Since 1413 Kaunas was the main town and the center of a district in the municipality Trakai of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
From 1843 to 1915 it was the capitol of the Kaunas government district in the Russian Empire. It is the capitol of Kaunas County and the headquarters of Kaunas County and Kaunas Town. This is also the headquarters of the archdiocese of Kaunas. The Kaunas is situated at the junction of the two biggest rivers in Lithuania, the Nemunas and the Neris, and near the Kaunas reservoir, the biggest river in Lithuania.
Prior to Lithuania regaining its sovereignty, the town was generally known in English as Kovno, the vernacular Slavic version of its name; the Polish name is Kowno; the Belorussian name is Ko???, Kowna. A former name in Russia was ????? Kovno, although ?????? Kaunas has been in use since 1940. Jiddish name is ?????? Kovne, and German name is Kaunas and Kauen.
Kaunas and its elders also have other language titles (see Kaunas and Kaunas elders in other languages). The historic Kaunas emblem was restored by a specific executive order on 30 June 1993. Auerochse was the town' s ancient animal symbolic landmark and was founded in 1400.
Kaunas' keraldic signet, established at the beginning of the fifteenth centuries under the rule of Grand Duke Vytautas, is the oldest keraldic signet of the town known in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Before the Second World War, Kaunas, like many towns in East Europe, had a significant Jew populace.
They founded a number of colleges and Synagogues and were important for the city's cultural and commercial life for hundreds of years. Kaunas became the most important Lithuanian town of industry after the Second World War, producing about a fourth of Lithuania's total industry. There are 15,700 acres in the town. 95 ] The town follows the countryside and is flat.
The Kaunas is subdivided into 12 elders: The Kaunas has a moist climate (Köppen climatic class Dfb) with an avarage ambient air quality of approx. 6 °C (43 °F). In spite of its northerly position, the Kaunas region has a relatively temperate climatic environment in comparison to other similar latitudinal areas, mainly because of the Baltic Sea.
Due to its latitudes, Kaunas has 17 hrs of natural light in high summer and only about 7 hrs in mid-winter. Kazl? R?da Forest, western of Kaunas, creates a micro-climate around the town, regulates relative humidities and relative temperatures and protects it from powerful western wind. Kaunas summer is hot and comfortable with daily mean daytimes of 21-22 C (70-72 F) and minimums of around 12 C (54 F), but on a few occasions summer weather can get to 30 C (86 F).
One of the most important devotional characteristics of the Kaunas is the fact that they have a very high age: the Kaunas: Vytautas' Cathedral, one of the oldest Lithuanian cathedrals and the oldest in Kaunas; St. Gertrude's Cathedral in Kaunas; Kaunas Cathedral Basilica, the biggest Gothic Lithuanian cathedral with a medieval Gothic interiors; St. George's Cathedral, rumored to have been transformed into a dancing hall during the Soviet occupation; Pa?aislis abbey, an imposing Renaissance block; St. George's Cathedral, the oldest in Kaunas.
Xavier Francis Xavier Chapel; New Guyzantine St. Michael the Archangel Chapel; Christ Resurrection Chapel with developing Panorama views of the town; Kaunas Synagogue; Kaunas Mosque; Kaunas Town is a cultural centre. Kaunas Old Town is situated at the junction of the Nemunas and Neris rivers, where old historic landmarks and other historic structures can be found.
East of the old town is the new town of the town, which developed and got its name since 1847, when it became an independent part of the town. 1 ] Zentral-Kaunas is characterized by two zones of pedestrianism: the 2 km long Laisv?s www.kaunas. com (Liberty Avenue), a main road of the town, bordered by lime woods and adorned with floral coves.
Further historic, intercultural characteristics of Kaunas are: The tomb of the unidentified army man, the perpetual flames and the sculptures of Lithuania's famous Rennaissance figurines can be found in the Vienyb?s plaza in front of the War Memorial; the Kaunas fort, one of the biggest defence fortresses in Europe, covering 65 m2, a 19th and 20th centuries army fort, including the Holocaust site of the ninth fort; the house of Perk?nas; the architectural ensembles of interbellum functionality;
There are two cable cars - the ?aliakalnis cable car and the Aleksotas cable car; the Lithuania Open Space Museum, which displays the legacy of Lithuania's country lifestyle in a huge selection of authentically reconstructed country houses, is located on the eastern shore of Kaunas Lake in a small village named Rum?i?k?s; the Kaunas Cultural Centre of Various Nations; Kaunas is often referred to as the Museum of Kaunas because of its wealth and diversity.
