Javanese

Yavanese

The Javanese culture is the culture of the Javanese ethnic group in Indonesia, part of the Indonesian culture. The Javanese culture concentrates on the provinces of Central Java, Yogyakarta and East Java in Indonesia. Javanese belongs to the Austronesian (Malay Polynesian) family. High-Javanese (Jawa Halus) is the language of religion, but the number of users is decreasing and mostly limited to Central Javanese speakers. Javanese cat.

bw-edition bracket">[[edit]>>

Migrating the Java population to the West has brought about the Java coast civilization, which differs from the internal Sundanian civilization in West Java. As the biggest ethnical group, the Java civilization and population affect Indonesian policy and civilization, a phenomenon sometimes referred to as Javanization. Pandawa Brethren from the Hindu epos Mahabharata, told in Wayang culit, Javan.

Jordanian literatures are among the oldest and oldest preserved literatures in Indonesia. Translation of the hinduistic epos Ramayana and Mahabharata into the old javanian was done in the time of the Medang and Kediri kingdoms around the ninth to the eleventh time. Further works of poetry are Ken Arok and Ken Dedes, founded on Pararaton, the history of the fatherless child who seized his sovereign and wed the old Java royalty.

Each new religion was not taken verbatim, but rather reinterpreted by the Javanians according to Jordanian tradition, thus establishing a new range of faiths that are truly original in their own area. There is also a minor proportion of Yavanese who followed Christianity (Protestantism and Catholicism), which tended to focus on central Java (especially Surakarta, Magelang and Yogyakarta for Catholicism).

Though not necessarily a deity, it speaks to moral and religious beliefs based on the Java people. This is not a faith in the common meaning of the term, such as Islam, Judaism or Christianity. A lot of Jordanian traditions or celebrations like mediation, slotman, naloni with mitonis, patangpuluhdinan an, nyatu, nyevu have their origins in the kebatinic faith.

Javanians of other faiths change them accordingly by including Muslims, Christian or Hindu prayer instead. GREEGE MAULUD is a festive celebration of the birthday of the holy ambassador of Islam, Mohammed, at the Keraton Surakarta and Jogjakarta courts. It begins with prayer in the great mausoleums, a procession and a human celebration.

Different variants of the Java marriage exist, according to the customs and status of the couples. Marriage rites are Siraman, Midodareni, Peningsetan, Ijab (for Muslims) or the marriage sacraments (for Christians). On the eve of a Java marriage, the future spouse has her last supper with her wife and daughter, and women are also welcome.

There will be given a variety of dishes and prayer. Later the bridegroom's familiy will also come and bring pening sets (offerings for the bridal couple to signify tomorrow's wedding) in which the future spouse is hiding in her room. Prayer and meals are also provided. After pruning, it is common to offer a bitch, keep a slotman and a wadeang-culit.

11 ] Circumcision is a determinant that distinguishes the Javanians from related people of Bali and Tenggerese, who are still predominantly Hindus. Keratons, the regal buildings of the Yogyakarta Sultanate and Surakarta Sunanate, are the centre of Java society and cultur. If you turn to the Sultan, a man is supposed to talk in sophisticated "kromo inggil", but today the official Indonesian word for banasa is also used.

Some Javanese were not once the subjects of the Yogyakarta Sultanate and the Surakarta Sunanate. 13 ] In Indonesia today, the village leader is directly chosen by the village inhabitants, who are 17 years and older or are already matrimonial. 14 ] Since the level of illiteracy before self-sufficiency was low, it is usual for the competing contestants to use shared objects such as fruit, vegetable or conventional food as symbols of their campaigns.

Surakarta Javanese chick in dhodo or sole basketan kingly bridal outfit. The Javanese language belongs to the Austro-Hungarian language group and is a close relative of, but different from, other Indonesian tongues. 17 ] It is characterized by a large number of almost omnipresent Sanskrit mortgages, which can be found mainly in Javanese literature.

