Kapchagay is situated on the west shore of the city of Kapchagay. A number of Almaty locals are attracted to the area during the summers by the sea, and on weekend they travel along the beachfront. Kazakhstan. 1967 began an expansion of the watered areas, and 1970 began to fill the Kapchagay Reserve, the biggest reserve of the area.
The Kapchagay Lake is with almost 2,000 sqkm the second biggest sea in Kazakhstan (after Balkhash). It is situated about 80 km northerly of the old capitol Almaty. This storage facility was constructed with the objective of controlling the course of the stream and satisfying the increasing economical requirements. On the Ili stream, a dyke and a hydropower station were built, resulting in the Kapchagay waterway.
During the last few years the region has become one of the most famous holiday resorts in Kazakhstan. The main reason for this is the landscape of the region, which comprises the Trans-Ili Alatau Hills (part of the Tien Shan Hills ) and the Almaty Nature Reserve on the east shore of the dam. Kapchagay has also become a favourite holiday destination due to the good local and recreational areas, which offer sailing, catamaran, boat, jets, yacht, entertainment centre and casino facilities.
The Kapchagay Dam is currently one of the most popular places in the Almaty area. At present, the tank has multifunctional purposes, such as hydroelectric power generation, sprinkling, transportation, fishing, municipal and industry supply, regulating discharge to preserve freshwater resources, protecting the environment and recreating. It has had a significant effect on fishery stocks, especially as the reservoirs have been used for commercially exploited activities that boost the regional economies.
Twenty-four types of marine life were registered in the Kapchagay Reservoir in 1975, but in 1980 there were 18, which had a direct impact on industrial activity. Between 1985 and 1991, when the stream reaches its present level of production, sea fisheries stabilized and, since 1980, the sea fisheries sector has experienced significant expansion following its fall in the seventies.
The dam was also the cause of the rise in the water table, which in many parts made it virtually unfeasible to cultivate on lands bordering the area. Consequently, many rural towns in the area such as Akozek, Kerbulak and Chengildi are a few kilometers from the lakeshore and not on its shore.
Sea restoration and restoration. Balkhash-See. Balkhash Sea, as described in Balkhash Sea (Lake, Kazakhstan)".