Among the Kaunas museum are: the War Museum of Vytautas the Great; the National Art Museum M. K. ?iurlionis, which recalls the work of the avant-garde M. K. ?iurlionis, who tried to unite art and culture in a unique art media; the museum ?muidzinavi?ius (better known as the Devil's Museum), which hosts a library of more than two thousand devil sculpture and carving from all over the globe, most of them of popular origin.
Particularly interesting are the Teufel (Devils) by Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin, who together perform the dancing of The Dying over a man-bone covered children's park; the Lithuanian Aviation and Museum; the Lithuanian Medicine and Pharmacy Historical Museums; the Kaunas Blind Folk Musem; the Povilas Stulga Lithuanian Folk Instruments Musem; the Tadas Ivanauskas Zoological Musem; the Sugihara Home Musem; Kaunas is known for its rich cultural heritage.
The Kaunas Symphony Orchestra is the capital for classic musical performances. Kaunas has an old circuit traditions. At the beginning of the 19 th centuries a stationary circulation was set up in the Vytautas Gardens in Kaunas. Baltic Circus, the only Lithuania based pro performing circulation organization, was set up in 1995 in Kaunas.
105 ] The Kaunas theatre has performed an important function in Latvian community. One of the best cultural experiences in Kaunas is theatre of different styles: Kaunas has a number of gardens and squares. 106 ]??uolynas (literally "oak forest") is a government major area in the center of Kaunas.
In order to preserve the Kaunas reservoir's singular lower scenery, the Kaunas Regional Park's storage tank was set up on the east outskirts of Kaunas in 1992. The Kaunas Botanical Garden was created in 1923 on the instigation of the well-known Lithuanian animalist Tadas Ivanauskas and the biologicalist Konstantinas Regelis.
Kaunas is also home to Kaunas Zoological Garden, the only state-run animal park in Lithuania. Lithuania's first final burial place, which is officially intended for tombs of those who have influence in Lithuanian art, culture, history as well as political life, is Petra?i?nai cemetery in Kaunas. It has four old Hebrew graveyards within the perimeter of the town. Kaunas also has a number of innovating enterprises, such as the ACME Group, the world' s largest distributor of computer equipment, ACME Group, ISP and TV supplier, Kommunikation AG Microvisata Group, and Selteka AG, which develops and produces genuine TV and broadcast technology OEMs.
Net Frequency", a German-Lithuanian venture headquartered in Kaunas, is a multi-media and technological services group. In Kaunas, there is also the JSC "Baltijos Programin? ?ranga", a daughter of No Magic, Inc. In February 2011, the LK Technologie factory in Kaunas, Korea, opened a factory for the installation of LEDs. 119] Before her dismissal, Air Lithuania had its headquarters in Kaunas.
in the old town of Kaunas. Today Kaunas is one of the most Lithuaniaan towns in the county with almost 94% of its inhabitants of ethnical origin. The Kaunas Municipal Councillor is the managing organ of the Kaunas Municipal Administration. The Kaunas International airport (KUN) is the second best in Lithuania and the 4th best in the Baltics.
740,448 passenger movements (in excess of 2,488 tonnes of freight) were recorded in 2016, following a high of 872,618 passenger movements in 2011. In February 2010, an Irish budget carrier Ryanair heralded Kaunas Airport as its fortyth location and first in Central Europe. 130 ] The smaller airport of S. Darius and S. Gir?nas, founded in 1915, is situated about three kilometers southern of the center of the city.
A number of important freeways run into Kaunas. The E67 road is a freeway that runs from Prague in the Czech Republic via Poland, Kaunas Lithuania, Riga (Latvia) and Tallinn (Estonia) to Helsinki in Finland. It is also connected with Vilnius in the eastern part and Klaip?da, on the Baltic Sea, via the A1 and Daugavpils (Latvia) highways, via the E262 (A6) highways.
As Kaunas is situated at the junction of two streams, 34 bridge and viaduct structures were constructed in the town at the end of 2007: The Vytautas Great Footbridge, which connects the Old Town with the Aleksotas via the Nemunas; M. K. ?iurlionis Footbridge, a motorway footbridge via the Nemunas; Lamp?d?iai Footbridge via the Nemunas, which acts as the west ring road of Kaunas; Petras Vilei?is Footbridge, which connects the Old Town with Vilijampol? via the Neris; Varniai Footbridge, which connects ?aliakalnis with Vilijampol? via the Neris; The Green Footbridge, constructed in 1862.
