Christianssund [kristj?n?s?n?] (listen) (historically Christianssund and formerly Fosna) is a small village on the west shore of Norway in the Nordmøre area of Møre and Romsdal counties. In 1742 it was formally recognised as a commune and is still the most important centre of the area. Kristiansund is the administration centre of the commune.
Further towns in the community are the towns of Kvalvåg, Rensvik and Nedre Frei. Christianssund was founded on 1 January 1838 as a congregation (see formannskapsdistrikt). The Grip archive was divided from the Kristiansund commune on 1 January 1897 to become an independent commune. Kristiansund was joined on 1 January 1964 with the small town of Grip (104 inhabitants) in the north-west and the Dale area of Bremsnes on the Nordlandet Isle ( 963 inhabitants).
4 ] The neighbouring open community was fused with Kristiansund on 1 January 2008 and formed a much bigger Kristiansund community. Formerly called Christianssund, the town is called after the Danish-Norwegian Emperor Christian VI in 1742. The name Christianssund was spelt before 1877, from 1877 to 1888 it was spelt Kristianssund, and since 1889 it has its present writing, Kristiansund.
Prior to the establishment of postcodes in Norway in 1968, it was quite simple to mistake the name Kristiansund for Kristiansand in the southern part of the country. Therefore it was mandatory to always insert Kristiansund (Kristiansund N) with an additional value of either 1 or 1 (for North) and 1 or 1 (for South). However, there are no cascades in the community.
There are three churches (sokn) in the parish of Kristiansund. St. Eystein is the only Roman Catholic cathedral in Kristiansund. It is bordered to the NE by the commune of Smøla and the commune of Aure, to the EE by the commune of Tingvoll, to the SE by the commune of Gjemnes and to the SW by the commune of Averøy.
This small Grip-Archipel lies in the north-western part of the town. Kvernesfjord and Freifjord with the open ocean in the north-west. Nordlandet in Kristiansund. The Kristiansund is constructed on four major islets, with many smaller islets. Nordlandet is the second biggest offshore isle ( "North Land", called Morocco humorously) and the location of the Kristiansund Airport, Kvernberget (IATA code: KSU).
Kirkelandet (the "church land") is spoken in the vernacular as "Kirklandet" without the center e. The smallest of the islands is Innlandet ("Innermost Land"; humorous "Tahiti"). Frei is the biggest isle of the commune, which was part of the old free commune fused with Kristiansund on 1 January 2008.
Freikollen is the highest point of the village, 629 meters above sea level. Grip is also part of the community, situated to the north-west of Kristiansund. This was the smallest community in Norway and one of the most isolated until it fused with Kristiansund in 1964.
The Grip Stabkirche, the second smallest stack of Norway (Undredal Stavekirche is smaller), is also at Grip. Here is also the Grip Lighthouse. Kiristiansund is one of the most heavily settled towns in Norway and has probably the most urbane small downtown area in the whole nation, which is due to the relatively small dimensions of the island on which it is constructed and the very narrow Kirkelandet harbour/city area.
Lots of scholars believe that the very first Norwegian was living near the town of Kristiansund. At the same epoch there was also much eating in the ocean around Kristiansund, and it is assumed that the first settlements reached Kristiansund around the year 8000 BC. There were many important fights around Kristiansund during the times of the Vikings.
One of the most popular was the Rastarkalv battles on the Isle of Frei, where the King of Norway, Håkon the Good, took on Eirikssønnene. Near Rastakalv (near Nedre Frei, where the fight was fought) there is a statue today. Grip was an important medieval fishermen's village and was regarded as the most important village in the area.
Lille-fosen's marina, near today's Kristiansund, was also often used for fisheries. A small village was built in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries around the area known today as the port of Kristiansund. At the end of the seventeenth millennium, Holland's seamen introduced the know-how of cod fish farming to Kristiansund, and for several years the town was the biggest Norwegian cod fish exporting mainly to Mediterranean destinations such as Spain and Portugal.
In Kristiansund there are two TV channels. Television Nordvest, which transmits everyday grassroots reports from the Kristiansund region, as well as some other television programmes, is the bigger one. Second is Kristiansund, which is more of a arts programme and transmits arts messages from Kristiansund, such as the opera.
Kristiansund's regional paper is Tidens Krav, which also acts as a regional paper for the other communities near the town. The Kristiansund has a moderate marine environment with cool-warm summers and relatively brief and gentle winters. Here, the weather is very cold. Kristiansund's urban fabric, with the city's uniquely pristine harbor coupled with hot winds from the south west of the Atlantic and the Gulf Stream, gives it a much warmter climatic environment than its breadth would suggest.
