Johnburg (also called Joburg, Egoli or Jozi in native language) is the biggest Southern town. There are 9.6 million Johannesburg citizens (census 2011 ), half of whom are living in Soweto and the surrounding area. Most of the inhabitants are made up of the blacks of Southern Africa, who mainly reside in Soweto, while the whites make up 1,333,790 inhabitants (although the figure is likely to be higher).
In contrast to other towns in Southern Africa, no linguistic group predominates, although English is the main lingua franca. It is the commercial centre of the country and more and more of the other parts of Africa. Despite different estimations, about 10% of sub-Saharan Africa's GNP is earned in Johannesburg. However, the richness of the town is unevenly spread among its residents, so that the town has within its own boundaries life circumstances that range from the standard of the first word to the condition of the third one.
However, do not try to prevent Johannesburg because of its criminality, as it is quite possible to have a secure and pleasant visit if precautionary measures are taken. South Africans often decide to settle here in comparison to other, more secure parts of the state. Many things are peculiar to Johannesburg. On the roadside there are hairdresser's stores that consist only of a stool and an avid hairdresser, although they specialise in African rather than rather Cuban style styling.
Stockpiles of mines can also be seen throughout the town, reminding us of the city's heritage of the goldmine. Johannesburg is probably the biggest artificial municipal woodland in the whole wide range of species with about 6 million plants. It is certainly one of the most green cities in the whole wide open country, considering that the countryside is the savanna.
Probably the simplest way to find your way around Johannesburg is to search for the two telecommunications storms on the horizon. Here is a list of the most important ones. Hillbrow is near the centre of town, while Brixton (also known as Sentech) is to the northwest. You may also see a cylindric structure (Ponte Town Apartments ) near the Hillbrow tower, according to your position.
It has a motorway ring system, with the town centre in the middle of the ring. This ring is made up of the L1 to the left and the right, the L3 to the left and the L12 to the right. There are a number of motorways from all over the country leading to Johannesburg, the Cape Town and Bloemfontein motorways (N1) or the Durban motorways (N3), making them an easily accessible destination:
When travelling in the town from Monday to Friday, be aware of the potential for congestion to delay your trip. Because of the city's size and scattering, it may be necessary to travel long distance, e.g. more than 45 km from Midrand to Soweto.
O.R. Tambo International Airport, formerly Johannesburg International and formerly Jan Smuts International (these old surnames are still frequently used), is the major Johannesburg base. 21 km from the centre of the town, the International Airports is the most frequented in Africa and the junction for flying to other southern African towns.
Johannesburg has many connections from major hub cities, especially London, Paris and Frankfurt. The terminal A is intended for intercontinental and B for internal traffic. On departure, some intercontinental departures can be checked in at Terminal B, but are still handled by Terminal A. The two departures are located next to each other and can be reached on foot within 5 minutes.
There is a line from the Sandton International Airports to Sandton, where you can switch to another connection to get to Johannesburg. There is a bus net from every Gauter trainstation during the week, which brings many other places within easy walking distance of local transportation. There are no weekend bus services to Andalusia.
Another much less expensive option is to take a cab or walk to Isando Metro-Rail, 1.4 km from the international airports, and take the MetroRail S-Bahn to Johannesburg. The MetroRail holds more often than the Gautrain, but is also used more by the local people and much less expensive, costs only R8.5 and lasts from Isando to Johannesburg about 45 mins.
DON'T go with someone who is approaching you and offers you a cab while you are inside the terminal premises, these are non-licensed tugs, and you will end up overcharging. Leave the aerodrome and go ahead until you get to it (less than 5 minutes walk). Hiring a vehicle is a very popular way for travellers to find their way, even if the journey is minimum, as the return flight to and from the centre of town by Gautrain or taxis is similar to a hire vehicle.
Many landlords are situated in the ground floor of the main building of the Frankfurt International Airports and the vehicles are waiting in the car park specially designed for hire vehicles. Johannesburg's other international destination, Lanseria Airport, serves passenger flights from airline to airline. Unlike O.R. Tambo, which is operated by the Airports Company South Africa (ACSA), it is in private ownership.
