Leap up high ^ "The atomic bomb and the end of World War II: Skip up ^ "???? ????". The Manhattan Project, Department of Energy at mbe.doe. gov archives 2006-09-28 at the Wayback Machine. Skip up ^ HyperHistory. net Dec. 22, 2009.

Skip up ^ "Welcome to Kyoto - Toei Uzumasa Eigamura Movie Museum". Skip up ^ "??????". Japanese. Office of the Cabinet (Japan). Leap up ^ "Purchasing parity (PPP)". Skip up ^ "Dainippon Screen Company Profile". Skip to top ^ "OMRON company data". Skip up ^ "Shimadzu Company Profile". Skip up ^ "Raw company data".

Skip to top ^ "Horiba Corporate Overview". Skip to top ^ "Nidec Firmenprofil". Skip to top ^ "Nichicon Firmenprofil". Skip to top ^ "Nissin Electric firm outline". Leap up ^ "Publication of the overall results of Kyoto tourism research in 2013" (press release). Kyoto town. Skip up ^ "20 nice pictures show why Kyoto is a treasure".

Hop up "MK Taxi Kyoto Official Site". Hop up Xoshitsugu Kanemoto. Hop up ^ "Kyoto uses its diverse charm to draw foreign students". Climb on The Times Higher Education Supplement World University Rankings. Hop up. English. A consortium of universities in Kyoto. Hop up Stanford Japan Center.

Skip up ^ JR-WEST: Travel Information > Access Kansai Airport Archive 2006-04-07 at the Wayback Machine. Skip up ^ "Timetable, bus stop & fare". Skip to top ^ "Community Cycle | Cycle Kyoto". Hop up ^ Scott, David (1996). Discover Japan. Skip to the top ^ Kyoto visitor's guide (1998). Tourist Office Kyoto, Kyoto Municipality.

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The old walls of Kyoto: Wikivoyage has a guidebook for Kyoto.

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