Kennedy Space CenterThe Kennedy Space Center
Visitor Complex Kennedy Space Center (@ExploreSpaceKSC)
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John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC, formerly known as NASA Lauch Operation Center) is one of ten National Aeronautics and Space Administration Fields Centres..... The Kennedy Space Center has been NASA's most important manned space flight takeoff center since December 1968..... Launches for the Apollo, Skylab and Space Shuttle programmes were conducted from Kennedy Space Center Complex 39 and administered by KSC.
In addition, the Centre administers the launching of robot and merchant ship crews' mission and explores research into knowledge of nutritional and in-situ resources for off-earth exploration. In 2010, industrial partnerships made the centre a multi-user space port and even added a new launching platform (LC-39C) in 2015. The 144,000 hectares of the centre are home to some 700 institutions.
KSC's most outstanding features include the 525-foot Vehicle Assembly Building for stockpiling NASA's biggest missiles, the Operation and Checkout Building, which contains the astronauts' team accommodation, and the 3 mile Shuttle Landing Facility. Since 1949 the army carried out take-offs at the later Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.
By December 1959, the Ministry of Defense had handed over 5,000 employees and the missile launching laboratory to NASA to take charge of take-off missions under NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center. John F. Kennedy's aim of a moon landings before 1970 called for an extension of take-off operation. The MSFC LOC (Launch Operation Directorate) was spun off from MSFC on July 1, 1962.
Cape Canaveral was also unable to accommodate the new launching system needed for the 363 ft (111 m) high and 33,000 kN (7,500,000 pounds) heavy Saturn V-rocket, which was to be mounted in a large vertical hanging bay and carried on a portable plate to one of several launching platforms. The center is on Merritt Island, Florida, north-northwest of Cape Canaveral on the Atlantic Ocean, halfway between Miami and Jacksonville on Florida's Space Coast, just to the East of Orlando.
Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex provides guided tour of the center and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Centre laborers may meet white-headed sea-agles, US gators, boar, eastern diamondback snakes, the at-risk Florida Panther[quote required] and Florida manatees. Between 1967 and 1973 there were 13 Saturno V-starts, among them the ten outstanding Apollo mission to Apollo 7.
Also the first of two unscheduled missions, the first of which, on November 9, 1967, was KSC's first missile take-off, named 4 and 501 (Apollo-Saturn). Saturn V's first human takeoff on 21 December 1968 was the moon revolution operation of Saturn 8. orbital positions are as follows: 9 for the Earth and 10 for the Moon. Departing from Pad A on 16 July 1969, on 20 July 1969, the first moon landings were made by Atlantis 11.
The Apollo 12 followed four month later. Between 1970-1972, the Apollo programme at KSC ended with the start of the 13-17mission. The last take-off of the Skylab space platform from Pad 39A was on May 14, 1973. At this point, the Cape Kennedy 34 and 37 pods used for the Saturnian IB were shut down, and Pad B was upgraded to take off three human space probe mission to Skylab this year, as well as the definitive Apollo probe for the Apollo Soyuz test project in 1975.
When the Space Shuttle was developed, NASA was given suggestions for the construction of alternate take-off and landing areas at places other than the KSC, which required investigation. Drawbacks: its incapacity to bring mission into safe arctic circulation, as worn booster would probably drop on the Carolinas or Cuba; corrosive action from the salty atmosphere; and common cloud or storminess.
Though serious consideration was given to the construction of a new site in the White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico, NASA in April 1972 declared its intention to use KSC for the shuttles. Since it was not possible to land the shuttles either remotely or manually, Columbia's take-off on 12 April 1981 for its first on-board NASA space flight STS-1 was the first crewed take-off of a NASA aircraft that had not been previously piloted by missions.
The LC-39 was rebuilt in the lat 1970' to power the Space Shuttles. Following 24 succesful shuttlecraft operations, Challenger was ripped apart 73 seconds after the takeoff of STS-51-L on 28 January 1986; the first shuttlecraft takeoff from Pad 39B and the first US personnel takeoff killed the seven members of the team.