Located northwest of Johannesburg, it can be reached from the Sandton, Pretoria, Westrand and Midrand areas, but can also become a hell of a city. Less carriers approach this aerodrome and it is mainly used for local, business and military transit. If you are looking for reduced rates for your trip to Southern Africa you can use : :
Low cost airline companies in Africa and airline companies in Southern Africa such as Mango and Kulula. The Park station is Johannesburg's main railway terminal and is located in the centre of the town between the Rissik (West), Wolmarans (North), Wanderers (East) and De Villiers (South) roads, stretching over several blocklets. Gauteng is the Gauteng Krai that encompasses the greater Johannesburg area.
From Johannesburg and Germiston to Springs, Pretoria, Soweto and Krügersdorp there are rail services. The Gautrain  is a first class local service rail service with two routes, Johannesburg-Hatfield and Sandton-OR Tambo International Airports. The junction is Sandton or Marlboro. Gautrain Johannesburg-Pretoria, for example, can be used in 35 min and cost R46 (without tickets), while MetroRail cost R59 but take 1h40.
Intercity busses arriving at the Park Station. Every large coach company offers a full range of coach transport to and from Johannesburg. The well-known coach company Greyhound offers flights to destination all over the country. The Translux  rail system stretches to many southern Africa destinations and large towns in Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
The Magic Bus, focuses on local transport, i.e. planned shuttle services to the airports. S. A. Roadlink, Has buses that run to and from the main cities in South Africa. From Johannesburg it leads over the Drakensberg Mountains to Durban and further along the South African coastline to Cape Town. Notice that the second line previously operated via Swaziland between Johannesburg and Durban no longer works.
Northbound or northbound, take the coach stop at the Caltex petrol stop on New Road in Midrand, halfway to Pretoria. Walking in Johannesburg can be insecure or at least frightening, so please be very aware, even if you walk into small roads or footpaths during the days like at the mart.
This is a town that was constructed for the automobile, and so local transportation is underway. Gautrain (an express that is not part of the subway system) is a good, neat and secure way to switch quickly between the Malboro, Midrand, Rosebank, Pretoria and Centurion airports. Busses and mini cabs are available on the road, but there are usually no marked bus stations, so busses can be stopped on major routes such as Oxford and Jan Smuts highways.
You may be insecure, but bigger double-decker metros are simple to use along Oxford, beginning at Gandhi Square, via Killarney, Rosebank, Illovo, Sandton, Rivonia and Sunninghill (Bus No. 6C and 5D). But the other alternative busses are putting on more regular services than the subway busses and are a bit more costly.
Finally, there are the shuttle busses to and from every train stop, which are linked to the train by means of the long distances that can be found on the website or on the mobility page. Trouble is that busses on weekend and holiday are quite difficult, bus doesn't run around free, metro busses run two lines and puttingco busses stop completely.
Hiring a rental gives you the best freedom and opportunities to explore the town, but it' s quick to drive, but by no means hard, as long as you remain vigilant. Strong transport to Sandton in the mornings ( 6:30 am to 9:00 am) from all destinations to Sandton, and in the afternoons all journeys to Sandton in all destinations ( 15:30 am to 6:30 pm) may slow down your trip by up to 2 hours, so make sure you schedule accordingly.
It' s a good idea to buy a good Johannesburg street chart, use a GPS (available when you hire a car) and plan your trip thoroughly before you leave. The use of Google Maps with a locally based operator may not always be credible, as even in the bags of the town with a large nationally based operator the signals may be wasted ( October 2016).
This town is big and badly marked. As in any big town, there are some areas in Johannesburg where you don't want to go if you look like a visitor or don't have enough petrol to get off. Johannesburg's local transportation is provided by local bus service and minibuses.
The coach (except for the shuttle busses connected to the Gautrain system) is not a practical choice if you are a visiting foreigner who is not familiar with South Africa. Big busses in big cities drive up and down the major streets and minibuses can be marked at the roadside although they are not the best means of transportation because they are not reliable and are often associated with outrages.
They should only be used if you are well acquainted with the way of living in South Africa and the fundamental geographical features of Johannesburg. In Johannesburg cabs are very scarce and only available at the Johannesburg International Airports, in some areas of Sandton and in the downtown area. Don't count on cab stands in commercial centres as there are often none.
The Gautrain  high-speed railway connection between Johannesburg, Pretoria and the OR Tambo International Airport will make it possible to centrally access Pretoria via Hatfield (in Pretoria) and Midrand from O.R. Tambo by high-speed train. Most of Johannesburg, like the remainder of South Africa, closes on Saturday during the midday break and only reopens on Monday.
