Cristiansand is the capital of Vest-Agder County, Norway. Cristiansand is the capital of Vest-Agder County, Norway.
sspan class="mw-headline" id="History">History
a town in Møre og Romsdal, West Norway. Street in Kvadraturen, Fiskebrygga, Bystranda, Kristiansand[kristj?ns?n] (listen), historic Christianssand and Christiansand, is a town and community in Norway. This is the fifth biggest town in Norway and the community is the 6th biggest in Norway, with 88,598 inhabitants in June 2016.
Besides the town itself, Statistics Norway has 4 other areas in the community that are heavily populated: The Kristiansand is subdivided into five districts: Grim, situated northeast in Kristiansand with 15,000 inhabitants; Kvadraturen, the center and inner town of Kristiansand with 5,200 inhabitants; Lund, the second biggest district; 0ddernes, a district in the western part; and Vågsbygd, the biggest district with 36,000 inhabitants, in the southwestern part.
The Kristiansand is linked to four highways: the road to the city and the road to the city: From Oslo, Aust-Agder the EU road 18 runs through the east part of Kristiansand; from Stavanger, Flekkefjord and the coastal cities and settlements of Vest-Agder the EU road E 39; from Evje, Setesdal and Grim the Norway road 9; and from Telemark, Aust-Agder, Birkeland, Tveit and Kristiansand International Airports, Kjevik the Norway road 41.
Kristiansand is important for tourist and the tourist industry, and the best tourist destination is the tourist resort. The Kristiansand Zoological and Amusement Centre is the biggest in Norway. The Markens St is the major shopping precinct in Kristiansand Town. The Bystranda is a municipal Kvadraturen strand; Hamresanden is also the longest Kristiansand strand.
Once a month in summers the town organises a free of charge concerts in the centre of Kristiansand. On the outskirts of the town lies Sørlandsparken Industrial Estate with Sørlandssenteret, Norway's biggest shopping centre. Kristiansand has been populated since prehistory. Søgne is a neighbouring village of Søgne. In 1996 a well-preserved female bones from 6500 B.C. were found.
Grathelleren, situated on Fidjane, is considered a Stone Age town. In 2010, the first Sarup compound in Norway (a Neolithic version of the Sarup compound first discovered in Sarup on the Isle of Funen, Denmark) was discovered in Hamresanden and dated back to archaeological digs to the eastern side of the Oddernes Church, where ancient villages were discovered in the early and early eighteenth century.
Along with a corresponding finding in Rogaland, these developments are quite singular in the Norvegian contexts; in old Norway isolation was the rule rather than population. There are other finds in burial hills around the temple, in the district of Lund, indicating that settlement began around 400 A.D., and 25 cookers found in 1907 just outside the walls are probably even older.
Formerly, one of the biggest pre-Christian cemeteries in southern Norway was situated in the southern and western parts of the city. Oddernes is thought to have had a kingly center before 800, and the temple was constructed around 1040. Prior to the construction of the stony cathedral, one or perhaps two wood pillar cathedrals were said to have been standing on the same site.
Some years ago, when the tomb was relocated to the veranda of the sanctuary, archaeological digs were done under and around the rune stone; the burial finds indicate that the cemetery must have been exceptionally large even in the High Middle Ages. Flekkerøy harbour was another important landmark in the history of Kristiansand. It was the most important harbour on the Skagerrak from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and was first built in 1555 under King Christian III.
Memorial of King Christian IV in Kristiansand, on which 1641 year was mention. A renaissance layout was used (the centre section known today as Kvadraturen = The Quarters) and traders throughout Agder were ordered to move to the new part. Thus the young hometown became the capital of the Christiansand Monastery.
In 1734 Christianssand had his first fire, which was disastrous for the town. A further important evolution in the nineteenth centuries was the establishment of Eg Sindssygeasyl in 1881, the second main Norwegian mental health facility (after Gaustad). This mental health clinic attracted specialised physicians to the town and also provided many workplaces for female patients.
In 1892, the most recent fire destroyed half of the area. The expansion of hydroelectric power in the south of Norway led to the gradual emergence of an industry basis, particularly with the founding of the Kristiansands Nikkelraffineringsverk AS (later Falconbridge Nikkelverk, now Glencore Nikkelverk) in 1910.
Economically, WWI was a good period for Kristiansand as a naval town. Temperatures that followed the golden standards policy of the twenties and the global financial meltdown of the thirties were also felt deep in a commercial town such as Kristiansand. Ancient Kristiansand's section of Posebé is Northern Europe's longest succession of timber structures.