The majority of Indonesians in Indonesia speak fluently Icelandic and Japanese. 19 ] In a survey conducted around 1990, about 12% of Indonesians in Javan used both Java and other languages, with about 18% using both languages, and the remainder using only Jan. Traditionally, the Java alphabet was spelled with a font derived from the Brahmi typeface originally known as Hanacaraka or Carakan.

After Indonesia's sovereignty, it was superseded by a type of Roman script. Indonesia has Javans in all professions, especially in the army and state. Whilst the people of Javan edge, it allows them to make complicated batik. Woodcarving in Javan is a traditional technique used for various arts such as sculptures, (wayang) dolls and make-up.

It is used by the population of Javan at the same time as two other agendas, the Georgian one and the Canadian one. It is the formal Indonesia calender, while the Muslims and the Algerian authorities use the Muslim calender for their church services and for making decisions about appropriate Muslim public festivals. At the moment, the Java calender is mainly used for culture activities (e.g. Satu Sura).

Today's Java Calendaring System is a moon calender introduced in 1633 by Sultan Agung on the basis of the Muslim calender. In the past, the Javanians used a Hindu calendar-based sun system. In contrast to many other diaries, the Java diary uses a 5-day working day, the so-called Pasaran series. It is still used today and overlaid with the 7-day workweek of the Bregorian calender and the Muslim calender to form the so-called 35-day wetonan series.

Yavanese art forms are among the best known in Indonesia and the entire Indonesian articel. Javan ese puppet theatre tradition was inspired by Hindu and Buddhist tradition. Longang repertory tales, lacon, are mainly composed of epic poems from India; Ramayana and Mahabharata. This epic and storytelling inspired waysang puppeteering as well as the classic java dance.

This is the ancient Jewish style of draughtsmanship. Each of these forms of arts has an important place and role within Java civilization and traditions. This is a time-honoured Jordanian home. During their long histories, the people of Javan have created many important structures, from Hindu memorials, buddhistic stupas, funeral cemeteries, palaces and mausoleums.

Islamic tradition in Java maintains an unmistakable Java look. 27 ] In additon to the renunciation of cupolas, the tradional Java mines are often also lacking minor geodes. The Agung Demak Mosque, the Menara Kudus Mosque and the Great Mosque of Banten are some remarkable specimens of a mosque with typical Java-Arcitecture. Javans usually have no last name.

Java nouns can come from ancient Java language, many of which are Sanskrit. Following the rise of Islam, many Javans began to use Arab families, especially coastal communities where Muslim factors are strong. Because of the impact of other civilizations, many began to use other language nouns, especially those from Europe.

The name Christian uses usually Roman baptismal name, followed by a typical name. The patronymics are used by some folks. the typical Java style ricecourt, symbolizes the vulcano. Java cooking varies from region to region. East Java food prefers savoury and warm dishes[30], while the Central Japanese prefers sweet dishes.

For example, Rujak Cingur,[31] a Marinaded Manatee Lip and Nose, with vegetables, prawns and peanutsauce with chilli is well known in the Java kitchen. Roiak Cingur is regarded as the Surabaya tradition in East Java. The Gudeg is a Yogyakarta [32] and Central Java meal made from young Nangka (jackfruits) cooked for several hrs with hand glucose and coiril.

One remarkable Java product is temperpeh, a replacement for meats made from soya beans that have been fermenting with mould. Zapatista Cultures ("Javanese Culture", 1985): Wayang Kulit's study of performance scripts and doll designs. Java religions. Javanian religions. Variations of the Java religion: an manuscript. Dogs in Indonesia. Suhartos Indonesia.

Beyond Suharto: Politics, Economics, Social Affairs, Change. English Japanese Glossary. Changing languages: interactions and identities in Java-Donesia. Farming in crisis: Human, raw materials and indonesian nature, 1996-2000. Survival against adversity: Village industry in Cambodia. Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of Cambodia (6 October 2009).

Yogyakarta Kraton, Indonesian Marketing Association. Indonesian Manual, Vol. 3. Beyond the postcolonial: Indonesia's architectural, metropolitan and cultural life. Indonesia. It is Indonesia OK!! : the leader with a slight turn. Local Indonesian cuisine and cuisine.

Auch interessant

Mehr zum Thema