Malles all remain open until at least 5 pm, but arts centers, museum and independant stores all shut at 2 pm. The Carlton Centre is with 222 meters the highest edifice in Africa, but not the highest. The Hillbrow (270m) as well as the Sentech (234m) tower in Johannesburg are higher than the Carlton.
Africa's highest building is the 301 metre long SASOL smokestack in Secunda, followed by two 300 metre high smokestacks in the Duvha power station near Witbank. In the run-up to the 2010 World Cup, Recovery Centrale Business Direct has speeded up, and there are many areas of the downtown area that can be visited, and the bad name of the Centrale area is no longer earned.
Urban designers are using the arts as the main stay of the CBD's transformation, and there are a number of gallery and space projects across the CBD. Johannesburg's center is the most frequented part of the capital for Africans, especially for merchants who buy at Johannesburg's supermarkets.
Situated on the eastern side of the town, Main Streets Live, Maboneng Precinct and Art on Main (especially the Sunday Fair and the Bioscope movie theater). In this quarter, which according to Johannesburg standard shows in the evening symbols of road traffic and on Friday and Saturday morning shows mueso, one finds good meals.
Downtown, between Jeppe St. and Bree Street on Delvers Street, look up and see the Amharic writing that says you are in the Ethiopian-Somali part of the city - there are Ethiopian dining and cafes in Africa Mall and Johannesburg Mall. In the northeast, Yeoville is known as Le Petit Kinshasa and is home to many of the francophone Diasporas of Africa in Johannesburg.
Little Lagos (Hillbrow) used to have a poor image, but it's much better - if you go to Constitution Hill or the Johannesburg Art Gallery, Hillbrow is right across the hall, not so frightening! Louis Theroux' laws and mess in Johannesburg' are definitely to be seen before your arrival. Originins Centre - Das South African Museum of Rock Art :
An African museum for the peoples of the earth. Northern neighborhoods extend from the upper classes to very wealthy neighborhoods such as Greenside, Houghton, Parktown North, Parkhurst, Killarney, Rosebank, Illovo, Melrose North, Atholl, Sandown, Sandton, Morningside, Fourways and Randburg are verdant, foliate and comfortable - and reassuring to First World shoppers, most have a downtown center of some sort, and some have a major road with cafés, fashion stores and groceries.
As Johannesburg is a vast metropolis, all single lists should be shifted to the corresponding regional article, and this section should contain a brief outline. If you are acquainted with this town, please help to postpone offers. Similar ly to the Apartheid Memorial, the South African Constitutional Court, located around the notorious Fort Jail, is a charming place to be visited - partly court room, partly museums and partly galleries.
Kromdraai Goldmine was one of the first goldmines on the Witwatersrand (today Johannesburg) and is located in an untouched countryside, about 40 min by car from Johannesburg International airport and 20 min from Johannesburg Town. South Africans have acquired a call to hold talks, or Lekotlas (the Tswana term means "meeting place"), to solve their problems and prepare for the coming years, because of South Africa's negotiation solution, which ushered in the beginning of South African democratic rule in 1994.
Johannesburg, the commercial centre of Africa and South Africa, is full of places for meetings and meetings that can accommodate a variety of activities for small and large groups. The Rosebank and Sandton areas are some of the most frequented areas where meetings are hosted in and around some of the best in town.
Muldersdrift and the west of Johannesburg have made a name for themselves as excellent locations for event locations, especially wedding ceremonies and personal gatherings. The mid-range area half way between Johannesburg and Pretoria is also a favourite conference and event area. In Johannesburg and the surroundings there are many handicraft fairs.
Craftspeople from all over Africa are selling their goods at the Rosebank flea fair on Sunday and in a basar on workdays. There are no artworks in Johannesburg that you can't buy anywhere else in the world, but there are certainly very good stores.
Most of the "African art" you can buy is actually made in Swaziland or imports from other countries in Africa. Johannesburg's main attractions are malls, because of their comfort and security and the fact that there are few alternative locations - although Jozi is fortunately one of the few towns in the county that still has a bit of street life.
Johannesburg has many downtown centers, most of which have free, safe car parks, although you will have to buy your car at the most famous centers (Rosebank & Sandton). These are the major markets: There are also many smaller commercial centres near housing areas. It is a multi-cultural town and a crucible for cuisine from many different parts of the globe.
