Kharkov

Kharkov

Charkov, also known as Kharkov (?????

???) from the Russian, is the second largest city of Ukraine. A website in English for travellers looking for information about Kharkov (Ukraine).

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Originally a review of the 1654 edition of the paper "The town was established in 1654 and after a modest beginning as a small fort it developed into an important center of Ukraine's industries, commerce and civilization in the Russian Empire". Kharkiv is currently an important center of Ukraine's arts, sciences, education, traffic and industries, with 6 cities of Ukraine, 7 theaters and 80 library buildings.

The town has several hundred industries, among them the Morozov Design Bureau and the Malyshev Tanks Factory (the leader in global fuel cell manufacture from the 1930' to 1980'), Khartron (automation electronic for aeronautical, space and atomic energy plants), Turboatom (turbines for hydroelectric, thermal and atomic energy plants) and Antonov (the multi-purpose airplane factory).

Kharko, or Chariton, for that matter. Kharkov's inhabitants were just over 1000 at that period, half of whom were Kosaks, while Selifontov took with him a Moscow military unit of another 70 soldiers. 14 ] Kharkov's first wood vode was substituted within two years after he complained repeatedly that the natives were refusing to participate in the construction of the fortress.

Kharkov also became the center of the Sloboda-Kosakenregiment, since the area around the Belgorod stronghold was strongly militaryized. Until 1657 the Kharkiv village had a fortress[14] with subterranean corridors. Kharkov became an important center of industry and thus a center of Ukranian civilization. One of the first prosvitas in Eastern Ukraine was also founded in Kharkov.

Shortly after the Crimean War in 1860-61, numerous romadas emerged in Ukraine's towns, among them Kharkiv. Oleksandr Potebnia, a Sloboda -born Ukranian, was one of the most famous Hromadam members in Kharkov. Besides the old romada there were also several students' romadas in Kharkov, of which Borys Martos, Dmytro Antonovych and many others were prospective politicians of Ukraine.

One of the Kharkov University alumni, Oleksandr Kovalenko, was one of the instigators of the revolt on the Potemkin battle ship in Russia, the only military officers to support the seamen in service. In April and May 1940, about 3,900 Poles who were detained in the Starobelsk concentration camps were killed in the Kharkov NKVD buildings and later hidden on the premises of an NKVD boarding house in the Pyatychatsky woods (part of the Katyn massacre) on the edge of Kharkov.

Kharkov was the scene of several armies during the Second World War (see below). There was a catastrophic Red Army attack that did not conquer the town in May 1942;[40][41] the town was successfully conquered by the Soviets on 16 February 1943, conquered for the second consecutive year by the Germans on 15 March 1943, and subsequently freed definitively on 23 August 1943.

Twenty per cent of the town has been devastated and ten thousand people have been slaughtered. Kharkov, the third biggest town of the Soviet Union, was the most populated town of the Soviet Union, which was conquered by the Germans, since Kiev was the smaller of the two in the years before the Second World War.

Kharkov's significant Jew populace (the Kharkov Jewhood boasted the second biggest European synagogue) was severely affected by the aftermath of the Great War. What was more, the Kharkov Jews were not able to escape the effects of the Great War. Four fights for domination of the town took place during the Second World War: Prior to the Kharkov invasion, the Kharkov armoured industry with all its ammunition was removed to the Ural Mountains and became the core of the Red Army's armoured programmes (in particular the production of the T-34 armoured vehicle, formerly built in Kharkov).

Following the end of the Napoleonic Wars, these companies reverted to Kharkov and continued to manufacture shells. Kharkiv was after the end of the Great Patriotic War the third biggest scientific-industrial center of the former USSR (after Moscow and Leningrad). One of Kharkiv's famous landmarks is Freedom Place (Ploshcha Svobody, formerly known as Dzerzhinsky Square), the 6th biggest European plaza and the twelfth biggest in the can.

