Khajuraho

Kujuraho

Kajuraho is one of the most popular tourist resorts in Madhya Pradesh. Khajuraho's erotic and other carvings, which cover the three groups of World Heritage-listed temples, are among the best works of temple art in the world. Kajuraho is a small town in the Chhatarpur District of Madhya Pradesh and is known for groups of Hindu and Jain temples.

sspan class="mw-headline" id="Location">Location[edit]

Khajuraho memorials are situated in the state of Madhya Pradesh in the Chhatarpur region of India, some 620 kilometers south east of New Delhi.... They are situated near a small city known as Khajuraho[7], which has about 20,000 inhabitants (2001 Census). There are flights to Khajuraho from the civilian airport Khajuraho (IATA code: HJR) with connections to Delhi, Agra, Varanasi and Mumbai.

8 ] The site is also interconnected by the Indian Railways, with the train depot about six kilometers from the entry to the memorials. Situated about 10 kilometers from the East-West National Highway 75 and about 50 kilometers from the Chhatarpur town, which is interconnected with the Bhopal National Highway 86 by the SW-NE, the memorials are situated in the city's south.

Bhand Deva Temple from the tenth centuries in Rajasthan was constructed in the Khajuraho Monument styles and is often called " Little Khajuraho ". Until the end of the twelfth centuries, Khajuraho were actively used as a temple. Approximately a hundred years later Ibn Battuta, the traveler from Morocco, in his memories of his sojourn in India from 1335 to 1342 A.D., mentions the visit of Khajuraho chapels, which he called "Kajarra"[15][16], as follows: above) are still clearly seen.

In the vicinity of (Khajuraho) shrines containing gods maimed by Muslims, a number of yoogis are living whose felted castles have grew as long as their corpses. Khajuraho Temple, the main centre of India, was under the domination of many different Moslem tribes from the thirteenth to the eighteenth centuries.

During this time some monasteries were profaned, followed by a long time of abandon. 6 ][9] In 1495 AD, for example, Sikandar embraced Lodi's campaigns to destroy the Khajuraho church. Khajuraho's seclusion and seclusion prevented the Hindu and Jain tribes from being further destroyed by Muslims.

19 ][20] Over the course of time, there grew a lot of forest and flora that took over the monasteries. One of the four sacred places associated with the Shiva divinity is Khajuraho (the other three are Kedarnath, Kashi and Gaya). hobita Punja [27] has suggested that the origins of the temple mirror the Hindu legend in which Khajuraho is the place where Shiva got wed; with Raghuvamsha v. 5. 53, Matangeshvara in honor of''Matanga'', or Lord of Charity.

Chapters and alignment of the Khajuraho temples. With the exception of[26] one (Chaturbhuja), all monasteries stand before dawn - another symbol of hinduism. Temple arrangement is relatively integrated, with male and female gods and icons underlining mutual dependence. Out of the remaining churches 6 are devoted to Shiva and his companions, 8 to Vishnu and his relatives, 1 to Ganesha, 1 to Sun and 3 to Jain Tirthankars.

There is not enough proof for some remnants to trust the gods in the area. Jain Tempels are situated in the east-south-eastern Khajuraho area. 37 ] The Chausath Jagini provides 64 joginis, while the Ghantai carries bell on its columns. Floor plans of the Kandariya Mahadeva Tempel.

The 64 format uses the 64 format pdf format pattern. Minor Khajuraho monasteries use the 9, 16, 36 or 49 lattice mandate scheme. The majority of Khajuraho monasteries use the 8x8 (64) Manduka Vastupurushamandala grating, with Manduka Khajuraho Manduka squared grating integrated into the towers' designs. 38 ] The primordial Godhead or Linga is in the Brahma Pads of the net.

Khajuraho all but one of them are before dawn, and the pendant's doorway is this eastern side. This is an image of the Khajuraho towers (Shikhara, Vimana) constructed according to the circular and triangular plan. The four towers (left) are shown above, while the interior of a Shikara slab (right) shows the symmetrical arrangement.

There are three geographic areas: West, East and South. Khajuraho is a temple made of limestone with a nearly invisible grand base. Khajuraho and Kalinjar are home to high grade limestone that can be precisely cut. Whilst shooting the TV show Khajuraho's History Channel show Los Worlds, Alex Evans created a 4-foot rock statue that took about 60 working days to come up with a general picture of how much work must have been associated with it.