Jobsurgers have a tendency to enjoy eating outdoors, and a street cafe and restaurant scene has developed on various roads in the town. The Johannesburg CBD - There are a few lovely places to eat and bards near the Market Theatre in New Town. The Derek Avenue is also known as Johannesburg's "China Town".
Ford Castle is one of the few (if any) areas of Johannesburg that has a flourishing open-air road fair and nightly footpaths - in a relatively speaking way. Elegant and sophisticated nightclubbing takes place in the area of Rivonia and Sandton. As in the other countries, Johannesburg bars and nightclubs may only remain open for a limited period of the year.
For example, Johannesburg's inhabitants have a much younger tendency to dine and binge than the rest of Europe. New Johannesburg is full of accommodations for every budget, from the Ultimate Deluxe and Cost to backpackers lodges. But Johannesburg also offers a choice for those seeking a deluxe holiday with five-star hotel facilities.
There are many of them in the Sandton area. Note that Johannesburg has a high rate of criminality, although tourist casualties are rare. Gunmen (not necessarily the police) are an everyday occurrence in the town. South Johannesburg acquired its unlawful status in the eighties when the Apartheid government collapsed.
In the early 90s things really went south - and many (white) South Africans have dreamy reminiscences of that time - reminiscences that still shape their council of safety for the town. Since then, however, the situation has greatly ameliorated, although the suggestions you have received from some of Johannesburg's inhabitants may not reflect today's world.
If you are on the streets (this does not include commercial centres and other safe environments), the best general recommendation is to give your best to look like a native and prevent any kind of affluence. After all, to put things in context, Johannesburg has a partially earned poor criminal record, but most of the casualties are locals who live in the citieships.
Johannesburg's retail centres are as secure as retail centres around the globe, the only downside being a small one. Occasionally, money handlers are assaulted at arms when they deliver money cassettes to retail bankers in hypermarkets. Aleksandra is a poverty-stricken small town, which merits special care for visitors from abroad, as it is on the street that would take you from the international airports to Sandton and is therefore easily reached if you get off or take the incorrect exit.
Do not turn London Rd off the Expressway 3 to get to Sandton, especially at nights. In order to get to Sandton when you come from the Sandton International Airports, take Marlboro Take the Marlboro Driving from the main exit 3 (N3) and go ahead until you get to the M1 motorway (this is also known as the Marlboro exit). If you want to prevent the chance of such a mistake, you can go a little further (the Rivonia Route takes the route of the Rivonia River N1) and take the Rivonia Route southwards, which will take you right to the centre of Sandton, where you will only pass through prosperous areas along the length of this route, so if you go the wrong way you will still be in secure areas.
Even if one takes the Gautrain (very secure and disgustingly well guarded) between the center of Sandton and the international airports, one of the stops where it stops is the Marlboro stop. It is the junction to Pretoria and is located directly on the outskirts of Alexandra. Others surrounded the town - and didn't give the tourists much, except for Soweto, whose civic parts (Orlando West) can be explored separately, although most do.
Note also that more South Africans are killed in traffic crashes than in force - they are poor and drunk people. New Rea Vaya busses and the city's Metrobus services can be driven safely, although it is often too slow and much too untrustworthy and bewildering for a visiting foreigner.
Due to the high HIV burden in Johannesburg, one should be careful with sex contacts and persist in using a condom. Drinking mains is absolutely secure, the Johannesburg waters have one of the highest scores in the can. Always-On, +27 (0)11 575-2505, offers pre-paid WiFi connectivity at a number of sites in and around Johannesburg.
Just a little way from Johannesburg, the city of Praetoria has a great deal to boast a visitor. This is the country's capitol and is almost entirely connected to the Johannesburg underground! Two hours away by car, Sun City provides world-class playgrounds and fun. Pilanesberg Game Reserve borders Sun City and is home to practically all of South Africa's mammals, offering the visitor the chance to observe the Big Five and many other wildlife and rich birdlife on a simple daily excursion from Johannesburg.
Pilanesberg, Africa's 4th biggest wildlife sanctuary (580 km area, with almost 200 km of roads), offers numerous wildlife observations in the midst of a wonderful landscape and volcanology. The Rietvlei nature reserve next to the R21 in Tshwane gives you the chance to leave the town for a while. Since Gaborone is the Botswana capitol, it has a lower criminality level.