sspan class="mw-headline" id="Géographie">Géographie
Ishia is the name of the principal municipality of the isle. Other municipalities include Barano d'Ischia, Casamicciola Terme, Forio, Lacco Ameno and Serrara Fontana. Ischia' s major industrial sector is touristism, which concentrates on spa resorts serving mainly European (especially German) and Asiatic tourist who want to taste the fruit of the islands native vulcanic activities, its warm waters and muck.
This coarse trapezoid shaped archipelago is made up of a large volume of volcanoes immediately south-west of the Campi Flegrei area on the west side of the Gulf of Naples. Epomeo (788 m) is a vulcanic eyrie composed of an ignorimbrite layer of green tuff that was sunk after its outbreak and then raised.
Vulcanism on the Isle has been significantly influenced by tectonics, which have created a number of nests and ditches; at least 800 metres (2,624. 67 ft) of buoyancy have been created as a consequence of the resurgence of the Cathedral over the last 33,000 years. 3 ] Many small monogenic vulcanoes form around the raised boulder.
Holocene volcanic activity generated a range of pumatic tephrases, tuffrings, volcanic cupolas and volcanic streams. The recent burst of Ischia in 1302 created a splash taper and the Arso river, which arrived on the northeast shore. Like Gibraltar, if the islands were indeed home to a monkey populations, they were already deserted in historic periods, as there are no records of them in old records.
In 1953, the Euboese artefact, marked with a hint of "Nestor's cup", was found in a tomb on the isle. Hiero I of Syracuse came to the assistance of the Cumaeans, who were living on the land opposite Ischia, against the Etruscans in 474 BC and beat them at the sea.
Besieged Ischia and the neighbouring Parthenopian Isles, he survived a military force to construct a stronghold in front of the town of Ischia. It was still preserved in the Middle Ages, but the initial military guard escaped the 470 BC bursts and the Neapolitan people took over the isle.
In 322 BC the Romans conquered Ischia (and Naples). Augustus re-established the Isle of Naples in 6 A.D. in trade for Capri. The barbaric incursions that conquered Ischia were first by the Heruls, then by the Ostrogoths and finally by the Romans. In 588 the Byzantines gave the isle to Naples and in 661 it was administrated by a count king to the duke of Naples.
In 813 and 847 the area was ravaged by the Saracens; in 1004 it was invaded by Henry II of Germany; in 1130 it was conquered by the Norman Roger II of Sicily and left to the Norman Aldoyn de Candida, who founded the Count of Ischia; in 1135 and 1137 the Pisan invaded the area, and then came under the reign of Hohenstaufen and then Anjou.
In 1282, after the Sicilian Vespers, the rebellion of the islands took place and Petrus III of Aragon was recognised, but in the following year it was reconquered by the Angevines. Robert of Anjou and his spouse Sancia came to the isle in 1320 and were accommodated by Cesare Sterlich, who had been sent to rule the isle by Charles II of the Holy See in 1306 and was now almost 100 years old.
The fights between the Angevin and Durazzo families had a severe impact on Ischia. In 1382 it was taken by Carlo Durazzo, reconquered in 1385 by Louis II of Anjou and again taken prisoner in 1386 by Ladislaus of Naples; in 1410 it was plundered by the navy of antipope John XXIII under the commando of Gaspare Cossa, only to be taken again by Ladislaus in the following year.
Joan II gave the isle to his adopted Son Alfonso V of Aragon in 1422, but when he was disgraced, she took it back in 1424 with the help of Genoa. Alfonso occupied the fortress again in 1438, threw out all the men and declared it an Achonese settlement and married the women and girls of the displaced with his troops.
Starting to build a viaduct connecting the fortress to the remainder of the isle, he created a large art galleries, both of which can still be seen today. 1442 he handed the isle over to one of his favourites, Lucretia d'Alagno, who in turn gave the management of the isle to her brother-in-law Giovanni Torella.
After Alfonso's passing in 1458 they brought the isle back to the Anjou side. In 1462 Ferdinand I of Naples ordered Alessandro Sforza to expel Torella from the château and handed the isle over to Garceraldo Requesens. Ferdinand II arrived on the isle in February 1495, with the advent of Charles VIII, and took ownership of the fortress, leaving it under the supervision of Innico d'Avalos, Pescara's and Vasto's Marquess, who skilfully protected it from the fleet, after killing the unloyal fort Giusto di Candida with his own hand.