The Kaunas region is an important rail junction in Lithuania. The first railroad through Kaunas was built in 1859-1861 and opened in 1862. It was made up of the Kaunas rail tunnel and the Nemunas overpass. The Kaunas train station is an important junction for passengers travelling directly to Vilnius and Warsaw as well as a gateway to Pan-European I and IX highways.
From Vilnius there are several train routes to ?e?tokai and, in Poland, through Kaunas. Kaliningrad, Russia, and Kharkov, Ukraine, is also connected by an internal road via Kaunas. In 2015, the first stage of the Rail Baltica section from ?e?tokai to Kaunas was concluded. In Kaunas there are several historical sites such as the city's capital S. Dariaus ir S. Gir?no Sporto Centras (total 9,000 capacity), which is also the home ground of the nation's FBK Kaunas FA teams and the Lithuania FA teams, founded in 1923, and the Kaunas sports hall, finished in 1939 for the Third European Basketball Championship.
In 2006 the Kaunas branch of the Nazi Academy of Soccer - the center for the education of the best young Latvian soccer player - was founded. Mr Kaunas also played host to the K.O. round of the 2011 European Basketball Championship. ?algiris Arena in the Baltic States was finished for the Kaunas festival.
It is also the home or place of birth of many of the country's best baseball players, including Arvydas Sabonis, ?ar?nas Mar?iulionis, ?ydr?nas, ?ydr?nas Ilgauskas, Linas Kleiza, Donatas Motiej?nas and ?ar?nas Jasikevi?ius Elnias ", the first Lithuanian course, was opened in Kaunas in 2000. The Nemuno Ziedas is the only one in Lithuania located in Ka?ergin?, a small village near Kaunas.
There is a yachting society in the Kaunas Reservoir Regional Park. The town of Kaunas is often described as a student town; about 50,000 people are registered at the university. Kaunas' first parish college was founded in 1473. In 1649 a four-man Jesuit college was opened in Kaunas. 143 ] The oldest still active body of higher learning is the Kaunas Priest Seminary, which was founded in 1864.
<font color="#ffff00">-=Kod?l=- proudly presents Returned on January 3, 2013. Kaunas Municipal Council - Mayor's Department. Town of Kaunas. Bounced 2018-06-07. Bryant, Jon (September 8, 2016). Returned on September 8, 2016. ART DECO KAUNAS. Returned on November 4, 2017. Kaunas - Cities of Design Network.
Returned on November 4, 2017. Kaunas 2022 European Capital of Culture. Kaunas2022.eu. January 21, 2016. Archives from the originals on 8 December 2017. Returned on December 7, 2017. Archives from the originals on 24 August 2011. Returned on April 13, 2011. Kaunas: An overview of the "Kaunas history". Brought back on October 13, 2016. Kaunas:
An overview of the "Kaunas history". Brought back on October 29, 2010. "The Kaunas Castle," Kaunas City Council. Lau?ikas, Rimvydas (15 October 2004). Returned on April 22, 2011. Returned on January 29, 2014. Archives from the originals on 29 June 2011. ^ a p r http://datos.kvb.lt/en/index.php? option=com_content&task=view&id=21&Itemid=81 Kaunas: An overview of the Kaunas story. Kauna's story. Returned on April 12, 2011.
Filed copy. Archives from the originals on 3 February 2011. Returned on March 20, 2011. Returned on November 2, 2017. Brought back on October 26, 2017. Eidintas, Alfonsas; Vytautas ?alys; Alfred Erich Senn (September 1999). Returned on August 16, 2013. Returned on September 29, 2013. Returned on July 20, 2011. Returned on November 27, 2017. Returned on February 21, 2017.
Returned on November 27, 2017. Returned on May 5, 2009. Filed copy. Archives from the originals on April 17, 2014. Brought back on October 12, 2014. Returned on June 30, 2010. "Lithuania-Soviet Treaty of October 1939." Brought back on October 28, 2009. Returned on November 3, 2017. Returned on December 10, 2017. Returned on January 30, 2018. Returned on November 3, 2017.
Returned on December 10, 2017. Returned on December 14, 2017. Returned on September 16, 2006. Returned on December 4, 2017. Returned on December 4, 2017. Returned on January 10, 2018. Returned on June 20, 2014. Returned on June 26, 2016. Returned on June 26, 2016. Archives from the orginal on 03.03.2008. Brought back 2009-07-04. Returned on September 15, 2015. Returned on December 23, 2017.
Returned on May 25, 2012. The Jewish Community of Kaunas. Returned on July 1, 2018. Returned on July 11, 2015. Kaleem, Jaweed (24 January 2013). Returned on January 24, 2013. Returned on December 8, 2017. Center for Asian Studies ^ ASC, Asian Studies, VMU, Lithuania, Kaunas". asc.vdu.lt. Returned on December 9, 2017. Returned on January 30, 2004.