On August 19, 2016 the new metro stop "Victory" (No. 30) was opened in Kharkov. Kharkov was the UEFA Euro 2012 hosting venue and organized three group football games in the refurbished Metallist Stadium. Most of the orthodox temples were constructed in Kharkov in the 90s and in 2000.

Gor'ky was completely refurbished in the 2000s in Kharkov and has a large number of contemporary amenities, a lily lakeside and sports grounds for playing golf, soccer, sand volley and volley ball. Feldman Parc has been established in recent years in Kharkov and houses a large selection of wildlife, horse, etc..

The Kharkiv River is situated on the bank of the Kharkiv, Lopan and Udy River, where it flows into the divide of Seversky Donets in the north-eastern part of Ukraine. Kharkiv is situated in the historical Sloboda Ukraine area ( Slobozhanshchyna also known as Slobidshchyna) in Ukraine, where it is regarded as the capital.

Estimated size of Kharkiv is: from north to south - 24. On the basis of the Kharkov map, the town can be subdivided into four lower and four upper wards. Kharkiv's temperate humid continent is Dfb (Köppen climatic classification) with cool, snowsweet winters as well as arid and warm summers. Kharkiv's weather is also very mild.

The Kharkiv summer is rather bright and hot, but it is relatively temperate in comparison to southern Europe due to the lower altitude of the area, its closeness to the Black Sea and the breadth of the town. Charkiw has relatively long and chilly winter. Precipitation averaged 513 mm (20 in) per year, most in June and July.

Panorama views of the Kharkov region, showing the V.N. Karazin National University North House, the Kharkov Palace Hotels and the Kharkov Hotels. Kharkov Mayor and City Council regulate all commercial and administration matters in the city of Kharkov. Kharkov Mayor has exclusive power of execution, the City Council has exclusive power of administration in relation to governmental matters.

Kharkov's mayor is chosen every four years by means of Kharkov's elections by open ballot. Kharkov City Council consists of electors who either endorse or oppose the Kharkov budgetary, task priority and other agenda items. Municipal council members are appointed every four years.

Town mayors and councillors meet regularly at the town hall in Kharkov. Kharkiv is the administration hub of Kharkiv region (province), while urban matters are handled by Kharkiv Municipality. Kharkov is a town of subordination in the region. Kharkov is an important cultural hub in Eastern Ukraine.

Many old and new temples are connected with different church in Kharkov. Roman Catholic St. Mary's Cathedral was erected in 1887-1892 in Kharkov. Kharkov was the capitol of Ukrainian manufacturing during the USSR period and the third largest [cited] center of trade and manufacturing in the USSR.

Following the break-up of the Soviet Union, the city's largely defense-system-oriented industry output declined sharply. More than 380 companies are now located in the town, employing a workforce of 150,000. Kharkov is also the head office of one of Ukraine's biggest banking groups, UkrSibbank, which has been part of the BNP Paribas Group since December 2005.

In Kharkov there are many large contemporary commercial centres. Vasyl N. Karazin Kharkiv National is the most renowned classical college established in Kharkov in 1804-1805 as a result of the effort of Vasily Karazin. 118 ][119] On 29 January [O. S. 17 January] 1805 the decree on the opening of the Imperial Kharkiv College came into being.

It has 13 federal colleges and a large number of vocational, engineering and tertiary colleges that offer a broad spectrum of subjects to its graduates. Kharkov State University ( 12,000 students), KhPI State University of Technology ( 20,000 students), Kharkov State University of Radioelectronics ( 12,000 students), Kharkov State University of Aeronautics and Astronautics ("KAI"), Kharkov State University of Pharmacy, Kharkov State Medical University are the leading Ukrainian university.

Kharkov has more than 17,000 lecturers and research assistants at its university. There is a high number of research institutes in the town, which are independently or detachedly linked to the university. These include three indigenous scientific centres: Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology, Institute of Meteorology, Institute of Experimental and Clinical Veterinary Medicine and 20 research institutes of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, such as the B Verkin Institute of Low Temperature Physics and Engineering, Institute of Problems of Cryobiology and Cryomedicine, State Scientific Institution "Institute of Single Crystals", Usikov Institute of Radiophysics and Electronics (IRE), Institute of Radioastronomy (IRA), and others.