He was joined by his brother Colstanza, who established the D'Avalos family, which lasted on the islands until the eighteenth cenury. In the course of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries the islands endured the raids of North African barbarians and robbers - in 1543 and 1544 Hayreddin Barbarossa devastated the islands and took 4,000 inmates.
During 1548 and 1552 Ischia was struck by his heir Dragut Rais. As the number and intensity of pirate raids increased over the course of the centuries and better defensive structures were built, the inhabitants of the island began to dare to leave the fortress, and the historical center of Ischia was founded.
When the D'Avalo line died out in 1729, the islands became state owned. It was conquered by the Bourbons in March 1734 and was managed by a regal gouverneur with his seat in the fortress. From March 1799, the archipelago took part in the short-lived Republic of Naples, but by April 3, Commodore Thomas Troubridge, under the leadership of Lord Nelson, had suppressed the rebellion on Ischia and in neighbouring Procida.
Francesco Buonocore, who had been given the administration of the isle by the Championnet in Naples, was among them. In February 13, 1806 the British invaded the British on February 24 and the British on February 13, 1806. Ischia is a favourite travel spot today with up to 6 million tourists a year, mainly from continental Italy and Germany (around 5,000 Germans live on the island), although it has become an ever more favourite place for wealthy East Europeans (especially Russia and Poland).
Ischia is easy to reach by boat from Naples, with an estimated journey of 40 min to one hr. Ischia Film Festival takes place on the islands, an annual festival of films held in June or July devoted to all works that have contributed to the value of the area.
Elena Ferrant's Neapolitan novel set the scene for the protagonists' holiday vacations on the Isle. Hergé' s cartoon album The Adventures of Tintin (1907-1983) ends in Ischia, where Endaddine Akass' mansion has its place in the incomplete twenty-fourth and last of Tintin and Alph-Art.
Pascal Quignard, the writer from France, shot a large part of his novel Villa Amalia (2006) on the Isle. 1968 took place on the isle. Giuseppe Garibaldi, an important figure in the Association, remained on the islands to recover from a serious wound and to find peace and quiet in the quiet area of Casamicciola Terme (in the Manzi Hotel).
Additionally to the above mentioned works several works in the field of public relations were shot on the isle. Ischia Ponte (Castello Aragonese) was erected in 474 BC by Hiero I of Syracuse on a cliff near the isle. Subsequently, the cliff was taken by the Parthenopians (the old residents of Naples).
It was in 1441 that Alfons the Great of Aragon joined the rocks to the islands by a wooden footbridge, replacing the previous wooden one, and built the ramparts to protect the residents from pirate attacks. The chateau was bought by a privately-owned company in 1912. The chateau is now the most frequently viewed landmark on the isle.
There is a small sanctuary along the tunnels devoted to St. John Joseph of the Cross (San Giovan Giuseppe from Croce ), the protector of the isle. Building the first one in 1737 on the site of a smaller church devoted to St. Francis, it was shut down in 1806 after the oppression of monasteries and the Monastery of the Poor Poor Clares.
In 1946, when the songwriter came to the Isle, he immediately phoned Russell Page from England to create the gardens. Commissions and federations work to encourage tourist activity on the islands and offer local amenities and leisure opportunities. Ischia' many immigrants also established themselves in the seaport of San Pedro, California, the university city of Princeton, New Jersey, the Bath Beach section of Brooklyn, NY, Providence, RI, Philadelphia, and Norwalk, Connecticut.
Strong growth in populations between 1950 and 1980 and the increasing influx of tourism (over 4 million visitors in 2010 for at least one day) have heightened anthropogenic pressures on the Isle. 26 ] At the end of 2011, the most simple wastewater management system was missing on the islands; the wastewater is discharged directly into the ocean.
In 2004, one of the five municipalities on the islands started work on the building of a wastewater purification system, but since then it has not been finished and is currently being abandoned. Ischia: Ischia: A Story of Eruption. Volcanism Global Program. Ischia. Volcanism Global Program. Ischia: Synonyms and Subcharacteristics.
Volcanism Global Program. ISCHIA - A Short Story of Ischia - Austrians and Bourbons - HOTEL ISCHIA - OFFERTE HOTEL ISCHIA". www.ischiaonline.it. The Angelo Rizzoli Museum - Museums - Ischia - Naples. "ENERGIEAUDIT ON ISHIA" (PDF). E-3253/2008 - Ecological disaster in Ischia". www.europarl.europa.eu.
"Aenaria, Italy." Commons Wikimedia has related Ischia to the medium. Vikivoyage has a guidebook for Ischia.