They came to the conclusion that these temples would have necessitated the work of hundred of high quality statues. Khajuraho Temple Group belongs to the Vaishnavism Schools of Hinduism, Saivism Schools of Hinduism and Jainism - almost a third each. Archeological research indicates that all three kinds of terraces were built and used at about the same period in the end of the X st centuries.

Mr. W. Durant explains that this Khajuraho temple feature demonstrates toleration and esteem for different religions in the Hindus and Jain tradition. In each group of Khajuraho monasteries there were large monasteries encircled by smaller monasteries - a lattice pattern seen to differing extents in Hindus monasteries in Angkor Wat, Parambaran and southern India.

Khandarya Mahadeva is the biggest remaining Saiga survivor, while Chaturbhuja and Ramachandra are the biggest survivors of the Vaishnava group. The Kandariya Mahadeva Tempelplan is 109 foot long and 60 foot tall and stands 116 foot above land and 88 foot above its own storey. There are three series of sculptural sculptures with over 870 sculptures surrounding the mainpadas. Most of them are half the statue-sized ( 2.5 to 3 feet).

Khajuraho Buddhist churches offer a wide range of works of artwork, of which 10% are sex or sex works outside and inside the temple. Several of the two-layered sanctuaries have small carved motifs on the outside of the inner part. Other scientists claim that the sexually charged Arts are part of the Hindus traditions of dealing with Kamas as an integral and correct part of humankind, and their representation, either symbol or explicitly, is customary in Hindus Temples.

5 ][55] James McConnachie in his story of the Kamasutra described the sexually thematic Khajuraho sculpture as "the climax of adult art": "Over 90% of the artworks in the sanctuary are about everyday lives and the symbolism of old India cultures. Kandarya Mahadeva is the only Kandarya Mahadeva sanctuary to be embellished with over 870 of them.

About 10% of these iconic woodcuts contain female subjects and various female postures. It is a frequent mistake that, since the ancient carved structure is in Khajuraho temple, the woodwork represents sexuality between deities;[56] however, the Kamas are different kinds of different people's reproductive forms. An overwhelming part of the art world represents various facets of daily living, mythic histories as well as the symbolism of various temporal and religious beliefs that are important in the Hindus school.

58 ] These scene are located in the exterior pods, as is characteristic of Hindus style monasteries. A symbol of iconography is present which is imbedded in the art of the Khajuraho-Temple. 5 ] The core hindu ideals are manifested in many ways. Temple Layouts Card - Khajuraho group of monuments. Khajuraho Dance Festival takes place every year in February.

64 ] It shows various classic Hindi dance in front of the scenery of the Chitragupta or Vishwanath monasteries. Khajuraho Tempelanlage provides a lights and soundshow every night. This takes place on the open grass areas in the Tempel Komplex and has been given a number of different ratings. It is assumed that the churches are celebrating the wedding of Shiva and Parvathi.

Shivaratri Maha is worshipped in all monasteries where Rudram verse is sung while the sacred marriages of Shiva and Parvathi are performed by the clergy. 65 ] Madhya Pradesh Tourism Development has established a kiosk at Khajuraho train yard with tourists' officials providing information to Khajuraho people.

The number 64 is regarded as holy and very customary in Buddhist tabernacle building; it is a symbol because it is both a 8 sq. and a 4 cub. Desai explains that the Khajuraho and Orissa Hindoo churches are distinguished by giving the same importance to sensual camouflage as others and by giving them an important architectonic location; in comparison, sculptures of Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Mysore churches that have survived show that kamas and sex pictures have been attributed to unimportant parts of the church;

Master proposes that this erotic dimension of Tempeldesign and the same importance should reflect the development of Hindu craftsmen's designs, with late Middle Ages models giving the same importance and equilibrium to the cama; see Master, Michael (1979). List and Tempelarchitektur". "and measurement in Indian shrine layouts.

Square temples". "Hill and Temple Mounts. Elgood Heather (2000), Hinduism and the Religious Arts, ISBN 978-0304707393, Bloomsbury; Stella Kramrisch, The Hindu Temple, vol. 1, ISBN 81-208-0223-3, p. 92-96; ^ "Khajuraho". "Animals on Hindu monstrosities, with special reference to Khajuraho." "Great Temple of Madhya Pradesh." Ghajuraho (Sixth imprint ed.).

Auch interessant

Mehr zum Thema