In Kharkiv arose a number of famous science colleges, such as the theoretic physics college and the mathematics college. Besides the librarians, who are connected with the different university and research facilities, the Kharkov Political Science V. Korolenko-Bibliothek is a large academic university. Charkiw is one of the most important culture centers of Ukraine.

Almost every year there are big musical and movie festival in Kharkov. Kharkov State Academic Marionette Theater, called after VA Afanasyev, is the first marionette theater in the Kharkov region. Kharkov Academic Theater of Musical Comedy is a theater established on November 1, 1929 in Kharkov.

Kharkiv was described as a literary clone dike in the thirties. There'?s a Kharkov Philharmonic in the town. There' s the Organ Music Hall in town. In November 2016 the new organ hall will be opened in the comprehensively refurbished Kharkov Philharmonic Hall in Kharkov.

Kharkov Conservatory is located in the town. From 1907 to 2008, at least 86 movies were made in the area of the town and the surrounding area, the most well-known of which are the most famous: Kharkov was/is a home for many well-known artists Ilja Repin, Zinaida Serebrjakowa, Henryk Siemiradzki, Wasyl Jermilow,[citation required] etc. You know, there's a lot of art gallery in town for contemporary art.

Examples: Jermilov Center, Lilac Gallery, Kharkiv Art Gallery, Kharkiv Town Gallery, AC Gallery, Palladium Gallery, Semiradski Gallery, AVEK Gallery and art of Slobozhanshyna Gallery. Kharkov Doll House is the oldest doll house in Ukraine. Municipal Art Gallery. AVEC " Gallery "Kharkov Lilac" Gallery Among the many tourist sights of Kharkov are the following:

Kharkov has a large number of broadcasting and TV channel, AM/FM/PM/Internet broadcasting and paper/Internet newspaper. "Vremya " "Vecherniy Kharkiv" "Segodnya" "Vesti" "Khar'kovskie Izvestiya" "Promin'" "Ukrains'ke Radio" "Radio Kharkiv" "Kharkov Oblastne Radio" "Russkoe Radio Ukraina " "Retro FM" The most favorite sports is soccer. There are several soccer teams in the town, which participate in Ukranian domestic contests.

Kharkiv FC Dynamo, who won eight domestic championships in the 1920s-1930s, is the most popular. Shakhtar Donetsk FC will also be playing in the Metalist Stadium from 2017 due to the Donbass War. WFC Zhytlobud-1 Kharkov is also a women's soccer team, which represents Ukraine in Europe and is always the leading candidate for the Ukrainian Championship.

Kharkov also has an ice hockey association, the HC Vityaz Kharkiv, which competes in the Vysha League of Ukraine. The Avangard Budy band is a Kharkov band that won the 2013 Ukraine Championships. Kharkiv Lokomotiv men's volleyball squad is present in Ukraine and at contests in Europe. You' re a lot of player for the international squad.

In Kharkov it is a very favourite sports. You can find many professionally runned tennis court in the town. She is a Kharkov female athlete. 169 ][170] There's a big bike factory in Kharkov. 171 ] In the Kharkov region "Leso Park" the new cycle motorway is currently under development.

Following persons were either natives of Kharkov or have been living in Kharkov: As an important transport center of Ukraine there are many different means of transport available in Kharkov. Kharkov metro is the city's suburban railway that has been in operation since 1975. 193 ][194] The Kharkov busses transport about 12 million persons a year. Trolleybuses, streetcars (which in 2006 commemorated their 100th anniversary) and Marshhrutkas (private minibuses) are also important means of transport in the town.

