The Jeddah is a city in the Tihamah region of Hejaz on the Red Sea coast and is the main urban centre of Western Audi Arabia. Jiddah (????

?, also called Jiddah) is located on the Red Sea in western Saudi Arabia. Jiddah (Arabic: ????, also called Jiddah) is located on the Red Sea in western Saudi Arabia. Explore Jeddah, Saudi Arabia with the help of your friends.

class="mw-headline" id="Etymology_and_spelling">Etymologie und Rechtschreibung[edit]

The Jeddah is the main gate to Mecca and Medina, two of the most sacred Islamic towns and the most visited touristic attraction. Everdah is one of Saudi Arabia's most important resorts and has been awarded by the Globalization and Worlds Study Group and Network (GaWC) as BetaWorldCity. The Arabic slogan of the town is " Jeddah Ghair", which means "Jeddah is different".

It had previously been seen as the "most open" Saudi town. Jeddah Ibn Al-Qudaa'iy, the head of the Quda'a-Klan, says there are at least two possible reasons for the name Jeddah's étymology. Eva's grave, which is regarded as the grand mother of mankind, is in Jeddah according to popular beliefs in the east.

Jeddah " is the name of the Jeddah town, which is the predominant use today, on map and document records. Further archeological research has shown that the area was once inhabited by Stone Age humans, as some Thamudi writings were dug up in Wadi Briman (???? ??????), eastern of the town, and Wadi Boweb (???? ????), north-western of the town.

Jeddah was an important harbour during the Nabataean incense trading. Mashrabiya, the oldest mashrabiya found in Jeddah, was found in pre-Islamic times. The Jeddah first gained importance around 647 AD when the third Muslim caliph, Uthman Ibn Affan (????? ?? ????), transformed it into a harbour that made it the Makkah harbour instead of the Al Shoaiba harbour southwest of Mecca.

13 ] In 703 AD Jeddah was briefly invaded by a pirate from the kingdom of Axum. Jeddah has become the capital of the historical Hijaz region and a historical harbour for those who travel by boat to make their Hajj journey to Mecca. There are no historical recordings mentioning important Jeddah happenings during this historical time.

Jeddah, however, has retained its status as an important civil port to serve fishers and travellers to Hajj. It is also thought that Sharifdom of Mecca, an honourable viceroy of the Holylands, was first named an Islamic caliph at this time. Tulunid and Abbasid fought over Hejaz for 30 years, when the Tulunid retreated from Arabia in 900 AD.

The most important Hejazi towns Medina, Mecca and Taif were severely plundered by the Catarmates in 930 AD. It is not proven that Jeddah himself was assaulted by Kathmatians. At this point Jeddah was still unpaved and without a wall. The Fatimids of Algeria took Egyptian domination from the Ikhshididynasty in 969 AD and extended their kingdom to the nearby areas, the Hijaz and Jeddah included.

In Hejaz, Jeddah, which entered the ayubid empire in 1177 under the command of Sharif Ibn Abul-Hashim Al-Thalab (1094-1201), was embraced by Egyptian Ayubidians. The Jeddah drew Muslims from Sindh, Southeast Asia, East Africa and other remote areas. In 1517 Jeddah fought against a Portugese onslaught. 1517 The Ottoman Turks captured the Mamluk Sultanate in Egypt and Syria during the rule of Selim I.[16] As areas of the Mamluk Sultanate, the Hijaz, along with Jeddah and the sacred town of Mecca, came into the ownership of the Ottomans.

In 1525 the Ottomans reconstructed the feeble Jeddah ramparts after their defeat of the Armada of Lopo Soares de Albergaria in the Red Sea. There were six watch towers and six gateways in the new Turkey fortifications. Out of the six gateways, the gateway of Mecca was the east gateway and the gateway of Al-Magharibah, opposite the harbour, the west gateway.

Sharif's gate was southbound. Other goals were the goal of Al-Bunt, the goal of Al-Sham (also known as the goal of Al-Sharaf) and the goal of Medina, which was oriented to the northern direction. 17 ] The Turks also improved the Qishla of Jeddah, a body part structure for the municipality enlisted person. Those huge gateways were the gate of Sham in the northern part, the gate of Mecca in the eastern part, the gate of Sharif in the southern part and the gate of Al-Magharibah on the seaside.

The Ottoman soldier Ahmed Al-Jazzar, mainly known for his part in the siege of Acre, lived the early part of his professional life in Jeddah. At Jeddah in 1750 he murdered about seventy rampaging tribes in revenge for the murder of his commandant Abdullah Beg and earned him the epithet "Jezzar" (butcher).

The Nejdi powers captured both Mecca and Jeddah from the Ottomans in 1802. Sharif Ghalib Efendi told Sultan Mahmud II, and the Sultan ordered his vice ruler Muhammad Ali Pasha to recapture the town. In 1813 Muhammad Ali successfully recaptured the town in the Battle of Jeddah. After Mecca's downfall in December 1924, Hussein resigned, and his son Ali bin Hussein became the new emperor.