There were important precursors of the workers movements in the town, and Leo Trotsky lived about a year of his life in the Kristiansand area. Kristiansand was a center for intellect during the inter-war years, especially after the arrival of Thilo Schoder in 1932. During Operation Weser Exercise on 9 April 1940, Kristiansand was assaulted by a group of Germans and the Luftwaffe.
Bombings and shell shells also struck the inner town and the 70 metre high steeple of Kristiansand Cathedral was struck by an incident. A third assault on the town was successful because a signalling ensign was mistaken for a France flags and the mistake was detected too later.
This town was invaded by a troop of 800 men. During the 1980' industrial and commercial activity in the town decreased, also due to the fire in the Hotel Caledonia in 1986. At present, the older Kristiansand town archive (and the former municipalities) is located in the intercommunal archive in Vest-Agder (IKAVA).
This town is called after King Christian IV, who established it on 5 July 1641. And the second one, sands, relates to the spit of land on which the village was constructed (see also Lillesand). This year, an offical orthography law with the aim of making the name of the cities more "Norwegian" modified them to Kristianssand.
The spelling of Kristiansund and Kristiania, now Oslo, was modified as part of the same reforms. In 1889 the name was again altered to its present shape, Kristiansand (single "s"). Arvid Grundekjøn, the town' spokesman, suggested in 2012 that the town be re-named Christianssand on the grounds that "Kristiansand" is empty of grammar and that Christianssand represents traditions.
The Kristiansand is situated on the Skagerrak in a strategic position, and until the opening of the Kiel Canal it was very important from a military and geopolitical point of view. The Kristiansand is a gate to and from the mainland, with connections to Denmark by boat and an end point of the railroad line at the south border of South Norway.
Bamblefelt begins in the eastern part of the community and stretches as far as Grenland. 11 ] In antiquity, there was a vulcano before Flekkeroy, which deposited vulcanic rocks just North of Kristiansand, on the grounds of the Eg property, now inhabited by the Hospital of Southern Norway.
Close to the town there are forests. At Kristiansand, two large tributaries, the Otra and the Tovdalselva, enter the Skagerrak. Parts of the Agder County on the Skagerrak coastline, including Kristiansand, have a moderate climatic environment with hot summers and cold winters. Here you will find the most beautiful and most beautiful parts of the region. Usually it falls at the end of December and in January and February; it can be hard (the Kjevik International Park Kjevik records 170 cm of snow), but seldom remains on the coastline for long; see Norwegian Climat.
Most of the local residents spend the summers visiting Fiskebrygga, the islands opposite the town, and Hamresanden Beaches, about 10 min from the town center and close to Kjevik International Park. Peoples from Denmark, Sweden, Germany, Great Britain and other continental nations come to see this beautiful sandy area during their trips.
There is a warm urban environment in the town, hotter than most other places on the same breadth, but with colder summer temperatures than further eastwards in Scandinavia. At Kristiansand, the highest ever measured was 34. at Kristiansand International Airports, Kjevik, 2 °C (93.6 °F). Kristiansand has an average precipitation of 1,380 mm (54 in) per year.
Kristiansand's highest mean July 2014 sand temperatures were fixed at 19.2°C (67°F) in 2014. Throughstranda is a strand in the center of the town. It'?s on Kvadraturen and Tangen to the east. The Aquarama bathing area with indoor and outdoor pool is close to the shore.
The Aquarama is situated next to the Scandic bystranda, the biggest guesthouse in southern Norway. Kristiansand's most pricey flats are situated on the eastern side of the island and the Tangen grammar college is close by. Bystranda' s amenities include volley ball, play areas, skate park, steps to the lower level waters and it is easily accessible for disabled people and kids.
The Palmesus is an annual seaside event on Bystranda, it is the biggest seaside event in Scandinavia. Hånes is situated between Hånes and Kristiansand International Airports, Kjevik. He is 3 km long and thus the longest strand in Kristiansand. It has three campsites and an apartmenthotel on the shore.
Soemstranda is a naturist area in Kristiansand on Soem. The Kristiansand is subdivided into 18 parts and 217 lower parts. The Kristiansand is also subdivided into 5 districts. Kristiansand is the centre of Kvadraturen. Prior to the city's foundation, the settlement concentrated on shipments and landfills in Lund, along Otra or Torridalselven and along Topdalsfjord near Odderøya and Flekkeroy.
The map by Christian IV sketched the centre of the village with 56 square plazas with five long boulders and eight crossroads. Kvadraturen is now part of Kvadraturen/Eg, which has 5510 residents (since 1 January 2005). Posebyen in Kvadraturen is Northern Europe's longest connected timber building. The Kristiansand Cathedral, the Kristiansand Townhall, the Wergeland Park and the ferry station to Hirtshals and the Kristiansand railway station are situated in the parts of the west area.