The STS-26 service was re-launched on 29 September 1988 after many elements of the shuttles programme were changed. Columbia and her seven-man team were killed on February 1, 2003, on re-entry over Texas during the STS 107 operation (the 117th shuttlecraft flight); a broken car caused by damages on the takeoff of Pad 39A on January 16, when a bit of froth isolation from the orbiter's remote propellant tanks hit the torpedo area.
As with the Challenger catastrophe, the resulting investigations and modification disrupted KSC's shuttleship operation for more than two years until the STS-114 took off on July 26, 2005. STS-51-F, the shutdown of five major engines at LC-39, all within four seconds of takeoff, and an aborted into space on July 29, 1985.
Nearly 30 years of operation of the spacecraft involved the use of spacecraft and interacting spacecraft, space scientific and technological experimentation, visiting the Moscow MIR space facility, building and maintaining the International Space Base, using and maintaining the Hubble space telescope and operating a space lab. After 135 take-offs, the shutdown took place in July 2011.
The Ares I-X start of Pad 39B on 28 October 2009 was KSC's first pilotless start since the 1973 Skylab workshops. "In 1965, KSC's direction of automated takeoffs became in charge of all NASA's automated takeoffs, which included those at Vandenberg Air Force Base. Between the 1950s and 1978, KSC selected the missile and cargo handling systems for all robot mission launches in the United States and oversaw their near-start handling and cash register.
The NASA also financed the servicing of the CAFS launcher and the improvement of the launcher. The KSC established the LSP in 1998, which brings together programmes (and personnel) that already exist in the KSC, GRC, Goddard Space Flight Center and others to administer the launches of NASA and NOAA robot mission. The main launching points for LSP operations are VAFB and CAFS. However, other locations are sometimes used.
The LSP loads such as the Mars Science Laboratory were handled at the KSC before being transmitted to a launching ramp on the CCAFS. The NASA is currently developing the next major launcher, the Space Lauch System (SLS), for the extension of manned space flight. KSC Industrial Park, where many of the center's supporting structures are situated, is 5 mile (.8 km) southward of LC-39.
This comprises the Headquarters Building, the Operations and Checkout Building and the Central Instrumentation Facility. 12 ] The Merritt Island Spaceflight Track and Data Network station (MILA), an important wireless communication and space craft tracker facility, was established as KSC. The launch compound 39 (LC-39) was initially designed for the Saturn V, the biggest and most efficient launcher in the world.
LC-39 has been used to take all NASA space flights since the end of the Apollo programme in 1972, among them Skylab (1973), the Apollo-Soyuz test project (1975) and the Space Shuttle programme (1981-2011). All take-offs have been carried out from positions A and A at LC-39 since December 1968.
Between 1969-1972 LC-39 was the starting point for all six Apollo Unmanned Lunar Lander operations with the Saturn V and was used for all space shuttle take-offs from 1981-2011. KSC on Merritt Island has constructed launch complex 39 (LC-39) for the new missile. The 800 million dollar building began in November 1962.
Comprising: a van able to transport 5,440 tonnes along a crawler to one of the two launching platforms; a 136 metre long portable services infrastructure with three launcher platforms, each containing a permanent corded cord stack; a communication mediumstallation. KSC rents out some of its objects in the context of supporting the development of the industrial space sector in the region and the overall centre as a multi-user spaceport.
A number of missiles that were exhibited in the middle were overthrown. Ten NASA officers, three of whom were former cosmonauts (Crippen, Bridges and Cabana), have been active as board members since the KSC was founded: In July 1962, when KSC parted with the Marshall Space Flight Center, it took 375 people. A number of TV shows had KSC as one of the main shots, although not necessarily with center scenes:
Skip to top ^ "Kennedy Business Report" (PDF). NASA. Accessed August 22, 2011. Leap to the top ^ "Kennedy Space Center Implementing NASA's Strategies" (PDF). NASA. Accessed November 5, 2015. Ahead ^ "ANNEX 10 - MERCURY PROJECT SUPPORTING GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS". The NASA History Program Office. NASA. Accessed November 6, 2015. Leap up ^ "2. PROJECT AID FROM NASA Centres".
