sspan class="mw-headline" id="History">History
North Sami (Kiruna: Giron, Finnish: Kiiruna) is the most northerly city in Sweden and is located in the Lapland area. In 2016 it had 17,002 inhabitants and is the domicile of the municipality Kiruna (23,167 in 2016) in the district Norrbotten. Archaeological finds show that the Kiruna area has been populated for at least 6,000 years.
Hundreds of years before the foundation of Kiruna in 1900, the metal deposits in Kiirunavaara and Luossavaara were known to the indigenous people. In 1736 the kiruna area was charted by the Sweden senior enforcement Officer and map and cartographer Anders Hackzell, who gave the area' s mountain ranges their unique spelling Fredriks mountain (original Finish name still in use today: Kiirunavaara) and Berget Ulrika Eleonora (original Finish name still in use today: Luossavaara), after the King of Sweden Fredrik I and his spouse Ulrika Eleonora.
Continuing the Narvik line was disputed because enemies dreaded the impact of Russia (which controlled Finland at the time and was already linked to Sweden at Haparanda-Tornio) on an internal rail line. Olof Hallman and Gustaf Wickman were commissioned to create the concept for the town to be constructed in Haukivaara, near the two steelworks, taking into account the geographic and climatic conditions in a way that is revolutionising; snow temperature on a hillside is much lower than in other cities, and due to the road map and location the winds are restricted.
Prior to the adoption of the draft for the housing estate, homes were constructed in a disorganised way with illicit shanties, similar to those in the other coal mine city of Malmberget, 80 kilometers southern of Kiruna. Eighteen persons who lived in the future Kiruna were recorded in 1899. Old manor house near Kiruna center.
During the same weeks, the first drafts for the design of the new district were available. Among the outlines are a tourist center, the new sites for the townhall and the chapel, an man-made sea and an expansion of the Luossavaara hills into the area. Situated in the northern part of Sweden, 145 km from the Arctic Circle.
Haukavaara is situated on the 530 metre high mound, high above the Torne and Kalix rivers in the northern and southern directions respectively. Lombolo and Tuolluvaara are other parts of the area. Kiirunavaara and Luossavaara are located near Kiruna. Luossajärvi is close to the Luossajärvi Sea with the Luossajoki drain, which joins the Torne at Laxforsen.
Kiruna is a thinly inhabited area. Kiruna's north-western, western and south-western parts are characterised by the Nordic hills that can be seen from the heart of the area. Sweden's highest peak, Kebnekaise, is 75 km from the center of the country and can also be seen from there. Nikkaluokta lies to the east and Abisko, Björkliden, Riksgränsen and the Norway of Narvik to the east, 180 km by crossroad.
Kurravaara lies 12 kilometers from Kiruna, on the banks of the Torne River. About 15 km eastwards from Kiruna lies a group of small towns on the Torne River, especially Jukkasjärvi, where an icehouse is constructed in cold weather, which attracts visitors from all over the you. Gällivare and Malmberget are twinned towns about 120 km southern of Kiruna.
On 1 January 1948 Kiruna became a town in Sweden and was once ranked as the biggest town in the whole world, even though most of its land was not town. Following the local government reforms in Sweden in the seventies, the concept of "city" was abolished. Nowadays only the built-up area is de facto a town.
Kiruna lies 145 km (90 miles) northerly of the Arctic Circle and has a sub-arctic (Dfc) temperate zone with brief, chilly summers and long, chilly winters, although the town itself can be significantly softer than the ambient forrest. Sunrise is from 11 December to 1 January (22 days), the precise limits depend on the location of the area.
Although the Kiruna region's winds are very cool by Sweden's standard, they are still much less harsh than those at similar latitudes in North America and Siberia and, due to some marine influences, even more southern areas in other parts of the canal. Related harsh weather conditions are below 45 degrees latitude in the Russian Far East.
However, Kiruna has chillier summer than such areas, but still hot enough to remain above the Arctic and below the timberline. However, winters are significantly warmer than the areas directly affected by the Gulf Stream, where Kiruna's periodic January and February highs are even lower or more similar than Tromsø's historic high.
In Kiruna the lowest ever verified cold water level was measured at the nearest meteorological observatory at -43. Three degrees Celsius (-45. 9 F) taken in January 1999. The Kiruna has a cloudy climatic conditions, which are influenced by low atmospheric pressures. Because of the extremely high photochemical exposure, the April to August interval accounts for 73% of Kiruna's yearly solar radiation according to 1961-1990 standards, while the five driest periods between October and February represent only about 10% of Kiruna's yearly solar radiation.