With a population of 36,281, Vågsbygd is the biggest community of Kristiansands in Norway. Vågsbygd was part of the community of Øddernes until 1965. These parts extend southwest and southwest of the centre of Kristiansand. Kroodden in Vågsbygd is home to the Kristiansand Cannon Museum, an ancient World War II fort.
After all, the biggest job is Elkem Soldar, which produces superpure silicon for photovoltaic panels on the site of the former ferrosilicon plant Fiskå Verk. Vågsbygd is a large commercial centre in Vågsbygd. The city of Lund is the second biggest district of Kristiansand with a total of 9,000 residents in 2012.
June 14, 1921 was the first 2. 75 km² from Lund to Kristiansand transfered and 1. January 1965 was also the remainder of Lund part of Kristiansand in the urban merger of Lund and Kristiansand. There is a rune stone at the Oddernes chapel that connects the house to the cottage. Formerly, a large grave mound was situated to the southern and western sides of the temple and can also be associated with this courtyard.
There are two mentions of this in the National Archives. His name indicates that he and his team came from Norway or Denmark. The Indre and Ytre Randesund are situated between Kvåsefjord in Høvåg and Topdalsfjord in Oddernes. Randøen is the name of the village (originally the village) after the Isle of Randøen (today Randøya).
It is a former community in the district of Vest-Agder. Today it is situated in the Kristiansand area. Kristiansand Airport, Kjevik, is in Tveit. The Tveit is situated on the lower part of the Tovdalselva stream, known as Topdalselva from the Aust-Agder area. Festtningsgata is a road in Kvadraturen.
Its name is linked to the Christiansholm fortress from 1672, which is situated in the expansion of the road racing to the eastern port. The Henrik Wergelands Tor is a road in Kvadraturen in Kristiansand. From Gravane, Vestre Strandgate (Western Beach Street) is a road to the Gartnerløkka round-about, where it joins the main road 18 and continues on Setesdalsveien (Rv9).
It has a number of important venues and urban features related to Radisson Hotel,Agder Theatre, Kino, Clarion Hotel,Kristiansand Bus Station and Kristiansand Station. There is no autonomous parliament ary administration in the town, but it is administered by the town administration and an advisory board. Major is the spokesperson of the town, the chairman of the town councillor and the chairman of the board.
At Kristiansand, the burgomaster has been representing the centre-right political groups since the end of the 19th century. The Kristiansand region has the third biggest Vietnamesian association in Norway. The Kristiansand Cathedral is the biggest in Kristiansand. Kvadraturen with townhall and Wergelandsparken. Constructed in 1885, the building has a total of 1500 persons.
Agder and Telemark Bishop's office is situated in the Norwegiankirche. The Grimmige Kirche was constructed in 1969 and has a total of 750 persons. The Vågsbygd Kirk is the parish of Vågsbygd, it is situated in the centre of Vågsbygd and was build in 1967. It has a total of 650 persons.
The Lund Basilica was constructed in 1987 and has a total of 600 seats. In 2004 Søm Kirche was constructed and has a total of 600 persons. It was the 1000 year old Kristiansand parish house and it is the biggest in Oddernes. Kjell Nupen was the designer of the window at Sømkirche.
You can also find church on Flekkerøy, Hellemyr, Hånes, Justvik, Oddemarka (Oddernes), Randesund, Strai (Torridal), Tveit and Voie. There'?s chapels all over town. The Christianity is stronger in Flekkerøy and Søm, although the south of Norway is known as the Biblical Garden of Norway, Christianity does not dominate the town.
In Kvadraturen there is a Roman catholic denomination, St. Ansgar's denomination. In Slettheia there is a Mormon temple and in Tinnheia an Orthodox temple. There are twelve congregations of the Norwegian ecclesiastical community (sokn) within the congregation of Kristiansand. This is part of the archdeanery of Kristiansand in the diocese of Agder and Telemark.
In Vågsbygd there is a Buddha centre with Ternevig. It also has a Buddha centre for retreat in the neighbouring community of Songdalen. In Kvadraturen there is a small church. Bryggeri Christianssands is a manufacturer of draught and non-alcoholic beverages with a long tradition in the town. The Hennig-Olsen company is an icecream plant with its head office and production facility in Kristiansand.
