Yalapa (often written jalapa, spelling in Spanish: xa?lapa ] ("listen"); English: formally Xalapa-Enríquez[xa?lapa en?rikes]) is the capitol of the state of Veracruz in Mexico and the name of the town. The 2005 survey registered 387,879 inhabitants and the town of which it is the registered office, 413,136 inhabitants.
Situated near the geographical centre of the state, it is the second biggest town in the state after Veracruz in the south-east. Its name comes from the Nahuatl root x?lli[?a?l?i] "sand" and ?pan[a?pan] "place of water", which means "spring in the sand". That is not the case in Spanish today, and its more recent equivalent (the sound[x] or[h]) is usually spelled as j. The way it is spelled mirrors the old pronunciation: México.
The last debate is mainly used in vernaculars from southern Mexico, the Caribbean, a large part of Central America, some places in Latin America and the Canary Islands and in the west of Andalusia in Spain, where[x] has turned into a silent frikativ ([h]). Its full name is Xalapa-Enriquez, in honour of the 19 th cent. gubernator, Juan de la Luz Enríquez.
It was nicknamed the town, the town of flowers (Spanish: La caudad de las flores), by Alexander von Humboldt, who came to the town on 10 February 1804. The Spaniards believe, according to traditional music, that Jalapa was the birth place and home of the most wonderful lady in the whole wide planet, la Florecita, which means little flowers.
The inhabitants of Xalapa are named Xalapeños or Jalapeños, which is the name of the large populated paprikas that are made there. Four tribal tribes established themselves in the area now known as Xalapa during the fourteenth c.... Xalapa has been the setting for some important historic happenings since the beginning of the nineteenth cent.
Xalapa's idea was free to flow around the city, and Xalapa was supported by many who put it forward at the Mexico City sessions. On 20 May 1821, just before Mexican independence on 27 September that year, Xalapa was assaulted by the troops of Don Antonio López de Santa Anna.
5 ] A few month later became independent; the first Kaiser Agustín de Iturbide was not cordially welcomed in Xalapa due to past disagreements. 5 ] On 9 May 1824, by order of the President of the Republic of Don Guadalupe Victoria, the first legislative period of the State of Veracruz was made.
This year Xalapa was proclaimed the state capitol. Xalapa and the surroundings rebelled in the 1820s when Vicente Guerrero succeeded General Anastasio Bustamante. And Veracruz was assaulted by Isidro Barradas, who tried to recapture parts of Mexico, and over 3,000 were used in the defence of Veracruz, Córdoba and Orizaba.
Xalapa was declared a town on 29 November 1830 by order. Don Antonio María de Rivera established the Normal School of Xalapa in 1843 to educate professors. The Xalapeños like Ambrosio Alcalde and Antonio García valiantly struggled to protect the town of Veracruz, but were captured. After the resumption of the battles against the USA, they were captured again near Teocelo, taken to Xalapa, condemned to die and put to execution on November 24, 1847.
5 ] The US troops continued marching to conquer Mexico-City and walked after the treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo. Inter-oceanic Railway was finished in 1901 in Veracruz. In 1906, a watch was set up in the center of the town in a house on Enríquez Street, which now accommodates the National Lottery.
It is a flourishing commercial centre and many multinationals have large shops and franchises in the town. It also has a number of theaters, some of them of considerable dimensions, such as the Cinepolis Museum (10 screens), Cinepolis the Americas (16 screens), and other theaters, such as XTreme and Cinetix in Crystal and Plaza Animas, which is a municipal cinema.
It also has several shopping centres in Xalapa: There are many who work for the local authorities because they are the city. He is also the leader of one of the five subdivisions of the Tribunal Electoral (one floor below the Supreme Court). Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz and Yucatán.
Mexico City, Toluca, Monterrey and Guadalajara, a sign of Xalapa's native people. It is known as the "Athens of Veracruz" because of the powerful artistic impact of its great city, the Universidad Veracruzana (the most important open institution of the State of Veracruz).
Gen. Enriquez is known for his policy to promote the education system in Xalapa. Xalapa has a large number of cultural activities linked to its theaters, museum and streets. San José Festival, Apostle Santiago Festival, Immaculate Heart of Jesus Festival, Conception of Mary and Expo-Fair International are in town.
The 8th of December, the Feast of the Immaculate Conception, is an important day of worship on which Mary, the patron saint of the town, is celebrat. The 24th of October, San Rafael Guizar and Valencia are commemorated, with tens of thousand of Mexican visitors attending their graves in a funeral place in the church.
It is the birthplace of the renowned jalapeñopepper. Situated in the heart of the city, the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist is a mixture of baroque and neo-gothic dating from 1773. The Patio Muñoz is a district from the nineteenth cent. in which most of the pristine building is preserved. Juárez Parque is a terraced garden in the centre of the city.
Situated in the heart of the four oldest districts of the town. Parque de los Tecajetes is situated in a valley or gorge of the same name in the centre of the town. From 2008 to 2009 they were champion of the Southern Divisions and champion of the LNBP. Veracruz was selected in 2012 to stage these matches in 2014.