SUMMARY OF THE MERCURY PROJECT (NASA SP-45). NASA. Accessed November 6, 2015. Skip up ^ "Mercury Mission Control". NASA. Accessed November 6, 2015. Skip high to: a p d e f g i Lipartito, Kenneth; Butler, Orville (2007). A story of the Kennedy Space Center. Skip up to: a d "Research & Technology".
ANNOUNCER: Kennedy Space Center. NASA. Accessed November 5, 2015. Leap to the top ^ "NASA Partnerships Launch Multi-User Spaceport". NASA. Accessed November 5, 2015. Skip up to: a to " Kennedy Creating New Master Plan ". NASA. 12 March 2012. Accessed November 5, 2015. Hop up ^ Charles D. Benson and William Barnaby Faherty.
The story of Apollo Launch Facilities and Operations. NASA. Accessed August 27, 2009. Leap up ^ Muschamp, Herbert (January 28, 1999). Accessed August 22, 2011. Skip up to: a to " Kennedy Historical Quiz ". NASA. Accessed November 5, 2015. Leap up ^ "The National Archives, Lyndon Johnson Executive Order 11129".
Accessed April 26, 2010. Skip up ^ "Kennedy Space Center Story". NASA. Accessed November 5, 2015. Benson, Charles D.; Faherty, William B. (August 1977). "The Launch Directorate becomes the Operations Centre - Kennedy's last visit." The story of Apollo Launch Facilities and Operations. NASA. Leap up ^ Heppenheimer, T. A. (1998).
of the Space Shuttles. NASA. Pages. Branch up ^ Shuttles Landing Facility (SLF). Recalled on May 5, 2012. Skip up ^ "Style Guide for NASA History Authors and Editors". NASA. Accessed November 6, 2015. Leapung nach oben ^ "Directive présidentielle sur la politique spatiale nationale". NASA. Accessed November 6, 2015. Skip ar : a bar "Kennedy Space Center Payload Processing".
NASA. Accessed November 5, 2015. Dive up ^ "Kennedy Space Center". NASA. Accessed November 5, 2015. Skip up ^ "Commercial Crew Program". NASA. Accessed November 5, 2015. Leap to the top ^ "Ground Systems Development". NASA. Accessed November 5, 2015. Highjump ^ Garcia, Mark (2015-04-12). NASA. Retracted 2017-01-17. High Jumping ^ "Orion Explained:
Space.com. Retracted 2017-01-17. Jumping up ^ "Launching missiles". NASA. Accessed November 5, 2015. High Jumping ^ "Small Satellite Missions". NASA. Accessed November 5, 2015. Skip up ^ "Hangar S History". ANNOUNCER: Kennedy Space Center. NASA. Accessed November 5, 2015. High Jumping ^ "iv. Knowledgebase - Was wir anbieten - Physical Assets".
Accessed March 4, 2014. Skip up ^ "Kennedy Space Center Resource Encyclopedia". Kennedy Space Center. Accessed March 4, 2014. Jumping up ^ Headquarters building (HQ). Recalled on May 5, 2012. Dive up ^ "Kennedy Space Center High. NASA. Accessed February 3, 2016. Jumping up ^ "Kennedy Space Center Campus" (PDF).
The Kennedy Space Center Fact Sheets. NASA. Accessed February 3, 2016. Leapung nach oben ^ "Media Invited to Groundbreaking for New Kennedy Space Center Headquarters". NASA. Accessed November 5, 2015. Jumping up ^ "The NASA Railway" (PDF). The Kennedy Space Center Fact Sheets. NASA. Accessed February 3, 2016. Highjump ^ Dean, James (May 24, 2015).