It was opened in 1960, but the Hennig-Olsen in Kristiansand has been producing icecream since 1924, when Sven Hennig-Olsen began producing it in the back of his tobacconist's café. The Dampbageriet is a large group of bakeries headquartered in Vest-Agder, founded in 1862 in Kristiansand and operating 4 shops in Kristiansand.
Founded in 1824 when Christiansand Sparebank was opened, it was one of the first in Norway. The Hennig-Olsen Iskremfabrikk is a large snow manufacturer headquartered in Kristiansand, Norway. This plant is in Hannevika. Kristiansand was a relatively large maritime city and a profitably situated place for the ship builders Kristiansands Mekaniske Verksted and P. Høivolds Mekaniske Verksted.
Kristiansand still has large naval construction and ship repairs plants that assist the Norwegian North Sea petroleum sector. HVDC Cross-Skagerrak's stationary power converter system is situated at Kristiansand. The Kristiansand Dyrepark is the largest selling sanctuary for giraffes in Europe. It is an amusement and commercial centre outside the town of Kristiansand in the town.
Most of the site is in Kristiansand, among them the Sørlandssenteret shopping centre with 195 shops and Kristiansand Zoological Garden, the biggest shopping centre and animal garden in Norway. Kristiansand is also the location of the race track in southern Norway, while IKEA is situated in the Lillesand area. Other large branches are also situated around the shopping centre.
We have two hotel in Sørlandsparken and several resort near the Zoos. Stay on the road 18 and pass Sørlandsparken before you continue to the centre of Kristiansand. In 2003 the Kristiansand Symphony Orchestra, the Chamber Orchestra and the Wind Ensemble united. Kristiansand Kunsthall is one of the oldest and biggest Norwegian arts clubs, established in 1881, and has around 650 sqm of exhibitions of contemporary arts in the centre of Kristiansand.
Founded to use part of the proceeds from the sale of stakes in Agder Energy Ltd. for the benefit of the communities, with an emphasis on arts, cultural, creative and construction expertise, Cultiva, a locally based trust, provided support to Kristiansand operations until the 2011 global economic downturn led to cuts. Kristiansand was named Norges Cultural Commune in 2007, an award given every two years by the Norwegian Cultural Forum.
A former fishing vessel, Fiskebrygga lands on both sides of the Gravane Canal, which divides the town from Odderøya; it was renovated in the 90s and now has wooden lined houses with a restaurant and shop, as well as a fishing fair. Tresse - Retranchement is the millenium of the community, the municipal room for parties in front of Christiansholm Fortress, below Festningsgata the Ostsee.
There are other local sports stadiums, such as Fløy (Flekkerøy), Vigør and IK Våg. Cristiansand is also known for its hand-ball crews (Kristiansands IF and IK Våg Vipers), icehockey (Kristiansand Ishockeyklubb), baseball (Kristiansand Pirates), beachball ( Grim VBK) and golf (Kristiansand Suns). The Kristiansand is a popular holiday resort that attracts many tourists, in particular the Zoological Garden, the Kristiansand Zoological Garden and the theme park in the eastern part of the town.
It is the second most common tourist destination in Norway after Holmenkollen and had 925,000 unique guests in 2012. Quart was a yearly musical event that took place in Kristiansand for five consecutive nights at the beginning of July. Odderøya had big stage and smaller event locations in the town. It was Norway's biggest musical event for several years, but from 2007 it was promoted by the Hovefestivalen on Tromøya, Arendal and some Oslo events.
The Kristiansand is also home to many other festival events throughout the year. The Kristiansand has three different detective departments. Situated in the centre of the town, the most important for southern Norway, the district of Agder. Whilst for less serious crime only some of these parts are covered by Kristiansand, Kvadraturen, Grim and Lund. In Kristiansand most of the criminal cases report take place on Kvadraturen.
By 2014, most cases were registered there throughout the town. More than 56 cases were registered in this area and 123 on Kvadraturen in 2013, a decline of 150 cases in 2012 on Kvadraturen. There were 110 cases outside Kvadraturen, Vågsbygd and Randesund in the community, mainly from Grim.
Sykehus HF is a Southern Norwegian medical group with three clinics in Flekkefjord, Arendal and the Eg house in Kristiansand. Kvadraturen is only 6 min by car from the town centre. Sykehus HF is also headquartered in Kristiansand. St. Joseph Clinic was a Roman Catholics in Kvadraturen, opened in 1885 and managed by its nuns.
In Kristiansand there are 11 senior citizens' hostels, most of which are on Kvadraturen. There is a physiotherapy centre, approx. 15 gyms, 20 dental practices, 10 health centres and around 25 drugstores. The Kristiansand region is an important traffic and communication hub linked to mainland Europe by land and ocean freight. The European Road 18 is the biggest motorway in Kristiansand.