Kharkov is linked with all major Ukrainian and foreign capitals by means of frequent train services. Kharkiv is linked to the surrounding municipalities and communities by local train services known as electrichkas. Kharkov is approached by Kharkov planes Kharkov airport has received an official state. Since 2007, the former biggest airline of Kharkov Airport - Aeromost-Kharkiv - no longer serves scheduled flights [update].

Kharkov North Airport is a manufacturing airport and was an important manufacturing site for the Antonov Airline. The Kharkiv district contains a number of attractive parklands and garden areas, including Gor'kyark, Shevchenkoark, Hydropark, Strelka and Feldman Ecological Complex. At the Shevchenko Peninsula you will find the V.N. Karazin National University.

Ökopark is located on the district road around Kharkiv. Kharkov was 1919-1934 for about 15 years a Soviet Ukraine city. Kharkov on Encyclopædia Britannica - latest issue". Returned on April 20, 2012. Returned on August 26, 2017. Kharkov name. rtm.ua. April 1, 2010.

Archives from the originals on 16 December 2014. Returned on March 22, 2015. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on March 31, 2015. Returned on March 31, 2015. Archives from the originals on 25 May 2013. Returned on June 10, 2012. ? ??????? ????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? [A commemorative tablet for Ivan Franko was revealed in Kharkiv] (in Ukrainian).

August 23, 2011. Returned on July 21, 2012. ?? ?????? XIX-?? ?? ??? [Kharkov and Kharkov residents in photographs of the nineteenth century] (in Ukrainian). Returned on July 21, 2012. Returned on January 14, 2016. Returned on July 21, 2012. Kharkov.ua. Returned on July 21, 2012. Returned on July 21, 2012. Returned on July 21, 2012. Kharkov at the time of the "mature childhood" of Lyudmila Gurchenko)".

Returned on July 21, 2012. Kharkov through the eye of Lyudmila Gurchenko. Returned on July 15, 2012. Glantz, David M., Kharkov 1942, Analysis of a former army catastrophe with Sovjet eye, Pub Ian Allan, 1998, ISBN 0-7110-2562-2 page 218. Returned on March 12, 2013. Weather and climate - The climate of Kharkov" (in Russian).

Returned on December 3, 2013. Har'Kov climate standards 1961-1990. Oceanic and atmospheric national administration. Bounced back on October 13, 2015. November 13, 2014. Returned on March 22, 2015. Roth, Andrew (March 4, 2014). March 4, 2014. Al "Pro-Russia campaigners explain the creation of the Kharkov People's Republic". April 7, 2014. Returned on April 13, 2014.

Al "pro-Russian demonstrators explain "People's Republic" in Kharkiv". April 7, 2014. Archives from the originals, 8 April 2015. Returned on April 13, 2014. Kharkov settled while pro-Russian secessionists still owned a building in Luhansk, Donetsk". April 8, 2014. Returned on April 13, 2014. Demonstrators rush Kharkiv Theatre, which thinks of the town hall".

April 8, 2014. Kharkiv Municipal Administration Buildings, Filtrated by Pro-Russian Demonstrators". April 13, 2014. Returned on April 13, 2014. Brought back on April 28, 2014. April 14, 2014. Brought back on April 28, 2014. April 14, 2014. Archives from the originals on 16 April 2014. Returned on April 16, 2014. News from the Special Observation Mission to Ukraine - on the basis of information gathered up to 29 April 2014" (Press Release).

April 30, 2014. Returned on May 1, 2014. At the latest from the Special Observation Mission to Ukraine on the basis of information obtained by 23 June 2014" (press release). June 24, 2014. Archives from the Genuine on November 22, 2015. Returned on August 22, 2014. News from the Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) in Ukraine on the basis of information that has been submitted by 18:00, 23 July" (press release).

July 24, 2014. Returned on July 25, 2014. Returned on September 29, 2014. Navalny, Alexei (September 23, 2014). ??????, ??????, ??????????[Overview of Kharkov and Odessa regions] (in Russian). navalny.com. Archives from the originals on 23 September 2014. Ukrainian law enforcement officials find out who assaulted the "Kharkov station" (in Ukrainian) run by volunteers. ukrinform.ua. Returned on March 22, 2015.

