Kahuzi Biega National Park

The Kahuzi Biega National Park

Kahuzi Biega National Park is a protected area near the city of Bukavu in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo. The Kahuzi-Biega National Park of the Institut Congolais Pour La Conservation de la Nature (ICCN) is a world heritage site. National Park of Kahuzi-Biega.

The Biega National Park

An immense area of primeval rainforests, overshadowed by two stunning extinguished volcanos, Kahuzi and Biega, the park has a rich and varied wildlife. The last group of a gorilla in the east lowlands (Graueri) (with only about 250 animals) live between 2,100 and 2,400 meters aboveseas. The park is a huge primeval rainforest overlooked by two species of volcanos, the Kahuzi and the Biega.

This place covers a vast area of primary rainforests, dominated by the top of two majestic extinct volcanoes: the Kahuzi and the Biega. This national park covers an extensive area of the primary rainforest, dominated by two spectacular volcanoes, Kahuzi (3,308 metres) and Biega (2,790 metres).

The park is located on the edge of the Albertine Trench and the Congo Basin and is an exceptional sanctuary for the protection of the rainforest and the eastern lowland gorillas (Graueri). The area covers over 600,000 hectares and consists of dense lowland rainforests and Afromontane forests, with bamboo forests, sub-alpine meadows and heathland on the Kahuzi and Biega mountains.

Kahuzi Biega National Park is an extraordinary sanctuary for the conservation of the rain forest and the east flatland gorilla, Gorilla bergengei grauueri. More than 600,000 ha of thick low-lying wetlands and afro-montane woods with bamboos and some small areas of subalpine prairie and moorland on the mountains Kahuzi (3,308 m) and Biega (2,790 m).

It is home to an extraordinary variety of wildlife, making it one of the most important places in the Rift Albertine Valley and one of the most environmentally rich areas in Africa and the rest of the underworld. Specifically, the main global populations of the east flatland gorilla (or de Grauer), native to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and included in the IUCN Red Data Book under the vulnerable group, use the habitat mosaics found on the site.

Kahuzi Biega National Park has a greater variety of different types of animals than anywhere else in the Albertine Rift. This is the second most important site in the area for both endemics and biodiversity. It is home to 136 different types of animals, among them the east flatland chorilla and thirteen other primate animals, among them endangered chimpanzees, the chubus baai and the coercopiuthic of Hoest and Hamlyn.

There are also other extremly rarest types of the east woods of the Democratic Republic of Congo, such as the Genetta Viviae and the Genetta Pescivora. The park is also home to typical specimens of the centrally located Africa woods such as bushelephant, bushbuffalo, hylochere and bongos.

It is situated in an important Bird Bird Area, which has been recognised by Birdlife International. In 2003, the Wildlife Conservation Society compiled a full bird inventory of 349 bird populations in the park, 42 of which are endemics. In addition, the park was declared a plant biodiversity center by the IUCN and WWF in 1994, with at least 1,178 listed types in the highlands area, although the lowlands have not yet been included.

It is one of the rarest places in sub-Saharan Africa where you can observe the flora and wildlife from the lowlands to the uplands. It encompasses all levels of woodland from 600 to over 2,600 metres, thick low and low alpine rainforest to low alpine, hilly and boamboo forrests.

Over 2,600 metres on the peak of the Kahuzi and Biega mountains, subalpine flora with moorland and the indigenous Senecio Karahuzicus has evolved. It also contains the world' s rarest flora, such as the marsh and moor heights and the marsh and shore woods on hydromorphous soil at all heights.

From the top of the mountain to the lowlands, the woods of the estate are characterised by a continualophyllation. There is a tunnel linking a 60,000 ha plateau area with a 540,000 ha area. Its area is regarded as adequate to preserve its wildlife. Preserving the sustainable nature of the flora is indispensable to prevent the splintering of livestock stocks, especially large animals.

This site is legally registered in the National Park and is administered by the Congolese Institute for Nature Conservation (ICCN). Though most of the land is occupied, some towns were added to the park at the moment of expansion in 1975, which led to disagreements with the population. Also, the borders of the land plot should be clearly defined, especially where there are no obvious physical border.

It is of particular importance both in the lowland and in the core corridors linking the park's high and low biographical areas. A national highway with low volume of transport crosses the uplands. It is important to monitor the movement of air to prevent effects on endangered bird population in the industry, in particular those of mammals.

When the site was registered in 1980, the challenge of conservation and exploitation was stressed, as well as the economical issues that led to a significant decrease in the efficiency of conservation and the necessary conservation to ensure the conservation of the park's biodiversity and the sustainable development of its erosion.

Also, due to logistic difficulties, large parts of the park were seldom seen, even if they were never attended by the understaffed sentries, and the number of poachers has risen since then. Predominant regional policy insecurity, which provokes the displacements of tens of thousands ofthe world' s population, poses a very serious risk to the health of the park' s properties, natural resource and large mammal population.

One of the park's main administrative functions, especially in densely populated areas, is not to have a dedicated buffers area to help neighbouring communities cooperate in the area. The hunt for bushmeat and the transformation of habitat are regarded as a result of the attendance of a large number of mines.

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