E39 leads to Denmark before the Stadtbrücke on Kvadraturen. From Kristiansand, the road leads through Arendal, Oslo and ends in Stockholm. The European Road 39 begins in Trondheim and runs through Western Norway before following the coast communities of Vest-Agder. If the E39 comes to Kristiansand, it goes to the harbour and further through Denmark.
The Norwegian National Highway 9 is a highway that begins in Kristiansand, via Grim and then through the town of Vennesla before it leaves Vest-Agder. It' the street to Kristiansand Airport, Kjevik, it leads further to Birkenes and ends in Kviteseid, Telemark. District street 452 is the old street to the center of Vennesla. From Lund it goes via Justvik and Ålefjær in front of Vennesla.
District street 471 is the biggest street in the centre of Kristiansand. Busses in the town and the surrounding area are now run by Nettbuss Sør (South): until the end of 2010 they were run by Bussen Trafikkselskap. In Kvadraturen, all local public transport services run through three stations. A number of busses run from the western to the eastern part of the town.
The Kristiansand or Kristiansand Rutebilstasjon coach depot is the city's most important one. Kristiansand S railway platform. The railway platform has its own coach service with locals, regions and long-distance lines. Kristiansand's municipal busses have their headquarters in Kvadraturen with municipal termini in the Henrik Wergelands Tor (East Bond or End for West Bond) and Lollbodgata (West Bond or End for East Bond) roads, both crossing the Markens Tor.
From Kvadraturen, the 01 and A1 buses depart via UiA and Rona. In Kristiansand station, buses 40, 42, 45, 46 and 50 stop during peak periods, while M1, M2, M3, 12, 17 and 18 continue to Henrik Wergelands gates, UiA, Rona and then reach their destination. The 13, 15, 19, 32 and 30 line are coming due to the North for Kvadraturen and go via Grim tort.
Bus line 31 runs with lines 35, 36 and 37 via Ve, Rona, UiA, Tollbodgata and ends at the bus station Kristiansand. Kjevik Municipal Park Kjevik International Park is situated 12 km (7.5 miles) eastwards from the town and has connections to towns in Europe and Norway. Besides the Kristiansand Campus, Noroff has locations in Oslo, Bergen and Stavanger.
Kristiansand is also home to Sørlandets Maritime Senior Secondary Private College. In Kristiansand there is also an International Schools on Kongsgård Alle in Lund. In Kristiansand and the Kristiansand region, Frædrelandsvennen is the most important newsmagazine. Faedrelandsvennen was situated in Rådhusgata with Wergelandsparken (named after Henrik Wergeland) until 27.02.
News traveled to Fiskåtangen in Vågsbygd, where it was until 2015, when it returned to the city centre to Henrik Wergelands Tor. Many southern Norwegian papers, television broadcasters, radios and other businesses are owned by Fendrelandsvennen. The Kristiansand Avis (Kristiansand Newspaper) is a free, advertising-financed paper that is distributed to all homes in the Kristiansand area except Lillesand, Birkenes and Iveland.
Hånes-based Katrine Lunde is playing for the Norwegian nation's league. Lunde-Borgersen, (*1980), a female Handballer who won the Olympic Games three time. Cristoffer Hæstad (*1983), a former soccer man from Vågsbygd, used to play for IK Start, then for Vålerenga Fotball.
Mette-Marit, Kronprinzessin von Norwegen (born 1972), the Kronprinzessin von Norwegen from Slettheia, got married in 2001 with Kronprinz Haakon. Cristiansand is partner of: Although the name is different, Kristiansand is often referred to as Kristiansand S (S for South) to differentiate it from Kristiansund, also in Norway, in such cases as Kristiansund N. The practise arose before the introduction of postcodes, as post was sometimes sent to the incorrect town.
There are also occasions when the town of Kristianstad is confused with Sweden. Justvik - landscapesby i communen Kristiansand. "Kristiansand and kolera". Nye Kristiansand. The Kristiansand Parish. Kristiansand or Christianssand? Norwegian: "Regulations on the use of the Norwegian heating system and the electricity grid in municipal utilities" (PDF).
Kristiansand parish. Climate statistics for Kristiansand-Duekniben, Norway (2013-2014)". Yr - Sunshine & Daylight Hours in Kristiansand, Norway. yr.no. ssb. no. Ungdom og criminalitet (PDF). kristiansand.kommune.no. Crime in Kristiansand Municipality (PDF). kristiansand.kommune.no. Ungdom og criminitet i Kristiansand" (PDF).