October 25, 2014. Returned on March 22, 2015. AlIAN anti-terrorist operations started in Kharkov because of the deadly explosion on Sunday - Turchynov, February 22, 2015.

Net has begun the anti-terror operations in Kharkov: four people participated in the blast, which were held on February 22, 2015. Today Turchinov announces the launch of the ATO in Kharkov. And the highest stage of terrorism was launched in the town on 23 February 2015. "Kharkov Partizan Urgent Declaration recalled on 22 March 2015.

Unian, Over 200 men in a bonnet fight at Kharkov City Council, collision with riot control, 23 September 2015, 14:10. ??????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????[streets and plazas of Kharkov]. Returned on March 31, 2015. Cities in Ukraine by population (2014)". Bounced 2014-04-14. Kharkov today". Kharkiv (in Russian).

Archives from the orginal on 22. August 2006. Brought back on May 4, 2007. Archives from the orginal from January 9, 2006. Brought back on August 28, 2006. Returned on January 11, 2017. Archives from the originals, 29 August 2014. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017.

Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Jewish Community of Kharkov. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Archives from the originals, August 9, 2016.

Returned on June 18, 2017. THE KHARKIV INITIATIVES! Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. ukraine.usembassy.gov. Archives from the originals on 7 January 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Kharkov - U.S. Embassy Kiev Blog". Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Archives from the originals on 28 September 2008.

Returned on April 20, 2012. Returned on March 22, 2015. Returned on June 18, 2017. Archives from the originals, August 17, 2016. Returned on June 18, 2017. Kharkivglobal.com/en/service. Kharkivglobal.com. Archives from the originals, July 7, 2016. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned June 18, 2017. kharkov.info. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017.

Archives from the originals, August 27, 2016. Returned on June 18, 2017. Archives from the originals on 27 July 2016. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017.

Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on August 6, 2018. Kharkov Guides. Returned on March 22, 2015. Ukraine travel guide: Kharkov, Ukraine". Returned on March 22, 2015. Kharkov International Science Fiction Festival "Star Bridge - 2011". Kharkiv Karazin National University.

Returned on March 22, 2015. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Archives from the originals on 28 December 2013. Returned on July 15, 2012. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Archives from the originals, 24 October 2016. Returned on June 18, 2017. kharkov.dozor.ua. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017.

Returned on June 18, 2017. Archives from the originals, 19 July 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Archives from the Genuine on October 26, 2016. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Archives from the originals on January 25, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017.

Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Archives from the originals, August 27, 2016. Returned on June 18, 2017. Archives from the orginal on November 10, 2016. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Archives from the originals, August 27, 2016.

Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. The Kharkov Maritime Museum. The AI City Museum. Returned on June 18, 2017. Kharkivmarathon.com. Returned on June 18, 2017. Kharkov International Marathon 2017 - race details - marathon running diary". Returned on June 18, 2017.

Returned on June 18, 2017. Kharkov International Marathon 2016 ????? ??????? ??????? ??????". Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Archives from the originals, December 25, 2016. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017.

kharkov.nezabarom.ua. Returned on June 18, 2017. Returned on June 18, 2017. Kharkov twin towns (in Russian). Brought back on May 4, 2007. 2006-2009 City of Brno. Archives from the originals on 25 August 2009. Returned on July 17, 2009. OKI Master City Coalition. Kutaisi City - International Relations - Twin Towns".

Municipal administration of the town of Kutaisi. Archives from the orginal on 3 October 2011. Archives from the orginal from 8. October 2012. Returned on July 15, 2012. Town Pozna?. Archives from the originals on 23 September 2013. Returned on December 11, 2013. Brought back on November 29, 2008. Archives from the originals on 28 September 2011.

Returned on April 20, 2012. Returned on March 12, 2013. Kharkov urban transport (in Ukrainian). Returned on March 1, 2011. Returned on June 18, 2017.

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