class="mw-headline" id="Name_and_et_etymology">Name und Etymologie>span
In recent years, the Dodecanese has become more attractive to visitors looking for a secluded place in the Dodecanese, also thanks to the 1991 Oscar-winning film Mediterraneo by Gabriele Salvatores, which takes place on the Dodecanese during the Second World War. This name was used in ancient times, but is today seldom used in Greek, although the name Kastellórizo (????????????) has been in use since the 12th centuries.
5 ] "Kastello" is derived from the italien term "castello", which means "castle". Reasons focus on the following possible sources of the item Rizo: it is a corrupt term of the term "Rhoge", one of the old terms of the near Ro islet. Well, if that is true, the name of the isle is actually a mixture of the islands own name " Rhoge " and " castello ".
Castellorizo (Greek), Castellorizo (Greek name with ltalian spelling), Castelrosso (Italian, which means "red castle"), Château Rouge (French version of the ltalian name) and Turkish: The former comes from the offical name of the isle, the latter means "Red Castle", a German word translated from the name of the Italians.
Satelite image of the isle. Castellorizo has a temperate weather in cold weather and a comfortable weather all year round. The National Observatory of Athens installed a new weather base in Kastellorizo in the summers of 2018, while an older Greek National Weather Service base is operated on the Isle.
Due to the fact that the archipelago does not have an important vegetation, the countryside has many characteristics of karst formation. The 2006 surveys conducted by members of the Sollas Camping Association of Greece have shown that there are deep caverns in many parts of the Isle. Panoramic view of Kastellorizo. On the eastern side of the port entry, there are the one-storey remains of the former Palace of the Delegates, built in 1926 by the famous Florestano Di Fausto, who also created some of the most important Rhodes architecture of the time.
This is where the city's wharf begins, which extends along all three sides of the port. Castellórizou ("Kastellorizo Volunteers' Square") - is located in the middle of the east side, near the ship docks. Opposite the port you have a good sight of Pera Meria, the west wharf and the convents of Profitis Ilías and Aghia Triadha, the former military outpost.
Farther eastwards is the small Mandraki cove, the second port of the isle. Rhodes, Piraeus and Ka? are linked to the islands by boat. The flight is provided by Olympic Airlines, which flies from Kastellorizo International Airports 4 flights a week throughout the year. 12 ] On Kastellorizo there is a small coach that serves to pick up tourist from the airports.
Volos, near Kalkan (Greek: Kalamaki), Ochendra, Furnachia, Prassonisi, Ro, Tragonera, Marathi, Strongyli, Dhassia, Alimentaria, Kekova, beside many rocky outcrops and crags. Until 1932, all these islands were the object of disputes between Italy and Turkey. Under the 1932 agreement between Italy and Turkey, all these islands - with the exceptions of Ro and Strongyli - were classified as belonging to Turkey.
Dorian Greeks, who called her "Megiste", settled on the isle. 13 ] The inscription at the base of the knight's fortress confirms that the Greek islands were dominated by Rhodes during the Greek era and were part of their Peraia. Rhodians sent a supervisor or epistodes to watch the happenings on the Isle.
Kastellorizo belonged to the "province of the islands" during the time of the Byzantine Empire, whose main town was Rhodes. It was during the Lybian Wars between Italy and the Ottoman Empire in 1912 that the residents asked Giovanni Battista Ameglio, head of the occupying troops on Rhodes, to annex their islands to Italy.
In August 1913, the Greeks sent a temporary gouverneur from Samos, assisted by policemen. Under the leadership of the cruise ship Jeanne d'Arc, the British troops invaded the isle on 28 December 1915 at the instigation of a pro-French political movement which was afraid of Turkey's repression. France quickly obstructed another descent, which was tried on the same date by a Greeks contingency of Evzones.
In 1917 the crew succeeded in bombing the Greek peninsula and in 1917 the HMS Ben-my-Chree, a water plane carrying the HMS, was sunk. Under the Sèvres agreement, the Isle of Italy was allocated and the Italians took it over on 1 March 1921, but the agreement was never signed.
Fortorizo was declared Italy's right by the Treaty of Lausanne, and the islands - known as "Castelrosso" - became the property of Isole Italiane dell'Egeo. Scenic panorama of the port of Kastellorizo in 1921. In 1932 the agreement between Italy and Turkey, which defines the maritime boundary between the two forces, transferred to Turkey all the islands of the small Kastellorizo islands with the exception of Ro and Strongyli.
On 25 February 1941, during the Second World War, in the course of abstinence, English commandos took over the islands, but a few working day later the Rhodian army took them back. Following the UK occupations, some of the residents escaped to Palestine for fear of a Nazi invade. When Italy surrendered to the Allies (8 September 1943), the Allies again took over the islands and they stayed under their control for the remainder of the warmonger.
By July 1944, a petrol landfill had started a fire that extended to an adjoining munitions landfill, demolishing half the houses on the Isle. In 1947 Kastellorizo was transferred to Greece with the Paris peace treaties. It was still under UK management in May 1945, but on 15 September 1947 it actually came under Greeks management.
On 7 March 1948 the Greek state was officially acceded to the Greek state together with the other Decanese isles. In recent years, the archipelago has become more and more attractive to visitors looking for a secluded place in the Dodekanes, also thanks to Gabriele Salvatores' 1991 Oscar-winning film Mediterraneo, which is played on the isle.
Castellórizo was the only area of the European Union in which the total sunset of 29 March 2006 was visual. A further long petticoat (Kavadi), tied with golden string, also open at the front; Kastellorizo is a partner: Uh... (in Greek). Archaeological trip to the Kastellorizo, Simi, Halki, Tylos and Nisyros isles.
Population and dwelling count 2001 (incl. area and mean height)" (PDF) (in Greek). Smith, William (1865), Dictionary of Greek and Roman geography, s. v. "Megiste". Italia Guida, Volume XVII (in Italian). Fort horizon. Kastellorizo: An illustrative story of the island and its conquerors. French occupation of Kastellorizo 1915-1921.