Brought back on October 29, 2010. Returned on January 29, 2011. Archives from the orginal on 9 May 2010. Returned on November 10, 2010. Vilnius, January 13, 1991." Returned on January 29, 2011. Chronicle of the January 1991 and later months incidents that were a crucial part of the free residual media". Returned on January 29, 2011.
Filed copy. Archives from the originals on 22 July 2011. Returned on November 10, 2009. Kaunas. Apostolate trip to Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia (4-10 September 1993)". Brought back on October 30, 2009. Kaunas of 1919-1940, Lithuania - Creative Europe - European Commission. Brought back on October 25, 2017. KAUNAS was awarded a European heir label". visit.kaunas.lt.
Returned on November 8, 2017. Returned on February 11, 2017. Kaunas 1919-1939: Brought back on October 27, 2017. Kaunas Paskelbata 2022-?j? Europos www. football. com/sostine. Returned on March 29, 2017. Bounced back on September 28, 2017. Returned on November 8, 2017. Baltic University Programme Programme Forum urbain Forum City Status Report V". Archives from the orginal from 10. June 2007.
Returned on January 25, 2009. Brought back on December 6, 2010. World Weather Information Service - Kaunas. May, 2011. Brought back on December 1, 2008. Kaunas Climate Standards 1961-1990. Returned on February 2, 2013. Climatological norms of Kaunas. Returned on March 14, 2011. Climat Statistics for Kaunas 1981-2010. Brought back on October 15, 2017.
The Branch Museum of Vytautas the First World War Museum, which was restored on April 29, 2011. Filed copy. Archives from the originals on 10 August 2011. Brought back on April 29, 2011. Brought back on April 29, 2011. Kaunas Museum Brought Back on June 9, 2011. Archives from the originals on 22 July 2011.
Brought back on December 11, 2010. Kaunas County Governor's Administration Filed on March 22, 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Returned on April 8, 2011. The Kaunas file will be filed at the Wayback Machine on January 6, 2012. Returned on December 8, 2011. The Kaunas Mill will be filed at the Wayback Machine on October 3, 2011. Returned on September 3, 2011.
Aconitum" Pharmaceuticals Corporation Archives on November 9, 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Returned on September 3, 2011. anhydride degradation filed on April 26, 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Returned on December 7, 2011. Lithuanian Central Credit Union Filed on 11 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Returned on December 7, 2011.
Koreans open Kaunas factory for solid-state lighters. Returned on 16 March 2011. Returned on March 12, 2012. Kaunas Free Economic Zone Homepage. Brought back on October 25, 2010. Fortum Heat Lithuania plans to construct a Kaunas generating station Archived on September 14, 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
Returned on March 12, 2012. Archives from the orginal, August 6, 2002. Brought back on January 15, 2010. Kaman?, blessings to open the facades of the Kaunas Arena. Archives from the originals on 27 July 2011. Returned on May 17, 2010. Brought back on October 30, 2017. Brought back on October 26, 2017. <font color="#ffff00">?ydai Lietuvoje Kaunas <font color="#ffff00">www.zydai.lt.
Brought back on April 5, 2007. Archives from the originals on 15 February 2008. Returned on September 2, 2007. 1 ] Filed on July 22, 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Returned on April 7, 2011. Archives from the originals on 2 March 2011. Returned on March 6, 2011. Returned on March 6, 2011. Archives from the Genuine (PDF) on 21 February 2011.
Returned on 19 May 2011. Stasaityte, Vytene (January 2017). Returned on August 29, 2017. Archives from the originals on August 14, 2010. Brought back on October 25, 2010. Returned on December 8, 2017. Brought back on October 26, 2017. Historic outlines filed on March 2, 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Returned on December 30, 2011. The public library of Kaunas County was returned on December 9, 2011.
Brought back on October 26, 2017. Brought back on October 26, 2017. kaunas photo - Lithuanian festivals since 2004. festival.kaunasphoto.com. Brought back on October 26, 2017. September 5, 2015. Brought back on October 26, 2017. Archives from the originals, 24 July 2014. Brought back on October 27, 2015. External Relations of the City of Brno - Statutory Town of Brno" (in Czech).
Archives from the originals on 15 January 2016. Returned on September 6, 2011. Brought back on October 23, 2008. Returned on May 16, 2013. Municipality Bia?ystok Municipality in Bia?ystok. Bounced 2013-03-22. Brought back on December 7, 2010. ikimedia Commons has medias that refer to Kaunas.