Ibn Saud, whose tribe had its origin in the Nejd region, captured Medina and Jeddah a few month later by an accord with the Jeddans after the second battle of Jeddah. Consequently, Jeddah came under the rule of the Al-Saud family in December 1925. Today Jeddah has dropped its historic part in the peninsula's policy after Jeddah moved to the new Makkah region, whose main town is Mecca.

Today's urban environment has developed beyond its old borders. Constructed area stretched mainly northwards along the Red Sea coast and reached the new international airports in the 90s and since its bypass towards Ob'hur Creek, about 27 kilometres from the old town centre.

The Jeddah is situated in the Saudi Arabian Red Sea coast plane (called Tihamah). The Jeddah is situated in the Hijazi Tihama area ( in Arabic: ?????? ??????) in the lower Hijaz Massif. Jeddah was one of the most important historical, cultural and politic cities of Hejaz Vilayet, the Kingdom of Hejaz and other local politicians according to Hijazi historical records.

It' s the hundredth biggest town in the whole wide country. In addition, the Jeddah Industry Zone is the 4th biggest industry town in Saudi Arabia after Riyadh, Jubail and Yanbu. The King Abdullah Street is one of the most important roads in Jeddah and stretches from the King Fahd Road at the water front in the western part of Jeddah to the east end of the town.

This will be near the HSR entrance in Jeddah Main Railway Terminal, connecting Jeddah with Makkah, AL-Madinah and King Adullah Economic City (KAEC). The Tahaliyah St is an important boulevard for fashions and shops in the centre of Jeddah. The Madinah Road is a legendary and historic road in Jeddah. Jeddah girl in costume, 1873.

Shiite Muslims are a very small majority of Saudian nationals, and there are also large numbers of immigrant workers. There are more than 1,300 of them. Jeddah has welcomed million Muslim Muslims from all over the globe on their way to Hajj since the seventh millennium. The fusion with the holy masses has a great influence on the Jeddah community, religions and economies.

Jeddah's multi-ethnic citizenship has affected Jeddah's cooking. Saleg (Arabic: Hejazi: [sa?li?g]) is a whitish risotto boiled in stock, originating in the Hejaz area of western Saudi Arabia, where it is widely considered the region's main course, often prepared with hen instead of mutton.

The Jeddah kitchen is also loved and includes Mabshoor, Mitabbak, Foul, Areika, Hareisa, Kabab Meiroo, Shorabah Hareira (Hareira soup), Migalgal, Madhbi (chicken barbecued on stone), Madfun (literally "buried"), Magloobah, Kibdah, Manzalah (usually consumed on Eid ul-Fitr), Ma'asoob, Magliya (a locally produced variation of Falafel), the Nejdi bowl Kabsa, Nejdi bowl Kabsa, Nejdi rummy, Biryani, Ruz Kabli, Ruz Bukhari and Saiyadyia can be purchased in many of the city's historic dining establishments, such as Althamrat, Abo-Zaid, Al-Quarmooshi, Ayaz and Hejaziyat.

Yemen's renowned Ma'soub, pahsa and broad bean recipes are also loved in Jeddah. Barbecued meats such as shavarma, kofta and koebab have a good Jeddaharket. Founded in 1974, the most beloved locals run a rapid grocery store business, Al Baik, with offices in Jeddah and neighboring Makkah, Madinah and Yanbu.

Your entree is fried hen (grilled and fried), generally called "broast" by the Jeddans, and a wide range of shellfish. One of the most famous open-air artistic institutions in Jeddah until it was demolished to make room for a viaduct and beneath. A targeted citizens' initiative, headed by the then Major Mohamed Said Farsito[30][31], was launched during the early 1990s and 80s period of the olive grove explosion to promote arts in Jeddah's publics.

Consequently, Jeddah contains a large number of contemporary outdoor statues and artworks, usually located in traffic circles, making it one of the biggest open-air arts venues in the entirety. Often they show objects such as coffeepots, smoking vessels, palms, etc., which are traditionally found in Saudia. This includes a gigantic geometric kit, a gigantic bike and a gigantic slab of cement with several automobiles sticking out from uneven corners, as well as a monumental Aref Rayess statue named "Swords of God (Soyuf Allah)". There are about a Dozen Museum or Collection in Jeddah, with different education goals and professionality.

The Jeddah Regional Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, run by the Deputy Ministry of Antiquities and Museums, the Jeddah Municipal Museum, Nasseef House, the Humane Heritage Museum, the Abdul Rauf Hasan Khalil Museum and the Arts Heritage Museum. The Jeddah is serviced by four large Arab dailies, Asharq Al-Awsat, Al Madina, Okaz and Al Bilad, as well as two large English-language dailies, Jeddah Gazette and Arab News.