A number of meetings took place in Xalapa. Xalapa has received acclaim in the sporting community. Cuba-based Sandra Mustelier, a member of the ping-pong club, chose to escape from the Central American Games in Veracruz two nights before it opened.
It has a main coach terminal (CAXA), which is a hub for many regional coach operators, such as AU, ADO, ADO-GL, OCC, Auto-Tour and Buses Sierra-Texcoco. A number of coach operators are headquartered in Xalapa, among them Servicio Urbano de Xalapa (SUX);Auto-Transportes Banderilla (ATB); the orange and blue Interbus sets,Auto-Transportes Miradores Del Mar; and Transportes Rápidos de Veracruz (TRV) and many others.
Xalapa also has a coach connection that carries only travelers from Xalapa to Coatepec. Coaches run throughout the entire town and are between 6.00 a.m. and 8.00 a.m. per passenger. More than 100 lines in the town. Xalapa's cabs are easy to recognise by their light blue and blue colour.
Xalapa is serviced by a small El Lencero Airport, 15 min from the town. The Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social IMSS, Instituto de Seguridad y Servicios Sociales de los Trabajadores del Estado ISSSTE, Centro de Especialidades Médicas CEM, Petróleos Mexicanos PEMEX, Secretaría de Salud de Veracruz SESVER, Centro de Rehabilitación y Éducación Especial de Veracruz CREEVER, Im privaten Sektor zählt die Gemeinde auf wichtige medizinische Einrichtungen wie z.B:
Ciutadella San Francisco, Clínica del American Hospital, Clínica de Specialidades Las Palmas, Vital Clínica Hospital, Cruz Roja Mexicana, Centro Médico de France,..... There are many radios in the city: It is located in the east of Mexico, about 89 km north west of Veracruz. 25 ] and about 350 kilometers from Mexico Town.
Xalapa commune has an area of 118. Forty five acres, or 0.16% of the state of Veracruz. Xalapa is situated under the Sierra Madre Oriental mountain range at an altitude of 1400 to 1700 meters above sealevel and is covered in luxuriant exotic bush.
26 ] This mountain region of Mexico is vulcanic, and in the vicinity of the town are places like the Naolinco Vulkanfel. Situated to the northern side of the town, it is made up of a wide range of dispersed quarternary truncated pyrroclastic tubes and the associated basalt flux. Xalapa is also home to Pico de Orizaba, Mexico's highest mountain (5,366 m).
From a hydrographic point of view, there are a number of brooks and sources in the vicinity of the towns. Jalcomulco lies 39 km south-east of Xalapa, which has many different characteristics, such as the estuary of the Pescados River. The Cascada de Texolo (Texolo Waterfall) is situated 19 km south-west of Xalapa, in the Xico area.
The sub-tropical highlands climatic (Cfb) of the island of Panama is bordering on a moist sub-tropical climatic (Cfa) below the Köppen climatic grouping. It has a moist atmosphere, but the town is relatively chilly, as it lies in the hills above 1400m. In the warm part of the year, the temperature in the town tends to drop between March and May, when the mean high rises to 28°C and the low 17°C.
In the colder winters, precipitation is minimal, with Xalapa reaching only 42 millimeters in January and 38 millimeters on February on averages. However, it is usual to have snows in winters outside the town near Perote, about 35 min from Xalapa. Xalapa often has a fog very early in the day, which gives it a typical alpine ambience.
It is often referred to as the "Flower Garden of Mexico" and it plays an important part in the Mexican population. Because of its perfect climatic conditions, the city is one of the most important places for producing coffees in Mexico, and coffeebeans are cultivated both on small farms and on large farms in the area.
Xalapa also produces food and drink. 31 ] The most important farm produce in the Xalapa commune is corn, sweetcane, orange-green chilli and caffee. 31 ] Birds and birds have a certain significance in Xalapa. 31 ] Xalapa also has stores and plants for the production of shoes, clothing and literature.
Occupation in Xalapa in 2005: El Libro Azul del Estado de Veracruz (1923). Mexico, Compañía Editorial Pan-Americana, S. A. Government Publishing House Facsimile Edition, 2007; reprinted 2008. Carlos Rivera y Xalapa (2009) by Alicia Bazarte Martínez. Mexico, National Polytechnic Institute / Government of the State of Veracruz, 2009.
Jalapa. The census census 2005 demographic information table is available at WebCite INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática on 27 February 2013. National Institute for Federalism and Local Development. Archiveed from the orginal on May 17, 2007. Accessed October 13, 2008. Xalapa, Mexico: Story.
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National Institute for Federalism and Local Development. Archives according to the May 17, 2007 org. Accessed October 13, 2008. National Meteorological Service. Accessed May 7, 2015. Station 76687 Jalapa, VER. Accessed May 7, 2015. National Institute for Federalism and Local Development. Archiveed from the orginal on May 17, 2007.