The town is on the E10, which links Luleå with Norway and passes Gällivare (south of Kiruna) and Narvik (on the Norway coast). There is another street that links Kiruna with Nikkaluokta near Kebnekaise and is used by tourist to get to the heights. Busses link Kiruna with the main cities in the provinces of North Bothnia and the surrounding area.
Luleå is connected by rail with Gällivare, Kiruna and Narvik. Even though the Swedish Rail was constructed for the mine, it still has passengers every morning on the line: a overnight from Narvik to Stockholm, a full-time from Narvik to Luleå (with a second overnight to Stockholm and Gothenburg) and services to Luleå and Narvik starting and ending in Kiruna.
Since 2013 the train depot has been 2 km from the center of the town, so a walk is possible, but not advisable. For every departing and arriving there is a free shuttle bus that departs from the Kiruna bust in the center of the town and is a favorite excursion in the rural area of Kiruna.
The Kiruna FF is a kiruna based kiruna based kiruna team. It is currently competing in Division 3 Norra Norrland, the fifth stage of the Sweden Premier Football Leagues system. The Kebnekaise BTK is a ping-pong team in Kiruna. Our association takes part in Division 1 Norra, the third stage of the game.
The training will take place in the gymnasiums, the sport centre in the centre of Kiruna. and " "Tätorternas land area, folklore and landscape per square kilometre 2005 and 2010" (in Swedish). Archives from the originals on 10 January 2012. Returned on January 10, 2012. in Swedish. Make room for space: a story of the "space city" Kiruna 1943-2000.
IRF Kiruna. Historia - Kiruna kommun" (in Swedish). Archives from the originals on 25 June 2008. 100-årsboken Kiruna (in Swedish). Kiruna: Town of Kiruna pp. 60-74. 100-årsboken Kiruna (in Swedish). Kiruna: Commune of Kiruna pp. 132-147. "Biruna - Från Ödemark till stad". 100-årsboken Kiruna (in Swedish).
Kiruna: 27&ndash, 43. "Hjalmar Lundbohm". 100-årsboken Kiruna (in Swedish). Kiruna: <font color="#ffff00">-==- proudly presents Kiruna Technological Visit. Archives from the orginal on 20.02.2012. 100-årsboken Kiruna (in Swedish). Kiruna: Town of Kiruna pp. 60-74. 100-årsboken Kiruna (in Swedish). Kiruna: Municipality of Kiruna pp. 234-250.
The Norrländska Socialdemokraterna (in Swedish). 100-årsboken Kiruna (in Swedish). Kiruna: Municipality of Kiruna pp. 86-90. Survey - Swedish Space Physics Institute". Archives from the orginal on 20.12.2008. 100-årsboken Kiruna (in Swedish). Kiruna: Municipality of Kiruna pp. 116-129. Kiruna: The city is relocated 3 km to the eastern side so that it doesn't drop into a mine".
"Blart méd Kirunas flytt". The Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). "Kerunaflytten är igång". The Norrländska Social Democrats, (in Swedish). "It'?s all about the Kiruna." The Norrländska Social Democrats (in Swedish). Ski Förslag November -07 Filed 2008-04-08 at the Wayback Machine. Framtida placement av Kiruna clear. The Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). Archives from the orginal on 21 July 2010.
FAQ - Kiruna commun. www.kiruna.se. Archives from the orginal on 18.09.2006. Kiruna: How to move a city two leagues eastwards. Happy Birthday to Kiruna. History of the Swedish Stormstate. Temperatures and Wind for January 2015 - All Time Records section (PDF). The Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute.
The Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute. July 2014 Temperature & Wind" (PDF) (in Swedish). Nederbörd, normvärden 1961-90 (in Swedish). The Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute. Archives from the orginal on 20.10.2007. Climate Cartor (in Swedish). The Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute. Archives from the orginal on 21.11.2009. Monthly and annual statistics 2002-2015 (in Swedish).
National Meteorological and Hydrological Institute of Sweden. Archives from the orginal on 20.06.2009. SSC - Spanish Space Corporation - SSC. www.ssc.se. Kiruna Lapland. Archives from the orginal on 19.03.2009. Kirunafestivalen (in Swedish). Snöfestivalen (in Swedish). Archives from the orginal on 07.02.2009. Kebnekaise Bordtennis Kiruna. www.kebnebtk.se.
Kiruna.se. www.kiruna.se. ikimedia Commons has medias that refer to Kiruna. Vikivoyage has a guidebook for Kiruna. With Mitt Kiruna - Kiruna guides with Kiruna day and night schedules, daily schedules, cinema, television and the latest music.