The most important Jeddah and several other Jeddah towns with more than a million readership are Al-Madina and others, with the main emphasis on the area. In Jeddah, there are numerous weblogs that provide special information about the town and appeal especially to the widely spread foreigners. These include sites that have received recognition for their information, such as the Jeddah Blog, which won the Bronze Expat Blog Award in 2012 and the Gold Award in 2013 and is one of Feedspot's top 100 Middle East blog sites.

The Jeddah is the biggest broadcasting industry in the country. TV broadcasters operating in the area encompass the city of Qatar, including Kingdom of Saudi TV1, Kingdom of Saudi TV2, Kingdom of Saudi TV Sports, Al Ekhbariya, the ART channel system, and several hundred broadcasters of cables, satellites, and other specialized TV services. Jeddah TV-tower is a 250 meter (820 ft) high TV-tower with a viewing platform.

Jeddah's unmistakable linguistic patterns are known as Hejazi dialects and are among the best known pronunciations in the Arabian world. Known as Al-Balad, the old town with its multi-storey old warehouses and trading estates has become less suitable for modernisation. Nevertheless, the old town still adds to Sudan's culture and preserves traditionals.

It has many beloved seaside destinations such as Durrat Al-Arus, Al-Nawras Mövenpick Red Sea Corniche and Crystal Corniche as well as Radisson Blu, The Signature Al Murjan Beach and Al Nakheel Village, Sands and Sheraton Abhur. Jeddah is home to one of two US embassies in Saudi Arabia, as are 67 embassies in Afghanistan, the UK, Indonesia, France, Germany, Greece, Turkey, the Philippines, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Italy, Russia and the People's Republic of China.

Distinctive architectural features of Jeddah's historical Al-Balad area. Inside a defense barrier erected during Ottoman domination, the old town of Jeddah, Al-Balad, was subdivided into counties or Haras, where commerce and commerce concentrated on local bouks or marketplaces, and Khane, which were generally associated with commerce.

Dyran (plural of Dar) or Beiut (plural of Beit), which are old homes that belong to old noble houses that lived in the town, and historical monuments that date back to the 7th century AD. Situated in the northeast, this neighborhood was called after Abdulkarim Al-Barzangi, a Hijazi insurgent crossed by the Ottomans, some of his landmarks:

Situated in the northern part and called after its direction, are some of its landmarks: Constructed by Bakr Basha, the sovereign of Jeddah, in 1735 AD. Situated in the southern part and also called after its direction, belong to its landmarks: Constructed in 1881 for Omar Nassif Efendi, then Gouverneur of Jeddah, it was used as the king's palace by King Abdulaziz after the conquest of the area.

Situated in the southwest are some of its landmarks: 37 ] The well was given to the city of Jeddah by the deceased King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz, after whom it was called. With a new arena opened in 2014 just off Jeddah, it is mainly used for soccer, and has a full seating capacity of 62,241 people.

It' the biggest in Jeddah and the second biggest in Saudi Arabia. It'?s the biggest big bull in town. The National Commercial Banka, established in 1983 and with a rise of over 235 metres (771 ft) the highest Saudi Arabian turret in the 1980' s, was the first Saudi Arabian banka.

Behind this memorial you can see the IDB Jeddah turret. It is the head office of the Jeddah region. Not only will the new community edifice be the highest in Jeddah, but it will also depose Burj Khalifa. Archaeologists tell us what the Jeddah Tower/ Kingdom will look like after completion.

The King Road Tower is a business and administrative complex whose exterior wall is used for the presentation of advertising spots. The King Road Tower has the world's biggest LCD screen on its wall. The Al Jawharah Tower is a tower block under development. After its completion in 2014 it became the third highest edifice in Jeddah.

Also known as Makkah Gate, Bab Makkah is a calcareous gate of corruption that runs into the historical Al Balad quarter of Jeddah. Jeddah's higher education and prison bedclothes the multitude: In Jeddah there are also several elementary, middle and middle school like:: The King Abdulaziz International Airport flies to Jeddah. Saudia and Flynas (both located in Saudi Arabia) use the Southern Terminal, while the Northern Terminal services international carriers.

It is a dedicated airport for celebrities, overseas royalty and president as well as the Saud kinghood. Jeddah has been the thirty-two most congested sea port in the word since 2008[Update]. He cares about the major part of the trade movements in Saudia Arabia. An image of the high-speed engine that will run the Haramain rail line between Makkah, Madinah and Jeddah.

Hwy 40, which starts in Jeddah, links the town with Mecca, Riyadh and Dammam on the eastern seaboard. There is no S-Bahn system in Jeddah, but a railway system linking the capital with Riyadh is underway. Haramain High Speed Rail Project will establish a link to Mecca and Medina.

