Kachin state MapMap of Kachin State
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The Kachin State (Kachin: Jingphaw Mungdaw; Burmese: ????????????) is the most northerly state in Myanmar. Bordering China to the northeast (Tibet and Yunnan respectively), Shan State to the southeast and Sagaing and India to the wests. Kachin State covers 89,041 square kilometres (34,379 square metres).
Myitkyina is the state' s capitol. It has Myanmar's highest peak, Hkakabo Razi (5,889 meters), which forms the south tip of the Himalayas, and a large lakeside reservoir, Indawgyi lake. Kachin's tradition was founded on a changing alpine world. Kachin was not a Lingusite class in "A Study of Kachin Social Structure", authored by E. R. Leach.
Substantial care has been taken by the Kachin anthropologist of the Kachin tradition of motherly cousinship, whereby a man is allowed to wed the daughters of his mother's brothers, but not the daughters of his father's sisters. The Kachin were animistic in pre-colonial time. Burma's Aung San regime achieved the Panglong Agreement with the Shan, Kachin and Chin tribes on February 12, 1947.
As a matter of principal, the memorandum of understanding agreed to "full self-government in the administrative management of the border areas" and provided for the Constituent Assembly to create a Kachin State. The Kachin State was founded in 1948 from the British Burmese civilian counties of Bhamo and Myitkyina together with the greater Puta-o County North.
The Kachin state was formally proclaimed on January 10, 1948, and the Kachin state government kept "Mungdaw Masat Masat Manau" (formation of Kacahin state Manau) for three whole day as a stroke of luck from January 9 to 11, from when it kept Manau every year on January 10 until the 1962 military coup.
Most of the wide mountains inland is Kachin, while the more heavily settled rail corridors and the southerly lowlands are mainly Shan and Bamar. Until the 1960s, the North Kachin State had been China's main land since the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Prior to Britain's reign, about 75% of all Kachin-Jadeits landed in China, where they were much more valued than the native Nephrit.
The Kachin force used to form a significant part of the Myanmar military. In 1962, when the Ne Win government unilaterally repealed the Union of Burma's constitutional treaty, the Kachin retired and founded the Kachin Independence Military (KIA) under the Kachin Independence Organization (KIO). Apart from the large cities and the railways, the state of Kachin was practically autonomous from the mid-1960s to 1994, with an economic system founded on trafficking, jadehandel with China and drugs.
In 1994, after a Myanmar armed attack confiscated the KIO's Java Mine, a contract of silence was concluded that allowed the KIO to continue to effectively monitor most of the state under the AMG. Re-fights between the Kachin Independence and Burma's armed forces began on June 9, 2011 at Ta-pein hydroelectric power station and will continue throughout 2012.
Preliminary evidence suggests that 5,580 IDPs from 1,397 homes in 38 IDP centres came under the Myanmar government's supervision between June and September 2011. In August 2012, despite the ongoing struggles in Myanmar, tens of thousand of Kachin migrants were pushed back by the government of China; NGOs such as Human Rights Watch appealed for such actions to be stopped and pointed to the unlawfulness of doing so under transnational laws.
Since 9 October 2012, more than 100,000 IDP' s have been accommodated in various centres throughout the State of Kachin. 5 ] Estimations of deaths were hard to make, but most sources suggest that between Kachin Independence Army forces, Kachin rebel forces and civilian casualties of 1,000 or more had been in conflicts. Although many Kachin have already been driven out of their homes, only about 150,000 are registered as inhospitable.
At the moment, the Kachin are the main destination of the Myanmar government, but few Kachin have settled in the United States or Australia, in comparison to other Myanmar peoples (such as the Karens and Chins). Most of the state's residents are ethnical Kachin. Kachin Group has six strains or subdivisions:
Jinghpo Wunpong", which means "strong and united man", also stands for the six Kachin-tribe. It is also home to a number of Shan and a small number of Tibetans. The Kachin's principal religious denomination in the Kachin state is Christianity. The Buddhism is the most important religious movement among the immigrant Bámar and the Shan in Kachin.
Jingpho was the region's most ancient lingua franca and is the lingua franca of the state. Before Burma's liberation from the British, the Bamar tribe (Burmese) was a majority in Kachin state, but after 1948 groups of Bamar (Burmese) came to Kachin state to establish themselves so that they could run office in the Myanmar state. This led to a linguistic displacement and ushered in the downfall of the Kachin state.
For many later Kachin generation, there was no way to correctly communicate or study their languages at work. Several Kachin clans talk and compose their own language: the Zaiwa, the Rawang and the Lisu, who talk both the Lisu and the Lipo languages. The following airfields fly to Kachin State:
Myanmar 2014 Census of Population and Housing. UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Kachin fight meets IDP health", Irin, Myitkyina, 15. novembre 2012. China ^ China'forces Kachin migrants back to Burma, BBC, 24 August 2012. Department of the Ministry of Labour, Immigration and Population MYANMAR (July 2016).
Myanmar 2014 Census, Volume 2-C. MYANMAR Ministry of Labour, Immigration and Population Department, pp. 12-15. "The Myanmar Times & Business Reviews". Myanmar Times. Kachin State, North Myanmar, Burma, Travelling Information & Maps". Educational statistic by language proficiency and by state and department".
Central statistical organization of Myanmar. Hospitals by State and Department". Central statistical organization of Myanmar.