In Norway, all communities, Kristiansund included, are in charge of elementary schooling ( up to class 10), ambulatory healthcare, seniors service, employment and other welfare service, zone division, economical growth and community highways. Local government is led by a local government composed of selected members who in turn choose a major. The Kirstiansund townships are twinned with the following towns:
Although the town of Kristiansund is quite small, it is home to many lush landscaped areas and garden areas that are often used by the population. Near the center of the town there are two bigger park. First one is situated near Langveien and was built after the Second World War. And the second is in Vanndamman.
The area was formerly part of the municipal irrigation system as there were a large number of small lagoons in the area. Part of the two are connected, but Langveien and Vanndamman grounds are more suited to leisure activities due to the proximity of the walk from the downtown area, while Vanndamman and Langveien grounds are more suited for excursions and running.
Kristiansund from the Norwegian National Highway 70 is linked to the E39 by the Krifast bridge/tunnel system. Once you have crossed the Freifjord tunnels under water from the centre of Krifast, the national highway 70 Frei passes over the Omsund viaduct to Nordlandet in Kristiansund.
Travelling along the road 39 to the south east, you reach Molde and to the north east you take the road 6 to Trøndelag and Trondheim. In the past there was a motor boat from the Kirkelandet Isle to the neighbouring district of Averøy in the western part of the country, whose inhabitants have been commuteing to work in the municipality for many years and sell farm produce.
Kristiansund was linked by boat to Averøy with the Norwegian National Route 64, which ran along the picturesque Atlanterhavsvegen to Molde. Kristiansund is not easy to reach by bike because both tunnel are prohibited for cyclists. There is a second motor vehicle from Seivika on Nordlandet to Tustna in the north-east (road: 680 ), with further roads and ferries to the Smøla and Hitra Isles and the municipality of Aure on the continent.
In addition to road and ferry services and Kristiansund Airport, Kvernberget, the links from/to Kristiansund include the Hurtigruten coast train, which connects the seaside town of Bergen in the southern part with Kirkenes in the northern part, and the Kystekspressen high-speed ferry boat personal transport to Trondheim. A further possibility to get to Kristiansund is to use Scandinavian Airlines to travel from several other destinations in Norway.
This was one of the first truly contemporary churches in Norway, built in the middle of the 1960s. Krsistiansund is known as the most important capital of Norway, named Baikalhau. Kristiansund has developed in recent years into the most important petroleum and natural Gas town on the central northwest coastline. Petroleum corporations such as Royal Dutch Shell and Statoil have branches in Kristiansund, from where they operate their off-shore facilities at holding banks (one of the most northerly subsea petroleum reserves in the world).
Because of the city's strong participation in fishing and overseas shipment, there were up to seven Kristiansund embassies, mainly in latino states. The Kristiansund is an important culture center in the Nordmøre area. It is probably best known for Norway's oldest theatre, founded in 1928 by Edvard Bræin.
In Kristiansund every year in February there is an operafestival called The Operafestukene (Opera Weeks). Kristiansund is also the venue of Northern Europe's biggest photography event, the Nordic Light. Other smaller Kristiansund celebrations such as the Tahiti and Kristiansund Church, Art and Culture Fêtes (abbreviated to KKKK in Norwegian).
Kristiansund's most important grassroots league squad, Kristiansund BK, is the outcome of the fusion of the city's two biggest grassroots leagues, KFK and Clausenengen, which, together with the help of companies in the area, have contributed to a joint effort of excellence. In Kristiansund, other favourite activities are volleyball, wrestling, swimming, ice skating and handball.
The buildings are characteristic of Kristiansund and are easily visible along the docks. Grip in the north-west of Kristiansund was (until 1964) the smallest community in Norway. The smallest Norwegian stake chapel, built at the end of the fifteenth centuries, is also in Grip. The Sundbåtene in Kristiansund claim to be the oldest urban transportation system in the whole wide open country, established in 1876.
Sundbåt " small ferry service cruises the four "countries" of the town. Vågen's old town is a centre for the historic Kristiansund fishermen's community. Here you can also find the Mellemværftet, an old sailing ship building area. Here is also the Norwegian Clipfish Museum.
Innerlandet is an old part of Kristiansund with a very particular and singular coast design. Innerlandet is the part of Kristiansund that was least affected by the Kristiansund bomb attacks in the Second World War. The Kristiansund Oper is the oldest Norwegian theatre. This is one of the few older houses in the center of Kristiansund that survive the bombardment of the town during the Second World War.
It is an annually held musical event in Kristiansund. Following persons come from Kristiansund or have their origins in Kristiansund. Skip to top ^ Statistisk centralbyrå (1 January 2016). Inhabitants and area, by municipalities'. 1 January and changes in populations during the year ("M") (in Norwegian). Evora University (14-16 January 2015): 130-143.