54 ] There is a contractually agreed scheme to construct an expanded, lightweight subway system called Jeddah Subway throughout the entire town by 2020. Jeddah's major streets run parallelly to each other. Environmental degradation, poor sanitation and a poor sanitation system have defied the town, leading to severe flooding, congestion, pandemics and scarcity of cleanliness.

Fayez ibn Awwwad Al-Jeheni, a former member of the Saud worship policing, headed the group. In the aftermath, two more attackers were spotted by the Sudanese government as inhabitants of Jeddah's outskirts of Al-Jamia and other shanty towns on the ever more urbanized western seaboard of the country. Close loop videotaping showed that Saudian guards deployed to guard the establishment escaped when the terrorist hold vehicles drove to the main gates and passed the Delta bar.

Inside the premises, however, an armed Saudian guardsman occupied by the diplomatic mission fired and murdered a terrorist before killing himself. Before a sewage works was built, the Jeddah sewage was either discharged into the ocean or absorbed into deeper mines.

In the course of the city's growth, a separate garbage disposal facility was constructed and the built-up part of the urban area was linked to a sewerage system until the seventies. This means that part of the raw wastewater is directly pumped into the ocean and the whole north part of the municipality is totally disconnected from the wastewater system and relies instead on cesspools.

Severe flooding hit the town and other areas of Makkah province again on 26 January 2011. Eye-witnesses reported to the Arab News that eastern Jeddah was flooded and the flood plunged westwards towards the Red Sea, turning the roads back into river banks. Severe flooding occurred in the town on 17 November 2015.

Severe flooding hit the town on 21 November 2017 and the Islamic Port of Jeddah ceased operation for about 3hrs. The Jeddah riot control department on September 11 got 11,000 telephone conversations from individuals asking for alternate streets and meteorological patterns. The Jeddah has 35 partner municipalities (or "partner municipalities"), which are chosen according to economical, social, cultural as well as economical aspects.

Abu Ras promised new Jeddah. Archives from the orginal on 02.03.2012. Archives from the Genuine on 21 February 2016. Filed copy. Archives from the originals on 01.07.2012. Filed copy. Archives from the orginal on 20.09.2006. Jeddah story. Archives from the orginal on 29.10.2013. Archives from the orginal on 29.04.2013.

Story of Arabia. Makkah Gate in Jeddah. Conservation of the historic buildings of Jeddah. "Filed on the 29.01.2010 at the Wayback Machine. Saudia Arabia, winters of 1999, year 15, number 4. Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. Climate standards for Jeddah. The Jeddah Regional Climate Centre. Archives from the orginal from 12. May 2012.

Climate data for Saudi Arabia. The Jeddah Regional Climate Centre. Archives from the originals on 12 May 2012. Monthly Jeddah Watermark. Jeddah trade. Qatar Arab forum on energy and waters. "Sculpture Oasis: Why the Giant of Arts made for Jeddah." The Guardian. Park, Jeddah sculpture.

"Jeddah Sculptures". The Jeddah Blog. "Historical Jeddah, the Gate to Makkah". Abdul Raouf Khalil Museum of Jeddah SILK ROAD "The Kingdom Holding is building the world's highest Jeddah tower." Archives from the originals on August 9, 2011. "Saudis mile-high turret design lifts the bar." Archives from the originals on 7 March 2009.

Kingdom Tower, the highest of the greats. Statistics abstract of training in Saudi Arabia. Salud, Francis R. "2 more Philippine schools to open in Jeddah" (Archive). "The Korean International School of Jeddah (????????). "P.O.BOX 4322, Jeddah 21491, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Archives from the originals on 17.09.2013.

Saudia Gazette. Saudis gasette. Archives from the originals on 28.07.2013. The first Jeddah International Airports in Kandara, situated in the immediate vicinity of the centre of the town, handled all hajj transport in supplement to regular services. Al Rajhi Takes Makkah, Madinah Civil Deal. Archives from the originals on 15.04.2012.

The Jeddah Metro Projekt will be completed by 2020. Saudis gasette. 2005 Jeddah ARB Remote Safe Areas for embassies - Upgrade will come... Or maybe not " Diplopundit". Saudian priest denounces consular assault - Global press - NBC News". Terrorist bombing of US Jeddah embassy, Diplopundit.

SUSRIS, terrorists, Saudis Arabia. "ARR3b to handle Jeddah transport for five years." Saudis Gazette. Archives from the originals on 13 September 2012. "Jeddah's environmental problems." Saudia-Arab flooding kills 77, leaving score missing". Saudis Arabia flooding left 48 deaths. "Everdah raining cats and dogs, meeting point near the aerodrome struck by lightning."

Archives from the orginal on 18.07.2011. Jeddah, 1925 Feb. (No.# secrets ) - Stored contribution. Jeddah:

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