"The NASA train goes into the sunset." Accessed June 2, 2015. Branch upwards ^ "Operations and Checkout Building". Leap upwards ^ Mansfield, Cheryl L. (July 15, 2008). NASA. Accessed July 13, 2009. Leap upwards ^ Space Station Processing Facility (SSPF). Recalled on May 5, 2012. Jumping upwards ^ Vertical processing system. Recalled on May 5, 2012.
Skip up ^ "Hypergolic Maintenance and Checkout Facility". Branch up ^ "Payload Hazardous Servicing Facility". Retracted 2018-05-02. Jumping up ^ "Senate". Leap to the top ^ "Partnership with KSC". Archiveed from the orginal on November 4, 2015. Jumping up ^ "The title page archive". This is Doing with Kennedy. NASA. Accessed November 5, 2015.
Leap to the top ^ "Partnership with KSC". Leap up ^ "Solar Energy Centers". Leap up ^ "Space Coast Next Generation Solar Energy Center". NASA. Accessed November 5, 2015. Leap to the top ^ "Partnership with KSC". Leap up ^ Stratford, Amanda (January 12, 2010). Hop up, Dean, James. Accessed August 6, 2015.
A new home for the KSC timer". Accessed March 2, 2016. Skip up to: a d "Historical objects in the Kennedy Space Center from January 2015" (PDF). NASA. Accessed November 5, 2015. Jumping up ^ "UNDERSTANDING THE HISTORICAL DISTRICS OF NASA" (PDF). NASA. Archiveed from the orginal (PDF) on November 17, 2015.
Accessed November 5, 2015. Leap to the top ^ "Environmental Planning - Cultural Resources". NASA. Archiveed from the orginal on September 22, 2015. Accessed November 5, 2015. Leap to the top ^ "NASA's Historic Preservation Program: NASA. Accessed November 5, 2015. Hop up ^ Oliver, John E. (2005). Skip up ^ "Lightning: Accessed June 17, 2010.
NASA checks shuttle for a thunderbolt near the launch site. Space.com. Retracted 2017-10-19. Leap up ^ "NASA assesses Hurricane Frances Damage". The NASA press release. Leap up ^ NASA - Biography of Dr. Kurt H. Debus. Recalled on May 5, 2012. NASA - Biography of Lee R. Scherer.
Recalled on May 5, 2012. NASA - Biography of Richard G. Smith. Recalled on May 5, 2012. NASA - Biography of Forrest S. McCartney. Recalled on May 5, 2012. NASA - Biography of Robert L. Crippen. Recalled on May 5, 2012.
NASA - Biography of Jay F. Honeycutt. Recalled on May 5, 2012. NASA - Biography of Roy Bridges. Recalled on May 5, 2012. NASA - NASA KSC Director announces resignation. Nasa. gov (24 February 2008). Recalled on May 5, 2012. NASA - Biography of William W. (Bill) Parsons.
Nasa. gov (24 February 2008). Recalled on May 5, 2012. Skip up ^ "Cabana to Kennedy Space Center Director Cabana" (press release). NASA. Accessed September 30, 2008. Hop up ^ Dean, James (March 17, 2011). "The NASA budgetary problems lead to layoffs." Accessed August 21, 2011. Hip up ^ Peterson, Patrick (November 28, 2010).
Hop up ^ Dean, James (November 5, 2011). High jumping ^ Sangalang, Jennifer (January 19, 2018). Call for auditions for Ryan Gosling'First Man' at Kennedy Space Center. Accessed January 30, 2018. Skip up ^ "Armageddon Production Notes". Accessed January 30, 2018. The story of Apollo Launch Facilities and Operations.
NASA Academic and Technical Information Office. Archives from the orginal on November 17, 2004. ANNOUNCER: Kennedy Space Center: The gateway to space. Accessed January 30, 2010. The present document contains publicly available materials from National Aeronautics and Space Administration Web sites or documentation.